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Encyclopedia > Freetown, Sierra Leone

For other cities of the same name, see Freetown (disambiguation).


Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the largest city and capital of Sierra Leone. The city is a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Freetown's economy revolves largely around its harbor, which handles Sierra Leone's main exports. Industries include fish packing, rice milling, petroleum refining, diamond cutting, and the manufacture of cigarettes,.


The area was first settled in 1787 by freed slaves sent from England by British abolitionists, who started the Sierra Leone Company. In 1792, Freetown was founded by former slaves from Nova Scotia. From 1808 to 1874 the city served as the capital of British West Africa. During World War II, Britain maintained a naval base at Freetown. Descendants of the freed slaves, called Creoles, play a leading role in the city, even though they are a minority of the population.


The city was the scene of fierce fighting in the late 1990s. It was captured by ECOWAS troops seeking to restore President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah in 1998, and later it was unsuccessfully attacked by rebels of the Revolutionary United Front.


Freetown is the site of the University of Sierra Leone.


The city is twinned with Kingston upon Hull in England.


External links

  • Cry Freetown (http://www.cryfreetown.org)
  • FreeTown photos (http://public.fotki.com/sierraleone/sl_series/salone_nature/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Freetown - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (538 words)
Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the largest city and capital of Sierra Leone, lying on the Freetown Peninsula on the Atlantic coast.
In 1792, Freetown was founded by former slaves from Nova Scotia, and survived being pillaged by the French in 1794.
Freetown's suburbs stretch along the coast, forming a working class East End of Wellington, Kissy, Cline Town, Fourah Bay, Kossa Town and Foulah Town and a bourgeois West End of Congo Town, Murray Town, Wilberforce and Aberdeen.
Freetown, Sierra Leone, Pictures (230 words)
Freetown, capital, largest city, and principal port of Sierra Leone, on a peninsula on the southern bank of the estuary of the Sierra Leone River.
Freetown was founded in 1787 by British abolitionists as a home for liberated slaves.
Freetown became the capital of the independent state of Sierra Leone in 1961.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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