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Encyclopedia > French First Army

French First Army was a field army that fought during World War I and World War II. A nations army is its military, or more specifically, all of its land forces. ... Missing image Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


At the beginning of WWI the First Army was put in charge of General Auguste Dubail and took part, along with the French Second Army, in the Invasion of Lorraine. The First Army intended to take the strongly defended town of Sarrebourg. German Crown Prince Rupprecht, commander of the German Sixth Army, was tasked with stopping the French invasion. The French attack was repulsed by Rupprecht and his stratagem of pretending to retreat and then strongly attacking back. On August 20, Rupprecht launched a big counter-offensive, driving the French armies out. Dubail was replaced in 1915. A frantic 1916 saw four different commanders command the First Army; an even more frantic 1917 saw five different commanders at the helm. The German Sixth Army (German: ) was a World War II field army and the protagonist of the tragic Battle of Stalingrad in 1942. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


During WWII the Army formed part of the forces ranged against the German Army .When the Wehrmacht invaded France and the Low Countries in 1940, the First Army was one of the many armies including the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) that advanced north to stop the German armies. On May 21, 1940, the First Army was one of the armies trapped at a vast pocket with their backs to the sea that would eventually result in the Dunkirk evacuations. As the Germans moved in, the First Army was hopelessly surrounded at Lille but resisted fiercely. But by the time of the Dunkirk evacuations of early June it was forced to surrender. By the end of that month the Western campaign was over, with Germany emerging victorious with a puppet Vichy government led by Marshal Pétain being set up in the southern half of France. Wehrmacht was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... The Low Countries are the countries on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine and Meuse rivers— usually used in modern context to mean the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg (an alternate modern term, more often used today, is Benelux). ... The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British army sent to Belgium in World War I and British Forces in Europe from 1939 - 1940 during World War II. The BEF was established by Secretary of State for War Richard Haldane following the Boer War in case Britain ever needed to... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... In military terms, a salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory. ... Battle of Dunkirk Conflict World War II Date May 26, 1940 – June 4, 1940 Place Dunkirk, France Result German victory, Allied evacuation The Battle of Dunkirk (in French: Dunkerque, and in Britain normally referred to simply as Dunkirk) was a major battle during World War II which lasted from around... The following article is about the city in France. ... Vichy France (French: now called Régime de Vichy or Vichy; called itself at the time État Français, or French State) was the French state of 1940-1944 which was a puppet government under Nazi influence, as opposed to the Free French Forces, based first in London and later in Algiers. ... Philippe Pétain Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain (April 24, 1856 - July 23, 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain, was a French soldier and Head of State of Vichy France. ...


French Army B under the command General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny landed in southern France after the Operation Dragoon, the Allied invasion of the area. On September 25, 1944 French Army B was redesignated French First Army. It formed the right flank of the Sixth Army Group at the southern end of the Allied lines. It fought many difficult battles against the Germans in Alsace and captured much of southern Germany before the end of the conflict. Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (February 2, 1889 - January 11, 1952) was a French military hero of World War II. Born at Mouilleron-en-Pareds (during the time of Georges Clemenceau, who was also born there), he graduated from school in 1911, and fought in World War I. He specialized... During World War 2, Operation Dragoon (Allies, 1944) was the invasion of southern France between Toulon and Cannes executed on 15 August 1944. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Capital Strasbourg Area 8,280 km² Regional President Adrien Zeller Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 1,793,000 1,734,145 209/km² Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Alsace (French: Alsace; Alsatian/German: Elsaß) is a région of France. ...


Commanders

1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... There have been at least two notable people named Henri Gouraud: General Henri Gouraud (1867–1946), a World War I French general Henri Gouraud (1944–), a computer scientist. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

References

  • British Broadcasting Corporation, <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwtwo/launch_ani_fall_france_campaign.shtml>
  • Duffy, Michael, <http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/dubail.htm>
  • Iavarone, Mike, <http://www.worldwar1.com/atfra.htm>

  Results from FactBites:
 
First World War.com - Battles - The Third Battle of Ypres, 1917 (1470 words)
Whereas the first and second battles of Ypres were launched by the Germans in 1914 and 1915 respectively, Third Ypres was intended as Sir Douglas Haig’s Allied forces breakthrough in Flanders in 1917.
Once the French Nivelle Offensive had ended in disastrous failure in May, with mutiny spreading throughout the French army, Haig determined to press ahead with plans for a major British offensive in late summer.
Similarly the French were halted further north by the German Fifth Army under Gallwitz.
French First Army - Definition, explanation (382 words)
During WWII the Army formed part of the forces ranged against the German Army.When the Wehrmacht invaded France and the Low Countries in 1940, the First Army was one of the many armies including the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) that advanced north to stop the German armies.
On May 21, 1940, the First Army was one of the armies trapped at a vast pocket with their backs to the sea that would eventually result in the Dunkirk evacuations.
French Army B under the command General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny landed in southern France after the Operation Dragoon, the Allied invasion of the area.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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