FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
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Encyclopedia > Freedom of education

Freedom of education incorporates the right of any person to manage their own education, start a school, or to have access to education of their choice without any constraints. In some countries enrollment in a public or government managed school system is compulsory and young people are threatened and intimidated by police if they don't meet the state criteria of attendance. In principle, anyone or any community can start a school, freedom of education is meant to eliminate any monopoly on education. Alternative schools typically do not enforce compulsory education, but the freedom of families to make their own choices, as to whether or not to send their children to school. Homeschool families are free to meet the educational needs of their own children. Public school, has two distinct meanings: an elementary or secondary school supported and administered by a public authority; or, in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, a private school, usually also a boarding school, sometimes coeducational, which prepares pupils for the university. ... In education, the phrase alternative school usually refers to a school based on a non-traditional, new, or non-standard educational philosophy. ... Compulsory education is education which children are required by law to receive and governments to provide. ... Homeschooling (also called home education) is the education of children at home and in the community, in contrast to education in an institution such as a public or parochial school. ...

Legal Protections for Educational Freedom

Freedom of education is a constitutional (legal) concept that has been included in several national constitutions, e.g. the European Convention on Human Rights, the Belgian constitution (article 17) and the Dutch constitution (article 23). The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, also known as the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), was adopted under the auspices of the Council of Europe[1] in 1950 to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. ...

In the United States the Federal government lacks the right to restrict the freedom of individuals to form schools or define educational curricula. Although freedom of education is not explicitly granted by the constitution, it has been ruled to be protected as part of the "liberty of citizens of the United States", which the Constitution protects, in several Supreme Court decisions, including Meyer v. Nebraska (1923), Pierce v. Society of Sisters (1925) and Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972). Brown v. Board of Education was landmark supreme case that over turned segregation in schools based on the color of one's skin. The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... Freedom is the right, or the capacity, of self-determination, as an expression of the individual will. ... The supreme court functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged, in some countries, provinces and states. ... Holding The Court held that a 1919 Nebraska law prohibiting the teaching of modern foreign languages to grade school children unconstitutionally violated the Due Process clause of the 14th Amendment. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pierce v. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Holding The Wisconsin Compulsory School Attendance Law violated the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment because required attendance past the eighth grade interfered with the right of Amish parents to direct the religious upbringing of their children. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Holding Segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. ... Segregation means separation. ...



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