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Encyclopedia > French Gendarmerie
Gendarmes
Gendarmes
Gendarmes guarding the Paris Hall of Justice
Gendarmes guarding the Paris Hall of Justice
Gendarmerie motorcyclists police the roads and autoroutes of rural France.
Gendarmerie motorcyclists police the roads and autoroutes of rural France.
Rescue helicopter
Rescue helicopter

In France, the Gendarmerie Nationale is the national military police force. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1076x940, 252 KB) Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: French Gendarmerie ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1076x940, 252 KB) Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: French Gendarmerie ... Download high resolution version (340x644, 42 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (340x644, 42 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... motorcyclist of the French Gendarmerie photo taken on the official site This work is copyrighted. ... motorcyclist of the French Gendarmerie photo taken on the official site This work is copyrighted. ... Autoroute is a French word meaning, literally, a motor road, and corresponding to the words motorway or freeway in English. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1601x1201, 657 KB) Author : Fabien1309 Helicopter type : Eurocopter AS 350 Écureuil (aka Squirrel) Camera : Canon Powershot A510 Time : 3rd July 2005 3 Megapixels picture (cropped and edited) File links The following pages link to this file: French Gendarmerie ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1601x1201, 657 KB) Author : Fabien1309 Helicopter type : Eurocopter AS 350 Écureuil (aka Squirrel) Camera : Canon Powershot A510 Time : 3rd July 2005 3 Megapixels picture (cropped and edited) File links The following pages link to this file: French Gendarmerie ... The SAFPU providing security coverage at the Padang in Singapore during the National Day Parade in 2000. ...


At March 10, 2005, the total staff complement is of 104,275 personnel.


Its missions include:

  • The policing of countryside areas and of small towns, usually populations under 10000, outside of the jurisdiction of the French National Police.
  • Criminal investigations under judiciary supervision.
  • Crowd control and other security activities.
  • The security of airports and military installations, as well as all investigations relating to the military, including in foreign interventions.
  • Participations in ceremonies involving foreign heads of states or heads of governments.

See gendarmerie for similar forces in other countries. The National Police (Police Nationale) is one of two national police forces and the main civil law enforcement agency of France, with primary jurisdiction in cities and large towns. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State in many Commonwealth countries including the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand, the Bahamas and many more, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... A gendarmerie (French) is a military body charged with general police duties. ...


While administratively a part of the armed forces, thus under the aegis of the Ministry of Defence, it is operationally attached to the Ministry of the Interior for its missions within France, and criminal investigations are run under the supervision of judges. Its members operate in uniform and exceptionally in plainclothes. The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... Categories: French government | Stub ... The Interior Minister is a member of a Cabinet in a Government. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ...


Career gendarmes are either commissioned or non-commissioned officers. The lower ranks consist in auxiliary gendarmes on limited-time contracts. A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ...


The gendarmerie is sometimes unofficially referred to as the maréchaussée (an old name for the service), and the gendarmes as pandores.


The officer school of the Gendarmerie Nationale is located in Melun. Melun is a French city and commune on the river Seine, about 50 km south-southeast of Paris. ...


The Gendarmerie Nationale is divided into the gendarmerie départementale and the gendarmerie mobile.

Contents


The Gendarmerie Départementale

Gendarmerie van
Gendarmerie van

The Gendarmerie Départementale conducts local policing functions throughout the French territory. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x713, 207 KB) Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: French Gendarmerie ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x713, 207 KB) Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: French Gendarmerie ...


It is divided into regions (headed by a general, one for each defense zone), themselves divided into legions (headed by a colonel, one for each administrative region), themselves divided into groupements (one for each département, thus the name), themselves divided into compagnies (one for each arrondissement). General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Legion can refer to several encyclopedic topics, including: In military history, an organization or military unit: A Roman legion. ... Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Region can be used to mean either: any more or less well-defined geographical area of a country or continent, defined by geography, culture or history in political geography, an administrative subdivision of a country or of the European Union. ... Template:France divisions levels, Junkyard Willie The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ...


It maintains gendarmerie stations throughout the rural parts of the territory. In addition, it has specialized units:

  • Research units, who conduct criminal investigations when their difficulty exceeds the abilities of the territorial units;
  • Surveillance and intervention units reinforce gendarmerie forces in areas of high delinquency;
  • Units for prevention of juvenile delinquency;
  • Highway patrols
  • Mountain units, specialized in search and rescue operations, surveillance and inquiries in mountaineous areas.

In addition, the Gendarmerie has an institute (Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale) specializing in the investigation of crimes by scientific and technological means. Delinquency means failure to do that which is required by law or by duty. ... Juvenile delinquency refers to antisocial or criminal acts performed by juveniles. ... The term highway patrol can refer either to a police agency created primarily for the purpose of overseeing traffic safety compliance on a politys roads and highways, such as the California Highway Patrol, or to a detail within an existing local or regional police that primarily concerns its activity... Search and Rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest (Wilderness search and rescue), or at sea...


Note that the research units may be called into action by the judiciary even within cities. As an example, the Paris research section of the Gendarmerie was in charge of the enquiries into the vote-rigging allegations in the 5th district of Paris (see corruption scandals in the Paris region). The 5e arrondissement is one of the central arrondissements of Paris, France, located on the Left Bank. ... In the 1980s and 1990s there were in the Paris region (ÃŽle-de-France) multiple instances of alleged and proved political corruption cases, as well as cases of abuse of public money and resources. ...


Gendarmes normally operate in uniform. They may operate in plainclothes only for specific missions and with their supervisors' authorization.


The Gendarmerie Mobile

The Gendarmerie Mobile doing riot control
The Gendarmerie Mobile doing riot control
Some gendarmes mobiles equipped with shields, FAMAS and gas mask.
Some gendarmes mobiles equipped with shields, FAMAS and gas mask.
A training assault of GIGN on a TGV train.
A training assault of GIGN on a TGV train.

It is divided into legions, similarly as the Gendarmerie Départementale. French Gendarmerie Mobile doing riot control Taken from the official site. ... French Gendarmerie Mobile doing riot control Taken from the official site. ... Download high resolution version (621x813, 90 KB)Gendarmes mobiles whoever posted the pic originally said it was shot on April 1, 2004, during anti-regionalization protests They seem to be carrying: a FAMAS bulletproof vests a shield gas masks Document found and cropped from this IndyMedia article; original. ... Download high resolution version (621x813, 90 KB)Gendarmes mobiles whoever posted the pic originally said it was shot on April 1, 2004, during anti-regionalization protests They seem to be carrying: a FAMAS bulletproof vests a shield gas masks Document found and cropped from this IndyMedia article; original. ... Statue showing a Gallic shield with a butterfly boss. ... The FAMAS (Fusil dAssaut de la Manufacture dArmes de St-Etienne, Assault Rifle by St-Etienne Arms Factory) is the standard assault rifle of the French military. ... A gas mask, also known as a respirator, is a mask worn on the face to protect the body from airborne pollutants and toxic materials. ... GSIGN unit (French Gendarmerie) assaulting a TGV train Copyright © SIRPA, GSIGN et Louis Frédéric DUNAL SIRPA = press services of the Military of France Template:FairUse File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... GSIGN unit (French Gendarmerie) assaulting a TGV train Copyright © SIRPA, GSIGN et Louis Frédéric DUNAL SIRPA = press services of the Military of France Template:FairUse File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the French high-speed railway system. ...


Its main responsibilities are

  • crowd and riot control
  • security of public buildings
  • all policing tasks that require large amounts of personnel (Vigipirate counterterrorism patrols, searches in the countryside...).

It has specialized units: Vigipirate, (plan Vigipirate in French), is Frances national security alert system. ...

  • the group of security of intervention of the Gendarmerie Nationale (GSIGN), consisting of:
    • the intervention group of the Gendarmerie Nationale (GIGN), an elite counterterrorism and hostage rescue unit,
    • the parachutist squadron of the Gendarmerie Nationale (EPIGN),
    • a detachment to the security group of the President of the Republic, whose responsibility is to ensure the safety of the President and of his family and guests.

In addition, it has armored units: Categories: Stub | Law enforcement in France ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... A hostage crisis is a situation created by militants or terrorists wherein they take over a building full of people and then: (a) hold them till their demands or met, or (b) hold them until someone they respect tells them to stop or they decide to surrender, or (c) are... The EPIGN (Escadron Parachutiste dIntervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale) is the parachutist intervention squadron of the French Gendarmerie. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Alternative meanings: vehicle armour, Armor (novel) A hoplite wearing a helmet, a breastplate and greaves (and nothing else). ...

Such units may intervene abroad in varied cases such as a hostage crisis or the support of peacekeeping operations. East German BRDMs on parade during celebrations of the 40th anniversary of East Germany in 1989 Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. ... Versailles in 1789. ... Satory is a village south of Versailles in France. ...


The tasks of the gendarmes mobiles tasks are similar to those of the police units known as Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité (CRS), for which they are often mistaken. Easy ways to distinguish them include: A CRS officier in normal gear, standing by a Bastille Day parade The Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité (Republican Security Companies, CRS) are the riot control forces and general reserve of the French National Police. ...

  • the uniform of the CRS is blue, the gendarmes mobiles are clad in black;
  • the CRS wear a big red CRS patch; the gendarmes have stylicized grenades.

Grenade may refer to: The well-known hand grenade commonly used by soldiers. ...

Special divisions

Gendarmerie Maritime

Main article: Gendarmerie Maritime The Gendarmerie Navale, or Gendarmerie maritime, is a 1 100-man strong corps of the French Navy. ...


Placed under the dual supervision of the Gendarmerie and the Navy, its missions include:

  • police and security in the naval bases;
  • maritime surveillance;
  • police at sea;
  • assistance and rescue at sea.

Gendarmerie des Transports Aériens

Placed under the dual supervision of the Gendarmerie and the direction of civilian aviation of the transportation ministry, its missions include:

  • police and security in civilian airfields and airports;
  • filtering access to aircraft, counter-terrorism and counter-narcotic activities, freight surveillance;
  • surveillance of technical installations of the airports (control tower...);
  • traffic control on the roads within the airports;
  • protection of important visitors stopping for a layover;
  • judiciary inquiries pertaining to accidents of civilian aircraft.

Gendarmerie de l'Air

Placed under the dual supervision of the Gendarmerie and the Air Force, it fulfills police and security missions in the air bases, and goes on the site of accident of military aircraft.


Gendarmerie de l'Armement

It fulfills police and security missions in the establishments of the Délégation Générale de l'Armement (defense procurement agency).


Republican Guard

Main article: French Republican Guard Two republican guards in ceremony uniform in front of a side entrance of the Élysée Palace The Republican Guard mans the honour guards welcoming foreign heads of state or government; here, president Jacques Chirac welcomes then king of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk to the Élysée Palace. ...


The Garde Républicaine, is a ceremonial unit based in Paris, whose main mission is to guard official buildings and perform honor services. They also protect the French president. The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world Paris is Frances capital and largest city, straddling the river Seine in the northern centre of its country. ...


Free software

In 2005, the Gendarmerie switched its 70,000 personal computers from Microsoft Office (or Microsoft Word) to the OpenOffice.org suite. In 2006, they are switching web browsers from Internet Explorer to Mozilla Firefox and email clients to Mozilla Thunderbird. According to Gen. Brachet, head of communications and computing systems, the goal is to move all applications to fully standardized protocols and formats, so that they are platform-neutral. Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh operating systems. ... lol n00bs Microsoft Word is a word processing application from Microsoft. ... OpenOffice. ... It has been suggested that Comparison of web browsers be merged into this article or section. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary graphical web browser made by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. ... Mozilla Firefox is a free, open source, cross-platform, graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation and hundreds of volunteers. ... Mozilla Thunderbird is a free, cross-platform email and news client developed by the Mozilla Foundation. ...


External links

  • Gendarmerie Nationale official site
  • The French Gendarmerie Directory

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
French Gendarmerie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (810 words)
Gendarmerie motorcyclists police the roads and autoroutes of rural France.
As an example, the Paris research section of the Gendarmerie was in charge of the enquiries into the vote-rigging allegations in the 5th district of Paris (see corruption scandals in the Paris region).
the parachutist squadron of the Gendarmerie Nationale (EPIGN),
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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