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Encyclopedia > French presidential election, 2002
France

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Image File history File links France_coa. ... Politics of France takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of France is head of state and the Prime Minister of France head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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The 2002 French presidential election consisted of a first round election on 21 April 2002, and a runoff election between the top two candidates (Jacques Chirac and Jean-Marie Le Pen) on 5 May 2002. This presidential contest attracted a greater than usual amount of international attention because of Le Pen's unexpected appearance in the runoff election. Journalists and politicians then claimed that polls had failed to predict his second place finish in the general election, though Le Pen's strong stance could be seen in the week prior to the election. This led to serious discussions of polling techniques and to the climate of French politics. Although Le Pen's political party National Front describes itself as mainstream conservative, non-partisan observers conclude that it is a far right party. Chirac himself could enjoy the fact that he had won the biggest landslide in the history of French politics, winning over 82% of the vote; however most thought it was a pyrrhic victory. The Fifth Republic is the fifth and current republican constitution of France, which was introduced on October 5, 1958. ... Symbol of the French government The government of France is a semi-presidential system based on the French Constitution of the fifth Republic, in which the nation declares itself to be an indivisible, secular, democratic, and social Republic. The constitution provides for a separation of powers and proclaims Frances... Symbol of the French government The President of the French Republic (French: ) colloquially referred to as President of France, is Frances elected Head of State and also the ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra and Grand Master of the Légion dhonneur. ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... Dominique Marie François René Galouzeau de Villepin (born 14 November 1953 in Rabat, French Morocco) simply known as Dominique de Villepin ( —  , is a French diplomat and politician. ... This page is a list of French prime ministers. ... The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: ) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... The Senate (in French : le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... The French Congress (French: ) is the name given to the body created when both houses of the present-day French Parliament – the French National Assembly and the French Senate – reunite at the Château of Versailles to vote on revisions to the French constitution. ... A republican guard giving directions to visitors at the front entrance of the Constitutional Council The Constitutional Council (Conseil Constitutionnel) was established by the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958. ... The Court of Cassation (Cour de cassation in French) is the main court of last resort in France. ... Political parties in France lists political parties in France. ... Charles de Gaulle, in his generals uniform Gaullism (from French Gaullisme) is a French political ideology based on the thought and action of Charles de Gaulle. ... France is a representative democracy. ... The 2007 French presidential election will be the ninth such election of the Fifth French Republic. ... These are the results of the French legislative election of 2002 Category: ... The French legislative election will take place on 10 June and 17 June 2007 to elect the 13th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic, a few weeks after the French presidential election run-off on 6 May. ... In France, the country is often called the patrie des droits de lHomme (human rights homeland), mostly ironically by persons who complain about a perceived violation of theses rights. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... A charter member of the United Nations, France holds one of the permanent seats in the Security Council and is a member of most of its specialized and related agencies. ... The honour entrance to the Ministry building on the Quai dOrsay The Minister of Foreign Affairs, in the Government of France, is the cabinet member responsible for the Republics network of relationships with foreign nations. ... This is a list of major political scandals in France: 1816 shipwreck of and search for French frigate Medusa off the west coast of Africa Dreyfus Affair, 1894 treason conviction of Alfred Dreyfus - exposed by writer Emile Zola on January 13, 1898 The Ben Barka affair, 1965 disappearance of the... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... Jean-Marie Le Pen Jean-Marie Le Pen (born June 20, 1928, La Trinité-sur-Mer France) is a French far-right nationalist politician, founder and president of the Front National party, and a perennial candidate for the French presidency. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Look up poll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The National Front (FN, French: ) is a far-right, nationalist, anti-Establishment[1] political party in France, founded in 1972 by Jean-Marie Le Pen. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... Jacques (René) Chirac (born 29 November French politician. ... Landslide of soil and regolith in Pakistan A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rock falls, deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows. ... A Pyrrhic victory is a victory with devastating cost to the victor. ...

Contents

Results

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 21 April and 5 May 2002 French presidential election results
Candidates Nominating parties Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Jacques Chirac Rally for the Republic (Rassemblement pour la République) 5,666,440 19.88% 25,537,956 82.2%
Jean-Marie Le Pen National Front (Front national) 4,805,307 16.86% 5,525,032 17.8%
Lionel Jospin Socialist Party (Parti socialiste) 4,610,749 16.18%
François Bayrou Union for French Democracy (Union pour la démocratie française) 1,949,436 6.84%
Arlette Laguiller Workers' Struggle (Lutte ouvrière) 1,630,244 5.72%
Jean-Pierre Chevènement Citizens' Movement (Mouvement des citoyens) 1,518,901 5.33%
Noël Mamère The Greens (Les verts) 1,495,901 5.25%
Olivier Besancenot Revolutionary Communist League (Ligue communiste révolutionnaire) 1,210,694 4.25%
Jean Saint-Josse Hunt, Fish, Nature, Traditions (Chasse, pêche, nature, traditions) 1,204,863 4.23%
Alain Madelin Liberal Democracy (Démocratie libérale) 1,113,709 3.91%
Robert Hue French Communist Party (Parti communiste français) 960,757 3.37%
Bruno Mégret National Republican Movement (Mouvement national républicain) 667,123 2.34%
Christiane Taubira Left Radical Party (Parti radical de gauche) 660,576 2.32%
Corinne Lepage Citizenship, Action, Participation for the XXIst Century (Citoyenneté action participation pour le XXIe siècle) 535,911 1.88%
Christine Boutin Forum of Social Republicans (Forum des républicains sociaux) 339,142 1.19%
Daniel Gluckstein Party of the Workers (Parti des travailleurs) 132,702 0.47%
Total (turnout 71.6 %) 28,502,455 100.0 31,062,988 100.0
Source: Yahoo France and Rulers.
Runoff results source: http://www.electionresources.org/fr/president.php?election=2002

Symbol of the French government The President of the French Republic (French: ) colloquially referred to as President of France, is Frances elected Head of State and also the ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra and Grand Master of the Légion dhonneur. ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... In France the Gaullist Party is usually used to refer to the largest party professing to be Gaullist. ... Jean-Marie Le Pen Jean-Marie Le Pen (born June 20, 1928, La Trinité-sur-Mer France) is a French far-right nationalist politician, founder and president of the Front National party, and a perennial candidate for the French presidency. ... The National Front (FN, French: ) is a far-right, nationalist, anti-Establishment[1] political party in France, founded in 1972 by Jean-Marie Le Pen. ... Lionel Robert Jospin (born July 12, 1937 in Meudon, a suburb of Paris) is a French statesman who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997-2002. ... The Socialist Party (French: Parti Socialiste or PS) is the main opposition party in France. ... François Bayrou François Bayrou (IPA: ) is a leading candidate for the French Presidental election of 2007. ... The Union for French Democracy, also known by its French acronym UDF (Union pour la Démocratie Française), is a French centrist political party. ... Arlette Laguiller (born March 18, 1940) is the spokeswoman and by far the best known leader of the Lutte Ouvrière French Trotskyist political party. ... Workers Struggle (Lutte Ouvrière) is the usual name under which the Communist Union (Trotskyist) (Union Communiste (Trotskyste)), a French Trotskyist political party, is known (technically, it is the name of the weekly paper edited by the party). ... Jean-Pierre Chevènement Jean-Pierre Chevènement (born March 9, 1939 in Belfort) is a French politician. ... The Citizen and Republican Movement (Mouvement républicain et citoyen) is a political party in France. ... Noël Mamère (born December 25, 1948) is a French politician of the French Green Party (Les Verts). ... Les Verts (or The Greens) are an ecologist political party to the left of the political spectrum in France. ... Olivier Besancenot Olivier Besancenot (born April 18, 1974) is a French left-wing political figure. ... The Revolutionary Communist League (Ligue Communiste Révolutionnaire) (LCR) is a French Trotskyist political party. ... Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition (French: Chasse, Pêche, Nature, Traditions) is a French political party of the right, which aims to defend the traditional values of rural France. ... Alain Madelin in 2005 Alain Madelin (born March 26, 1946) is a French politician and a former minister of that country. ... Liberal Democracy (Démocratie Libérale, DL) was a French political party that advocated laissez-faire economics and whose leader was Alain Madelin. ... Robert Hue (born October 19, 1946) is a French politician. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Bruno Mégret (born April 4, 1949) is a French politician. ... The National Republican Movement (Mouvement National Républicain or MNR) is a French far-right political party, created by Bruno Mégret as a split from Jean-Marie Le Pens National Front. ... Christiane Taubira (February 2, 1952, Cayenne, French Guiana -) is a French politician. ... The Left Radical Party (Parti Radical de Gauche or PRG) is a minor French centre-left, social-liberal party with moderate views, formed in 1972 by a split from the Radical Republicans and Radical Socialists Party, once the dominant party of the French left. ... Corinne Lepage in 1995. ... The Citizenship, Action, Participation for the XXIst Century (Citoyenneté Action Participation pour le XXIe siècle) is a political party in France. ... Christine Boutin (born in Levroux, Indre, France on February 6, 1944) is a French politician. ... Daniel Gluckstein (born March 3, 1953) is a French far-left Trotskyist politician from the Parti des Travailleurs (PT). ... The Party of the Workers (Parti des Travailleurs or PT), is a French socialist party. ...

General summary

On May 1, Labour Day, the yearly demonstrations for workers' rights were compounded by protests against Jean-Marie Le Pen. Hundreds of thousands of people who normally do not take part in such demonstrations came, in addition to the usual unions. Another unusual sights for May 1 demonstrations, French tricolor flags were commonplace.
On May 1, Labour Day, the yearly demonstrations for workers' rights were compounded by protests against Jean-Marie Le Pen. Hundreds of thousands of people who normally do not take part in such demonstrations came, in addition to the usual unions. Another unusual sights for May 1 demonstrations, French tricolor flags were commonplace.

In the months before the election, the campaign had increasingly focused on questions of law and order, with a particular attention towards crime committed by the youth, especially the youth of foreign origin. Lionel Jospin was, at the time, Prime Minister of France; the Jospin government was criticized for its "softness" on crime by its political opponents. Some contend that alarmist reporting on the TF1 channel and other media had overemphasized the alleged crime wave. ImageMetadata File history File links Paris_May1_2002_DCP_8508. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Paris_May1_2002_DCP_8508. ... Labour Day Parade in Toronto in early 1900s A Labour Day is an annual holiday celebrated all over the world that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. ... Lionel Robert Jospin (born July 12, 1937 in Meudon, a suburb of Paris) is a French statesman who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997-2002. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... TF1 is a private French TV network, controlled by TF1 Group, whose major share-holder is Bouygues. ...


The first round of election came as a shock to many commentators, almost all of whom had expected the second ballot to be between Jacques Chirac and Lionel Jospin. Jospin's poor showing and the widespread splintering of the left-wing vote in the first round of the election meant that instead Jean-Marie Le Pen faced Chirac in the second ballot. The election brought the two-round voting system into question as well as raising many concerns about apathy and the way in which the left had become so divided. “Chirac” redirects here. ... Lionel Robert Jospin (born July 12, 1937 in Meudon, a suburb of Paris) is a French statesman who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997-2002. ... Jean-Marie Le Pen Jean-Marie Le Pen (born June 20, 1928, La Trinité-sur-Mer France) is a French far-right nationalist politician, founder and president of the Front National party, and a perennial candidate for the French presidency. ... An example of runoff voting. ...


There was a widespread stirring of national public opinion, and more than one million people in France took part in street rallies, in an expression of fierce opposition to Le Pen's ideas. Some held up protest signs stating "I'm ashamed to be French," which parodied Le Pen's party slogan, "Proud to be French." Spontaneous street protests began in the night from April 21 to April 22, then on April 22 and 23, then as follows:

A response to the first round of elections, this spray-painted sign was seen on the streets of Paris. Translation: APRIL 21: MY HEART IS SORE
A response to the first round of elections, this spray-painted sign was seen on the streets of Paris.
Translation: APRIL 21: MY HEART IS SORE
  • April 24: 60,000 people in the streets protesting J.M. Le Pen's success
  • April 25: 250,000 people in the streets protesting J.M. Le Pen's success
  • April 27: 200,000 people in the streets protesting J.M. Le Pen's success (out of which 45,000 in Paris)
  • May 1:
    • Approximately 20 000 people in the yearly demonstration of the National Front in Paris in honor of Joan of Arc and in support of J.M. Le Pen.
    • Approximately 1,300,000 people (according to the Ministry of the Interior, as reported in Libération), out of which more than 400,000 in Paris, for Labor Day and against the National Front.


The choice between Chirac, who is suspect for actions carried out whilst he was mayor of Paris (see corruption scandals in the Paris region) but benefits from Presidential immunity as long as he stays president, and Le Pen, a nationalist often accused of racism and antisemitism, was one that many found tough. Some people suggested going to vote with a clothes peg on the nose, to express disgust for the Chirac vote, but this may have been illegal, because it is prohibited to advertise one's vote inside the voting precinct. In the days before the second ballot, a memorable poster was put up of Chirac with the slogan "Vote for a Crook, not a Fascist". Chirac defeated Le Pen by a landslide. Image File history File links 21avril. ... Image File history File links 21avril. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Image of Joan of Arc, painted between 1450 and 1500 (Centre Historique des Archives Nationales, Paris, AE II 2490). ... The entrance to the Ministry in Place Beauvau is guarded by one gendarme (to the left) and one policewoman (to the right). ... Libération (affectionately known as Libé) is a French newspaper founded in Paris in 1973 by Jean-Paul Sartre, Pierre Victor alias Benny Lévy and Serge July in the wake of the protest movements of May 1968. ... Labour Day (or Labor Day) is an annual holiday that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... In the 1980s and 1990s there were in the Paris region (Île-de-France) multiple instances of alleged and proved political corruption cases, as well as cases of abuse of public money and resources. ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... It has been suggested that Racial supremacy be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Antisemite (epithet) be merged into this article or section. ... Look up Peg in Wiktionary, the free dictionary for pegged exchange rate see fixed exchange rate for the (price/earnings)/growth ratio see PEG ratio for polyethylene glycol see polyethylene glycol for the form of beach cricket see beach cricket This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated...


See also

The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... Politics of France takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of France is head of state and the Prime Minister of France head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
French presidential election, 2002

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Official French government links

Official French government links are in French.

  • Official file of the French Constitutional Council
  • Official results from the Ministry of the Interior

Commentary

French Fifth Republic Presidential elections

1958 | 1965 | 1969 | 1974 | 1981 | 1988 | 1995 | 2002 | 2007 The Fifth Republic is the fifth and current republican constitution of France, which was introduced on October 5, 1958. ... The French presidential of 1958, the first of the French Fifth Republic, took place on December 21, 1958. ... Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: | | ... Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: | | ... Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: | | ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in France | 1988 elections ... Second Round First Round See also: President of France, France, Politics of France Categories: Elections in France | 1995 elections ... The 2007 French presidential election will be the ninth such election of the Fifth French Republic. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
French presidential election, 2002 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (776 words)
The 2002 French presidential election consisted of a first round election on 21 April 2002, and a runoff election between the top two candidates (Jacques Chirac and Jean-Marie Le Pen) on 5 May 2002.
Journalists and politicians then claimed that polls had failed to predict his second place finish in the general election, though Le Pen's strong stance could be seen in the week prior to the election.
The first round of election came as a shock to many commentators, almost all of whom had expected the second ballot to be between Jacques Chirac and Lionel Jospin.
Politics of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1956 words)
The French electorate turned down a 1969 referendum on the reform of the French Senate, in a move widely considered to be mostly motivated by weariness with de Gaulle.
On May 29, 2005, French voters in the referendum on the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe turned down the proposed charter by a wide margin.
In comparison, the refusal of the French electorate to vote for the proposed European Constitution was interpreted by some as a popular refusal of libéralisme, which the European Union is perceived to embody.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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