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Encyclopedia > Freiburg
Freiburg
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Freiburg
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Urban district
City subdivisions 41 districts
Lord Mayor Dieter Salomon (Greens)
Basic statistics
Area 153.07 km² (59 sq mi)
Elevation 278 m  (912 ft)
Population 217,547  (31/12/2006)[1]
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate code FR
Postal codes 79098 - 79117
Area codes 0761, 07664, 07665
Website www.freiburg.de

Coordinates: 47°59′0″N 07°51′0″E / 47.98333, 7.85 Freiburg is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (where it is more commonly known by its full name, Freiburg im Breisgau), on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald). Popular opinion has it that Freiburg is the warmest city in Germany. It straddles the Dreisam river, on the foothills of the Schlossberg. The city is surrounded by the Black Forest mountains Rosskopf and Bromberg in the east, and in the south and west by the Schönberg, Tuniberg and the Kaiserstuhl. Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... Fribourg (French), (German: or , often Fribourg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district of Sarine. ... Freiburg can refer to: Freiburg im Breisgau, a large city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany Freiburg (district), a former district in Baden-Württemberg, which was merged into the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in 1973 Freiburg (region), an administrative district in Baden-Württemberg Freiburg, Lower Saxony, a municipality in the... Image File history File links Wappen_Freiburg_im_Breisgau. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Freiburg is one of the four Regierungsbezirke of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located in the south-west of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... Dr. Dieter Salomon (born 1960 in Melbourne, Australia) is a German politician and current mayor of Freiburg im Breisgau. ... The Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), the German Green party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... Breisgau is the name of a landscape in southwest Germany, placed between the river Rhine and the foothills of the Black Forest near Freiburg im Breisgau in the state of Baden-Württemberg. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... Aerial shot of Vogtsburg The Kaiserstuhl (literally emperors chair) is a small group of hills of mostly volcanic origin in the Upper Rhine Valley in southwest Germany, northwest of Freiburg. ...

Contents

History

Freiburg city from Schlossberg
Freiburg city from Schlossberg

Freiburg was founded in the 12th century by Duke Konrad of Zähringen as a free market town, hence its name, which translates to "Free (or Independent) Castle". It was strategically located on a junction of trade routes between the Mediterranean and the North Sea, and the Rhine and the Danube rivers. In the year 1368 Freiburg bought its liberty from a local count, and turned itself over to the protection of the Habsburgs, who allowed it to retain a large amount of freedom. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Zähringen is the name of an old and influential German noble family, taken from the castle and village of that name. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... Events Timur ascends throne of Samarkand. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ...


Around 1200 the city began construction of its Minster (Münster or Muenster in German) on the site of an older parish church. The end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance was a time of both advances and tragedy for Freiburg. In English usage a Minster is a grand type of church; the term may be extended to apply to a cathedral, such as York Minster and Southwell Minster. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ...

Freiburg Münster medieval cathedral
Freiburg Münster medieval cathedral

In 1457, Duke Albrecht VI established Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, one of Germany's oldest universities. In 1520, the city undertook a set of legal reforms, widely known as the most progressive of the times. They attempted to create a balance between the old city traditions and old Roman Law. The reforms received extensive acceptance, especially the sections dealing with civil process law, punishment and the city's constitution. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 1704 KB) Description: Freiburg im Breisgau: Freiburger Münster Source/Credits: Wikipedia german, photograph by Florian K., 2004, GFDL-released Licence: File links The following pages link to this file: Freiburg ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 1704 KB) Description: Freiburg im Breisgau: Freiburger Münster Source/Credits: Wikipedia german, photograph by Florian K., 2004, GFDL-released Licence: File links The following pages link to this file: Freiburg ... The Freiburg Münster The Freiburg Münster is the cathedral of Freiburg, Germany. ... Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg was founded 1457 in Freiburg by the Habsburgs. ... Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome. ...


In 1520, Freiburg decided against joining the Reformation and became an important center for Catholicism on the Upper Rhine. In 1536, a strong and persistent belief in witchcraft led to the city's first witchhunt. The need to find a reason for tragedies such as the Black Plague, which claimed 2000 area residents in 1564, led to an escalation in witch hunting until it reached its peak in 1599. A plaque on the old city wall marks the spot where burnings were carried out. The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... The Upper Rhine (German: ) is the part of the Rhine that flows northbound after Basel, along the Rhine rift, and then westward to Bingen. ... For other uses, see Witchcraft (disambiguation). ... A witch-hunt is a search for suspected witches; it is a type of moral panic. ... This article concerns the epidemic of the mid-14th century. ...


The 17th, 18th and 19th centuries were turbulent times for Freiburg. Through battles in the Thirty Years' War and other conflicts, the city belonged at various times to the Austrians, the French, the Swedish, the Spanish and various members of the German Confederacy. In the period between 1648 and 1805 it was the administrative headquarters of Further Austria, the Habsburg territories in the South-West of Germany, when the city was not under French occupation. In 1805, the city, together with the Breisgau and Ortenau areas, became part of Baden. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The German Confederation (German Deutscher Bund) was a loose association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... Further Austria (in German: Vorderösterreich or die Vorlande) was the collective name for the old possessions of the Habsburgs in south-western Germany (Swabia), the Alsace, and in Vorarlberg after the focus of the Habsburgs had moved to Austria. ... Breisgau is the name of a landscape in southwest Germany, placed between the river Rhine and the foothills of the Black Forest near Freiburg im Breisgau in the state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Ortenaukreis is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... For other uses, see Baden (disambiguation). ...


In 1827, when the Archdiocese of Freiburg was founded, Freiburg became the seat of a Roman-Catholic Archbishop. The Archdiocese of Freiburg (lat. ...


In 1889, the entire city had to be evacuated when the odorous compound thioacetone was produced in a laboratory.

The Martinstor, one of the original city gates in Freiburg
The Martinstor, one of the original city gates in Freiburg

On October 22, 1940, Nazi Gauleiter of Baden ordered the deportation of all the Jews of Baden and 360 Jewish citizens of Freiburg were deported to the Southern French internment camp of Gurs in the Basses-Pyrénées. They remained there under poor conditions until the majority of the survivors were sent to their deaths at Auschwitz on July 18, 1942. The cemetery of the German Jews who died at Gurs is maintained by the town of Freiburg and other cities of Baden. A memorial stands outside the modern synagogue in the town centre. The pavements of Freiburg carry memorials to individual victims in form of brass plates outside former residences, including the home of Edith Stein. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Brama MÅ‚yÅ„ska in Stargard SzczeciÅ„ski one of two water gates in Europe. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... A Gauleiter was the party leader of a regional branch of the NSDAP (more commonly known as the Nazi Party) or the head of a Gau or of a Reichsgau. ... Camp Gurs was an internment and refugee camp constructed by the French government in 1939 in Southwest France after the fall of Catalonia at the end of the Spanish Civil War to control those who fled Spain out of fear of retaliation from Francisco Francos regime. ... Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a département in the southwest of France which takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... Edith Stein (October 12, 1891 – August 9, 1942) was a German philosopher, a Carmelite nun, martyr, and saint of the Catholic Church, who died at Auschwitz. ...


The city was heavily bombed during World War II. In 1940 German planes mistakenly dropped approximately 60 bombs on Freiburg near the train station. An Allied bombing of the city in November 1944 destroyed a large portion of the city. Most of city centre was leveled, with the notable exception of the Münster. After the war, the city was rebuilt on its medieval plan. It became for a short time the site of government for the German state Badenia, which was merged into Baden-Württemberg soon after. It was occupied by the French Army in 1945. They maintained a presence in the city until 1991, when the last tank division left the city. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Baden (disambiguation). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Army of the land), is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and the largest. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


On the site of the former French army base, a new neighborhood of 5,000 people, Vauban, was begun in the late 1990s as a "sustainable model district". Solar power is used to power many of the households in this small community. View of Vauban Vauban is a new carfree neighborhood of 5000 inhabitants and 600 jobs 4km to the south of the town center in Freiburg, Germany. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Culture

Because of its scenic beauty, relatively warm and sunny climate and easy access to the Black Forest, Freiburg is a hub for regional tourism. The longest cable car run in Germany, which is 3.6 km, or about 2.25 miles long runs from Gunterstal up to a nearby mountain called Schauinsland. The city has an unusual system of gutters (called Bächle) that run throughout its centre. These Bächle, once used to provide water to fight fires and feed livestock, are constantly flowing with water diverted from the Dreisam. These Bächle were never used for sewage, as such usage could lead to harsh penalties, even in the Middle Ages. It is said that if you step in a Bächle, you will marry a Freiburger, or 'Bobbele'. Tourists on Oahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. ... Aerial tramway suspended on two track cables with an additional haulage rope Cable car at Zell am See in the Austrian Alps. ... Winter on Schauinsland: famous Windbuchen Beeches bend by the wind Schauinsland (literally look into the country; near Freiburg, Germany), is the eleventh-highest peak in the Black Forest at an elevation of 1,284 m above sea level (with the Feldberg being the highest). ...


The Augustinerplatz is one of the central squares in the old city. Formerly the location of an Augustine monastery which became the Augustinermuseum in 1921, it is now a popular social space for Freiburg's younger residents. It has quite a few restaurants and bars, including the local brewery 'Feierling', which has a nice Biergarten. On warm summer nights, of which there are many, hundreds of students will gather and enjoy guitar music and socialize. “Augustinus” redirects here. ...

The Historisches Kaufhaus of 1532 in Freiburg's Cathedral Square or Münsterplatz.
The Historisches Kaufhaus of 1532 in Freiburg's Cathedral Square or Münsterplatz.

At the centre of the old city is the Münsterplatz, its largest square. A farmers' market takes place here every day except Sundays. This is the site of Freiburg's Münster, a gothic Minster Cathedral constructed of red sandstone, built between 1200 and 1530. The Freiburg Münster is noted for its towering spire. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 874 KB)Taken by me, Freiburg im Breisgau August 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 874 KB)Taken by me, Freiburg im Breisgau August 2006. ... Tiananmen Square, Beijing The Macroplaza, Monterrey Prato della Valle, Padova Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan Place de la Concorde, Paris Palace Square, St. ... The Freiburg Münster The Freiburg Münster is the cathedral of Freiburg, Germany. ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... In English usage a Minster is a grand type of church; the term may be extended to apply to a cathedral, such as York Minster and Southwell Minster. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ...


The Historisches Kaufhaus, or historical marketplace, is a Renaissance building constructed between 1520 and 1530 which was once the center of the financial life of the region. Its façade is decorated with the coat of arms of the Habsburgs. The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


The Altes Rathaus, or old city hall, was completed in 1559 and has a painted façade.


The Platz der alten Synagoge "Old Synagogue Square" is one of the more important squares on the outskirts of the historic old city. The square was the location of a Synagogue until it was destroyed on the Night of Broken Glass in 1938. Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


St. George is the Patron Saint of Freiburg. For alternate uses, see Saint George (disambiguation) Saint George on horseback rides alongside a wounded dragon being led by a princess, late 19th century engraving. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ...


Government

Dr. Dieter Salomon
Dr. Dieter Salomon

Freiburg is known as an "eco-city". In recent years it has attracted solar industries and research; the Greens have a stronghold here (the strongest in any major German city; up to 25% of the votes city-wide, in some neighbourhoods reaching 40% or more in the 2002 national elections). The newly built neighbourhoods of Vauban and Rieselfeld were developed and built according to the idea of sustainability. The citizens of Freiburg are known in Germany for their love of cycling and recycling. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (630x659, 316 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Freiburg Dieter Salomon User:GeeJo/Gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (630x659, 316 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Freiburg Dieter Salomon User:GeeJo/Gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Vauban Vauban is a new neighborhood of 5000 inhabitants and 600 jobs 4km to the south of the town center in Freiburg, Germany. ... Sustainability is an attempt to provide the best outcomes for the human and natural environments both now and into the indefinite future. ... Police officer on a bicycle Cycling is a means of transport, a form of recreation, and a sport. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


The Mayor Dr. Dieter Salomon (elected in 2002) is the only member of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen who holds such an office in a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants. However, his deputy, Otto Neideck, is a member of the conservative party, the CDU. Dr. Dieter Salomon (born 1960 in Melbourne, Australia) is a German politician and current mayor of Freiburg im Breisgau. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ...


In June 1992, the Freiburg city council adopted a resolution that it would only permit construction of "low energy buildings" on municipal land, and all new buildings must comply with certain "low energy" specifications. Low energy housing uses solar power passively as well as actively. In addition to solar panels and collectors on the roof, providing electricity and hot water, many passive features use the sun’s energy to regulate the temperature of the rooms.


Freiburg is host of a number of international organisations, in particular ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability and ISES - International Solar Energy Society. For the political science journal, see: International Organization An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. ... ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability is an international association of local governments and national and regional local government organizations that have made a commitment to sustainable development. ...


See also: List of mayors of Freiburg The following is a list of all mayors (Oberbürgermeister) of Freiburg since 1806. ...


Education

Freiburg is a famous center of academics and research. Some of the greatest minds have lived and worked in Freiburg and the city houses one of the oldest and most renowned German universities, the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, as well as its equally prestigious medical center. Freiburg is also home to various other institutes of education and research, among them are: the Freiburg University of Education, the Protestant University of Applied Sciences Freiburg, the Catholic University of Applied Sciences Freiburg, three Max Planck Institutes, and five Fraunhofer Institutes. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1428x1071, 590 KB) de Beschreibung: Kollegiengebäude I der Universität, 1913 als Universitäts-Hauptgebäude errichtet. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1428x1071, 590 KB) de Beschreibung: Kollegiengebäude I der Universität, 1913 als Universitäts-Hauptgebäude errichtet. ... Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg (German Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg ) was founded 1457 in Freiburg by the Habsburgs. ... Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg (German Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg ) was founded 1457 in Freiburg by the Habsburgs. ... The University Medical Center Freiburg (Universitätsklinikum Freiburg) is one of the largest medical centers in Germany, as well as one of the most reputable. ... The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. ... The Fraunhofer Society (German: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft) is a German research organization with 58 institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science (as opposed to the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, which works primarily on basic science). ...


Transportation

Freiburg has an extensive pedestrian zone in the city centre where no automobiles are allowed. Freiburg also has an excellent public transit system, anchored by a continually expanding web of tram/streetcar routes known as the Strassenbahn. It has been suggested that Pedestrian street be merged into this article or section. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ...


Freiburg is on the main Frankfurt am Main - Basel train line with frequent and fast long-distance train services to major German and other European cities. Other train lines run east into the Black Forest and west to Breisach. Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: , French: , Italian: ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as of 2003). ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... now. ...


The city is also served by the A5 Frankfurt am Main - Basel motorway. Bundesautobahn 5 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 5, short form Autobahn 5, abbreviated as BAB 5 or A 5) is a 445 km (277 mi) long Autobahn in Germany. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: , French: , Italian: ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as of 2003). ...


Freiburg is served by Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg International Airport, actually located in France. This is now a base for the low-cost carrier, EasyJet. The airport Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden (Baden Airpark) is situated approximately 120 km north of Freiburg and is served by, inter alia, the low-cost carrier Ryanair. EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (IATA Airport Code: BSL) is an international airport near Basel (Switzerland), Mulhouse (France), and Freiburg (Switzerland. ... easyJet (LSE: EZJ) is a low cost airline officially known as easyJet Airline Company Limited, based at London Luton Airport. ... Baden Airpark (IATA: FKB, ICAO: EDSB), or officially Flughafen Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, is an airport located 40km (25 miles) south of Karlsruhe and 15km (9 miles) west of Baden-Baden in the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Ryanair (ISEQ: RYA, LSE: RYA, NASDAQ: RYAAY) is an Irish airline headquartered in Dublin, with its biggest operational base situated in London Stansted Airport in the UK. It is Europes largest low-cost carrier and it is one of the worlds largest and most successful airlines (whether in...


Sports

Freiburg is home to football team SC Freiburg. Their home stadium is Badenova-Stadion. The home of the EHC Freiburg is the Franz-Siegel Halle. Freiburger FC are a club which had early success in the 20th century, but now compete in lower divisions. Sport-Club Freiburg, commonly known as SC Freiburg, is a German football club, based in the city of Freiburg in the Breisgau district of Baden-Württemberg. ... Dreisamstadion is a multi-use stadium in Freiburg, Germany. ... Freiburger FC is a German football club based in Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg. ...


Sister cities

Freiburg has several sister-cities throughout the world:

Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's, controversial comments, which included questioning the dimension of the Holocaust, have sparked discussions concerning Freiburg's partnership with Isfahan. Immediately following the comments Freiburg's mayor Salomon postponed a trip to Isfahan, but most people involved, especially those in the Alliance '90/The Greens party, were opposed to cancelling the partnership. ([1]) Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Utinam (Latin: If God wills) Citadel Vauban of Besançon Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Franche-Comté Department Doubs (25) Intercommunality Grand Besançon Mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location of Madison in Dane County, Wisconsin Coordinates: , Municipality City Incorporated 1848 Government  - Mayor Dave Cieslewicz Area  - City 219. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... See Matsuyama (disambiguation) for other places having a name Matsuyama. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Lemberg redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous community Andalusia Settled since 7th century BC Area  - City 88 km²  (34 sq mi) Elevation 738 m (2,421. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ...   (Persian: ‎ ​, IPA: ), transcribed into English as Mahmud or Mahmood, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmady Nejad) (born October 28, 1956) is the current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... The Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), the German Green party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ...


Notable residents

Friedrich von Hayek Friedrich August von Hayek (May 8, 1899 in Vienna – March 23, 1992 in Freiburg) was an economist and social scientist of the Austrian School, noted for his defense of liberal democracy and free-market capitalism against a rising tide of socialist and collectivist thought in the mid... It has been suggested that Hans F.K. Günther be merged into this article or section. ... Daniel Dany James Heatley (born January 21, 1981, in Freiburg, West Germany) is a Canadian professional hockey player who currently plays for the Ottawa Senators of the National Hockey League. ... The Ottawa Senators (French: ) are a professional ice hockey team based in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... “NHL” redirects here. ... Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976) (pronounced ) was a highly influential German philosopher. ... Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (April 8, 1859, ProstÄ›jov – April 26, 1938, Freiburg) was a German philosopher, known as the father of phenomenology. ... Boris Kodjoe, (born March 8, 1973 in Vienna, Austria) is a multilingual actor and former male fashion model. ... Benjamin Lebert is a German novelist born in 1982. ... Joachim Jogi Löw (born 3 February 1960 in Schönau im Schwarzwald, Lörrach) is coach of the German national football team and a former German football player (striker). ... First international  Switzerland 5 - 3 Germany (Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908) Biggest win Germany 44 - 0 San MArino (Stockholm, Sweden; 1 July 1912) Biggest defeat England amateur 9 - 0 Germany (Oxford, England; 16 March 1909) World Cup Appearances 16 (First in 1934) Best result - Winners, 1954, 1974, 1990 European Championship... Karl Rahner in 1975 Karl Rahner, S.J., (March 5, 1904 – March 30, 1984) was one of the most influential Roman Catholic theologians of the 20th century. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Wolfgang Schäuble Wolfgang Schäuble (born September 18, 1942 in Freiburg im Breisgau as the son of a tax finance advisor) is a German politician. ... Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (born April 3, 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ...   (IPA: ) (b. ... Jürgen Erich Schrempp (born September 15, 1944 in Freiburg) is the CEO of DaimlerChrysler, a German-American car and truck manufacturer. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... Portrait. ... For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ... Hermann Staudinger (March 23, 1881 in Worms- Sept. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awarded for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine. ... Chemistry - the study of interactions of chemical substances with one another and energy based on the structure of atoms, molecules and other kinds of aggregrates Chemistry (from Egyptian kÄ“me (chem), meaning earth[1]) is the science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the... Polymer chemistry or macromolecular chemistry is a multidisciplinary science that deals with the chemical synthesis and chemical properties of polymers or macromolecules. ... Edith Stein (October 12, 1891 – August 9, 1942) was a German philosopher, a Carmelite nun, martyr, and saint of the Catholic Church, who died at Auschwitz. ... Martin Waldseemüller (19th century painting). ... Bernhard Witkop (born May 9, 1917, Freiburg, Baden) is a German-born American organic chemist. ...

Gallery

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ Statistiches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. Population data.

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