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Encyclopedia > Free reed aerophone

A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument where sound is produced as air passes a reed in a chamber, causing the reed to vibrate. The reed is fixed in a close-fitting frame, so that the vibrations cause rapid, periodic interruptions of the air flow. These air pulses initiate the audible vibrations perceived by the listener. In the related "fixed reed" instruments, a vibrating reed is used to set a column of air in vibration within the instrument. A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A schematic representation of auditory signaling Sound is vibration, as perceived by the sense of hearing. ... A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to make music. ... See Oscillator (disambiguation) for particular types of oscillation and oscillators. ... In mathematics, a periodic function is a function that repeats its values, after adding some definite period to the variable. ... A wind instrument consists of a tube containing a column of air which is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set into the end of the tube. ...


In a free-reed instrument, it is the physical characteristics of the reed itself, such as mass, length, cross-sectional area and stiffness, that primarily determine the pitch (frequency) of the musical note produced. This contrasts with the situation in fixed reed instruments where the pitch is primarily determined by the length of the column of air which vibrates in sympathy with the reed. Sine waves of various frequencies; the lower waves have higher frequencies than those above. ...


The oldest known free-reed instrument is the Laotian khene, widely accepted as the musical ancestor of the harmonica and accordion. Other well-known free-reeds include the concertina, bandoneon, melodica, reed organ and harmonium. A harmonica A harmonica is a free reed musical wind instrument (also known, among other things, as a mouth organ, french harp, simply harp, or Mississippi saxophone), having multiple, variably-tuned brass or bronze reeds, each secured at one end over an airway slot of like dimension into which it... An accordion is a small portable free-reed wind instrument with a keyboard, the smallest representative of the organ family. ... English concertina made by Wheatstone around 1920 A concertina, like the various accordions, is a member of the free-reed family of instruments. ... The bandone n is a free-reed instrument instrument particularly popular in Argentina. ... A Hohner melodica The melodica is a free-reed instrument similar to the accordion and harmonica. ... This article is on the musical instrument; for information on other kinds of harmonia, see harmonium (disambiguation). ...


External links

  • What Is A Free Reed? (http://www.patmissin.com/history/whatis.html)
  • Classical Free Reeds (http://trfn.clpgh.org/free-reed/)
  • Reeds World Musical Instrument Gallery (http://www.asza.com/ihm.shtml#Free)
  • The History of the Accordion in China (http://www.accordions.com/index/his/his_cn.shtml)
  • Squeezebox 101: A Beginner's Field Guide to Hand-Held Bellows-Driven Free-Reed Musical Instruments" (http://www.geocities.com/heytud/sb101/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Free reed aerophone (659 words)
In the related "fixed reed" instruments, a vibrating reed is used to set a column of air in vibration within the instrument.
A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument where sound is produced as air flows past a vibrating reed in a frame.
A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument where sound is produced as air passes a reed in a chamber, causing the reed to vibrate.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Reed organ (964 words)
A reed organ is an organ that generates its sounds using free metal reeds, similar to an accordion.
Reed organs and melodions were mostly of American manufacture and operate on vacuum.
Musical instrument stubs A free reed aerophone is a musical instrument where sound is produced as air passes a reed in a chamber, causing the reed to vibrate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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