FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Free Democratic Party (Germany)
Freie Demokratische Partei
FDP logo
Leader Guido Westerwelle
Founded December 11th, 1948
Headquarters Thomas-Dehler-Haus
Reinhardtstraße 14
10117 Berlin
Political Ideology Liberalism
International Affiliation Liberal International
European Affiliation European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
European Parliament Group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours blue/yellow
Website www.fdp.de
See also Politics of Germany

Political parties
Elections Image File history File links FDP-logo. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Liberal International is a political international for international liberal parties. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, mainly active in the European Union, composed of 49 national liberal and centrist parties from across Europe. ... ALDE logo The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour lEurope) is a Group in the European Parliament. ... For other uses, see Blue (disambiguation). ... A yellow Tulip. ... Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... This is a list of political parties in Germany. ... Elections in Germany gives information on election and election results in Germany, including elections to the Federal Diet (the lower house of the federal parliament), the Landtage of the various states, and local elections. ...

The Free Democratic Party (German: Freie Demokratische Partei; FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. The party's ideology combines beliefs in individual liberty, in a state or government "that is as small as possible" and in market economy, with traditional features of the German social welfare system. The FDP is currently the third-largest party in the Bundestag. Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... “Political Parties” redirects here. ... A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets guided by a free price system. ... ... Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups (as of September 18, 2005 elections) Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226), Social Democratic Party of Germany (222), Free Democratic Party (61), The Left Party. ...


The FDP was formed on December 11, 1948, by local liberal parties. These were founded in 1945 by former members of the liberal German Democratic Party (DDP) and some from the center-right German People's Party (DVP). The FDP's first chairman, Theodor Heuss, was a former leader of the DDP. The FDP has traditionally been composed mainly of middle-class and upper-class Protestants who consider themselves to be independents and heirs to the European liberal tradition. The party is a relatively weak institutional party, gaining between 5.8 and 12.8% of the votes in federal elections. However, it has participated as a junior partner in all but six postwar federal governments in coalition with either the Christian Democrats (CDU) or the Social Democrats (SPD). Thus it has spent only about 15 years out of government since 1949. It has generally distinguished itself from the CDU and the SPD by advocating more market-oriented policies. The German Democratic Party, or Deutsche Demokratische Partei (DDP), was founded by leaders of the former Progressive Peoples Party (Fortschrittliche Volkspartei) and the left wing of the National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei) in the early days of the Weimar Republic. ... The term center-right has two distinct meanings in politics: Center-right can be used to describe a moderately right-wing political party. ... This page is about the German Peoples Party which existed between 1918 and 1933. ... Theodor Heuss (January 31, 1884 - December 12, 1963) was a German politician. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... Upper class refers to the group of people at the top of a social hierarchy. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... In the entry Liberalism one can find a comprehensive discussion on liberalism. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The party became involved in controversy when, during the 1994 federal elections, one of its members declared it to be the party of the Besserverdienenden ("better-earning people"), in reaction to the SPD's advocacy of a special tax for the Besserverdienenden. Political adversaries have claimed that the FDP opposes the interests of poorer people.


Throughout its history, the party's economic policies have shifted between social liberalism (in the European sense) and market liberalism. Since the 1980s the FDP has maintained a consistently free-market stance, by German standards. Howerver, many of its policies acknowledge that certain aims can not be reached by market mechanisms alone and would not be seen as free-market policies in, for example, the USA; so the FDP supports a minimum standard of welfare protections for all and strong anti-trust policies, for example. Social liberalism is either a synonym for new liberalism or a label used by progressive liberal parties in order to differentiate themselves from the more conservative liberal parties, especially when there are two or more liberal parties in a country. ... As a market-emphasized descendant of classical liberalism, market liberalism advocates full freedom of markets, without e. ...


In foreign policy the FDP supports European integration and transatlantic partnership.


In all federal election campaigns since the 1980s, the party has sided with the CDU and CSU, the main center-right parties in Germany. An exception to this rule was the 2002 campaign, where "equidistance" to CDU and SPD was claimed. Following German reunification in 1990, the FDP merged with the Association of Free Democrats, a grouping of liberals from East Germany. During the 1990s, the FDP won between 6.2 and 11 percent of the vote in Bundestag elections. Between 1982 and 1998, it served as the junior partner in the government of Chancellor Helmut Kohl of the CDU. The term center-right has two distinct meanings in politics: Center-right can be used to describe a moderately right-wing political party. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The Association of Free Democrats (German: Bund Freier Demokraten) was a liberal coalition formed in East Germany on 12 February 1990. ... Anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin Language(s) German Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1949 – 1960 Wilhelm Pieck  - 1960 – 1973 Walter Ulbricht  - 1973 – 1976 Willi Stoph  - 1976 – 1989 Erich Honecker  - 1989 Egon Krenz  - 1989 - 1990 Manfred Gerlach Head of Government  - 1949 – 1964 Otto Grotewohl  - 1964 – 1973 Willi Stoph... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (born April 3, 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ...


In the 2005 general election the party won 9.8 percent of the vote and 61 federal deputies, an unpredicted improvement from prior opinion polls. It is believed that this was partly due to tactical voting by CDU-CSU supporters who supported strong economic reforms. However, because the CDU did less well than predicted, the FDP and the CDU were unable to form a coalition government (a contrast to the situation after the 2002 federal election where a coalition between the two parties was impossible primarily because of the weak results of the FDP). Disagreements over social issues (the FDP taking a liberal stance, the CDU more conservative) also complicated a coalition agreement. The party was considered as a potential member of various possible political coalitions, following the election. One possibility was a partnership between the FDP, the Social Democrats and Greens, but most Free Democrats felt that the Social Democrats were not bold enough on economic reform. Also considered was a CDU-FDP-Green coalition (called "Jamaica Coalition" because of the party colours, the same as those of the Jamaican flag), but the Greens quickly ruled out participation in any coalition with the CDU-CSU (Joschka Fischer in particular dismissed the possibility out of hand). Instead, the CDU formed a grand coalition with the SPD, and the FDP entered the opposition. FDP leader Guido Westerwelle became Leader of the Opposition on account of the Free Democrats' position as the largest non-government party in the Bundestag. German federal elections took place on September 18, 2005 to elect the members of the 16th German Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany. ... In voting systems, tactical voting (or strategic voting) occurs when a voter supports a candidate other than his or her sincere preference in order to prevent an undesirable outcome. ... A political alliance or political coalition is an agreement for cooperation between different political parties on common political agenda, often for purposes of contesting an election to mutually benefit by collectively clearing election thresholds or otherwise benefiting from characteristics of the voting system or for government formation after elections. ... The Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), the German Green party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of Jamaica was adopted on August 6, 1962 which was the original Jamaican Independance Day. ... Joschka Fischer Joseph Martin Joschka Fischer (April 12, 1948 – ) was German foreign minister and Vice Chancellor in the government of Gerhard Schröder from 1998 to 2005. ... A grand coalition is a coalition government in a parliamentary system where political parties representing a vast majority of the parliament unite in a coalition. ... Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ...


The party's unofficial motto is "So viel Staat wie nötig, so wenig Staat wie möglich!" ("as much state as necessary, as little state as possible!)"


Chairmen of the Free Democratic Party, 1948-present

Theodor Heuss (January 31, 1884 - December 12, 1963) was a German politician. ... Franz Blücher (born March 24, 1896 in Essen; died March 26, 1959 in Bad Godesberg) was a German politician of the Free Democratic Party (FDP), Free Peoples Party (FVP), a splitter party of the FDP, and the German Party (DP). ... Thomas Dehler (December 14, 1897 in Lichtenfels – July 21, 1967 in Streitberg) was a German politician and the leader of FDP 1954–1957. ... Thomas Dehler (October 16, 1889 in Schorndorf – August 19, 1971 in Stuttgart) was a German politician and the leader of FDP 1957–1960. ... Erich Mende (October 28, 1916 in Groß Strehlitz – May 6, 1998 in Bonn) was a German politician of FDP and CDU. He was the leader of FDP 1960 - 1968. ... Walter Scheel (born July 8, 1919) is a German politician (FDP). ... George H. W. Bush and Hans-Dietrich Genscher, November 21st, 1989. ... Martin Bangemann (born November 15, 1934 in Wanzleben) is a German politician and the former leader of the FDP (1985–1988). ... Otto Graf Lambsdorff, born December 20, 1926 in Aachen, Germany, is a German politician with the Free Democratic Party. ... Dr. Klaus Kinkel (born December 17, 1936) is a German politician (FDP). ... Wolfgang Gerhard Wolfgang Gerhardt (born December 31, 1943 in Ulrichstein) is a German politician and the former leader of the FDP (1995 - 2001). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

See also

Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Contributions to liberal theory is a partial list of individual contributions on a worldwide scale. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political current in specific regions and countries. ... This is an overview of parties that adhere more or less (explicitly) to the ideas of political liberalism and is therefore a list of liberal parties around the world. ... Liberal democracy is a form of government. ... This article aims to give an historical overview of liberalism in Germany. ... The Friedrich Naumann Foundation (Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung) (FNSt) is a German foundation for liberal politics, related to the Free Democratic Party. ... Junge Liberalen (Young Liberals), generally called JuLis, a political youth organization in Germany. ... The Liberal Students Association or LHG (Bundesverband Liberaler Hochschulgruppen) is a student association in the Federal Republic of Germany supporting liberal political issues. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Social liberalism is either a synonym for new liberalism or a label used by progressive liberal parties in order to differentiate themselves from the more conservative liberal parties, especially when there are two or more liberal parties in a country. ...

External links

  • Free Democratic Party (FDP) official site
Preceded by
National Democratic Party of Germany (East Germany)
liberal German parties
{{{years}}}
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Liberal Democratic Party of Germany
liberal German parties
{{{years}}}
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
Free Democratic Party (GDR)
liberal German parties
{{{years}}}
Succeeded by
-

  Results from FactBites:
 
Free Democratic Party (Germany) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (604 words)
The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany.
The party is a relatively weak institutional party, gaining between 5.8 and 12.8% of the votes in federal elections.
Election placard of the Free Democratic Party (Germany) for the German federal election, 2005.
Free Democratic Party of Germany - definition of Free Democratic Party of Germany in Encyclopedia (299 words)
The party is a member of Liberal International and the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.
Although the party is relatively weak, yielding between 5 and 10 % of the votes in elections, it has participated in all but three postwar federal governments in coalitions with the CDU (conservatives) and SPD (social-democratic) and has spent only eight years out of government since 1949.
Still, the party tends to do especially well in areas where people are more well off, and in times when the CDU is not popular among the voters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m