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Encyclopedia > French Military Mission to Japan (1867)
The French military mission before its departure to Japan, in 1866.
The French military mission before its departure to Japan, in 1866.

The 1867 French Military Mission to Japan was the first Western military mission to Japan. The mission was formed by Napoleon III, following a request of the Japanese Shogunate in the person of its emissary to Europe Shibata Takenaka (1823-1877). Download high resolution version (943x586, 185 KB)The 15 members of the French military mission sent to Japan by Napoleon III. 1866 photograph originally published in Le Monde Illustré that year. ... Download high resolution version (943x586, 185 KB)The 15 members of the French military mission sent to Japan by Napoleon III. 1866 photograph originally published in Le Monde Illustré that year. ... Look up West in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... This page is about the Japanese ruler and military rank. ...


Shibata was already negotiating the final details of the French support for the construction of the Yokosuka arsenal, and had additionally requested both The United Kingdom and France to send a military mission for training in Western warfare. The UK apparently denied support, but the French foreign minister Drouyn de Lhuys (1865-1881) transmitted the agreement of the French government. Categories: Cities in Kanagawa Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... Edmond Drouyn de Lhuys (1805-1881) was a French statesman and diplomatist, born in Paris. ...


The mission consisted of 17 members, under the authority of the Minister of War General Randon, covering a wide range of expertise: four officers (spread between infantry, artillery and cavalry), ten non-commissioned officers and two soldiers. The mission would be headed by staff captain Charles Sulpice Jules Chanoine, at that time an attaché to the military staff of Paris. The members were: Charles Sulpice Jules Chanoine (December 18, 1835 – January 9, France in China during the Second Opium War. ...


Commander of the mission:

  • Captain Charles Sulpice Jules Chanoine

Officers:

  • Charles Albert Dubousquet, lieutenant of the 31th Rgt of the Line, infantry instructor.
  • Edouard Messelot, lieutenant of the 20th battalion of Chasseurs à Pied, infantry instructor.
  • Léon Descharmes, lieutenant of the Empress Dragoon Regiment of the Guard, cavalry instructor.
  • Jules Brunet, lieutenant to the Horse Artillery Regiment of the Guard, artillery instructor.
Training of Japanese Bakufu troops by the French Military Mission to Japan. 1867 photograph.
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Training of Japanese Bakufu troops by the French Military Mission to Japan. 1867 photograph.

Non-Commissioned Officers: The French military mission before its departure to Japan. ...

  • Jean Marlin, sergeant to the 8th battalion of chasseurs à pied, infantry instructor.
  • François Bouffier, sergeant to the 8th battalion of chasseurs à pied, infantry instructor.
  • Henry Ygrec, sergeant to the 31th Rgt of the line, infantry instructor.
  • Emile Peyrussel, sergeant, sous-maître de manège à l'école d'état-major, cavalry instructor.
  • Arthur Fortant, sergeant, Horse Artillery Regiment of the Guard, artillery instructor.
  • L. Gutthig, trumpeter to the battalion de chasseurs of the Guard.
  • Charles Bonnet, chef armurier second class.
  • Barthélémy Izard, sergeant, chief artificier of the Horse Artillery Regiment of the Guard.
  • Frédéric Valette, sergeant, wood specialist.
  • Jean-Félix Mermet, brigadier, steel specialist.
  • Jourdan, captain, Engineer of the 1st Engineer Regiment.
  • Michel, sergeant, Engineer of the 1st Engineer Regiment.

The mission left Marseilles November 19th, 1866, and arrived in Yokohama on January 13th, 1867. Marseilles redirects here. ... Yokohama ) is the capital of Kanagawa Prefecture and Japans largest incorporated city,[1] with a population of 3. ...

French military advisers and their Japanese allies. Front row, second from left: Jules Brunet, besides Matsudaira Taro, vice commander-in-chief in the Ezo Republic.

The military mission was able to train the army of Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu for a little more than one year, before the Tokugawa shogunate lost to the Imperial forces in 1868 in the Boshin War. The French military mission was then ordered to leave Japan by Imperial decree in October 1868. Jules Brunet, former French advisors, and Matsudaira Taro. ... Jules Brunet, former French advisors, and Matsudaira Taro. ... The French military advisors and their Japanese allies. ... Enomoto Takeaki (front, right) and the leaders of his loyalist troops in Hokkaido, 1869. ... Shogun ) is a military rank and historical title in Japan. ... Tokugawa Yoshinobu in French military uniform, c. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Boshin War (戊辰戦争 Boshin Sensō, literally War of the Year of the Dragon) was fought in 1868-1869 between the Tokugawa Shogunate and the pro-Imperial forces in Japan. ...


However, Jules Brunet and four of his non-commissioned officers (Fortant, Marlin, Cazeneuve, Bouffier), chose to remain in Japan and continue supporting the Bakufu side. They resigned from the French army, and left for the North of Japan with the remains of the Shogunate's armies in the hope of staging a counter-attack. For the James Clavell novel, see Shogun or for the TV Miniseries. ...


The conflict continued until May 1869 until the Battle of Hakodate, with the victory of the Imperial side. Combatants Empire of Japan Ezo Republic Commanders Kuroda Kiyotaka Enomoto Takeaki Strength 7,000 combatants 10 steam warships 3,000 combatants 11 steam warships Casualties 770 casualties 1 ship sunk 1 ship destroyed 1,300 killed 400 wounded 1,300 captured 2 ships sunk 3 ships captured 3 ships lost...


References

  • End of the Bakufu and restoration in Hakodate (Japanese: 函館の幕末・維新) ISBN 4-12-001699-4
  • 絹と光、日仏交流の黄金期/ Soie et lumière: l'âge d'or des échanges franco-japonais (French and Japanese), Christian Polak, Hachette Fujingaho

External links

  • Napoleon III's officers in Japan
  • The Land of Fire

 
 

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