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Encyclopedia > French overseas departments and territories

The French Overseas Departments and Territories (often abbreviated DOM-TOM for départements d'outre-mer, territoires d'outre-mer) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. These territories have varying legal status and different levels of autonomy, although all have representation in the Parliament of France, and the right to vote in elections to the European Parliament. Some of them have no permanent inhabitants. They include island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans, a territory on the South American coast, and several periantarctic islands as well as an extensive claim in Antarctica. Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative divisions of France. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one. ... The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of the earths its surface. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Each inhabited French territory, metropolitan or overseas, is represented in both the French National Assembly and the French Senate. The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... The Senate amphitheater in the Luxembourg Palace The Senate (in French :le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ...

Contents


Départements d'outre-mer or Régions d'outre-mer

(Overseas departments (Overseas départements) and since 2003 also additionally Overseas regions (Overseas régions)) Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... Région doutre-mer, or Overseas regions, is a recent designation given to the départements doutre-mer which have similar powers to those of the régions of metropolitan France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common...

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

Territoires d'outre-mer

(Overseas territories) A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative division of France. ...

The French Southern Territories (long name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises or TAAF) are antarctic, volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa and about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Collectivités d'outre-mer

(Overseas collectivities) This category was created with the constitutional reform on 28 march 2003. Each collectivity has its own statutory law. A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ...

  • French Polynesia (1946-2003: Territoire d'outre-mer), since 2003: Collectivité d'outre-mer. Its new status of 2004 gives it the particular designation of Pays d'outre-mer (Overseas country), but the conseil constitutionnel has judged that it was just a designation, not a particular status.
  • Mayotte (1976-2003: Collectivité territoriale sui generis, 2001-2003: with the designation Collectivité départementale), since 2003: Collectivité d'outre-mer. Mayotte has kept its particular designation of collectivité départementale, which is not a particular status. In 2010 its population will have the possibility to become a département d'outre-mer.
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon (1976-1985: Département d'outre-mer, 1985-2003: collectivité territoriale sui generis), since 2003: Collectivité d'outre-mer. Saint Pierre and Miquelon is still called collectivité teritoriale de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon.
  • Wallis and Futuna (1961-2003: Territoire d'outre-mer), since 2003: Collectivité d'outre-mer. Its status still calls it a territoire (Territoire des îles Wallis et Futuna), but it may be obsolete (as it referred to the category of territoires d'outre-mer).

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative division of France. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... A pays doutre-mer (POM, French for overseas country) is an administrative division of France. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Metropolitan France As of January 1, 2004, metropolitan France is divided into: 22 régions (although strictly speaking Corsica is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common speech) the régions are divided into 96 départements the... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... This article is about the year. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Metropolitan France As of January 1, 2004, metropolitan France is divided into: 22 régions (although strictly speaking Corsica is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common speech) the régions are divided into 96 départements the... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative division of France. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ...

Nouvelle-Calédonie

(Collectivity of its own type/unique status) Map of New Caledonia New Caledonia (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie; popular names: Kanaky, Le caillou) is a sui generis collectivity (in practice an overseas territory of France) made up of a main island (Grande-Terre de la Nouvelle-Calédonie) and several smaller islands. ...

  • New Caledonia (1946-1999: Territoire d'outre-mer):
    New Caledonia has a unique status and is even not a collectivité terrioriale, unlike all other French subdivisions. As a result of the 1998 Nouméa Accord, New Caledonians will vote on an independence referendum scheduled between 2014 and 2019. This referendum will determine whether the territory remains a part of the French Republic as a collectivité d'outre-mer, or whether it will become an independent nation. The accords also specify a gradual devolution of powers to the local New Caledonian assembly.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative division of France. ... A collectivité territoriale (sometimes collectivité locale) is the generic name for all French subnational entities and dependent areas which have an elected local government and (per article #72 of the French constitution) a certain freedom of administration. // Categories Regions : There are 21 régions, all in metropolitan France. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Politics of New Caledonia. ... 2014 (MMXIV) will be a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2019 (MMXIX) will be a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ...

Pays d'outre-mer

(Overseas country) A pays doutre-mer (POM, French for overseas country) is an administrative division of France. ...


The status of pays d'outre-mer, projected for French Pacific dependencies, was finally never created. Since its status has no name and since its congress can make lois de pays, New Caledonia is sometimes called a pays d'outre-mer. The 2004 status of French Polynesia gives it this designation, but also recalls that it belongs to the category of collectivités d'outre-mer. The conseil constitutionnel has confirmed the designation of pays d'outre-mer had no legal consequences.


Minor territories

France also claims or controls a number of small, uninhabited islands in the Indian Ocean (Îles Éparses) and one remote island in the Pacific Ocean (Clipperton Island): The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (in French ÃŽles éparses de locéan indien) are five islands of the Indian Ocean with no permanent population, Bassas da India, Europa, Juan de Nova, Glorioso, and Tromelin. ...


Indian Ocean

Îles Éparses

Many of these islands are contested with Madagascar. The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (in French Îles éparses de locéan indien) are five islands of the Indian Ocean with no permanent population, Bassas da India, Europa, Juan de Nova, Glorioso, and Tromelin. ...


Pacific Ocean

Further reading

  • Frédéric Monera, L'idée de République et la jurisprudence du Conseil constitutionnel - Paris : L.G.D.J., 2004 [1]-[2];

See also

-1... Metropolitan (i. ... Indian Ocean Islands The following islands are in the Indian Ocean Réunion (French: La Réunion) - (Overseas department and region) Mayotte (French: Mayotte) - (Overseas collectivity entitled departmental collectivity) Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: Îles Éparses) (all five have no permanent population) Bassas da India (French: Île Bassas... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Outremer, French for overseas, was the general name given the Crusader states established after the First Crusade; County of Edessa, Principality of Antioch, County of Tripoli and especially the Kingdom of Jerusalem. ...

External links

  • Official site
  • past and current developments of France's overseas administrative divisions like pays d'outre-mer (French language)

  Results from FactBites:
 
French overseas departments and territories - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (546 words)
The French Overseas Departments and Territories (often abbreviated DOM-TOM for départements d'outre-mer, territoires d'outre-mer) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe.
These territories have varying legal status and different levels of autonomy, although all have representation in the Parliament of France, and the right to vote in elections to the European Parliament.
Each inhabited French territory, metropolitan or overseas, is represented in both the French National Assembly and the French Senate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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