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Encyclopedia > Friday the 13th (film series)
DVD cover for Friday the 13th (1980)
DVD cover for Friday the 13th (1980)

Friday the 13th is a popular series of American slasher films. All of the films feature Jason Voorhees either as the killer or as the motivation or inspiration for the killings. Image File history File links DVD cover of Friday the 13th. ... Image File history File links DVD cover of Friday the 13th. ... The slasher film is a sub-genre of horror film typically involving a masked, psychopathic killer who stalks and graphically murders a series of victims in a random, unprovoked fashion, usually teenagers or young adults who are away from adult supervision and involved in illicit activities (e. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


The original film was produced and directed by Sean S. Cunningham. Afterwards, the franchise was taken up by Frank Mancuso Jr. during its time with Paramount. When it was sold to New Line Cinema, Cunningham returned to oversee the franchise. Victor Miller, the original writer, has not returned and claims to have never seen any of the sequels. Sean S. Cunningham is a writer, producer and director of films born on December 31st 1941. ... Frank Mancuso Junior is the son of former Paramount Pictures president Frank Mancuso Sr. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... New Line Cinema logo New Line Cinema, founded in 1967, is one of the major American film studios. ... Victor Miller is a television and film writer. ...


During the 1980s, the Friday the 13th film series was consistently the most popular among film goers.[1]

Contents

Series overview

Although each entry in the series is unique, they share many similar qualities. The setting is consistently in either Camp Crystal Lake or the surrounding suburbs, with three entries in New York City, outer space, and even Elm Street. The victims are usually teenagers or college-aged and frequently partake in recreational drug use and pre-marital sex. The film series even has a sound theme, in which there is an echoed "chip" noise, followed by an echoed "gasp". Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Layers of Atmosphere - not to scale (NOAA) Outer space, also simply called space, refers to the relatively empty regions of the universe outside the atmospheres of celestial bodies. ... A Nightmare On Elm Street was the first film in the A Nightmare on Elm Street series of slasher films. ... American high school students Adolescence (Latin adolescentia, from adolescere, to grow up) is the period of psychological and social transition between childhood and adulthood (gender-specific, manhood or womanhood). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Recreational drug use is the use of psychoactive drugs for recreational purposes rather than for work, medical or spiritual purposes, although the distinction is not always clear. ... This article is primarily about religious attitudes to sexual morality. ... ECHO is a German music award granted every year by the Deutsche Phono-Akademie (an association of recording companies). ...


The films

Friday the 13th (1980)

Despite warnings by the superstitious locals of a "Death Curse" Steve Christy hires a group of young people to help him re-open Camp Crystal Lake. Camp Blood is the name given to the camp by local residents as a result of the camp's dark history of tragedy and murder. The innocent roam the area while being stalked by a dark figure in the shadows, and are murdered one by one by an unseen assassin. In the end, the killer turns out to be a woman named Pamela Voorhees (Betsy Palmer), who is seeking revenge for the accidental drowning of her mentally handicapped son Jason, whose death was the result of negligence on the part of the counselers. She is decapitated by the lone survivor, Alice (Adrienne King). Alice, while waiting for the police to arrive, takes a canoe out to the lake where she is dragged down by a very alive, but rotted Jason. A final scene in a hospital indicates that Jason's re-animated corpse was a hallucination. Kevin Bacon co-stars as an ill-fated counseler. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Friday the 13th is a 1980 slasher film directed by Sean S. Cunningham and written by Victor Miller, admittedly made to cash in on the success of Halloween, the films theme was to take mom and apple pie and turn it on its head. ... Betsy Palmer as Mrs. ... Betsy Palmer as Mrs. ... Look up Alice in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Autographed photo of Kevin Bacon greeting a crowd at Jefferson Square in Columbia, South Carolina in October, 2006 while filming Death Sentence. ...


Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981)

In the second film, it is retroactively revealed that Jason did not drown in the lake and had been living as a hermit in the woods next to the camp for several decades. Having watched his mother's demise from afar, Jason tracks down and kills the heroine of the first film and resumes his mother's work, hacking and slashing through numerous other victims at the nearby camp. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Friday the 13th Part 2 is a slasher film directed by Steve Miner, the first sequel to the Friday the 13th (1980) movie. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Friday the 13th Part 3 3D (1982)

In the third installment (filmed in 3-D), Jason acquired his trademark hockey mask, and machete. Jason found himself slaying a group of teenagers and a motorcycle gang who are spending time at a farmhouse near a lake, the only survivor (Dana Kimmel) stops Jason by wounding him with an axe blow to the head. As a result, she goes insane in one of the most surreal endings in the series. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Friday the 13th Part 3: 3D is the second sequel to Friday the 13th. ... In film, the term 3-D (or 3D) is used to describe any visual presentation system that attempts to maintain or recreate moving images of the third dimension, the illusion of depth as seen by the viewer. ...


Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (1984)

Main article: Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter

The fourth installment continues Jason's slaughter before he encounters a young Tommy Jarvis, who is the one to end Jason's life. Part 4, simply titled Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter featured up and coming 1980s stars Corey Feldman and Crispin Glover and did extremely well at the box office--so well that it immediately caused Paramount to go back on their plan to have the film serve as the ending to the Friday the 13th franchise. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tommy Jarvis is a fictional character from the Friday the 13th film series. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Corey Feldman at the 1989 Academy Awards Corey Feldman (born July 16, 1971) is an American actor. ... Crispin Hellion Glover (born April 20, 1964) is a multifaceted American artist. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ...


Friday the 13th: A New Beginning (1985)

Main article: Friday the 13th: A New Beginning

The fifth film picks up with a mentally troubled adult Tommy at a halfway house when a series of familiar murders start up. However, the killer is not Jason, but a copycat avenging the death of his son. Fans were unhappy with the twist, and the producers decided to bring Jason back in the next film. 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term copycat (also written as copy-cat or copy cat) refers to the tendency of humans to duplicate the behavior of others, as expressed in the saying, monkey see, monkey do. ...


Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives (1986)

Main article: Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives

The sixth entry in the series made this clear in its title: Jason Lives. However, since Jason had been supposedly rotting through the years since Part 4, writer and director Tom McLoughlin brought back the monster in a classic Frankenstein approach. Seemingly ignoring the events of the previous film, Jason Lives opens with Tommy digging up Jason's corpse so he could destroy it, only to have the body struck by lightning, which brings Jason back to life. From here on, Jason is now a zombie (though many fans argue that Jason, after his "death" at Camp Crystal Lake, was never human to begin with). The film's use of humor made it slightly more popular with critics and many fans consider it the best in the series. Alice Cooper performs three songs for the movie. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tom McLoughlin, b. ... This article is about the 1818 novel. ... A participant in a Zombie Walk event in Calgary This article is about the undead. ...


Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood (1988)

Main article: Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood

In this seventh outing in the Friday the 13th series, a telekinetic girl revives him again from the bottom of the lake where Tommy had left him imprisoned. The film, which has been dubbed "Jason Vs. Carrie" or "Carrie goes Camping" by fans, featured the first appearance of Kane Hodder as Jason. Hodder would continue to play Jason in all the following entries in the series until Freddy vs. Jason, and would become the most well known of the actors who have played Jason over the years. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Psychokinesis (Greek + , literally mind-movement) or PK, also known as telekinesis[1] (Greek + , literally distant-movement) or TK, is the paranormal ability of the mind to influence matter or energy without the use of any currently known type of physical means. ... Carrie (1974) is Stephen Kings first published novel. ... Carrie (1974) was Stephen Kings first published novel and also one of his shortest. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Friday the 13th Part VIII: Jason Takes Manhattan (1989)

Main article: Friday the 13th Part VIII: Jason Takes Manhattan

Jason Takes Manhattan, the eighth film in the series, picks up sometime after the end of the previous film, where Jason is resurrected again, this time by a cable tow. From there he boards upon the cruise ship Lazarus where he stays for most of the film, slashing its teenaged passengers who are aboard the vessel for their post-graduation senior class trip. Despite the title, only the last third of the film actually takes place in New York, and the majority of those sequences were filmed in Vancouver. The few brief scenes in Times Square are the only scenes actually filmed in New York. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Resurrection of Lazarus by Juan de Flandes, around 1500 Lazarus is the name of two separate characters in the New Testament. ... NY redirects here. ...


New Line Cinema buys the franchise

In the early 1990s, New Line Cinema acquired the rights to the Friday the 13th franchise and quickly rushed out plans to revive Jason Voorhees. Germans dancing on the Berlin Wall in late 1989, the symbol of the cold war divide falls down as the world unites in the 1990s. ...


In 1991 New Line Cinema obtained the rights to the "Jason Voorhees" character hoping to make one final attempt at cashing in on the movie with 1993s Jason Goes to Hell. New Line has since obtained the rights to the title "Friday the 13th" but has chosen not to use it; on its 2004 boxset, Paramount had to credit New Line for use of the name.


Jason Goes To Hell: The Final Friday (1993)

Main article: Jason Goes To Hell: The Final Friday

Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday kills Jason off, and he instead possesses others to continue his rampage. While the film (which only featured Jason in the opening sequence and climactic final fight to the death) is often derided by fans, the final scene of Freddy Krueger's arm grabbing Jason's discarded hockey mask created a great deal of hype towards the possibility of a crossover between the characters. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


The road to Freddy vs. Jason

The road to this crossover was filled with problems. The biggest was the numerous scripts which sought to come up with a logical way to have these two monsters meet. Several of the scripts that were written featured Freddy Krueger retroactively inserted into the origin of Jason, including scenarios where Jason was molested as a child by Freddy, who then "drowned" Jason to keep him from telling the authorities. Other scripts featured Jason as the hero of the film, recasting Jason as a tragic figure instead of the monstrous killing machine that he is usually portrayed as.


Ultimately, two scripts were written for the film. The first one had Jason being raised from the dead by a teenage girl using the heart of her dead boyfriend, to save her sister from a cult of psychotic teenagers who worshipped Freddy Krueger and were seeking to raise him from hell via a ritual sacrifice. The second film featured the main male and female leads from Jason Goes to Hell and the "Alice" character from A Nightmare on Elm Street Parts 4 and 5 teaming up on the eve of the year 2000 to rescue their kids from Freddy and Jason, who seek to kill the children so as to bring Satan (who is revealed to be Jason's father) to Earth.


The second script was deemed unfilmable due to costs and the first script was greenlit (and underwent several additional rewrites), but ultimately was abandoned due to the massacre at Columbine High School, which made the film's main plot point about a murderous teenage cult be considered too controversial in the wake of the school shooting. Meanwhile, Sean Cunningham was tired of waiting on the series to stand still, so he ordered a film to be made in the meantime. The idea was developed to set it in the future so as not to hamper the continuity of Freddy vs. Jason. When it was proposed that Jason being alive in the future would reveal who won, Jason X writer Todd Farmer retorted "There are three things in life that are constant: death, taxes, and Freddy and Jason will always come back." This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A tax (also known as a duty) is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ...


Jason X (2001)

This movie is set in the near future. A team of government scientists at the Crystal Lake Research Facility has captured the notorious Jason Voorhees. Their plan is to freeze him in cryogenic suspension; but, as usual, things go horribly wrong, and Jason breaks free. A survivor of Jason's rampage lures him into the cryogenic chamber, but before she can escape, Jason mortally wounds her, and both are frozen in cryogenic suspension. Over 400 years later, on a contaminated, desolate planet Earth that has been abandoned for centuries, archaeologists discover the two frozen ancestors in the "ancient" underground remains of the Crystal Lake Research Facility. The lone survivor of the attack at the research facility centuries ago is unfrozen and revived. First presumed dead, Jason begins doing what he does best - silently stalking the crew, who fight for their lives as their numbers dwindle. Just when they think they have beat him, he becomes more powerful than ever. 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Freddy vs. Jason (2003)

Main article: Freddy vs. Jason
Movie poster for Freddy vs. Jason (2003)
Movie poster for Freddy vs. Jason (2003)

One year later Freddy vs. Jason was finally released. Living out his killings in Hell, Jason "wakes up" in order to kill the children on Elm Street for his mother. In actuality, Jason is being manipulated by Freddy Krueger to spread fear so that he can regain his powers, lost due to a fullscale-coverup that the parents of Elm Street orchestrated to ensure that Freddy was forgotten. But Jason will not stop killing Freddy's "children," and the two finally battle one another, ending the film with a fairly ambiguous image. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Freddy vs. ... Freddy Vs. ... Freddy Vs. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


Further films?

Several propositions for a sequel to Freddy vs. Jason have been proposed. Several of these involve additional characters from other horror franchises. The use of Bruce Campbell's Ash Williams character from the Evil Dead franchise had been considered, but this idea was halted when Evil Dead creator and director Sam Raimi decided against it. According to an interview with Englund from March of 2006, New Line Cinema has participated in talks with John Carpenter concerning the use of Michael Myers in a sequel. Bruce Lorne Campbell (born June 22, 1958 in Royal Oak, Michigan) is an American actor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... -1... Samuel Marshall Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American film director, producer, and writer. ... New Line Cinema logo New Line Cinema, founded in 1967, is one of the major American film studios. ... John Howard Carpenter (born January 16, 1948) is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, film score composer and occasional actor. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


Reports in March 2005 suggested that Quentin Tarantino was in talks to direct a twelfth "Jason" film. Tarantino later denied the rumors. This may be confused with his "Slasher film" segment in Grind House. ← - 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in March • 31 – Terri Schiavo • 30 – Mitch Hedberg • 29 – Johnnie Cochran • 27 – Wilfred Bigelow • 26 – Paul Hester • 26 – James Callaghan • 21 – Jeff Weise • 21 – Bobby Short • 19 – John De Lorean • 18 – Gary Bertini • 17 – George F... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar-winning screenwriter. ... Grind House is a 2007 film that consists of two segments, of which both are feature-length attractions. ...


On January 29, 2006, several websites, including those of Variety, Fangoria, and BloodyNews reported the following: January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily magazine for the entertainment industry. ... Fangoria is a nationally-distributed US film fan magazine specializing in the genres of horror, psycho and exploitation films, in regular publication since 1979. ...


"New Line Cinema, ending a long period of speculation, is moving forward with a new FRIDAY THE 13TH movie. But it has been proven false to be released on October 13, 2006, because it is now a new year. On February 14, 2006, according to The Hollywood Reporter, director and producer Michael Bay is scheduled to produce a remake of the original Friday the 13th film, produced by his production company Platinum Dunes. No script has been written nor actors cast.[2] According to Variety, the film will be directed by Jonathan Liebesman.[3] New Line Cinema logo New Line Cinema, founded in 1967, is one of the major American film studios. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In film, a remake is a newer version of a previously released film or a newer version of the source (play, novel, story, etc. ... Jonathan Liebesman (born September 15, 1976) is a film director. ...


New Line expects deals to be signed and pre-production Jason The Beginning to begin in late 2007 for a summer or fall 2008 release date.[citation needed] The Internet Movie Database currently has a page reserved for the untitled Friday the 13th film. The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about actors, films, television shows, television stars, video games and production crew personnel. ...


Box office take

  1. Friday the 13th (1980) $39,754,601 (budget of $700,000)
  2. Friday the 13th Part 2 (1981) $21,722,000 (budget of $1,000,000)
  3. Friday the 13th Part 3 (1982) $36,985,198 (budget of $4,000,000)
  4. Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (1984) $32,600,000 (budget of $1,800,000)
  5. Friday the 13th: A New Beginning (1985) $21,930,000 (budget of $2,000,000)
  6. Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives (1986) $19,472,057 (budget of $3,000,000)
  7. Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood (1988) $19,170,001 (budget $3,000,000)
  8. Friday the 13th Part VIII: Jason Takes Manhattan (1989) $19,343,976 (budget of $5,000,000)
  9. Jason Goes To Hell: The Final Friday (1993) $15,572,267 (budget of $2,500,000[?])
  10. Jason X (2002) $13,121,555 (budget of $14,000,000)
  11. Freddy vs. Jason (2003) $82,490,748, WW Gross - $114,190,748 (Budget of $25,000,000)
  12. Friday the 13th Part 11 (2007)

Friday the 13th is a 1980 slasher film directed by Sean S. Cunningham and written by Victor Miller, admittedly made to cash in on the success of Halloween, the films theme was to take mom and apple pie and turn it on its head. ... Friday the 13th Part 2 is a slasher film directed by Steve Miner, the first sequel to the Friday the 13th (1980) movie. ... Friday the 13th Part 3: 3D is the second sequel to Friday the 13th. ... Jason X is a science fiction and slasher film. ... Freddy vs. ... Friday the 13th Part XI is the 11th entry into the Friday the 13th series. ...

Television series

In 2004 official reports from Sean Cunningham stated a proposal to develop a television program based on the films created by Geoff Garrett and Dan Farrands. Entitled Crystal Lake Chronicles, the plot of the series would be focused on a new character, a continuing villain that's connected to Jason and a sort of puppet master of the town of Crystal Lake. The central characters would be a cast of young adults dealing with coming of age issues while living in the town. Cunningham has likened it to Smallville and Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Jason Voorhees will have a presence, but only featured occasionally. There also hopes to feature guest appearances from some of the characters of the films. There has been little further news of the project since it was announced, but it appears to be going ahead. Cunningham would be a producer and stated a desire to direct a few episodes. For other uses, see Coming of Age. ... Smallville is an American television series that follows the adventures of a young Clark Kent (Tom Welling), as a teenager living in Smallville, Kansas, during the years before he becomes Superman. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is a critically acclaimed American cult television series that aired from March 10, 1997, until May 20, 2003. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


DVDs

Paramount released the first eight films of the series on DVD, two at a time between 1999 and 2002. While this prospect pleased fans, many were upset that the films were the standard cut, R-rated versions. In addition, the only supplement contained on the discs were a single trailer, but even the last two films were not supplied with this. To further upset fans, the last half of the films were given new art covers, which many feel are inferior to the originals (some of the images in the set were also mixed; for example an image of Roy posing as Jason from Part V made its way onto the back of the box for Part VI with the hockey mask's blue marks repainted as red). For many years, fans made complaints and requests to Paramount to release the uncut versions. When news circulated of a boxset release of the eight films, which may have been as much inspired by fan demand as it was by the success of Freddy vs. Jason, many raised their hopes that the uncut footage would finally be seen. When the boxset, titled Friday the 13th - From Crystal Lake to Manhattan, was released, dismay took hold again as not only were the individual films still the cut versions, but the additional material did not feature much of what fans had hoped to see. While there was appreciation for so much bonus material, the uncut footage was very sparse with what is known to exist, and fans did not like that it was not integrated into the body of their respective films (Arrow in the Head expressed annoyance that many scenes were played alongside the theatrical versions [4]). Roy Burns (played by Dick Wieand when unmasked, but mostly played by Tom Morga) is a fictional character in the Friday the 13th sequel Friday the 13th: A New Beginning. ...


New Line Cinema, however, have been very generous with their DVDs. Jason Goes to Hell, for instance, carries both the theatric R-rated and unrated director's cut versions in addition to scenes that were filmed for the edited television version. Freddy vs. Jason includes two discs' worth of bonus material. Jason X stands as the slimmest of the three,with only a commentary track,the theatrical trailer and two documentaries.


Books

Six of the eleven films have been novelised: Friday the 13th, Part 2, Part 3 (twice by two different authors), Jason Lives, Jason X, and Freddy vs. Jason. It is worth noting that while Jason X was released before Freddy vs. Jason, it was not novelised until 2005, accompanied by a set of books from Black Flame that served as sequels to Jason X. They are The Experiment, Planet of the Beast, and Death Moon. They were released around the same time as four other original books: Church of the Divine Psychopath, Hell Lake, Hate-Kill-Repeat, and The Jason Strain. A fifth book, Carnival of Maniacs, was released in June 2006. Their place within the continuity of the films is not specified, although all of the covers feature Jason as seen in Jason X (pre-UberJason) and appear to be set before the events of the film. Hell Lake is specifically stated as having begun on Friday the 13th in January 2006, and reference is made in Hate-Kill-Repeat to Jason's confrontation with Tina Shepard. Additionally, the conclusion of the novel appears to lead into Jason's "death" at the hands of the FBI at the beginning of Jason Goes to Hell: The Final Friday. These are not the first books based on and independent of the continuity of the films. In 1994, Eric Morse wrote four young adult books: Mother's Day, Jason's Curse, The Carnival, and Road Trip. The books did not actually contain Jason himself but instead used Jason's evil life force to possess several people, with his hockey mask being the source of the power. Eric Morse is the pen name for author and multi-medium artist William Pattison. ...


In order of appearance:

  • Friday the 13th, Part 3 3-D by Michael Avallone (August, 1982)
  • Jason Lives: Friday the 13th, Part VI by Simon Hawke (August 1, 1986)
  • Friday the 13th by Simon Hawke (September, 1987)
  • Friday the 13th, Part II by Simon Hawke (February, 1988)
  • Friday the 13th, Part 3 by Simon Hawke (May, 1988)
  • Eric Morse's "Camp Crystal Lake" series:
    • Friday the 13th: Mother's Day (July 1994)
    • Friday the 13th: Jason's Curse (July 1994)
    • Friday the 13th: The Carnival (July 1994)
    • Friday the 13th: Road Trip (September 1994)
  • Freddy vs. Jason by Stephen Hand (July 29, 2003)
  • Jason X by Pat Cadigan (February 3, 2005)
  • Jason X: The Experiment by Pat Cadigan (February 3, 2005)
  • Jason X: Planet of the Beast by Nancy Kilpatrick (July 7, 2005)
  • Friday the 13th: Church of the Divine Psychopath by Scott Phillips (August 9, 2005)
  • Friday the 13th: Hell Lake by Paul A Woods (August 9, 2005)
  • Friday the 13th: Hate-Kill-Repeat by Jason Arnopp (October 25, 2005)
  • Jason X: Death Moon by Alex S Johnson (November 29, 2005)
  • Friday the 13th: The Jason Strain by Christa Faust(January 31, 2006)
  • Jason X: To the Third Power by Nancy Kilpatrick (April 25, 2006)
  • Friday the 13th: Carnival Of Maniacs by Stephen Hand (June 6, 2006)

Non-fiction: Simon Hawke (born September 30, 1951) is an American author of mainly science fiction and fantasy novels. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Making Friday the 13th: The Legend of Camp Blood by David Grove (February, 2005)
  • Crystal Lake Memories: The Complete History of Friday the 13th by Peter M Bracke (foreword by Sean S. Cunningham) (October, 2005)

Comic books

Since New Line Cinema's acquisition of the franchise, several Friday the 13th comic books, featuring Jason, have been published by Topps Comics and, most recently, Avatar Press, and WildStorm. New Line Cinema logo New Line Cinema, founded in 1967, is one of the major American film studios. ... The popularity of the Friday the 13th film series and its main character, Jason Voorhees led to several comic book series based on the franchise. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Topps Comics was a division of the American trading card publisher and gum/candy distributor the Topps Company, Inc. ... Avatar Press is an smaller American comic book publishing house based out of Urbana, Illinois. ... WildStorm WildStorm Productions, or simply WildStorm, is an American publisher of comic books. ...


Sources

  1. ^ The Movies of the Eighties (1990) by Ron Base and David Haslam.
  2. ^ http://www.killermovies.com/f/fridaythe13th/articles/5875.html
  3. ^ http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117938669?categoryid=1959&cs=1&query=friday+the+13th&display=friday+the+13th
  4. ^ http://joblo.com/arrow/reviews.php?id=342

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Friday the 13th: Film Theory Essays (836 words)
The impact of the Friday the 13th films on film theory can be seen throughout multiple scholarly (and not-so-scholarly) texts.
Carol Clover argues, however, that these films work mainly to engage the viewer in the plight of the victim-hero - the figure, often a female, who suffers pain and fright but eventually rises to vanquish the forces of oppression.
She challenges the conventional wisdom that violent horror films can only degrade women and incite violence, and contends instead that the contemporary horror film speaks to the cultural need to express rage and terror in the midst of social upheaval.
Horrordvds.com - Friday the 13th Part 3 DVD review (1794 words)
Friday the 13th Part 3 was made in 1982 and once again features Jason Voorhees who decides to kill more unsuspecting youths in various creative methods with a versatile selection of edged weapons.
Friday the 13th Part 3 is presented in its original mono sound and as you might have guessed it's pretty weak.
Regardless, the Friday the 13th series has a large fan base and although I wish I could say this DVD is a great edition for fans Paramount's refusal to release unedited versions is an insult to the people who have stood by this series all these years.
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