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Encyclopedia > French Southern Territories
Terres australes et antarctiques françaises (TAAF)
Official TAAF flag TAAF coat of arms
Official flag Coat of arms
Official language French
Prefect Michel Champon
Internet TLD .tf

The French Southern Territories (full name Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises or Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, abbreviated T.A.A.F. or TAAF) are volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa, approximately equidistant between Africa, Antarctica and Australia. They are not the same as France Antarctique, a former French colony in Brazil. Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... TAAF Coat of Arms by Pascal Vagnat This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of an Internet domain name; that is, the letters which follow the final dot of any domain name. ... .tf is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the French Antarctic (French Southern Territories) territories. ... Volcano 1. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... France Antarctique was the name of the failed French colony south of the Equator, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which existed between 1555 and 1567. ...

Contents

Administration

TAAF Administrator's flag
TAAF Administrator's flag

The French Southern Territories have formed a territoire d'outre-mer (an overseas territory) of France since 1955. Formerly, they were administered from Paris by an administrateur supérieur assisted by a secretary-general; since December 2004, however, their administrator has been a préfet, currently Michel Champon, with headquarters in Saint-Pierre on Réunion Island. The "capital" (main base) of the territory is Martin-de-Viviès on Île Amsterdam. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_French_Southern_and_Antarctic_Lands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_French_Southern_and_Antarctic_Lands. ... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative division of France. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Part of the Paris skyline with from left to right: Montparnasse Tower, Eiffel Tower, and in the background, towers of neighboring La Défense. ... In France and many other French-speaking countries, a préfet (English: prefect) is the States representative in a département or région (in the later case, he is called a préfet de région). ... Saint-Pierre is a commune of the Réunion département doutre-mer of France. ... Capital Saint-Denis Land area¹ 2,512 km² Regional President Paul Vergès (PCR) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... ÃŽle Amsterdam is a sub-Antarctic island discovered by Juan Sebastián de Elcano on March 18, 1522. ... Orthographic projection centred over Ile Amsterdam ÃŽle Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam) is a sub-Antarctic island discovered by Juan Sebastián de Elcano on March 18, 1522. ...


The territory is divided into four districts:

Nr. District Capital Population(1) Area
(km2)
EEZ
(km2)
1 Îles Saint Paul et Amsterdam Martin-de-Viviès 29 61 502533
2 Archipel Crozet Alfred Faure 18 505 567475
3 Archipel des Kerguelen Port-aux-Français 90 7215 563869
4 Terre Adélie(2) Dumont d'Urville Station 33 432000 -
  TAAF Martin-de-Viviès 170 439781 1633877
5 Îles Éparses(3) Europa? 56 38,6 593276


(1)estimated staff of research stations during the Antarctic winter
(2)The territorial claim is suspended by the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty. Most other countries do not recognize the French claim to "Adélie Land", and France's territorial claim is suspended in accordance with the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty.
(3)There have been plans since 2005 to include these islands as fifth district, but no decision has been reached. The prefect of the TAAF has already been put in charge of those islands. The data are not included in the totals. In international maritime law, an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a seazone extending from a states coast over which the state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ... Map of St. ... Orthographic projection centred over Ile Amsterdam ÃŽle Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam) is a sub-Antarctic island discovered by Juan Sebastián de Elcano on March 18, 1522. ... ÃŽle Amsterdam is a sub-Antarctic island discovered by Juan Sebastián de Elcano on March 18, 1522. ... The Crozet Islands (French ÃŽles Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Alfred-Faure or Port Alfred is a permanent French scientific station on ÃŽle de la Possession of the Crozet Islands. ... The Kerguelen Archipelago is in the southern Indian Ocean at 49°20 S, 70°20 E. The main island Kerguelen, originally called Desolation Island, is 6,675 km2 and it is surrounded by another 300 smaller outcrops, forming an archipelago of 7,215 km². The climate is cold, very windy... Port-aux-Français is the capital settlement of the French Kerguelen Islands in the far southern Indian Ocean. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... The Dumont dUrville Station (French: Base Dumont dUrville) is a French scientific station located in Antarctica on ÃŽle des Pétrels, archipel de Pointe Géologie (66°40′ S 140°01′ E) in Adelie Land. ... The French Southern Territories (long name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises or TAAF) are antarctic, volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa and about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. ... ÃŽle Amsterdam is a sub-Antarctic island discovered by Juan Sebastián de Elcano on March 18, 1522. ... Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova Island • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: ÃŽles Éparses... Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova • 5 : Tromelin (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) Europa Island (French: ÃŽle Europa) is a 28 km² low-lying tropical... Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ... For the Antarctic Treaty from the Gundam anime, see Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... For the Antarctic Treaty from the Gundam anime, see Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ...


Each district is headed by a district chief, which has powers similar to those of a French mayor (including recording births and deaths and being an officer of judicial police). // Organizations Agencies France has two national general-purpose law enforcement agencies: the Police Nationale (civilian force; primary responsibility in urban areas; run under the Ministry of the Interior) the Gendarmerie Nationale (military force; primary responsibility in rural areas and military installations; run under the Ministry of Defence and under operational...


Because there is no permanent population, there is no elected assembly, nor does the territory send representatives to the national parliament.


Geography

Map of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Map of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands

The territory includes Île Amsterdam, Île Saint-Paul, Îles Crozet, and Îles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean near 43°S, 67°E, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, Adélie Land, named by French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville after his wife. Image File history File links TAAF-CIA_WFB_Map. ... Orthographic projection centred over Ile Amsterdam ÃŽle Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam) is a sub-Antarctic island discovered by Juan Sebastián de Elcano on March 18, 1522. ... Map of St. ... The Crozet Islands (French ÃŽles Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Kerguelen Islands The Kerguelen Archipelago is in the southern Indian Ocean at 49°20′ S 70°20′ E. The main island, Grande Terre, originally called Desolation Island, is 6,675 km2 and it is surrounded by another 300 smaller islands and islets, forming an archipelago of 7,215 km². The... A sector is a part of a whole. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Rear Admiral Jules Sébastien César Dumont dUrville (May 23, 1790 – May 8, 1842) was a French explorer and naval officer, who explored the south and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand, and Antarctica. ...


The "Adélie Land" of about 432,000 km² and the islands, totaling 7781 km², have no indigenous inhabitants, though in 1997 there were about 100 researchers whose numbers varied from winter (July) to summer (January).


Île Amsterdam and Île Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes; the highest point in the territory is Mont Ross on Îles Kerguelen at 1850 meters. There are no airstrips on the islands and the 1232 kilometers of coastline have no ports or harbors, only offshore anchorages. Volcano 1. ...


The islands in the Indian Ocean are supplied by the special ship Marion Dufresne sailing out of Le Port in Réunion Island. Terre Adélie is supplied by Astrolabe sailing out of Hobart in Tasmania. Image:RV Marion Dufresne. ... Harbor in Le Port Le Port is a commune in the French overseas département of Réunion. ... Réunion is an island and overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar, about 200 km southwest of Mauritius. ... Hobart is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. ... Emblems: {{{Emblems}}} Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Const. ...


However, the territory has a merchant marine fleet totaling (in 1999) 2,892,911 GRT / 5,165,713 DWT, including seven bulk carriers, five cargo ships, ten chemical tankers, nine container ships, six liquified gas carriers, 24 petroleum tankers, one refrigerated cargo ship, and ten roll-on/roll-off (RORO) carriers. This fleet is maintained as a subset of the French register that allows French-owned ships to operate under more liberal taxation and manning regulations than permissible under the main French register. This register, however, is to vanish, replaced by the International French Register ( RIF : Registre International Français). 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Tonnage is a measure of the size or cargo capacity of a ship. ... Dead weight tonnage refers to the weight, in long tons, that a ship can safely carry when fully loaded. ... Skaugran Oslo Loading a Ro Ro passenger car ferry The Cetus Leader A Canadian RORO Ferry A PCC ships starboard side showing side ramp. ...


Economy

The territory's natural resources are limited to fish and crustaceans; economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological and geophysical research stations and French and other fishing fleets.


The main fish resources are Patagonian toothfish and spiny lobster. Both are poached by foreign fleets; because of this, the French Navy and occasionally other services patrol the zone and arrest poaching vessels. Such arrests can result in heavy fines and/or the seizure of the ship. Binomial name Dissostichus eleginoides Smitt, 1898 The Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) is a large fish found in the cold, temperate waters (from 50 to 3850m) of the Southern Atlantic, Southern Pacific, Indian and Southern Oceans on seamounts and continental shelves around most sub-Antarctic islands. ... Genera Jasus Linuparus Palinurellus Palinurus Panulirus Spiny lobsters, also known as rock lobsters are a family (Palinuridae) of about 45 species of achelate crustaceans, in the Decapoda Reptantia. ... The French Navy (Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military and the largest Western European navy in terms of personnel. ...


France used to sell licenses to fish the Patagonian toothfish to foreign fisheries; because of overfishing, it is now restricted to a small number of fisheries from Réunion Island.


The territory takes in revenues of about $18 million a year.


Marion Dufresne can host a limited number of fee-paying tourists, who will be able to visit the islands as the ship calls. Image:RV Marion Dufresne. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ...


Miscellany

The territory's data code is FS and its ISO 3166-1 country code (top level Internet domain) is TF. ISO 3166-1, as part of the ISO 3166 standard, provides codes for the names of countries and dependent areas. ...


See also

The French Overseas Departments and Territories (often abbreviated DOM-TOM for départements doutre-mer, territoires doutre-mer) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... Metropolitan (i. ... Indian Ocean Islands The following islands are in the Indian Ocean Réunion (French: La Réunion) - (Overseas department and region) Mayotte (French: Mayotte) - (Overseas collectivity entitled departmental collectivity) Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: Îles Éparses) (all five have no permanent population) Bassas da India (French: Île Bassas...

External links


Peri-Antarctic countries and overseas territories

Argentina  ·  Australia (Heard Island and McDonald Islands · Macquarie Island)  ·  Chile  ·  Falkland Islands  ·  French Southern and Antarctic Lands  ·  New Zealand (Campbell Island)  ·  Norway (Bouvetøya)  ·  South Africa (Prince Edward Islands)  ·  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Image File history File links Flag_of_Antarctica. ... Image File history File links World-Negative. ... Wikinews has news related to: Volcanic activity expands McDonald Island off Australia Orthographic projection centred over the Heard Islands Heard Island and McDonald Islands (HIMI) are uninhabited, barren islands located in the Southern Ocean at , about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica. ... Orthographic projection over Macquarie Island Macquarie Island lies in the Southern Ocean, about half-way between Australia and Antarctica. ... Motto: Desire the right Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Stanley Largest city Stanley Official language(s) English Government Overseas territory of the UK Head of state Queen Elizabeth II Governor Alan Huckle Independence Overseas territory of the UK • Liberation Day 14 June 1982 Area • Total 12,173 km² (162nd... The French Southern Territories (long name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises or TAAF) are antarctic, volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa and about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. ... Motto: none (formerly Onward) Anthem(s): God Defend New Zealand God Save The Queen1 Capital Wellington Largest city Auckland2 English3, Māori, New Zealand Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  - Governor-General Anand Satyanand  - Prime Minister Helen Clark Independence    - from the UK September 26, 19074... Campbell Island is a remote, sub-Antarctic island of New Zealand and the main island of the Campbell Island group. ... Orthographic projection centered over Bouvet Island Aerial photo Map of Bouvet Island Southeast coast of Bouvet Island, 1898 Bouvet Island (Norwegian: Bouvetøya) is an uninhabited sub-antarctic volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean, south-southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa). ... This article is about the country on the southern tip of the African continent. ... Orthographic projection centered on the Prince Edward Islands Map of Prince Edward Islands The Prince Edward Islands are two small islands in the sub-antarctic Indian Ocean that are politically part of South Africa. ... Motto: Leo Terram Propriam Protegat (Latin: Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land) Official language English Capital Grytviken Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  - Total  - % water not ranked 3,903 km² - Population  - Total (2006 E)  - Density not ranked ~20 n/a; Currency GBP Time...


  Results from FactBites:
 
French Southern Territories - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (859 words)
The French Southern Territories (full name Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises or Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, abbreviated T.A.A.F. or TAAF) are volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa, approximately equidistant between Africa, Antarctica and Australia.
The territorial claim is suspended by the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty.
The territory includes Île Amsterdam, Île Saint-Paul, Îles Crozet, and Îles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean near 43°S, 67°E, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, Adélie Land, named by French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville after his wife.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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