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Encyclopedia > Freetown Christiania
Christiania
Main entrance
Main entrance
Official flag of Christiania
Flag
Nickname: Fristaden, Staden
Country Denmark
Region Hovedstaden
City Copenhagen
Squatted 1971
Legalized 1995
Government
 - Type Consensus democracy
Area
 - Land 0.32 km² (0.1 sq mi)
Population
 - Self-governing neighbourhood 850
 - Density 2,656.25/km² (6,879.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website: www.christiania.org

Christiania, also known as Freetown Christiania, but most commonly known amongst its inhabitants and visitors as "fristaden" or simply "staden", is a partially self-governing neighbourhood of about 850 residents, covering 34 hectares (85 acres) in the borough of Christianshavn in the Danish capital Copenhagen. Christiania has established semi-legal status as an independent community. Image File history File links Entrée_de_Christiania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Christiania. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Administrative division of Denmark. ... Region Hovedstaden (Danish Capital Region or Copenhagen Capital Region) is a future administrative region created under the Danish Municipal Reform, which replaces the traditional counties (amter) with five larger regions. ... These are lists of towns in Denmark and its self-governing administrative divisions the Faroe Islands and Greenland. ... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ... The Chien Rouge in Lausanne, a squat held in the old hospital. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about law in society. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Consensus democracy is the application of consensus decision making to the process of legislation. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Self-governance is an abstract concept that refers to several scales of organization. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city, town or suburb. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... The Church of Our Saviour (Vor Frelser Kirke) in the Christianshavn city district, Copenhagen, Denmark. ... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ...


Christiania's Mission Statement: "The objective of Christiania is to create a self-governing society whereby each and every individual holds themselves responsible over the wellbeing of the entire community. Our society is to be economically self-sustaining and, as such, our aspiration is to be steadfast in our conviction that psychological and physical destitution can be averted."

Contents

History

Beginnings

Christiania was founded in 1971, when many people from different backgrounds began to take over an area of recently abandoned military barracks together as a protest against the Danish government. At the time many people in the larger Danish cities felt betrayed by the politicians, as they believed there was a lack of affordable housing. The inhabitants of the surrounding neighbourhood Christianshavn also wanted a green, open area for their children to use, away from the increasing traffic in Copenhagen. The spirit of Christiania quickly developed into one of communism, the hippie movement and the squatter movement, in sharp contrast to the site's previous military use. Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The Church of Our Saviour (Vor Frelser Kirke) in the Christianshavn city district, Copenhagen, Denmark. ... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... Singer at a modern Hippie movement in Russia Hippie, or hippy, refers to a member of a subgroup of the counterculture that began in the United States during the early 1960s, becoming an established social group by 1965, and expanding to other countries before declining in the mid-1970s. ... This article is about occupying land without permission. ...


One of the more influential participants in the founding of Christiania was Jacob Ludvigsen, who published a progressive and critical newspaper called Hovedbladet, which was intended and successfully distributed towards mostly young people. In the paper, Ludvigsen wrote an article in which he and five others went on exploration into what he termed 'The Forbidden City of the Military'. The article widely announced the proclamation of the free town, and among other things he wrote:

"Christiania is the land of the settlers. It is the so far biggest opportunity to build up a society from scratch - while nevertheless still incorporating the remaining constructions. Own electricity plant, a bath-house, a giant athletics building, where all the seekers of peace could have their grand meditation - and yogacenter. Halls where theatergroups can feel at home. Buildings for the stoners who are too paranoid and weak to participate in the race...Yes for those who feel the beating of the pioneerheart there can be no doubt as to the purpose of Christiania. It ıs the part of the city which has been kept secret to us - but no more."[citation needed]

The Community

Meditation and yoga have always been extremely popular among the Christianites, and for many years Christiania had their own internationally acclaimed theater group Solvognen, who, beyond their theater performances, also staged many happenings in Copenhagen and even throughout Sweden. Ludvigsen had always talked of the acceptance of drug-addicts who could no longer cope with regular society, and the spirit of that belief has still not diminished, even throughout many problems sprouted due to drug traffic and use (mostly of hard drugs, however, which are illegal in Christiania). These addicts head into and remain in Christiania all the time and are considered just as much a part of the Freetown as the entrepreneurs, and for this reason many Danes have seen Christiania as a successful social experiment. However, for years the legal status of the region has been in a limbo due to different Danish governments attempting to remove the Christianites. Such attempts at removal have all been unsuccessful so far.


The neighbourhood is accessible through many entrances and cars are not allowed (although some Christiania residents own a car, see below). Danish authorities have repeatedly removed the large stones blocking the main entrance claiming they need access to the area for firefighting, yet the residents respond by placing them back each time as they feel suspicious that the authorities will instead use it for police. This suspicion is backed by the fact that they have already made arrangements with the fire department and have established other entranceways/maneuvering space for firetrucks in the area. It has been suggested that Pedestrian street be merged into this article or section. ...


The people in Christiania have developed their own set of rules, completely independent of the Danish government. The rules forbid stealing, guns, bulletproof vests and hard drugs. Famous for its main drag, known as Pusher Street, where hash and Skunk weed were sold openly from permanent stands until 2004, it nevertheless does have rules forbidding hard drugs, such as heroin and cocaine. The commerce is controversial, but since the rules require a consensus they cannot be removed unless everybody agrees. The region negotiated an arrangement with the Danish defence ministry (which still owns the land) in 1995. Since 1994, residents have paid taxes and fees for water, electricity, trash disposal etc. The future of the area remains in doubt, though, as Danish authorities continue to push for its removal. On Pusher Street, cameras are not allowed, and locals will wave their hands and shout "No photo!" if they see someone trying to take a picture. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Cannabis is a plant which is consumed by humans as a psychoactive drug. ... Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is an opioid synthesized directly from the extracts of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. ... Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Large format camera lens. ...


The inhabitants fight the government's attempts to eliminate them with humour and persistence. For instance, when authorities in 2002 demanded that the hash trade be made less visible, the stands were covered in military camouflage nets[1]. On January 4, 2004, the stands were finally demolished by the hash dealers a day before a large scale police operation. They knew about this operation, and decided to take the stands down themselves. The police made more than twenty arrests in the following weeks though, and a large part of the organisation behind Pusher Street was then eliminated. This did not stop the hash trade however, it merely caused the trade to relocate outside of the town and to change to being on a person-to-person basis. Before they were demolished, the National Museum of Denmark was able to get one of the more colourful stands, which now form part of an exhibit. Countershaded Ibex are almost invisible in the Israeli desert. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen is Denmark’s central museum of cultural history, comprising the histories of Danish and foreign cultures, alike. ...


Christiania and Drugs

The junk blockade

One of the biggest accomplishments in the history of Christiania was the Junk Blockade in November of 1979. The government was still very hostile but the community faced other acute challenges as well. Many Christiania residents were interested in mind-altering techniques, including psychotropic substances. During the late 1970's hard drugs such as heroin were considered permissible, but this had grave consequences. Out of 700 inhabitants in the Freetown, 100 were doing hard drugs[citation needed]. In one year, from 1978 to 1979, ten drug addicts had died in Christiania, four of them were resident there. The addicts all lived in a building called 'The Arc of Peace', but peace was the last thing one thought of when entering it in this period. Doors were missing, there were holes in the floors, and in most rooms there were no furniture except mattresses. It was a terribly unhealthy environment and the Christianites became increasingly aware that the situation could not continue. Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is an opioid synthesized directly from the extracts of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. ...


An attempt was made to cooperate with the police in order to get rid of the heroin pushers, which was something many Christianites felt extremely uncomfortable about—partly due to the anarchical tradition in the Freetown, and partly because of the continuous clashes between Christiania and the police. However, despite the shared feelings of distrust of the instigating police involvement, some Christianites feeling there was no other way to fix such an imminent and threatening problem, had supplied the police with a list of suspected hard drug networks. The intention of the Christianites' decision was made very clear: for police to concentrate only on hard drugs. This did not happen, the police had ignored the Christianites' requests and made a large crackdown—but only on the hash network, leaving the heroin ring untouched.


Feeling betrayed and bitter the Christianites decided not to cooperate any further with the authorities, and instead launched what was to be known as the Junk Blockade. For 40 days and nights the Christianites—men, women, and children—patrolled 'The Arc of Peace' and whenever they found junkies or pushers they gave them an ultimatum: either quit all activities with hard drugs or leave Christiania. In the end, the pushers were forced to leave, and sixty people entered rehabilitation.


Biker gang

Around 1984 a biker gang had arrived in Christiania and conquered a part of the hash market. Violence on the premises increased at this period and many Christianites felt unsafe and unhappy with the new residents. This resulted in sabotage acts directed towards the bikers as well as the publication of several provocative manuscripts urging the Christianites to throw out the powerful and armed bikers. This tension culminated when the police found a murdered individual who had been sliced to pieces and buried beneath the floor of a building. Christiania reacted with two colossal community meetings—one outside the building—where it was agreed that the bikers had to leave. They did, and they never returned. A Motorcycle gang (also known as a Biker gang) is a gang whose members are motorcycle riders. ...


2005 shooting and murder

On April 24, 2005, a 26-year-old Christianite was killed and three other christianites injured in a violent gang assasination on Pusher Street. The reason for this was a feud over the hashmarket of Copenhagen. In the subsequent trial it was established that the suspects responsible for the shooting belonged to the so-called Blågårdsplads-gang (named after the neighborhood they originated from) from the North-Western Copenhagen and that they all had pending charges of violence, shooting, robbing and so on. April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (115th in leap years). ...


What led to the shooting was the fragmentation of the Copenhagen hash-market. After heavy pressure from the Fogh-government, the pushers´ official closure of the hash-stands´ sale on Pusher Street on January 4, 2004, the following mass-arrest of christiania-pushers on March 16, 2004, and the declared 24-hour presence of the police on Christiania, many people started to move huge amounts of hash out into Copenhagen and the provinces instead. This was done in order to avoid the heavy police-presence in Christiania and to meet the unchanged demand for hash by customers. According to both police and other sources the number of hash clubs in Copenhagen grew rapidly to at least five times as many as before the police crackdown on Pusher Street, and in these clubs the sale of hash was mixed with other drugs such as speed, cocaine, ecstasy and GHB. Furthermore many of these clubs were placed near schools. Especially in the North-Western part of the city many clubs arrived and were controlled by quite heavy-armed gangs which had long tried to enter the hash sales on Christiania. The Blågårdsplads-gang was one of the most dangerous of these. Repeatedly they had asked the christiania-pushers to allow them on their market and repeatedly they had been turned down. On April 23, 2005, an escalation of this stalemate happened. The pushers of Christiania discovered that a member of the Blågårdsplads-gang had infiltrated their organisation by dating a female pusher. He was exposed and just barely escaped with two bullets flying by him. The next day two cars pulled up outside Christiania and 6–8 masked men with automatic weapons got out and headed for Pusher Street. When they got there they simply opened fire indiscriminately toward the crowd and shot at least 35 heavy rounds everywhere killing one and injuring three Christianites. January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... ecstasy and religious ecstasy MDMA, most commonly known today by the street name ecstasy, is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family whose primary effect is to stimulate the brain to rapidly secrete large amounts of serotonin, causing a general sense of openness, empathy, energy, euphoria, and well-being. ... Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (4-hydroxybutanoic acid, C4H8O3) is both a drug and a naturally occurring compound found in the mammalian brain, where it might function as a neurotransmitter. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... M2 machine gun An automatic firearm is a firearm that will continue to load and fire rounds of ammunition as long as the trigger (or equivalent) is activated or until it runs out of ammunition. ...


Some saw this tragic incident as a sign that the future strategy of the community was dubious due to the risk of violence stemming from the hash-market. [1] Others saw it as the result of the fatally flawed government line on Christiania which greatly expanded the hash market in the rest of Denmark, bringing with it huge amounts of money and weapons not to mention the introduction of harder drugs in the many clubs surfacing in Copenhagen.


2004 TV feature

The political satirical TV show Den halve sandhed ("The half truth") featured Christiania in its March 26, 2004, episode. As a tongue-in-cheek action, a journalist started to erect a small wooden hut in one of Christiania's open areas, naively claiming he assumed everyone could settle in the freetown. March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sarcasm is the making of remarks intended to mock the person referred to (who is normally the person addressed), a situation or thing. ...


Within minutes, Christiania residents arrived and told him this was totally unacceptable. Approval by the community meeting would be needed, and with the current political situation there was a great risk that the police would intervene, in effect holding Christiania ransom. A complete moratorium on construction was a precondition for the state to enter the current negotiations. The journalist was violently threatened to make himself scarce. Other residents, however, took the time to peacefully explain Christiania building rules. Later, journalists set up a stall attempting to sell 'non-politically correct' products such as Coca-Cola and Israeli oranges, arguing this was no worse than selling cannabis to minors. [2] The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ...


Designed by Danmarks Radio to test Christiania's tolerance towards the outside world, this feature did not amuse the residents. The current political situation forces Christiania to have a moratorium on construction work, unless police officers should come and take things down forcibly - Nils Vest, a film director resident in Christiania, has accused the TV programme of being tendentious and biased [3], whereas others have taken the episode as a proof of faded collectivist ideals and bigotry within Christiania. Danmarks Radio (normally referred to as just DR) is Denmarks national broadcasting corporation. ...


Cars

Within Christiania itself no cars are allowed. However, a total of 132 cars are owned by residents and need to be parked on the streets surrounding the Freetown. [4] After negotiating with city authorities, Christiania has agreed to establish parking areas for residents' own cars on its territory. As of 2005, parking space for only 14 cars had been established within the area. [5]


Before the city council elections of November 2001, residents in one of Christiania's sections proposed a municipal kindergarten just outside Christiania should be torn down and moved some hundred meters away, the area being turned into a parking lot. The proposal was criticised by other Christiania residents and citizens in the borough, but proponents claimed the wooden kindergarten buildings were outdated anyway and the parking space issue needed to be solved before Christiania itself would turn into an area where cars were widely parked. It has also been claimed that taxis and police vehicles add to the traffic problems. [6]


Gay house

Since the 1970s the Gay House (Bøssehuset), one of Christiania's autonomous institutions, had been a centre for gay activism, parties and theatre. The humorous and artistically high-ranking variete-style shows still have fame among Copenhagen homosexuals. The original pioneers having aged (and for some part died) during the 1980s and 1990s, the house was less used and was empty from about 2000 onwards.


In 2002 a group of young queer performers and activists, Dunst, were invited to take over the house so it could remain a centre for gay creativity. However, after 9 months they were asked to leave Christiania again. Since 2001, the queer network Dunst has contributed to gay life in Copenhagen. ...


Dunst claim they introduced a democratic management form and established open workshops for photography, art, music, dance, video etc. They also arranged three 'Save Christiania' nights, a cabaret show and three support parties in order to be able to downpay some of the Gay House's debt to Christiania. According to Dunst, however, neighbours would never readily accept them and the newcomers were accused of not understanding "the Christiania lifestyle". Dunst claim they received verbal abuse, threatening letters and were even, at one instance, threatened with a baseball bat. Some disliked Dunst's loud parties, their contemporary electro-punk style music being described as techno. For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ...


In 2004 Dunst participated in 'Christiania Distortion', an event supportive for Christiania. As they could not make use of the Gay House, Dunst's part of the event took place in a bus circling around Christiania. [7] [8]


Businesses

Christiania has become home to several ventures such as carpenters, blacksmiths, a bikeshop, as well as several cafés, restaurants, Jazz, Blues and night clubs. [9] [10]


Future of Christiania

Mural in Christiania.
Mural in Christiania.

The drug trade in Christiania has been a source of constant annoyance for many Danish politicians and the current right-wing government is taking a number of steps to ensure that Danish law is respected in Christiania. The first step in this process was a police crackdown on the drug trade. Both politicians and police have declared that the drug trade will not be allowed to return. The second (and currently ongoing) phase is the registration of all buildings in Christiania. The third step will be the demolition of a number of shacks, constructed in a nature-preserved area (the historic naval fortress of Copenhagen). These buildings had all been approved by the authorities before the new government passed the current law on Christiania. For the last 15 years the government has not allowed construction in Christiania. This is now being enforced as a zero-tolerance policy with the help of a massive police presence. This is regarded by Christiania community as a government strategy to undermine the collective self-government of Christiania. They believe the government is planning to sell out building rights to private enterprises [11], in an attempt to force the freetown to accept the paradigm of private ownership and market capitalization of private property. The 900 or so inhabitants of Christiania have staked a claim for collective rights of use to all of Christiania, but this has been ignored by the government[citation needed]. Image File history File links Copenhagen_entrance_christiania. ... Image File history File links Copenhagen_entrance_christiania. ...


Governmental normalisation measures

In 2004, the Danish government passed a law abolishing the collective and treating its 900 members as individuals. Beginning in the summer of 2005, a series of protests have been staged by Christiania members. During the same time, Danish police have made frequent sweeps of the area.


The Christiania Café Maanefiskeren (the moonfisher) installed an outdoor countboard of police patrols on Christiania in November 2005. In the summer of 2006 this passed the 1000th patrol (about 4–6 patrols a day). These patrols normally consist of 6 to 20 police officers, often dressed in combat uniform and some times with police dogs.


This has however not affected the street prices of cannabis in- or outside of Christiania. There has been no notable increase or decrease in "regular crime" in the area.


In January 2006, the government proposed that Christiania would be turned into a residential community adding condominiums for 400 new residents. Current residents, now paying DKK 1450 (USD 250) per month, would be allowed to remain but need to begin paying normal rent for the facilities, albeit below market rent levels. Christiania has rejected this scenario, fearing the freetown would turn into a normal Copenhagen neighbourhood. In particular, the concept of privately owned dwellings would be incompatible with Christiania's collective ownership. [12] For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... This article refers to a form of housing. ... ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands 1 Inflation 1. ...


Quotes from the government concerning Christiania:


Christiania-spokesperson for the Conservative (governmental) Party, Christian Wedell-Neergaard:


"Christiania is a dwelling for people who wish to live in a different manner...But it is crucial that varied ownership-models are introduced, so that there will be both private and partially owned houses."


or


"(Christianias) demand that there be a collective fund is not fair, It doesnt meet the wish for a normalization. We (the government) have emphazised that there should be varied ownership-models, such as private ownership."


or


"...it is natural that there are also privately owned buildings in an area like Christiania...Because it is the case for the surrounding society in general, that there are variety in the ownership." (all quotes from Politiken,29.january 2006, pg.6)


or


the Minister of Finance, Thor Pedersen, from the government-party Left (Venstre), who to the question in parliament whether the new buildings at Christiania were only economically motivated, answered:


"It is a political priority that there be build new houses as suggested, to ensure a development of the Christiania-area with varied ownership-models." (Information, 6.june 2006, pg.3)


As can be seen the government plan for normalization definately includes stopping the 35 year old absolute collective ownership-model. The phrase "varied ownership" is synonymous with "introducing private onwership" since it has been a firm principle of Christiania up until now to be collectively owned by all christianites, so that no one have been able to earn money from their estates. This, of course, will also fall with governments plan for normalization, in effect introducing real estate-speculation to Christiania.


Architectural competition

In order to present a reasonable use of area after an eventual "cleaning", the Danish government commissioned an architectural competition. Only 17 more or less doubtful proposals have been sent in, of which only eight have met the formal competition requirements. All of these proposals have been rejected by the panel of judges who, nevertheless, have been required to dispense 850.000 Danish crowns (113.000 Euro, 145.000 USD) in consolation prizes.


Christiania's own development plan

Christiania has countered the government's plans for normalisation with its own community driven planning proposal[13], which after 8 months of internal workshops and meetings gained consensus at the common meeting before being published in early 2006. Christiania's own development plan was awarded the Initiative Award of the Society for the Beautification of Copenhagen in November 2006 and the plan has received positive attention from the municipality of Copenhagen and the Agenda 21 Society for its sustainability goals and democratic process.


Riots over police demolition

Youths getting ready to confront police

On May 14, 2007 the police entered Christiania to demolish the abandoned Cigarkassen building, and were met by angry and scared Christianites who feared that the police were going to demolish other houses too. Road blocks were built and the trucks transporting what was left of the house was sabotaged so that it couldn't move. The police then entered the Freetown on a massive scale and were this time met by violent protesters who threw stones and shot fireworks at the police vehicles, and built barricades in the street outside the Christiania gate. The police used tear gas on the rioters, and a number of arrests were made [2]. One activist sneaked up behind the police commander, called Bjarne Bonelock among christianites, and threw a bucket of urine and feces at him [3]. The police later had to retreat from Christiania. The riot continued over night as youths barricaded the entrances to Christiania and bombarded the police with stones and molotov-cocktails. After several failed attempts to storm the barricades the police ultimately had to give up and retreat. All in all over 50 Christianite-activists were arrested. The police-prosecutor are demanding them imprisoned on account that they may participate in further disturbances in Copenhagen which they say is "in a state of rebellion." [4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.christiania.org/inc/guide/?lan=gb&side=10
  2. ^ Christiania demolition unleashes havoc The Copenhagen Post, 14 May 2007
  3. ^ Politichef overhældt med urin af aktivist Jyllands-Posten, 14 May 2007 (Danish)
  4. ^ www.modkraft.dk, 18 May 2007 (Danish)

The Copenhagen Post is a weekly newspaper providing Danish news in English both nationally and internationally. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Jyllands-Posten , full name: (help· info) (English: The Morning Newspaper / The Jutland Post), is Denmarks largest-selling daily newspaper. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

See also

The Chien Rouge in Lausanne, a squat held in the old hospital. ... Ungdomshuset as seen from the street Ungdomshuset (literally the Youth House) was the attributed name of a building located in Copenhagen on Jagtvej 69, Nørrebro, which functioned as an underground scene venue for music and rendezvous point for varying anarchist and leftist groups from 1982 until 2007. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Web site of Christiania
  • Christiania you have my Heart, Documentary 1991 (google video)
  • Danish Palaces and Properties Agency about Christiania
  • Loppen - Rock and blues venue in Christiania
  • Danish police evict trailersite in Christiania, Copenhagen Independent Media Center, September 8, 2006.
  • Postal changes enrage Christiania, The Copenhagen Post, June 9, 2005.
  • Government's Christiania proposal welcomed, The Copenhagen Post, April 9, 2005.
  • Article about Christiania, The Independent (UK), May 31, 2007.

Coordinates: 55°40′24.92″N, 12°35′58.96″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Freetown Christiania - Definition, explanation (507 words)
Christiania is also the former name of Oslo.
Christiania, also known as the Freetown Christiania, is a partially self-governing neighborhood in the city of Copenhagen, Denmark, which has established semi-legal status as an independent community.
Christiania was founded in 1971, when a group of hippie squatters took over an area of abandoned military barracks.
Freetown Christiania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1949 words)
Christiania, also known as Freetown Christiania, is a partially self-governing neighbourhood of about 850 residents, covering 34 hectars (85 acres) in the borough of Christianshavn in the Danish capital Copenhagen.
Christiania was founded in 1971, when a group of hippie squatters took over an area of abandoned military barracks.
Nils Vest, a film director resident in Christiania, has accused the TV programme of being tendentious and biased [3], whereas others have taken the episode as a proof of faded collectivist ideals and bigotry within Christiania.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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