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Encyclopedia > Friedrich Peter

Friedrich Peter (born July 13, 1921 in Attnang-Puchheim, Upper Austria, died September 26, 2005 in Vienna) was an Austrian politician who served as the chairman of the Freedom Party of Austria from 1958 to 1978. July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Hungarian: Bécs) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). ... The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...

Contents


Early life

Born as the son of a social democratic engine driver and a master baker's daughter, Peter join the NSDAP in 1938 and volunteered for the Waffen-SS at the age of barely 17. During World War II, he served at the western and eastern fronts and achieved the rank of Obersturmführer in the 10th regiment of the 1st SS Infantry Brigade. This unit was part of the Einsatzgruppen which systematically shot hundreds of thousands of Jews behind the front during the summer of 1941. Although his unit was almost exclusively engaged in this activity, Peter denied any involvement or knowledge about them after the war. He was interned by American forces for a year in Glasenbach. The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... Bakery foods A baker is someone who bakes and sells bread, cakes and similar foods. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Waffen-SS recruitment poster; Volunteer to the Waffen-SS The Waffen-SS was the armed wing of the Schutzstaffel. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... Obersturmführer collar insignia Obersturmführer was a paramilitary rank of the Nazi party that was used by the Schutzstaffel and also as a rank of the SA. Translated as “Senior Storm Leader”, the rank of Obersturmführer was first created in 1932 as the result of an expansion of... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... Einsatzgruppen (a German military term meaning mission groups) were semi-military groups formed in Nazi Germany before and during World War II. These death squads belonged to the SS and followed the Wehrmacht in their attacks first on Poland and then the Soviet Union. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After his release, he became an elementary school and special education teacher, later Landesschulinspektor (state school supervisor). Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Special education (also known as special ed, SPED or defectology) refers euphemistically to the teaching of students with a learning disability, a developmental disability or a behavioral problem, or to that of gifted children. ...


Early political career

From 1955 to 1966, he served as a deputy in the Upper Austrian Landtag, first as a representative of the Verband der Unabhängigen, later of the Freedom Party (FPÖ), whose chairman he became in 1958. In 1966, he was elected into the Austrian Nationalrat and became the leader of his parties delegation in 1970. 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ... In Germany, Austria and South Tyrol, a Landtag is a unicameral legislature for a federal land. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


As early as in 1962/1963, the FPÖ began to cautiously approach the Social Democratic Party (SPÖ), which antagonized parts of the right-wing extremist-national wing and caused some members to split away from the party. The SPÖ wanted to maintain the option of a coalition with the FPÖ and also supported that party financially. The idea was to weaken the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), which turned out not to work. Under Peter's chairmanship, the FPÖ attempted to gain reputation to become a potential coalition partner and tried to give an liberal impression on the outside. At the party convention of 1964, Peter declared that "nationals and liberals together have a place in the FPÖ." 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... ... It has been suggested that Ethnic nationalism be merged into this article or section. ... The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ... Liberalism is an ideology, or current of political thought, that attempts to maximise individual liberty through a system of rights under law, in a system allowing economic competition and competition of ideas within a defined framework. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


This "liberalization" of the party led to some internal resistance, against with Peter reacted by expelling dissenters. However, this process did not thoroughly transform the party, neither in terms of its political program nor of its membership. The political views of the party ranks had not shifted towards liberalism.


Support of the SPÖ minority government and the Kreisky-Peter-Wiesenthal Affair

Even though the FPÖ had declared during the election campaign that there would not be a "red chancellor", it supported Bruno Kreisky's minority government after the 1970 elections. This greatly increased the party's significance. The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. ... Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911—July 29, 1990) was an Austrian politician. ... For minority régime, see Apartheid. ... The elections to the Austrian National Council of 1970 were the first where a plurality was won by the SPÖ, now led by Bruno Kreisky. ...


Simon Wiesenthal, at that time head of the Jewish Documentation Center in Vienna, published a report on Friedrich Peter's Nazi past after the 1975 elections. The report documented that Peter had served as Obersturmbannführer in an SS unit involved in mass murder. Chancellor Kreisky, who had himself been persecuted by the Nazis, defended Peter and accused Wiesenthal of employing mafia methods and of collaboration with the Gestapo. This public dispute is remembered as the Kreisky-Peter-Wiesenthal Affair. Simon Wiesenthal Simon Wiesenthal, honorary KBE, (December 31, 1908 – September 20, 2005), was an Austrian-Jewish architectural engineer who became a Nazi hunter after surviving the Holocaust. ... The elections to the Austrian National Council of 1975 resulted in no changes to the composition of the parliament. ... SS-Obersturmbannführer Rank Patch SA-Obersturmbannführer Rank Patch Obersturmbannführer was a paramilitary Nazi Party rank which was used by both the SA and the SS. The title was first created as an SA rank in 1932 after an expansion of the SA created the need for an... A mass murder (massacre) is an act of murdering of a large number of people all at the same time. ... // Background The Mafia in Italy Contrary to popular legend, the Sicilian Mafia actually originated during the mid 19th century, at around the same time as the emergence of the new Italian state. ... The Gestapo was the official secret police force of Nazi Germany. ...


In 1978, Peter stepped down as party chairman to be succeeded by the mayor of Graz, Alexander Götz. However, he retained control over the party behind the scenes. After the SPÖ had lost its majority in 1983, he negotiated a coalition between SPÖ and FPÖ with Bruno Kreisky, with took office under Chancellor Fred Sinowatz (SPÖ) and vice chancellor Norbert Steger. However, he had to decline the offer to take the office of the third president of the Nationalrat after severe public protests, in order not to endanger the coalition. 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... The Graz Schlossberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec, pronounced grah-dets), with a population of 240,000 (in 2005) is the second-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Styria (Steiermark in German). ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fred Sinowatz (born February 5, 1929 in Neufeld an der Leitha, Burgenland) is a former Austrian politician of the SPÖ. He was Chancellor of Austria from 1983 untill 1986. ... In Austrian politics, the Vice Chancellor (Vizekanzler) is a member of the federal government acting as a deputy to the Federal Chancellor. ... The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ...


Controversy with Jörg Haider and later life

His relationship to Jörg Haider was rather strained. The final split came in 1992 after Haider made a public comment on the "Third Reich's proper employment policies." Peter spoke of a "shameful lapse" of Haider, saying that this statement "forced him to break his self-imposed silence and to remind party leaders of their political and statutory responsibilities in public." Jörg Haider in Carinthia (promotional photo) Jörg Haider (born January 26, 1950) is an Austrian politician. ... 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


Friedrich Peter died on September 26, 2005 in a Vienna hospital, where he had been treated for a kidney disease for several weeks.


Political career

  • 1955-1971 FPÖ State party chairman of Upper Austria
  • 1958-1978 FPÖ Federal Party Chairman
  • 1955-1966 Member of the Upper Austrian Landtag
  • 1966-1986 Member of the Nationalrat
  • 1970-1986 Party delegation leader of the FPÖ
  • 1992 Resigned his party membership because of the FPÖ's shift to an anti-EC position


1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... EC may stand for: Emergency Contraception Early childhood education Eastern Caribbean dollar Sometimes referred to as the (EC$). EC Comics, a now defunct comic book company. ...

--- FPÖ Party Chairman
1958–1978
Alexander Götz


The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
PREDATORY AWARENESS (2938 words)
Peter who is proud and arrogant seemed neither, but rather had the look of someone who is studying desperately for an exam for a course whose classes he had not attended.
Friedrich, who is pompous and vain, had the look of forced casualness, of supercilious insolence and, I reasoned with myself, had quite the right to pull that defense given the circumstances.
Peter, in the front of the boat, kept his shades on, but because of a trick of the light, I was able to see his eyes behind the lenses.
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