Freedmen were also a large social class in ancient Rome. It was the exceptional feature of ancient Rome that almost all slaves freed by Roman owners automatically received not only freedom but also Roman citizenship. As citizens, needing a Roman name for the first time, freedmen customary took the nomen of their former owner, who now became their patronus. A precedent was set under the Claudian Civil Service where freedman were used as servants in the Roman bureaucracy. In addition, Claudius passed a legislation concerning slaves. Specifically if any slave owner abandoned their sick slave and s/he recovered they became a freedmen. Claudius was extensively critisized for using slaves as freedmen in the Imperial Courts.
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, popularly known as the Freedmen's Bureau or (mistakenly) the Freedman's Bureau, was an agency of the government of the United States that was formed to aid distressed refugees of the United States Civil War, including former slaves and poor white farmers.
Freedmen and freedwomen turned to the Bureau for assistance in fixing domestic problems such as abandonment and divorce.
Although its efforts were noble, the Freedmen's Bureau could do little to reverse the sociological effects of slavery and had almost no funds or staff to support successful investigations to locate loved ones.
Freedmen's Bureau, in U.S. history, a federal agency, formed to aid and protect the newly freed fls in the South after the Civil War.
Established by an act of Mar. 3, 1865, under the name "bureau of refugees, freedmen, and abandoned lands," it was to function for one year after the close of the war.
A bill extending its life indefinitely and greatly increasing its powers was vetoed (Feb. 19, 1866) by President Andrew Johnson, who viewed the legislation as an unwarranted (and unconstitutional) continuation of war powers in peacetime.
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m