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Encyclopedia > French Louisiana
Louisiana sold in 1803 by Napoléon to USA, which was a portion of the historical extent of French Louisiana
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Louisiana sold in 1803 by Napoléon to USA, which was a portion of the historical extent of French Louisiana

Louisiana (French language: La Louisiane) was the name of an administrative district of New France in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was essentially the area of North America under French colonial control that lay within the basin of the Mississippi River within the present-day United States. Named by explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle in 1682 in honour of King Louis XIV, it grew to encompass an expansive area of lands along both sides of the Mississippi between the Appalachian Mountains and the Rocky Mountains, including the Ohio Country and the Illinois Country. The present-day U.S. state of Louisiana is named for the historical region, occupying a small portion of the original region at the mouth of Mississippi River. 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Bonaparte as general, by Antoine-Jean Gros. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) describes the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River by Jacques Cartier in 1534 to the cession of New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1763. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west... Length 6,270 km Elevation of the source 450 m Average discharge Saint Louis¹: 5,500 m³/s Vicksburg²: 16,800 m³/s Baton Rouge³: 12,800 m³/s Area watershed 2,980,000 km² Origin  Lake Itasca Mouth  Gulf of Mexico Basin countries United States (98. ... René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 22, 1643 - March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a system of North American mountains running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada to Alabama in the United States, although the northernmost mainland portion ends at the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ... Rocky Mountain National Park (photo courtesy of NPS) The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... The Ohio Country, showing the present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Country (sometimes called the Ohio Territory) was the name used in the 18th century for the regions of North America west of the Appalachian Mountains and in the region of the upper Ohio River south of Lake... French settlements and forts in the Illinois Country in 1763, showing U.S. current state boundaries. ... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia and Palmyra Atoll (an uninhabited incorporated unorganized territory), form the United States of America. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco (D) Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,468,976 (22nd)  - Density 39. ...


History

Starting in the late 17th century, the area became the site of an extensive trading network among the Native Americans of the region through forts along the river valleys as far south as the Gulf of Mexico. The French lost control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1759, with the portion east of the Mississippi ceded to Britain and the portion west of the Mississippi ceded to Spain. Under Spanish control, the economic activity in the Mississippi basin shifted southward away from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, leading the growth of importance of the city of New Orleans near the mouth of the river. The fur trade was a huge part in the early economic development of North America. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... Gulf of Mexico. ... The French and Indian War is the American name for the decisive nine-year conflict (1754-1763) in North America between Great Britain and France, which was one of the theatres of the Seven Years War. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ...


After 1759, The British continued to prohibit white settlement in the region west of the Appalachians. This policy that led to widespead discontentment among British colonialists and helped lay the groundwork for the American Revolution. The eastern portion became part of the United States in the 1783 Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolutionary War. Under U.S. control, the eastern portion was largely divided into the Northwest Territory and the Southwest Territory. Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Painting by Benjamin West depicting John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen North American colonies. ... The Northwest Territory, also known as the Old Northwest and the Territory North West of the Ohio, was a government and region within the early United States. ... The Southwest Territory, also known as the Territory South of the River Ohio, was an organized territory of the United States formed on May 26, 1790. ...


In 1801 under Napoleon Bonaparte France briefly regained control of the portion west of the Mississippi from Spain in the Treaty of San Ildefonso. The United States acquired the western portion in 1803 in the Louisiana Purchase. This newly-acquired area was initially designated the District of Louisiana. After the admission of the state of Louisiana to the Union, most of the area became organized as the Missouri Territory. 1801 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... The Treaty of San Ildefonso (formally titled the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana) was a secretly negotiated treaty between France... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... From Frank Bond, Louisiana and the Louisiana Purchase. ... The District of Louisiana or Louisiana District was an official United States government designation for the portion of the Louisiana Purchase which was not organized into Orleans Territory. ... Missouri Territory was a historic, organized territory in the United States. ...


Notable figures in the history of Louisiana


  Results from FactBites:
 
Louisiana (New France) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5833 words)
Louisiana (French: La Louisiane) was the name of an administrative district of New France.
On the east, the French colony was separated by the Appalachian Mountains from the Thirteen British Colonies.
Louisiana's southern border was formed by the Gulf of Mexico, which served as the port for the colony.
Louisiana (2231 words)
Louisiana was named by the French explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle in honour of Louis XIV in 1682.
Louisiana is the only state whose legal system is based on Roman, Spanish, and French civil law as opposed to English common law.
The ancestors of Creoles generally came to Louisiana directly from France or from the French colonies in the Caribbean and settled in New Orleans or in South Eastern Louisiana.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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