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Encyclopedia > Freshwater fish


A vast number of species of fish have been successfully kept in the home aquarium. This list gives only some of the most commonly-kept species. The Guppy, also known as guppie (Poecilia reticulata) is one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species in the world. ... For other uses, see Aquarium (disambiguation). ...

Live-bearing aquarium fish, often simply called livebearers are fish that retain the eggs inside the body and give birth to live, free-swimming young. ... Species (see text) Poecilia Bloch & Schneider, 1801, is a genus of freshwater fish in family Poeciliidae of order Cyprinodontiformes. ... For other uses of this word, see Guppy (disambiguation) Binomial name Poecilia reticulata The guppy, alternatively guppie(Poecilia reticulata) is one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species in the world. ... Binomial name Poecilia latipinna (Lesueur, 1821) Compatibility: Mollies are nice peaceful fish. ... Species (see text) Xiphophorus Heckel, 1848, is a genus of freshwater fish in family Poeciliidae of order Cyprinodontiformes. ... Binomial name Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther, 1866) The southern platyfish (Xiphophorus maculatus) is a species of freshwater fish in family Poecilidae of order Cyprinodontiformes. ... Binomial name Xiphophorus variatus (Meek, 1904) The variable platyfish (Xiphophorus variatus) is a species of freshwater fish in family Poecilidae of order Cyprinodontiformes. ... Binomial name Xiphophorus hellerii Heckel, 1848 The green swordtail (Xiphophorus hellerii) is a species of freshwater fish in family Poecilidae of order Cyprinodontiformes. ... Genera Erpetoichthys Polypterus The bichirs are a family (Polypteridae) of primitive ray-finned fishes, the sole family in the order Polypteriformes. ... Binomial name Polypterus senegalus , The gray bichir (Polypterus senegalus), also known as the Senegal bichir, is a prototypical species of the Polypterus genus and most of its features hold for the rest of the genus. ... Sub-families Heterotidinae Osteoglossinae Arowanas, also known as aruanas or arawanas are freshwater bony fish of the family Osteoglossidae, sometimes known as Bony tongues. ... Species The name Asian Arowana refers to several species of freshwater bony fish in the genus Scleropages, all of which are native to Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Osteoglossum bicirrhosum Cuvier (ex Vandelli), 1829 The silver arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum) is a freshwater bony fish of the family Osteoglossidae, commonly kept in aquaria. ... Binomial name Arapaima gigas (Cuvier, 1829) The Arapaima (Arapaima gigas), also known as the Piracucu, Pirarucu, or Paiche, is one of the worlds largest freshwater fish. ... Families Akysidae Amblycipitidae Amphiliidae Ariidae Aspredinidae Astroblepidae Auchenipteridae Bagridae Callichthyidae Cetopsidae Chacidae Clariidae Claroteidae Cranoglanididae Diplomystidae Doradidae Hypophthalmidae Ictaluridae Loricariidae Malapteruridae Mochokidae Nematogenyidae Pangasiidae Parakysidae Pimelodidae Plotosidae Schilbeidae Scoloplacidae Siluridae Sisoridae Trichomycteridae Catfish (order Siluriformes) are a diverse group of fish. ... Genera Aspidoras Brochis Callichthys Corydoras Dianema Hoplosternum Lepthoplosternum Megalechis Scleromystax The family Callichthyidae hails from South America and contains some of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish such as the corydoras. ... Species Brochis britski Brochis multiradiatus Brochis splendens Brochis catfish in the aquarium trade are often confused with Corydoras. ... Common Species Corydoras aeneus Corydoras metae Corydoras paleatus Corydoras panda Corydoras Sterbai Corydoras trilineatus Members of the South American Corydoras genus are popular freshwater aquarium catfish, and are commonly referred to as cory catfish or simply corys. ... Genera about 70, see text The armored catfishes are a family Loricariidae of catfish noted for the covering of bony plates covering their bodies. ... An adult common pleco, Hypostomus plecostomus. ... A young male Bristlenose Catfish. ... The Common Pleco or Plecostomus is a freshwater tropical fish belonging to the Armored Catfish family (Loricariidae). ... Binomial name Liposarcus pardalis (Castelnau, 1855) The Liposarcus pardalis is a tropical fish known as a Plecostomus belonging to the Armored Catfish family (Loricariidae). ... Binomial name Liposarcus multiradiatus (Hancock, 1828) The Sailfin Catfish (Liposarcus multiradiatus) is a tropical fish known as a Plecostomus belonging to the Armored Catfish family (Loricariidae). ... Binomial name Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Suckermouth Catfish (Hypostomus plecostomus) is a tropical fish known as a Plecostomus belonging to the Armored Catfish family (Loricariidae). ... Binomial name Hypostomus punctatus (Valenciennes, 1840) The Suckermouthed Catfish (Hypostomus punctatus) is a tropical fish known as a Plecostomus belonging to the Armored Catfish family (Loricariidae). ... Binomial name Hypancistrus zebra Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1991 The Zebra Pleco, Hypancistrus zebra, gets its name from its black and white stripes, resembling the colouration of a zebra. ... Species Otocinclus macrospilus Otocinclus (auto SINK luss) is a genus of the armored catfish family (Loricariidae). ... Binomial name Kryptopterus bicirrhis The Glass Catfish or Ghost Fish (Kryptopterus bicirrhis) is a transparent freshwater aquarium fish. ... Binomial name Pangasius hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) Despite its name, the Iridescent Shark (Pangasius hypophthalmus) is not a shark, but a catfish. ... Binomial name Phractocephalus hemioliopterus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) The Redtail catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus) is a pimelodid (long-whiskered) catfish native to South America. ... Genera Subfamily Alestiinae - African tetras  Alestes (or Brycinus)  Hydrocynus  Micralestes  Phenacogrammus  Rhabdalestes  and 13 other genera Subfamily Characidiinae  8 genera Subfamily Characinae  Acestrorhynchus - Pike characins  Aphyocharax  Boehlkea  Chalceus  Charax  Cynodo  Exodon  Hasemania  Hydrolycus  Nematobrycon  Petitella  Priocharax  Rhaphiodon  Roeboides  Thayeria  ... Subfamily Crenuchinae  Crenuchus  Poecilocharax Subfamily Glandulocaudinae  16 genera Subfamily Iguanodectinae  Iguanodectes... Binomial name Gymnocorymbus ternetzi (Boulenger, 1895) The black tetra (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi) is a freshwater fish of the characin family (family Characidae) of order Characiformes. ... Binomial name Paracheirodon axelrodi (Schultz, 1956) The Cardinal tetra (Paracheirodon axelrodi) is a freshwater fish of the characin family (family Characidae) of order Characiformes. ... Binomial name Astyanax mexicanus (De Filippi, 1853) The Mexican tetra (Astyanax mexicanus) is a freshwater fish of the characin family (family Characidae) of order Characiformes. ... Binomial name Gasteropelecus sternicla (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Hatchetfish or River Hatchetfish (Gasteropelecus sternicla) is a tropical fish belonging to the Freshwater Hatchetfish family (Gasteropelecidae). ... Binomial name Paracheirodon simulans (Géry, 1963) The green neon tetra (Paracheirodon simulans) is a freshwater fish of the characin family (family Characidae) of order Characiformes. ... Binomial name Paracheirodon innesi (Myers, 1936) The neon tetra (Paracheirodon innesi) is a freshwater fish of the characin family (family Characidae) of order Characiformes. ... Binomial name Metynnis argenteus Ahl, 1923 The Silver Dollar (Metynnis argenteus Ahl, 1923) is a tropical fish belonging to the Characidae family which is closely related to the Pirahna. ... Genera Apistogramma - Dwarf Cichlids Astronotus (Oscars) Boulengerochromis Cichlasoma - American Ciclids Crenicichla Pterophyllum - Freshwater Angelfish Symphysodon - Discus Teleogramma Tilapia Cichlids are a family of perciform fishes. ... Binomial name Geophagus altifrons (Heckel, 1840) The Eartheater Cichlid (Geophagus altifrons) is a freshwater fish native to South America, particularly in the Amazon Forest. ... Binomial name Cichlasoma meeki {{{author}}}, {{{date}}} The Firemouth Cichlid is one of the typical and most commonly seen (in pet stores) of the Cichlasoma-type South American cichlids. ... Binomial name Cichlasoma octofasciatum {{{author}}}, {{{date}}} The Jack Dempsey cichlid is named for the 1920s boxer of the same name. ... Binomial name Parachromis managuense (Günther, 1867) Categories: Cichlids | Animal stubs ... Binomial name Aequidens rivulatus {{{author}}}, {{{date}}} A South American cichlid, the Green Terror is a colorful fish that reaches lengths of around 9. As the name implies this species can be very aggressive, especially adult specimens. ... Binomial name Hemichromis bimaculatus Gill, 1862 The Jewel Cichlid comes from Africa. ... Binomial name Pterophyllum altum (Pellegrin, 1903) Pterophyllum leopoldi (Gosse, 1963) Pterophyllum scalare (Lichtenstein, 1823) Freshwater angelfish are cichlids that originate around the Amazon River basin with a striking, elongated vertical body shape and long extended dorsal and anal fins. ... Species Symphysodon aequifasciatus - Blue discus Symphysodon discus - Red discus Discus are freshwater perciform fish, peculiar cichlids native to the Amazon River basin. ... // General Tropheus are cichlids from Lake Tanganyika. ... Species Labidochromis caeruleus - Electric Yellow Electric Yellow are freshwater perciform fish, peculiar cichlids native to Lake Malawi, Africa. ... Binomial name Protomelas taeniolatus (Trewavas, 1935) Protomelas taeniolatus (often sold under various trade names: Haplochromis Red Empress, Red Empress or Spindle Hap) is a cichlid endemic to Lake Malawi in Eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Astronotus ocellatus Agassiz, 1831 The Oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) is a large species of cichlid. ... Species Pseudotropheus estherae - Red Zebra A Red Zebra in an aquarium Red Zebra is an African Cichlid fish from Lake Malawi. ... Binomial name Tilapia buttikoferi [[]], [[]] The Tilapia buttikoferi is an African Cichlid that can be found mainly in West Africa, more specifically Liberia. ... Genera (many, see text) The family Cyprinidae, named after the Greek word for goldfish, consists of the carps and minnows. ... Species Barbus brevipinnis (Shortfin Barb) Barbus callipterus (Clipper Barb) Barbus conchonius (Rosy Barb) Barbus denisonii (Red Line Torpedo Barb) Barbus nigrofasciatus (Black Ruby Barb) Barbus oligolepis (Checker Barb) Barbus pentazona (Pentazona Barb) Barbus schuberti (Gold Barb) Barbus schwanefeldi (Tinfoil Barb) Barbus tetrazona (Tiger Barb) Barbus ticto (Ticto Barb) Barbus titteya... Binomial name Barbus nigrofasciatus (Guenther, 1868) The Black Ruby Barb (Barbus nigrofasciatus) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus oligolepis (Bleeker, 1853) The Checker Barb (Barbus oligolepis) or Checkered Barb is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus titteya (Deraniyagala, 1929) The Cherry Barb (Barbus titteya Deraniyagala, 1929) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus callipterus (Boulenger, 1907) The Clipper Barb (Barbus callipterus) is a freshwater and brackish tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus semifasciolatus (Guenther, 1868) The Gold Barb, Golden Barb, Green Barb, or Schuberti Barb (Barbus semifasciolatus Guenther, 1868) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus semifasciolatus (Guenther, 1868) The Gold Barb, Golden Barb, Green Barb, or Schuberti Barb (Barbus semifasciolatus Guenther, 1868) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus pentazona (Boulenger, 1894) The Pentazona Barb (Barbus pentazona) or Hexazona Barb (Barbus hexazona) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb group of the minnow family. ... Binomial name Barbus denisonii (Day, 1865) The Red Line Torpedo Barb or Denison Barb (Barbus denisonii) is a tropical fish belonging to the barb group in the minnow family. ... Binomial name Barbus conchonius (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822) The Rosy Barb (Barbus conchonius) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus brevipinnis (Jubb, 1966) The Shortfin Barb (Barbus brevipinnis) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus ticto (Hamilton, 1822) The Ticto Barb, Two Spot Barb, or Tic_Tac_Toe Barb (Barbus ticto) is a freshwater and brackish tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Barbus tetrazona (Bleeker, 1855) The Tiger Barb or Sumatra Barb (Barbus tetrazona) is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the barb group of the minnow family. ... Binomial name Barbus schwanefeldi (Bleeker, 1853) The Tinfoil Barb (Barbus schwanefeldi) is a tropical fish belonging to the Barb family (Cyprinidae). ... Trinomial name Carassius auratus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) The goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus) is one of the earliest fish to be domesticated and is still one of the most commonly-kept aquarium fish. ... Binomial name Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Carp or European Carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish distantly related to the common goldfish. ... Binomial name Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) Koi (Chinese and Japanese: 鯉, Romaji: koi) are ornamental domesticated varieties of the common carp Cyprinus carpio, originated from China and widely spread in Japan. ... Binomial name Tanichthys albonubes Lin, 1932 The White Cloud Mountain minnow (Tanichthys albonubes) is a very hardy species of freshwater aquarium fish. ... A dace is any of a number of species of small cyprinid fish. ... Binomial name Leuciscus leuciscus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Dace (Leuciscus leuciscus) is a freshwater or brackish fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae, also known as the Dare or the Dart. ... Species of Danionin Danio Danio albolineatus Danio abolineatus var pulcher Danio abolineatus var tweediei Danio choprae Danio dangila Danio feegradei Danio kerri Danio kyathit var spotted Danio kyathit var striped Danio meghalayensis Danio nigrofasciatus Danio roseus Danio rerio Danio rerio var frankei Danio sp aff kerri Danio sp aff kyathit... Binomial name Danio devario (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822) The Bengal Danio or Sind Danio (Danio devario) is a subtropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Danio aequipinnatus (McClelland, 1839) The Giant Danio (Danio aequipinnatus) is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Devario malabaricus (Jerdon, 1849) The Malabar Danio (Devario malabaricus formerly Danio malabaricus) is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Danio albolineatus (Blyth, 1860) The Pearl Danio (Danio albolineatus) is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Devario regina (Fowler, 1934) The Queen Danio (Devario regina) is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Danio nigrofasciatus (Day, 1870) The Spotted Danio or Dwarf Danio (Danio nigrofasciatus) is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Danio kerri (Smith, 1931) The Turquoise Danio or Blue Danio (Danio kerri) is a tropical fish belonging to the Danio family (Cyprinidae). ... Binomial name Danio rerio (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822) The Zebra Danio or Zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio or Danio rerio) is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). ... Species See text. ... The Harlequin Rasbora (Rasbora hetermorpha) is perhaps the most famous of all rasboras and is a popular aquarium fish. ... Families Apteronotidae (ghost knifefishes) Eigenmanniidae (obsolete?) Gymnotidae (naked-back knifefishes and electric eels) Hypopomidae Rhamphichthyidae Sternopygidae The gymnotiforms are an order (Gymnotiformes) of knifefishes that have organs adapted to the exploitation of bioelectricity. ... Binomial name Apteronotus albifrons (Linnaeus, 1766) The Black Ghost Knifefish (Apteronotus albifrons) is a tropical fish belonging to the ghost knifefish family (Apteronotidae). ... Genera Anabas Ctenopoma Microctenopoma Sandelia The Anabantidae are a family of perciform fish commonly called the Labyrinth fish but also known as the Climbing Gouramies or Climbing Perches. ... Genera Belontiinae Belontia Luciocephalus/Trichogastrinae Colisa Ctenops Luciocephalus Parasphaerichthys Polyacanthus Sphaerichthys Trichogaster Macropodinae Betta Macropodus Malpulutta Parosphromenus Pseudosphromenus Trichopsis Osphroneminae Belontia Osphronemus The gouramies are a family Osphronemidae of freshwater perciform fish. ... Binomial name Helostoma temminckii Cuvier, 1829 Kissing gouramis, also known as kissers (Helostoma temminckii), are large tropical freshwater fish comprising the monotypic gourami family Helostomatidae (from the Greek elos [stud, nail], stoma [mouth]). Highly commercial food fish which are farmed in their native Southeast Asia, kissing gouramis are also popular... Binomial name Trichogaster trichopterus (Pallas, 1770) The Three spot gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus) is a Labyrinth fish. ... Binomial name Betta splendens (Regan, 1910) The Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens) is one of the most popular species of freshwater aquarium fish. ... Binomial name Helostoma temminckii Cuvier, 1829 Kissing gouramis, also known as kissers (Helostoma temminckii), are large tropical freshwater fish comprising the monotypic gourami family Helostomatidae (from the Greek elos [stud, nail], stoma [mouth]). Highly commercial food fish which are farmed in their native Southeast Asia, kissing gouramis are also popular... Loaches are freshwater fishes of the family Cobitidae, small bottom-dwelling fishes with a flattened ventral profile. ... Binomial name Botia kubotai Kottelat, 2004 The Burmese Border Loach, Angelicus Loach, or Polka Dot Loach (Botia kubotai) is a recently described species that quickly becomes a popular tropical fish in freshwater aquarium. ... Binomial name Botia macracanthus (Bleeker, 1852) A Clown Loach or Tiger Botia (Botia macracanthus) is a freshwater fish belonging to the loach family (Cobitidae). ... Binomial name Misgurnus anguillicaudatus The Dojo Loach (or Weather Loach) is, like many other loaches, a slender and eel-like and fish from Asia. ... Binomial name Botia sidthimunki (Klausewitz, 1959) The Dwarf Loach, Chain Botia, or Chain Loach (Botia sidthimunki) is a popular freshwater tropical fish in aquarium belonging to Cobitidae family. ... Binomial name Botia morleti (Tirant, 1885) The Skunk Loach, Skunk Botia, or Horas Loach (Botia morleti) is a freshwater tropical fish found in Mekong River and various rivers in Thailand. ... The Horseface Loach (or Horsehead Loach) is the freshwater fish, Acantopsis choirorhynchus, in the Family Cobitidae (Loaches). ... Binomial name Pangio kuhlii (Valenciennes, 1846) A Kuhli Loach (Pangio kuhlii) is a small worm-like freshwater fish belonging to the loach family (Cobitidae). ... Subfamilies Mormyrinae Petrocephalinae The family Mormyridae, sometimes called Elephantfish, are freshwater fishes native to Africa in the order Osteoglossiformes. ... Genera Amblyrhynchotes Arothron Auriglobus Canthigaster Carinotetraodon Chelonodon Colomesus Contusus Ephippion Feroxodon Fugu Gastrophysus Javichthys Lagocephalus Liosaccus Marilyna Monotretus Omegaphora Pelagocephalus Polyspina Reicheltia Sphoeroides Takifugu Tetractenos Tetraodon Torquigener Tylerius Xenopterus For species see text The pufferfish, also called blowfish, swellfish, globefish, balloonfish are fish making up the family Tetraodontidae, within the...

Livebearers Gallery

Image File history File links Photographer:User:Jdiemer Date: Jan 22 2005 Location: Braunschweig, Germany File links The following pages link to this file: Guppy ... Sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna). ... Image File history File links Xiphophorus_helleri_02. ... Southern platyfish (Xiphophorus maculatus). ... Image File history File links Hybrid_(Xiphophorus_helleri_x_Xiphophorus_maculatus). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (930x484, 34 KB) This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Image File history File links Xiphophorus_variatus_01. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1887x807, 513 KB) Summary A cultivar of the Green swordtail (Xiphophorus hellerii). ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
WCS Freshwater Fish Conservation (643 words)
The collapse of stocks of native fish of the cichlid family is due to environmental degradation, mismanagement and the introduction of deleterious exotic species This has had a devastating impact upon fishing communities and the consumers who relied upon their catch.
The survival of Madagascar’s endemic freshwater fishes is threatened by environmental degradation, over-exploitation and invasive exotic species.
The Freshwater Fish Conservation Program is based upon WCS’s tradition science-based approach and seeks to play a key role in the development of a broadly accepted agenda for the conservation of Madagascar’s endemic inland ichthyofauna and the habitats essential to its survival.
Freshwater Fish (3095 words)
In nature, the fish enjoy what is called an "open" type system due to the very large water volume to fish ratio that they live in.
You've always admired those fascinating fish and beautiful aquariums at other peoples' houses, and considered giving it a try yourself, but you don't know anything about taking care of fish, and have always heard that there is a lot of work involved with maintaining an aquarium.
The next category would be the aggressive type fish, usually from the cichlid family of fish, and need to be kept alone or with other cichlids of similar size.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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