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Encyclopedia > Friedrichshain
Location of Friedrichshain in Berlin
Location of Friedrichshain in Berlin

Friedrichshain is a part of Berlin's borough of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. From its creation in 1920 until an administrative reform in 2001 it was a freestanding city borough. Formerly part of East Berlin, it is a central borough, adjacent to Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Kreuzberg and Lichtenberg. The district is named after the Volkspark Friedrichshain, a vast green park located at the north border to Prenzlauer Berg. During the Nazi era, it was known as Horst-Wessel-Stadt. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 718 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1264 × 1056 pixel, file size: 541 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Friedrichshain ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 718 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1264 × 1056 pixel, file size: 541 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Friedrichshain ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is a borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former boroughs of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... The location of Mitte in Berlin. ... Prenzlauer Berg is a former borough of Berlin situated in the eastern part of the city. ... Kreuzberg Kreuzberg is possibly the most well-known of the boroughs (Bezirke) of Berlin. ... Lichtenberg is a borough of Berlin, Germany. ... National Socialism redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Karl-Marx-Allee, the broad boulevard that bisects Friedrichshain, seen from TV tower
Karl-Marx-Allee, the broad boulevard that bisects Friedrichshain, seen from TV tower

The largely working-class district was created in 1920 when Greater Berlin was created in a referendum, incorporating several surrounding cities. Friedrichshain united the Frankfurter Vorstadt, already part of Berlin, and the villages of Boxhagen and Stralau. It took its name (meaning "Frederick's Grove") from the Volkspark (People's Park), which was planned in 1840 to commemorate the centenary of Frederick the Great’s coronation. Much of the district was settled in the rapid industrialization of the 19th and early 20th centuries, led by growth in manufacturing and crafts. It owed much to the opening of the railway line between Berlin and Frankfurt (Oder) in 1846 (which terminated near the site of today's Berlin Ostbahnhof), and the opening of the first waterworks in 1865 at Stralauer Tor. In the early 1900s, the district's largest employer was the Knorr brake factory; the Knorrpromenade, one of Friedrichshain's most attractive streets, was built to house the management. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 384 × 599 pixels Full resolution (565 × 881 pixel, file size: 106 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)   Description: The Karl-Marx-Allee in Berlin, seen from TV tower Author: Sansculotte Date: 2004 Source: German Wikipedia License: Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike Version 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 384 × 599 pixels Full resolution (565 × 881 pixel, file size: 106 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)   Description: The Karl-Marx-Allee in Berlin, seen from TV tower Author: Sansculotte Date: 2004 Source: German Wikipedia License: Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike Version 2. ... Working class is a term used both in academic sociology as well as in ordinary conversation. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Ballots of the Argentine plebiscite of 1984 on the border treaty with Chile A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... Frankfurt (Oder) ( Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord ) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the city of SÅ‚ubice. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The station foyer contains shops and eating faculities Looking west from a mainline platform, facing the two S-bahn platforms Berlin Ostbahnhof (East Station) is a mainline railway station in Berlin, Germany. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


When the Nazis came to power in 1933, the district was renamed Horst-Wessel-Stadt after the street fighter and writer of the Nazi hymn whose slow death, after being shot by communists, in Friedrichshain hospital in 1930 was turned into a propaganda event by Josef Goebbels. National Socialism redirects here. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Horst Wessel in SA Uniform. ... The Horst Wessel Lied, also known as Die Fahne Hoch (The flag on high) (from its opening line) was the anthem of the Nazi Party of Germany, chosen to glorify Horst Wessel as a Nazi martyr. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... An Australian anti-conscription propaganda poster from World War One U.S. propaganda poster, which warns against civilians sharing information on troop movements (National Archives) The much-imitated 1914 Lord Kitchener Wants You! poster Swedish Anti-Euro propaganda for the referendum of 2003. ... Joseph Goebbels Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was Adolf Hitlers Propaganda Minister (see Propagandaministerium) in Nazi Germany. ...


During World War II Friedrichshain was one of the most badly damaged parts of Berlin, as the allies specifically targeted its industries. After the war ended, the boundary between the American and Soviet occupation sectors ran between Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg. This turned into a sealed border between East and West Berlin when the Berlin Wall was built in 1961. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Soviet redirects here. ... Kreuzberg Kreuzberg is possibly the most well-known of the boroughs (Bezirke) of Berlin. ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, 20 November 1961. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


The Stalinallee (now Karl-Marx-Allee and Frankfurter Allee) was built in Friedrichshain in the late 1940s and early 1950s as a prestige project; its architecture is strongly reminiscent of that of Soviet-era Moscow boulevards. It was also the scene of the 1953 uprising, when a raised work quota led to protests throughout eastern Germany that were only put down with Soviet intervention. The Stalin Allee was a vast boulevard, constructed by the peoples construction workers of East Berlin. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... Protesters marching through the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin The Uprising of 1953 in East Germany took place in June and November 1953. ...


Lifestyle

The Simon-Dach-Straße is the "heart" of Friedrichshain and one of the liveliest places in Berlin

After the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 and German reunification the following October, Friedrichshain began to develop a reputation as a young, dynamic district, thanks in part to low rents and the many empty apartments that also attracted the attention of West Berlin squatters. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixels Full resolution (2100 × 1400 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixels Full resolution (2100 × 1400 pixel, file size: 1. ... East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, 20 November 1961. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (-_-)East Germany(-_-) German reunification (German: ) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG... This article is about occupying land without permission. ...


Alongside the neighboring districts of Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, and Kreuzberg, Friedrichshain is now considered one of Berlin's most fashionable areas, and is home to numerous design and media companies including MTV Central Europe. It is known for its many bars, clubs, pubs, and cafes, concentrated in the vicinity of Simon-Dach-Straße and Boxhagener Platz. There are numerous squats in Friedrichshain, particularly in Rigaer Straße. In contrast to the more gentrified and expensive districts of Prenzlauer Berg and Mitte, Friedrichshain has a more run-down atmosphere, and its lower rents following German reunification attracted students and artists. The location of Mitte in Berlin. ... Prenzlauer Berg is a former borough of Berlin situated in the eastern part of the city. ... Kreuzberg Kreuzberg is possibly the most well-known of the boroughs (Bezirke) of Berlin. ... MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... The Chien Rouge in Lausanne, a squat held in the old hospital. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (-_-)East Germany(-_-) German reunification (German: ) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG...


Points of interest

  • East Side Gallery, a part of the Berlin Wall that was turned into an international outdoor gallery;
  • Karl-Marx-Allee, a boulevard lined with buildings in the Stalinistic style, originally called Stalinallee;
  • Frankfurter Tor, two landmark towers on Karl-Marx-Allee, which resemble to the church domes on Gendarmenmarkt;
  • Oberbaumbrücke, a road and rail bridge connecting Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain built in North German brick;
  • Fairytale Fountain in Volkspark Friedrichshain;
  • Simon-Dach-Straße, street with numerous pubs;
  • Boxhagener Platz, heart of the Friedrichshain Kiez or neighborhood;
  • Samariterviertel with the Samariterkirche (Church of the Good Samaritan)
  • Berlin Ostbahnhof
  • Volkspark Friedrichshain, with its Memorial to Polish Soldiers and German Anti-Fascists

East Side Gallery The East Side Gallery is an international memorial for freedom. ... East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, 20 November 1961. ... Karl-Marx-Allee, towards Strausberger Platz. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... The Gendarmenmarkt is a famous square in Berlin, surrounded by the Concert Hall, the French and the German Cathedral. ... An U-Bahn train crosses the Oberbaumbrücke Oberbaumbrücke is a bridge crossing Berlins Rive Spree. ... An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada... Kiez is a German word that refers to a city neighbourhood; a relatively small community within a larger town. ... The station foyer contains shops and eating faculities Looking west from a mainline platform, facing the two S-bahn platforms Berlin Ostbahnhof (East Station) is a mainline railway station in Berlin, Germany. ... The twin columns symbolize the joint struggle of Poles and Germans against fascism Memorial wreaths left before the monument on May 8, 2006 Skateboarders in front of the monumental slogan, For your and our freedom The dedication of the memorial was commemorated on this 1972 Polish postage stamp The Memorial...

Gallery

See also

  • Flakturm II - Friedrichshain

Coordinates: 52°30′57″N, 13°27′15″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Friedrichshain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (751 words)
Friedrichshain is a part of Berlin's borough of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg.
During World War II Friedrichshain was one of the most badly damaged parts of Berlin, as the allies specifically targeted its industries.
The Stalinallee (now Karl-Marx-Allee and Frankfurter Allee) was built in Friedrichshain in the late 1940s and early 1950s as a prestige project; its architecture is strongly reminiscent of that of Soviet-era Moscow boulevards.
Berlin-Friedrichshain - Wikipedia (1438 words)
Friedrichshain war in den 1920er und 1930er Jahren eine Hochburg der Sozialdemokraten und Kommunisten.
In Friedrichshain befindet sich einer der großen Berliner Fernbahnhöfe - der Ostbahnhof.
Der ebenfalls in Friedrichshain gelegene S-Bahnhof Ostkreuz ist mit etwa 100.000 täglich Nutzern einer der größten Umsteigebahnhöfe Deutschlands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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