FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
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Encyclopedia > Freedmen

A freedman is a former slave who has been manumitted or emancipated.


Millions of freedmen were created as a result of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution as a result of the American Civil War, although there were freedmen all across the U.S. before the Emancipation Proclamation. To meet this demand, during reconstruction, a Freedmen's Bureau was created.


See reconstruction; Jim Crow.


Freedmen were also a large social class in ancient Rome. It was the exceptional feature of ancient Rome that almost all slaves freed by Roman owners automatically received not only freedom but also Roman citizenship. As citizens, needing a Roman name for the first time, freedmen customary took the nomen of their former owner, who now became their patronus. A precedent was set under the Claudian Civil Service where freedman were used as servants in the Roman bureaucracy. In addition, Claudius passed a legislation concerning slaves. Specifically if any slave owner abandoned their sick slave and s/he recovered they became a freedmen. Claudius was extensively critisized for using slaves as freedmen in the Imperial Courts.


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Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1342 words)
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, popularly known as the Freedmen's Bureau or (mistakenly) the Freedman's Bureau, was an agency of the government of the United States that was formed to aid distressed refugees of the United States Civil War, including former slaves and poor white farmers.
Freedmen and freedwomen turned to the Bureau for assistance in fixing domestic problems such as abandonment and divorce.
Although its efforts were noble, the Freedmen's Bureau could do little to reverse the sociological effects of slavery and had almost no funds or staff to support successful investigations to locate loved ones.
AllRefer.com - Freedmen's Bureau (U.S. History) - Encyclopedia (486 words)
Freedmen's Bureau, in U.S. history, a federal agency, formed to aid and protect the newly freed fls in the South after the Civil War.
Established by an act of Mar. 3, 1865, under the name "bureau of refugees, freedmen, and abandoned lands," it was to function for one year after the close of the war.
A bill extending its life indefinitely and greatly increasing its powers was vetoed (Feb. 19, 1866) by President Andrew Johnson, who viewed the legislation as an unwarranted (and unconstitutional) continuation of war powers in peacetime.
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