FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Freetown" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Freetown
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Map of Sierra Leone showing the capital Freetown
Coordinates: 8°30′N 13°7′W / 8.5, -13.117
Country Sierra Leone
Region Western Area
Founded 1787
Government
 - Mayor Winstanley Bankole Johnson (APC)
Elevation 84 ft (26 m)
Population (2004)
 - Total 1,070,200
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)

Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the capital and largest city of Sierra Leone, and a major port on the Atlantic Ocean. Located in the Western Area of the country on the Sierra Leone peninsula, Freetown is the hub of the nation's administrative, financial, educational, communications, cultural and economic center, as well as its main port. Freetown is the name of various cities: Freetown, Alabama Freetown, Indiana Freetown, Kentucky Freetown, Louisiana Freetown, Massachusetts Freetown, New York Freetown, Sierra Leone This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Sl-map. ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Western Area is one of four principal divisions of Sierra Leone. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Winstanley Bankole Johnson is a Sierra Leonean politician and the current mayor of Freetown, the capital. ... The All Peoples Congress is a political party in Sierra Leone. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... GMT redirects here. ... ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The Western Area is one of four principal divisions of Sierra Leone. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three or more sides by water. ... Organisational use In some organisational analyses, administration can refer to the bureaucratic or operational performance of mundane office tasks, usually internally oriented. ... FINANCIAL is the weekly English-language newspaper with offices in Tbilisi, Georgia and Kiev, Ukraine. ... Communication is a process that allows organisms to exchange information by several methods. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ...

Contents

History

The area, said to have previously been a slave market, was first settled in 1787 by 400 freed slaves and Black American Loyalists sent from England, under the auspices of British abolitionists. They established the 'Province of Freetown' on land purchased from local Koya Temne subchief King Tom and regent Naimbana, a purchase which was to cede the land to the new settlers "for ever." The established arrangement between Europeans and the Koya Temne did not include provisions for permanent settlement, and some historians question how well the Koya leaders understood the agreement. Disputes soon broke out, and King Tom's successor, King Jimmy burnt the settlement to the ground in 1789[1]. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Slave redirects here. ... For other uses, see Loyalist (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Kingdom of Koya or Koya Temne or Temne Kingdom (1505-1896) was a pre-colonial African state in the north of present-day Sierra Leone. ... King Tom (1851-1878) was an British Thoroughbred racehorse. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The London based Sierra Leone Company made a second attempt in 1792 and resettled Freetown with 1,100 former slaves and Loyalists from Nova Scotia, many of whom were born in the colonial United States, led by former slave Thomas Peters. Around 500 free Jamaican Maroons joined them in 1800. The Sierra Leone Company was the organisation involved in founding the first British colony in Africa in 1792 through the resettlement of Black Loyalist African Americans, mostly ex-slaves who had initially been settled in Nova Scotia after the American Revolutionary War. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English, Canadian Gaelic Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... Thomas Peters (1738- 25 June 1792 in Freetown) was an African-American slave that fled North Carolina with the British during the American Revolution and later ended up as a leader in Freetown, Sierra Leone. ... Body of Ndyuka Maroon child brought before a shaman, Suriname 1955 A Maroon (from the word marronage or American/Spanish cimarrón: fugitive, runaway, lit. ...


It survived being pillaged by the French in 1794, and the indigenous inhabitants revolted in 1800, but the British retook control, beginning the expansionism that led to the creation of Sierra Leone. From 1808 to 1874, the city served as the capital of British West Africa. It served as the base for the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron which was charged with stopping the slave trade. Most of the slaves liberated by the squadron choose to settle in Sierra Leone, and Freetown in particular, rather than return home; thus the population includes descendants of many different peoples from all over the west coast of Africa. The city expanded rapidly as many freed slaves settled, accompanied by African soldiers who had fought for Britain in the Napoleonic Wars. During World War II, Britain maintained a naval base at Freetown. Descendants of the freed slaves, called Creoles, play a leading role in the city, even though they are a minority of the population. 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location of British West Africa. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The West Africa Squadron was a unit of the Royal Navy that was involved in the suppression of the slave trade in West Africa. ... Combatants Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Sicily  Spain[3]  Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Italy Naples [5] Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[6] Saxony[7] Denmark-Norway [8] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich João Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun Gebhard von... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The term Creole and its cognates in other languages — such as crioulo, criollo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kriulo, kriol, krio, etc. ...


The city was the scene of fierce fighting in the late 1990s. It was captured by ECOWAS troops seeking to restore President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah in 1998, and later it was unsuccessfully attacked by rebels of the Revolutionary United Front. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded on May 28, 1975 when fifteen West African countries signed the Treaty of Lagos. ... Ahmad Tejan Kabbah (born February 16, 1932) is the President of Sierra Leone (1996–1997, 1998–present). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was a rebel army that fought a failed ten-year insurrection in Sierra Leone, starting in 1991 and ending in 2002. ...


Climate

Like the rest of Sierra Leone, Freetown is of tropical climate with a rainy season - May through October, the balance of the year representing the dry season. The beginning and end of the rainy season is marked by strong thunder storms. This is a Tropical Savanna Climate. Naples beach in Florida lined with coconut trees is an example of a tropical climate. ... The wet season is a term commonly used when describing the weather in the tropics. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ...


Freetown's high humidity is some what relieved November through February by the famous Harmattan, a gentle wind flowing down from the Sahara Desert affording Freetown its coolest period of the year. Average temperature ranges in Freetown are from 21 degrees Celsius (73 degrees Fahrenheit) to 31 degrees Celsius (88 degrees Fahrenheit) all year. Humidity is the amount of water vapor in air. ... The Harmattan is a dry and dusty wind blowing northeast and west off the Sahara into the Gulf of Guinea between November and March (winter). ... The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed it in 1742. ... This article is about the temperature scale; see also Fahrenheit graphics API. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...


Economy

Many of the country's largest corporations locate their headquarter's home offices in Freetown as well as the majority of international companies. The city's economy revolves largely around its fine natural harbor, which is the third largest natural harbor in the world. The Freetown harbor is capable of receiving oceangoing vessels and handles Sierra Leone's main exports. Industries include food and beverage processing, fish packing, rice milling, petroleum refining, diamond cutting, and the manufacture of cigarettes, paint, shoes, and beer. Sierra Leonean-Lebanese play a major role in local trade in the city. The city is served by the Lungi International Airport, located in the city of Lungi, across the sea from Freetown. A natural harbor is a landform where a body of water forms a harbor. ... Sierra Leonean-Lebanese is an ethnic group in Sierra Leone who are of Lebanese descent or mixed with Lebanese and indigenous Sierra Leonean descents. ... Lungi International Airport (IATA: FNA, ICAO: GFLL) also known as Freetown-Lungi International Airport is an airport located in Lungi, Sierra Leone. ...


Transportation

Air transportation

Lungi International Airport is the international airport that serves Freetown and the rest of the country. It is located in the city of Lungi, across the river from Freetown . It serves as the primary airport for domestic and international travel to or from Sierra Leone. The airport is operated by Sierra Leone Airports Authority. Freetown also has a heliport on Aberdeen Island, connecting the city with the airport. There is a frequent helicopter, hovercraft and ferry-service to Lungi. Lungi International Airport (IATA: FNA, ICAO: GFLL) also known as Freetown-Lungi International Airport is an airport located in Lungi, Sierra Leone. ... Aberdeen is a coastal neighborhood in Sierra Leones capital of Freetown. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... A Hovercraft, or Air-Cushion Vehicle (ACV), is an amphibious vehicle or craft, designed to travel over any sufficiently smooth surface - land or water - supported by a cushion of slowly moving, low-pressure air, ejected downwards against the surface close below it. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ...


Transfers to Freetown

Passengers have the choice of hovercraft, ferry or a helicopter to cross the river to Freetown. Ferry is the cheapest option. A Hovercraft, or Air-Cushion Vehicle (ACV), is an amphibious vehicle or craft, designed to travel over any sufficiently smooth surface - land or water - supported by a cushion of slowly moving, low-pressure air, ejected downwards against the surface close below it. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ...


Access by sea

Sierra Leone has the third largest natural harbour in the world where shipping from all over the globe berth at Freetown's famous Queen Elizabeth II Quay. Passenger, cargo and private craft also utilize Government Wharf nearer to central Freetown. A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... This article is about transported goods. ...


Recent important investment has seen the introduction of high tech cargo scanning facilities operated by Intertek/ Port Maritime Security International (PMSI). This facility is a clear indication of the Sierra Leone Government's commitment for significant improvement, security and expansion of port facilities. Through the services provided, Sierra Leone has not only addressed its international obligations in keeping with future changes but also allows the country to trade freely with the important US export market of minerals including rutile and bauxite. Rutile is a mineral composed primarily of titanium dioxide, TiO2. ... Bauxite with penny Bauxite with core of unweathered rock Bauxite is an aluminium ore. ...


100% inspection of containers arriving and departing Freetown is today the norm, placing Sierra Leone ahead of all other countries throughout West Africa in security, so vastly improving the whole import/export experience for commercial enterprises and shipping lines worldwide.


Features

One of Freetown’s most recognisable features is its famous cotton tree. The cotton tree has reportedly been in the same position since colonists settled in the area in 1787 when the tree was still a young sapling. It now stands outside the Freetown Museum. Cotton Tree can refer to: Street-level view of Freetown showing Cotton Tree in the distance. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Notable buildings in the city include Freetown Law Courts; The city is the site of the permanent home of Fourah Bay College (built in 1827), the oldest university in West Africa, St John's Maroon Church (built around 1820), St George's Cathedral , St George's Cathedral, completed in 1828), Foulah Town Mosque (built in the 1830s). Also in Freetown are assorted beaches and markets, and the Sierra Leone Museum featuring the Ruiter Stone. Fourah Bay College (founded in 1827 as the first western-style university in West Africa) is a university in Fourah Bay, Freetown, Sierra Leone under the banner of the University of Sierra Leone (from 1966 to 2005) and formerly affiliated with Durham University (from 1876 - 1967). ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... St. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwins expedition on the HMS Beagle. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Sports

Like the rest of Sierra Leone, football is the most popular sport in Freetown. The city has seven clubs in the Sierra Leone National Premier League, including two of Sierra Leone's biggest and most successful football clubs, East End Lions, and Mighty Blackpool. A match between these two teams is the biggest clash in Sierra Leonean football. The Sierra Leone national football team, popularly known as the Leone Stars play all of their home games at Freetown's National Stadium, the largest stadium in Sierra Leone. Soccer redirects here. ... Sierra Leone National Premier League is the top football league in Sierra Leone. ... East End Lions is a Sierra Leonean professional football club based in the capital Freetown. ... Mighty Blackpool is a Sierra Leonean football (soccer) club from the the capital Freetown, Sierra Leone. ... First international Nigeria 2 - 0 Sierra Leone (Lagos, Nigeria; 8 October 1949) Biggest win Sierra Leone 5 - 1 Niger (Freetown, Sierra Leone; March 7, 1976) Sierra Leone 5 - 1 Niger (Freetown, Sierra Leone; June 3, 1995) Sierra Leone 4 - 0 São Tomé and Príncipe (Freetown, Sierra Leone; April... National Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Freetown, Sierra Leone. ...


Crime

The overall crime rate in Freetown is low, however violent crimes do occur throughout the city, particularly in the East End of Freetown. Since the end of civil war in 2002, Freetown has experienced an increase of nighttime robberies, assault and residential burglaries, over the past year, a number of carjackings have taken place. Several of these incidents have resulted in people getting injured, assaulted or killed. This graph shows the rate of non-fatal firearm-related crime in the United States from 1993 to 2003. ... A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. ... Burglars attempted to break into an apartment by pulling away the lock. ... A Carjacking scene from the film Reservoir Dogs. ...


Pickpocketing of cell phone and purses are the most common crimes in Freetown. Like most West African countries, local criminals target expatriates due to their perceived wealth. Eighteenth century engraving showing a pickpocket in action. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Notes of interest

The city hosts since the We Are the Future center, a child care center giving children a chance to live their childhoods and develop a sense of hope. The center is managed under the direction of the mayor’s office, and the international NGO Glocal Forum serves as the fundraiser and program planner and coordinator for the WAF child center in each city. Each WAF city is linked to several peer cities and public and private partners to create a unique international coalition. Launched in 2004, the program is the result of a strategic partnership between the Glocal Forum, the Quincy Jones Listen Up Foundation and Mr. Hani Masri, with the support of the World Bank, UN agencies and major companies. NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Based in Rome, Italy, the Glocal Forum aims to balance the global with the local by strengthening inter-city relations and harnessing global opportunities for the economic, social and cultural interests of the local community. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...


Twinning

Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... “New Haven” redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ Shaw, Rosalind, Memories of the Slave Trade: Ritual and the Historical Imagination in Sierra Leone. (2002) University of Chicago Press page 37

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Freetown on GlobalGuide.Org, mapping the world (597 words)
Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the largest city and capital of Sierra Leone, lying on the Freetown Peninsula on the Atlantic coast.
Freetown's suburbs stretch along the coast, from the East End Wellington, Kissy, Cline Town, Fourah Bay, Kossa Town and Foulah Town and a West End of Congo Town, Murray Town, Wilberforce and Aberdeen.
Freetown's high humidity is some what relieved November through February by the famous Harmattan, a gentle wind flowing down from the Sahara Desert affording Freetown its coolest period of the year.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m