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Encyclopedia > Freestyle swimming

Freestyle is one of the official swimming competitions according to the rules of FINA. However, it is technically not a style, as there are very few regulations about the way freestyle has to be swum. Most swimmers choose to swim front crawl during freestyle, as this style provides the fastest speed. A breaststroke swimmer A dog swimming Swimming is a technique to move unaided through water. ... Fina may refer to: Fina is the name of Belgian petroleum company Petrofina. ... Swimmer breathing during front crawl Front crawl is the fastest swimming style known. ...

Contents


Technique

Freestyle swimming competitions can be any of the unregulated strokes such as front crawl, dog paddle, or sidestroke. Individual freestyle competitions can also be swum in one of the officially regulated strokes (breaststroke, butterfly, and backstroke). The freestyle part of medley competitions, however, cannot use breaststroke, butterfly, or backstroke. Most competitive swimmers will choose to swim front crawl during freestyle competitions, as this style provides the fastest speed. Freestyle competitions have also been swum completely and partially in other styles, especially at lower ranking competitions. During the Olympic Games, front crawl is swum almost exclusively during freestyle. Swimmer breathing during front crawl Front crawl is the fastest swimming style known. ... Otto, the well-known Australian Wikipedian, demonstrates the dog-paddle stroke In dog paddle swimming the swimmer lies on his chest and moves his hands and legs alternately exactly as a dog does when swimming. ... Sidestroke is a swimming stroke, so named because the swimmer lies on one side. ... Part of the breaststroke. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Backstroke swimming (amateur competition, non-optimal style) Backstroke is one of the three swimming styles regulated by FINA, and the only regulated style swum on the back. ... Medley is a combination of four different swimming styles into one race. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ...


Rules and Regulation

Freestyle means any style for individual distances and any style but breaststroke, butterfly and backstroke for medley competitions. The wall has to be touched at every turn and upon completion. One part of the swimmer has to be above water at any time except for the first 15 m after the start and every turn. This rule was introduced to avoid the dangers of swimmers passing out during underwater swimming. (see: History of swimming). The exact FINA rules are: Leander swimming across the Hellespont. ...

  • Freestyle means that in an event so designated the swimmer may swim any style, except that in individual medley or medley relay events, freestyle means any style other than backstroke, breaststroke or butterfly.
  • Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall upon completion of each length and at the finish.
  • Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 meters after the start and each turn. By that point the head must have broken the surface.

Competitions

There are eight common competitions swum in freestyle swimming, both over either a long course (50 m pool) or a short course (25 m pool). Of course, other distances are also swum on occasions.

  • 50 m Freestyle
  • 100 m Freestyle
  • 200 m Freestyle
  • 400 m Freestyle
  • 800 m Freestyle
  • 1500 m Freestyle
  • 4×100 m Freestyle Relay
  • 4×200 m Freestyle Relay

Freestyle is also part of the medley over the following distances:

  • 100 m Individual Medley (short 25 m pool only)
  • 200 m Individual Medley
  • 400 m Individual Medley
  • 4×100 m Medley Relay

Current world records

Long course swim pools

Men

Born in Sverdlovsk, Russia, on November 16, 1971, Alexander Popov (also spelt as Aleksandr Popov) would grow up to be one of the worlds best swimmers. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Pieter van den Hoogenband Pieter Cornelis Martijn van den Hoogenband (born March 14, 1978) is a Dutch swimmer, and a triple Olympic champion. ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Ian Thorpe Displaying the 6 gold medals he won at the Manchester Commonwealth Games. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Fukuoka (福岡市; -shi) is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture and is situated on the northern shore of the island of Kyushu in Japan, across the Korea Strait from South Koreas Busan. ... Ian Thorpe Displaying the 6 gold medals he won at the Manchester Commonwealth Games. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Manchester is a city in the North West of England. ... Headline text Headline text Headline text Bold textBold textItalic textItalic textlink titlelink titlelink titleMedia:Example. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Headline text Headline text Headline text Bold textBold textItalic textItalic textlink titlelink titlelink titleMedia:Example. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Fukuoka (福岡市; -shi) is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture and is situated on the northern shore of the island of Kyushu in Japan, across the Korea Strait from South Koreas Busan. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and one of the most famous cities in the world, named after goddess Athena. ... Roland Mark Schoeman (born 3 July 1980) is a South African swimmer and a member of the 2004 Olympic Games swimming team for South Africa. ... Lyndon Ferns (b. ... Darian Townsend (b. ... Ryk Neethling (born 17 November 1977), is a South African swimmer and the winner of an Olympic gold medal. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Fukuoka (福岡市; -shi) is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture and is situated on the northern shore of the island of Kyushu in Japan, across the Korea Strait from South Koreas Busan. ... Headline text Headline text Headline text Bold textBold textItalic textItalic textlink titlelink titlelink titleMedia:Example. ... Michael Klim (born August 13, 1977 in Gdynia) is an Australian swimmer. ... Ian Thorpe Displaying the 6 gold medals he won at the Manchester Commonwealth Games. ... William Kirby. ...

Women

Inge de Bruijn celebrates winning gold, at the final of the womens 100 m Freestyle at the 2000 Olympic Games. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Lisbeth (Libby) Constance Lenton OAM (born January 28, 1985, in Townsville, Queensland) is a member of the Australian Womens Olympic swim team, an Athens gold medalist, and current holder (with teammates Alice Mills, Petria Thomas, and Jodie Henry) of the world record in the womens 4 Ã— 100 metre... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Melbourne is the state capital and largest city in the Australian state of Victoria, and the second-largest city in Australia (after Sydney), with a population of approximately 3. ... Franziska van Almsick (born April 5, 1978 in Berlin, Germany) is a German swimmer. ... August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Janet Evans Janet Beth Evans (born August 28, 1971) is a record-breaking American competitive swimmer. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Janet Evans Janet Beth Evans (born August 28, 1971) is a record-breaking American competitive swimmer. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Janet Evans Janet Beth Evans (born August 28, 1971) is a record-breaking American competitive swimmer. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and one of the most famous cities in the world, named after goddess Athena. ... Alice Mills (born May 23, 1986 in Brisbane, Queensland) is a member of the Australian Womens Olympic Swim team and current holder (with teammates Lisbeth Lenton, Petria Thomas, and Jodie Henry) of the worlds record in the womens 4 x 100 meter relay: 3:35:94. ... Lisbeth (Libby) Constance Lenton OAM (born January 28, 1985, in Townsville, Queensland) is a member of the Australian Womens Olympic swim team, an Athens gold medalist, and current holder (with teammates Alice Mills, Petria Thomas, and Jodie Henry) of the world record in the womens 4 Ã— 100 metre... Petria Ann Thomas (born August 25, 1975) is an Australian swimmer and Olympic gold medallist. ... Categories: Stub | 1983 births | Olympic swimmers of Australia | Swimmers at the 2004 Summer Olympics ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and one of the most famous cities in the world, named after goddess Athena. ... Natalie Coughlin (center, with hands on head) at the 2004 Summer Olympics. ... Dana Vollmer (born November 13, 1987 in Granbury, Texas) is an American swimmer. ... Kaitlin Sandeno (in water, arms stretched) at the Athens Olympic Games. ...

Short course swim pools

Men

March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Ian Crocker (born August 31, 1982) is an American swimmer from the U.S. state of Maine. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Roland Mark Schoeman (born 3 July 1980) is a South African swimmer and a member of the 2004 Olympic Games swimming team for South Africa. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ian Thorpe Displaying the 6 gold medals he won at the Manchester Commonwealth Games. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Headline text Headline text Headline text Bold textBold textItalic textItalic textlink titlelink titlelink titleMedia:Example. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Headline text Headline text Headline text Bold textBold textItalic textItalic textlink titlelink titlelink titleMedia:Example. ... August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Headline text Headline text Headline text Bold textBold textItalic textItalic textlink titlelink titlelink titleMedia:Example. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... William Kirby. ... Ian Thorpe Displaying the 6 gold medals he won at the Manchester Commonwealth Games. ... Michael Klim (born August 13, 1977 in Gdynia) is an Australian swimmer. ... Headline text Headline text Headline text Bold textBold textItalic textItalic textlink titlelink titlelink titleMedia:Example. ...

Women

Therese Alshammar (born August 26, 1977 in Stockholm) is a Swedish swimmer. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Lisbeth (Libby) Constance Lenton OAM (born January 28, 1985, in Townsville, Queensland) is a member of the Australian Womens Olympic swim team, an Athens gold medalist, and current holder (with teammates Alice Mills, Petria Thomas, and Jodie Henry) of the world record in the womens 4 Ã— 100 metre... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lisbeth (Libby) Constance Lenton OAM (born January 28, 1985, in Townsville, Queensland) is a member of the Australian Womens Olympic swim team, an Athens gold medalist, and current holder (with teammates Alice Mills, Petria Thomas, and Jodie Henry) of the world record in the womens 4 Ã— 100 metre... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Laure Manaudou (born October 9, 1986 in Villeurbanne) is a French swimmer. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Laure Manaudou (born October 9, 1986 in Villeurbanne) is a French swimmer. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jingyi Le (born March 19, 1975 in Shanghai) is a former swimmer from China who won the gold medal in the 100 metres freestyle at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. ... April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...

External links

  • Swim.ee: Detailed discussion of swimming techniques and speeds

  Results from FactBites:
 
Freestyle swimming - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (758 words)
Freestyle is one of the official swimming competitions according to the rules of FINA.
Freestyle swimming competitions can be any of the unregulated stroke as front crawl, dog paddle or sidestroke.
Freestyle means that in an event so designated the swimmer may swim any style, except that in individual medley or medley relay events, freestyle means any style other than backstroke, breaststroke or butterfly.
Freestyle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (307 words)
The word freestyle is used to describe a sport or other activity where the participant is free to choose a style at will.
Freestyle was the name of hip hop musician Pretty Tony's one man band.
Freestyle fighting, a kind of martial art that incorporates various styles and forms of martial arts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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