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Encyclopedia > French Quarter
French Quarter: upper Chartres street looking down towards Jackson Square and the spires of St. Louis Cathedral.
French Quarter: upper Chartres street looking down towards Jackson Square and the spires of St. Louis Cathedral.

The French Quarter is the oldest and most famous neighborhood in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. When La Nouvelle Orléans ("New Orleans" in French) was founded in 1718 by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, the city was originally centered around the French Quarter, or the Vieux Carré ("Old Square" in French) as it was known then. While the area is still referred to as the Vieux Carré by some, it is more commonly known as the French Quarter today, or simply "The Quarter."[1] New Orleans French Quarter, view of Upper Charters Street, looking towards Jackson Square, with St. ... New Orleans French Quarter, view of Upper Charters Street, looking towards Jackson Square, with St. ... French Quarter: upper Chartres street looking down towards Jackson Square and the spires of St. ... Saint Louis Cathedral Saint Louis Cathedral is the cathedral in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. It is located on the Place John Paul, a promenaded section of Chartres Street that stretches one block from St. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area  - City  350. ... Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (February 23, 1680–March 7, 1767) was a colonizer and governor of Louisiana. ...

Contents

Boundaries

Location of the French Quarter and Central Business District in New Orleans

The most common definition of the French Quarter includes all the land stretching along the Mississippi River from Canal Street to Esplanade Avenue (12 blocks) and inland to Rampart Street (seven to nine blocks). Some definitions, such as city zoning laws, exclude the properties facing Canal Street, which had already been redeveloped by the time architectural preservation was considered, and the section between Decatur Street and the river, much of which had long served industrial and warehousing functions. Any alteration to structures in the remaining blocks is subject to review by the Vieux Carré Commission, which determines whether the proposal is appropriate for the historic character of the district. Image File history File links French_quarter-cbd. ... Image File history File links French_quarter-cbd. ... The Central Business District is an area of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Canal Street is a major thoroughfare in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Rampart Street is a four-lane thoroughfare in the City of New Orleans, Louisiana. ...


History

Many of the buildings date from before New Orleans became part of the United States, although there are some late 19th century and early 20th century buildings in the area as well. Since the 1920s the historic buildings have been protected by law and cannot be demolished, and any renovations or new construction in the neighborhood must be done according to regulations to match the period historic architectural style. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...

Elaborate ironwork galleries on the corner of Royal and St. Peter streets

Most of the French Quarter's architecture was built during the Spanish rule over New Orleans. The Great New Orleans Fire (1788) and another great fire in 1794 destroyed most of the Quarter's old French colonial architecture, leaving the colony's new Spanish overlords to rebuild it according to more modern tastes -- and strict new fire codes, which mandated that all structures be physically adjacent and close to the curb to create a firewall. The old French peaked roofs were replaced with flat tiled ones, and now-banned wooden siding with fire-resistant stucco, painted in the pastel hues fashionable at the time. As a result, colorful walls and roofs and elaborately decorated ironwork balconies and galleries from both the 18th century and 19th centuries abound. (In southeast Louisiana, a distinction is made between "balconies", which are self supporting and attached to the side of the building, and "galleries" which are supported from the ground by poles or columns.) New Orleans French Quarter: Lacework iron galleries, at the downtown river corner of Royal Street and St. ... New Orleans French Quarter: Lacework iron galleries, at the downtown river corner of Royal Street and St. ... Great New Orleans Fire (1788): map showing area in flames, behind Plaza de Armas (Jackson Square) to Burgundy Street. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Stucco is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water which is applied wet, and hardens when it dries. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W...


Long after the U.S. purchase of Louisiana, Francophone creole descendants of French and Spanish colonists lived in this part of town, and the French language was often heard there as late as the start of the 1920's. The Louisiana Purchase. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The word Creole is an adaptation of the Castillian-Spanish word criollo, which came into English from French between 1595 and 1605. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ...


When Anglophone Americans began to move in after the Louisiana Purchase, they mostly built just upriver, across modern day Canal Street. Canal Street became the meeting place of two cultures, one francophone creole and the other anglophone American. (Local landowners had retained architect and surveyor Barthelemy Lafon to subdivide their property to create an American suburb). The median of the wide boulevard became a place where the two contentious cultures could meet and bilingually do business. As such, it became known as the "neutral ground", and this name persists in the New Orleans area for medians. Look up Anglophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Canal Street is a major thoroughfare in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Canal Street is a major thoroughfare in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The word Creole is an adaptation of the Castillian-Spanish word criollo, which came into English from French between 1595 and 1605. ... Look up Anglophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Barthelemy Lafon (1769-29 September 1820 was a notable architect, engineer, city planner and surveyor in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... The second proper album of Beth Orton, Central Reservation helped Orton build on the success of her debut Trailer Park. ...


In the late 19th century the Quarter became a less fashionable part of town, and many immigrants from southern Italy and Ireland settled in the section. In the early 20th century the Quarter's cheap rents and air of age and neglected decay attracted a bohemian and artistic community. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Bohemian was first used in the nineteenth century to describe the non-traditional lifestyles of marginalized and impoverished artists, writers, musicians, and actors in major European cities. ...


On December 21, 1965, the "Vieux Carré Historic District" was designated a National Historic Landmark. This was in response to the planned Vieux Carré Riverfront Expressway. Preservation activities were led by Jacob Haight Morrison, IV (1905-1974), an attorney who headed the Vieux Carre Property Owners and Association, Inc. He was the half-brother of Mayor deLesseps Story "Chep" Morrison, Sr. (1912-1963) December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... The Vieux Carré Riverfront Expressway was a controversial mostly-elevated never-built freeway that would have cut through the French Quarter (Vieux Carré) of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. ... Jacob Haight Morrison, IV (March 12, 1905 - December 4, 1974), was a 20th century New Orleans, Louisiana, attorney, preservationist, and author. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... An attorney is someone who represents someone else in the transaction of business: For attorney-at-law, see lawyer, solicitor, barrister or civil law notary. ... A half-brother is a male sibling with one shared parent. ... The post of Mayor of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana has been held by the following individuals since New Orleans came under American administration following the Louisiana Purchase: ^ a b c d e Resigned. ... de Lesseps Story Morrison (1912 January 18–1964 May 22) was a U.S. political figure. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the 1980s many long-term Quarter residents were driven away by rising rents as property values rose dramatically with expectations of windfalls from the planned 1984 World's Fair nearby. More of the neighborhood became developed for the benefit of tourism. The French Quarter remains a combination of residential, hotels, guest houses, bars and tourist oriented commercial properties. This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... The 1984 Louisiana World Exposition was a Worlds Fair held in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1984. ... č “Tourist” redirects here. ...


Impact of Hurricane Katrina

At the end of August 2005, the majority of New Orleans was flooded due to levee breaches after Hurricane Katrina (see: Effect of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans). The French Quarter, like most of the parts of town developed before the late 19th century, was one of the areas to remain substantially dry, since it was built on dry land that predated New Orleans' levee systems and sits 5 feet (1.5 metres) above sea level.[2] Some streets experienced minor flooding, and several buildings experienced significant wind damage. Most of the major landmarks suffered only minor damage and many have since reopened.[3] The Quarter largely escaped the looting and violence after the storm highlighted by national and international media; nearly all of the antique shops and art galleries in the French Quarter, for example, were untouched.[4] 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in August August 31: Michael Sheard August 26: Lord Fitt August 24: Jack Slipper August 24: Maurice Cowling August 24: Dr. Tom Pashby August 23: Brock Peters August 22: Lord Lane August 21: Robert Moog August... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The effect of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans was catastrophic and long-lasting. ...


Mayor Ray Nagin officially reopened the French Quarter on September 26, 2005 to business owners to inspect property and clean up.[5] Within a month, a large selection of French Quarter businesses were back open. Clarence Ray Nagin, Jr. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Jackson Square

Jackson Square (formerly Place d'Armes), originally designed by architect and landscaper Louis H. Pilié (although he is only given credit for the iron fence), is an open park the size of a city-block located at the center of the French Quarter ( GPS +29.95748 -090.06310 ). After the Battle of New Orleans it was named after victorious general Andrew Jackson; an equestrian statue of Jackson is in the center of the park. Jackson Square is a historic park in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Combatants United Kingdom United States Commanders Sir Edward Pakenham† John Lambert Alexander Cochrane Andrew Jackson Strength 8,000 men 3,500-4,000 men Casualties 385 killed 1,186 wounded 484 captured 13 killed 58 wounded 30 captured The Battle of New Orleans, also known as the Battle of Chalmette... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ... The equestrian Marcus Aurelius on Capitoline Hill displayed uninterruptedly for eighteen centuries was the prototype of Renaissance equestrian sculptures An equestrian sculpture (from the Latin equus meaning horse) is a statue of a mounted rider. ...

Jackson statue and Saint Louis Cathedral
Jackson statue and Saint Louis Cathedral

The square originally overlooked the Mississippi River across Decatur Street, but the view was blocked in the 19th century by the building of larger levees. The riverfront was long given to shipping, but the administration of Mayor Moon Landrieu put in a scenic boardwalk along the river across from the Square; it is known as the "Moon Walk" in his honor. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1927x2495, 1413 KB) Summary St Louis Cathedral and equestrian statue of Andrew Jackson, Jackson Square, French Quarter. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1927x2495, 1413 KB) Summary St Louis Cathedral and equestrian statue of Andrew Jackson, Jackson Square, French Quarter. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Maurice Edwin Moon Landrieu (born July 23, 1930) is a former judge, mayor of New Orleans, Louisiana, and United States secretary of housing and urban development. ...


On the opposite side of the square are three 18th‑century historic buildings which were the city's heart in the colonial era. The center of the three is St. Louis Cathedral. The Cathedral was designated a minor basilica by Pope Paul VI. To its left is the Cabildo, the old city hall, now a museum, where the finalization of the Louisiana Purchase was signed. To the Cathedral's right is the Presbytère, built to match the Cabildo. The Presbytère originally housed the city's Roman Catholic priests and authorities, it was then turned into a courthouse at the start of the 19th century, and in the 20th century became a museum. Saint Louis Cathedral Saint Louis Cathedral is the cathedral in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. It is located on the Place John Paul, a promenaded section of Chartres Street that stretches one block from St. ... A cathedral is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishops seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese. ... The Basilica of St. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... The Louisiana Purchase. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


On the other two sides of the square are the Pontalba Buildings, matching red-brick block long 4‑story buildings built in the 1840s. The ground floors house shops and restaurants; the upper floors are apartments that are the oldest continuously rented such apartments in the United States.


Directly across from Jackson Square is the Jax Brewery building, the original home of a local beer. After the company ceased to operate independently, the building was converted into several businesses, including restaurants and specialty shops. In recent years, some retail space has been converted into riverfront condominiums.


From the 1920s through the 1980s the square was famous as a gathering place of painters young art students and caricaturists. In the 1990s the artists were joined by tarot card readers, mimes, fortune tellers and street performers. Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Visconti-Sforza tarot deck - The Devil card is a XX Century remake of the card missing from the original XV Century Deck The tarot is a set of cards featuring 21 trump cards and a special card called The Fool, in addition to the usual suit (face and pip) cards... A Mime artist on the Ponte SantAngelo A mime artist is someone who uses mime as a theatrical medium or as a performance art. ...


Live music has been a regular feature of the entire quarter, including the Square for more than a century. Formal concerts do take place, albeit it rarely, and musicians are known to play for tips.


Diagonally across the square from the Cabildo is Café du Monde, open 24 hours a day, well known for the café au lait, coffee spiced with chicory and beignets served there continuously since the 19th century. It is a custom to blow the powdered sugar onto anyone who is going there for the first time, while making a wish. The Café du Monde is open 24 hours a day Café du Monde is a famous coffee shop on Decatur Street in the French Quarter in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Café au lait, literally coffee with milk, is a French coffee drink prepared by mixing coffee and scalded (not steamed) milk. ... Species C. endivia - cultivated endive - wild endive - common chicory Chicory is the common name given to the flowering plants in genus Cichorium of the family Asteraceae. ... A beignet (pronounced ben-YAY, at least in New Orleans) is a pastry made from fried dough and sprinkled with confectioners sugar. ...

The famous Rue Bourbon, or Bourbon Street, is named after the former royal family of France
The famous Rue Bourbon, or Bourbon Street, is named after the former royal family of France

Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 495 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 495 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Other French Quarter sights

Other well known sights in the French Quarter include the French Market; Bourbon Street (The most famous of the French Quarter streets, which includes a row of bars and clubs much visited by tourists); and Royal Street (with elegant antique shops and art galleries). The famous sign of Bourbon Street in New Orleans. ... Royal Street is a street in New Orleans, Louisiana. ...


Bars

The French Quarter is famous, or perhaps notorious, for drinking establishments. Most of the ones commonly patronized by tourists on upper Bourbon Street are more recent businesses in old buildings, but the Quarter also has a number of notable bars with interesting histories.


The Old Absinthe House on Bourbon Street keeps its name even though absinthe has not been legally sold in Louisiana since the early 20th century. A reservoir glass filled with a naturally coloured verte next to an absinthe spoon. ...


Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop is a tavern located on the corner of Bourbon Street and St. Phillip Street. The tavern's building, built sometime before 1772, is one of the older still standing structures in New Orleans (the Ursuline Convent, for example, is older) and has been called the oldest continually occupied bar in the United States. According to legend the structure was once owned by the pirate Jean Lafitte, though as with many things involving Lafitte, no documentation of this exists. Jean Lafitte (1780? - 1826?), was a famous pirate in the Gulf of Mexico in the early 19th century. ...


The Napoleon House bar & restaurant is in the former home of mayor Nicholas Girod; the name comes from an unrealized plot to rescue Napoleon I from his exile in St. Helena and bring him to New Orleans. Nicholas Girod (1747-1840) was the fifth mayor of New Orleans between 1812 to 1815. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ...


The original Johnny White's bar is a favorite of bikers. In 2005 an off-shoot called Johnny White's Hole in the Wall, along with Molly's at the Market, drew national media attention as the only businesses in the city to stay open throughout Hurricane Katrina and the tribulations of the weeks after the storm. A variety of parked motorcycles A motorcycle or motorbike is a single-track, two-wheeled motor vehicle powered by an engine. ...


The Bourbon Pub and Oz, both located at the intersection of Bourbon and St.Ann, are the two largest gay clubs in New Orleans. Café Lafitte in Exile, located at the intersection of Bourbon and Dumaine is the oldest continuously running gay bar in the United States. These and other gay establishments sponsor the raucous Southern Decadence Festival during Labor Day weekend. This festival is often referred to as New Orleans' Gay Mardi Gras. Look up oz, Oz in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Southern Decadance is a week-long, predominantly gay-male event held in New Orleans, Louisiana and its environs by the gay and lesbian community in early September, climaxing with a parade through the French Quarter on the Sunday before Labor Day. ... Labour Day (or Labor Day) is an annual holiday that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. ...


Restaurants

The neighborhood contains many restaurants, ranging from formal to casual, patronized by both visitors and locals. Some are well known landmarks, such as Antoine's, Galatoire's, and Tujague's, which have been in business since the 19th century; Arnaud's and Brennan's are only slightly less venerable. Less historic, but also well-known French Quarter restaurants include those run by famous chefs Paul Prudhomme ("K-Paul's") and Emeril Lagasse ("NOLA"). Antoines is a Louisiana Creole cuisine restaurant located in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Galatoire’s is a restaurant on Bourbon Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, USA. Galatoires Restaurant was founded by Jean Galatoire, an immigrant from a small village near Pau, France in the foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains, in 1897. ... Arnauds is a well known restaurant in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Brennans is a creole restaurant on Royal Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Paul Prudhomme (born July 13, 1940) is an American chef famous for his Cajun cuisine. ... Emeril John Lagasse (October 15, 1959 - , Fall River, Massachusetts) is an American celebrity chef, restaurateur, television personality, and writer. ...


Hotels

There are several types of accommodations in the French Quarter ranging from large international chains to bed and breakfasts to time share condominiums to small guest houses with only one or two rooms. Hotel Maison De Ville and the Audubon Cottages were built as a townhouses in 1800. The Audobon Cottages were home to Antoine Amedée Peychaud during its history. Tennessee Williams was a frequent guest and the hotel works to maintain its historic ambiance. Hotel Maison de Ville and the Audubon Cottages is a hotel located in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, north of Jackson Square. ... Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known by the pseudonym Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright and one of the prominent playwrights of the twentieth century. ...


Surrounding neighborhoods

Up river from the Quarter is the city's Central Business District. Away from the river is the Faubourg Tremé neighborhood. Down river is the Faubourg Marigny. The Central Business District is an area of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Treme (historically sometimes called Tremé or Faubourg Tremé) is a neighborhood in the downtown portion of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Faubourg Marigny or simply Marigny is a neighborhood in the downtown section of New Orleans, Louisiana, just down river from the famous French Quarter. ...


Additional historic views

References

  1. ^ http://www.inetours.com/New_Orleans/French_Quarter_History.html
  2. ^ http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=topNews&storyID=2005-08-31T161230Z_01_ROB586049_RTRUKOC_0_UK-WEATHER-KATRINA.xml
  3. ^ http://www.frenchquarter.com/index.php
  4. ^ http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-rumors27sep27,0,5492806,full.story?coll=la-home-headlines
  5. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20050926/ap_on_re_us/rita_new_orleans_hk2;_ylt=AgXaYK3Ylutd_X1vDwpW7p9vzwcF;_ylu=X3oDMTBiMW04NW9mBHNlYwMlJVRPUCUl

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
French Quarter

  Results from FactBites:
 
French Quarter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1698 words)
The French Quarter is the oldest and most famous neighborhood of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
The old French peaked roofs were replaced with flat tiled ones, and now-banned wooden siding with fire-resistant stucco, painted in the pastel hues fashionable at the time.
The Quarter largely escaped the looting and violence after the storm highlighted by large national and international media outlets; nearly all the fine antique and art shops in the French Quarter, for example, were untouched.
French Quarter (San Francisco) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (185 words)
The French Quarter in downtown San Francisco, California is an historic enclave of restaurants, cafes, hotels and institutions centered on Bush Street and in the adjacent alleys of Belden Place and Claude Lane near San Francisco's Chinatown (Chinatown, San Francisco) and Union Square.
The cafes, hotels and restaurants of the French Quarter today maintain a distinct joie de vivre befitting the Quarter's heritage.
Landmarks in the French Quarter include the venerated Notre-Dame-des-Victoires church, where Sunday mass is celebrated in French, the offices of the French Consulate, and two local francophile institutions: Café de la Presse and Le Central.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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