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Encyclopedia > Fredericton, New Brunswick
City of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
List of cities in Canada
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Motto:
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Fredericpolis silvae filia noblis (Fredericton noble daughter of the forest)
Image:Fredericton, New Brunswick Location.png
Established: {{{Established}}}
Area: 131.23 km²
Population:

City (2001) This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Here is a list of the symbols of Canadian provinces and territories. ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group or organization. ... This is a list of the 100 largest cities and towns (see note) in Canada ranked by area. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 1 km² (100 hectares) and 10 km² (1000 hectares). ...


47,560

Population density: 362.4/km²
Time zone: Atlantic: UTC -4
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E3A, E3B, E3C
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Latitude:
Longitude:
A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... AST is UTC-4 The Atlantic Standard Time Zone (AST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-4. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), the astronomical basis for civil time. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that form part of a postal address in Canada. ...

45°57′ N
66°40′ W
Elevation: 20 m MSL
Mayor: Brad Woodside
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List of mayors of Fredericton, New Brunswick
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Governing body: Fredericton City Council
Members of Parliament:
Andy Scott
Provincial Representatives:
Thomas J. Burke, Brad Green, Kelly Lamrock
http://www.city.fredericton.nb.ca/
1(sc) According to the Canada 2005 Census.
Template help Flag of Canada
For the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, see Fredericton (electoral district)

Fredericton is the capital of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Fredericton is an important cultural, artistic and educational centre for the province. Fredericton boasts three universities - the University of New Brunswick, the liberal arts focused St. Thomas University, Lansbridge University and Centre for Arts and Technology. Fredericton is also home to cultural institutions such as the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the York-Sunbury Museum and The Playhouse, the latter which serves as a venue for local talent/writers. As well, adding to the city's rich cultural milieu, Fredericton is home to the annual Harvest and Jazz and Blues Festival every fall which attracts regional and international jazz and blues artists. The city also contains a growing IT and commercial sector. The city boasts the highest percentage of residents with a post-secondary education in the province and one of the highest per capita incomes. To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between one metre and ten metres. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Honourable Andrew Andy Scott, PC, MP (born March 16, 1955) is a Liberal Member of the Canadian Parliament representing Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... This article is about the term as used within the Commonwealth of Nations; there is also an Legislative Assembly in Oregon and there used to be a Legislative Assembly in France during the French Revolution. ... Thomas Jack T.J. Burke (born Los Angeles, California in 1972) is a New Brunswick lawyer and politician. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Fredericton in relation to the other New Brunswick ridings Fredericton (formerly Fredericton—York—Sunbury) is a federal electoral district in New Brunswick, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1988. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1 458 km... KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... St. ... The Beaverbrook Art Gallery is a small prestigious art gallery located in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada on the west bank of the Saint John River at the edge of the citys central business district. ...


The population of city of Fredericton is 48,000 (greater Fredericton 81,346, both per 2001 census), although unofficial reports more around 50,750 (greater Fredericton 84,523) due to the student population which is often not counted in official censuses. The first major expansion of city the occurred on July 1, 1945 when it amalgamated with the town of Devon. Today the city of Fredericton comprises Fredericton proper, and the boroughs of Silverwood, Nashwaaksis, Barker's Point and Marysville, which were incorporated into the city in 1973. Marysville is a borough on the north side of Fredericton, New Brunswick. ...


The city is situated in the west-central portion of the province and, along with Moncton and Saint John, is one of the main urban centres in southern New Brunswick. The St. John River flows in a west-east direction, bisecting the city and providing the dominant natural feature for the municipality. 2312696-Downtown-Moncton Moncton (46°6′ N 64°46′ W) is the largest city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick and is at the heart of the fastest growing urban area in the province. ... Saint John is the second largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. ... The Saint John River is a river, approximately 418 mi (673 km) long, located in the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ...

Contents


History

Main article: History of Fredericton
Christ Church Cathedral, construction began in 1845 (officially opened 1853)
Christ Church Cathedral, construction began in 1845 (officially opened 1853)

This article is about the history of Fredericton. ... view of Christhchurch Cathedral, Dublin. ... view of Christhchurch Cathedral, Dublin. ...

Aboriginal, French, and early British settlement

The area of the present-day City of Fredericton was first used for seasonal farming by the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet peoples. Corn was a primary crop they grew in the area. Interestingly, in a sense, the site of Fredericton served as a sort of capital for Aboriginals in the area. Aucpaque, the "principle village" of the Aboriginals in the area, was located a few kilometres up river from the site of present day Fredericton. The Mikmaq (also Míkmaq, Micmac, Migmaq) are a First Nations people indigenous to northeastern New England, Canadas Maritimes, and the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ... The Maliseet (also known as Wolastoqiyik and Malecite and in French also as Malécites or Étchemins (the latter collectively referring to the Maliseet and Passamaquoddy)) are a Native American/First Nations people who inhabit the Saint John River valley and its tributaries, roughly overlapping the International Boundary between New... Aboriginal peoples in Canada are indigenous peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982 as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ...


The first European contact in the area was by the French in the late 17th Century, who granted the land to Joseph de Villebon. In 1692, he built a fort (Fort Nashwaak) on the north side of the Saint John River, at the mouth of the Nashwaak River. For a period, Fort Nashwaak served as the capital of the French colony of Acadia. After de Villebon's death in 1700 and a devastating flood, the fort was abandoned. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The St. ... The Nashwaak River located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada; is a tributary of the Saint John River. ... The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ...


The Fredericton area was first permanently settled and named Pointe-Sainte-Anne (often anglicized to Ste. Anne's Point) in 1732 by Acadians fleeing Nova Scotia after the British took over the territory. Their townsite was on the south side of the river, approximately a mile upriver from Fort Nashwaak. The British captured Ste. Anne's Point after the expulsion of the Acadians in 1755, burning the settlement to the ground. A 1762 settlement attempt by the British was unsuccessful due to hostility of local Acadian and Aboriginal populations. These settlers ended up building a community down river at what is today the town of Maugerville. However, three fur traders manged to permanently settle there in 1768. Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 12th 55,283 km² 53,338... The Great Upheaval (le Grand Dérangement), also known as the Great Expulsion or the Acadian Expulsion, is the eviction of the Acadian population from Nova Scotia between 1755 and 1763, ordered by governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council. ...


The Loyalists and the founding of Fredericton

In 1783, United Empire Loyalists settled in Ste. Anne's Point after the American Revolution, although many died during the first winter in Fredericton which was harsh and long. Those who perished during that winter were buried in what became the Loyalist cemetery, which is still found on the south bank of the Saint John River. When spring came - more Loyalists left the new settlement to take up land grants in other areas of the countryside. United Empire Loyalists is the name given to the portion of British Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War, and to recover lost fortunes (land and private property... The American Revolution was a revolution that ended two centuries of rule of the Thirteen Colonies by the British Empire and created the modern United States of America. ...


When New Brunswick became a separate colony from Nova Scotia in 1784, Ste. Anne's Point became the provincial capital, winning out over Parrtown (present-day Saint John) due to its central inland location meaning it was less prone to American attack from the sea. A street plan was laid out to the west of the original townsite, King's College (now the University of New Brunswick) was founded, and the locale was renamed "Frederick's Town", in honour of the second son of King George III of the United Kingdom, Prince Frederick Augustus, Duke of York. The name was shortened to Fredericton shortly after the city became the official provincial capital of New Brunswick on April 25, 1785. Thus, in a period of less than three years, the area of Fredericton went from being a sparsley populated region to being the capital of the new colony of New Brunswick. Saint John is the second largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. ... KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... His Royal Highness The Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (Frederick Augustus) (16 August 1763 - 5 January 1827) was a member of the British Royal Family, the second eldest child, and second son of King George III. From 1820 until his own death in 1827, he was the heir... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The same attributes that made Fredericton the capital city also made it an ideal spot for a military installation. Many of the original military buildings downtown still stand, and are now tourist attractions.


A building was constructed to house the provincial legislative assembly in 1788, but it was destroyed by a fire in 1880. Two years later, the present Legislature Building was constructed.


Nineteenth and twentieth century

In 1848, Christ Church Cathedral (part of the Church of England) was built, allowing Fredericton to achieve city status. The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ...


A Maliseet settlement, today called the St. Mary's First Nation, was founded on the north side of the river in 1847. However, Saint Mary's saw its initial allocation reduced as Fredericton grew and surrounded it.


Until Devon (a town incorporated in 1917 after the merger of the village's of St. Mary's Ferry and Gibson) was amalgamated with Fredericton in 1945, the corporate limit of the city of Fredericton was restrained to the south side. The postwar period (until the end of the 1970s) saw a growth in Fredericton's population - and the development of the flat area along with the establishment of bedroom communities such as New Maryland. This was due to the growth of the provincial government and the universities. New Maryland is a village in central New Brunswick, Canada; located directly south of Fredericton. ...


In 1973, the city annexed several bedroom communities, such as Nashwaaksis, Marysville, Barker's Point, and Silverwood. Although all of these names are still in common use, references to simply the "north side" or the "south side" (with the Saint John River being the dividing line) are generally used by local residents. Marysville is a borough on the north side of Fredericton, New Brunswick. ...


Historic Marysville

Main article: History of Marysville

One of the communities annexed to Fredericton in 1973, Marysville, has a unique and distinctive history of its own. Marysville is located on the Nashwaak River - a tributary of the Saint John River - just North of pre-1973 Fredericton. The community is distinguished by its 19th century Mill and historic buildings which include nineteenth century company houses and buildings which are patterned after that of many British industrial towns. This article is about the history of the Fredericton borough of Marysville. ... The Nashwaak River located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada; is a tributary of the Saint John River. ... The St. ...


Marysville can be described as a prime example of a nineteenth century mill town. In the 1830s, a saw mill was built on the site of Marysville by two local entrepreneurs. However, the saw mill frequently changed ownership and never showed a profit. It was Alexander Gibson (popularly referred to as "Boss Gibson") who turned this situation around and built a prosperous industrial town. In 1883, under the direction of Gibson, construction began of a Cotton Mill which was state of the art for its time. "Boss" Gibson named the company town, that grew up around the Mill, Marysville in honour of his wife. Alexander Boss Gibson (1819-1913) was an industrialist in New Brunswick, Canada. ...


In 1908, having faced financial problems, Gibson sold the Mill to a Montreal-based company which, in turn, sold it to Canadian Cottons Ltd. After WWII, foreign competition devastated the Mill's business and it ceased operations in 1954. There were numerous attempts to re-open the Mill however, in 1980, it closed its doors permanently.


The Mill was renovated and re-opened in 1985 as provincial government offices. The Mill still remains the dominant feature in the Marysville skyline.


Neighbourhoods

The City of Fredericton is bisected by the Saint John River - this creates distinctive regions of the city characterized as "The Northside" and the "Southside."


The Southside is characterized by a downtown core consisting of provincial government departments, historical buildings, and numerous business establishments, banks, and law firms. Downtown also hosts many of the city's cultural attractions such as The Playhouse, the York-Sunbury Museum, and the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, to name a few. Many notable historical buildings are also located in or near downtown, including many grand Victorian-era residences, the Provincial Legislature Building, and Christchurch Cathederal. South of downtown the city's elevation rises along a gently sloping hill (part of the river valley feature of the city where there is another sloping hill on the Northside). This "Hill area" of the city consists of many middle to upper income neighbourhoods, leading some to dub it "sirloin hill" or "mortgage hill", in reference to the higher housing costs. The Playhouse is a 1921 film written and directed by Buster Keaton. ... The Beaverbrook Art Gallery is a small prestigious art gallery located in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada on the west bank of the Saint John River at the edge of the citys central business district. ...


The "Hill Area" also includes an area known as "College Hill", where the adjoining campuses of the University of New Brunswick and St. Thomas University are located, slightly southeast of the downtown area. South of the universities is the Doctor Everett Chalmers Hospital, the main hospital serving central/western New Brunswick. East of the universities is the Skyline Acres/Southwood Park area - a growing suburban district of the city. Further east - on the eastern city limits - is the Industrial Park consisting of box stores, wholesalers, and warehouses. KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... St. ...


Southwest of downtown, in the Hill area, is a large preserved forested area - O'Dell Park. Its trails and wooded areas are a favourite for hiking, jogging and cross country skiing for city residents. West of the park is the Hanwell Road, Golf Club Road, and Silverwood nieghbourhoods consisting largely of suburban residences.


South of the "Hill Area" - where it plateaus, is a sizeable shopping district consisting of two Malls - The Fredericton Mall and The Regent Mall as well as numerous other retail outlets.


The City's "Northside" consists of several boroughs which were at one time separate communities. These include Devon, Nashwaaksis, Marysville and Barker's Point. These communities are largely suburban neighbourhoods and retail outlets. Union Street, which runs just north of the Saint John River includes numerous retail outlets as well as an eclectic array of businesses including IT firms, law firms, and real estate agents, among others. Also located on the Northside is the Brookside Mall - one of Fredericton's major retail outlets. Marysville is a borough on the north side of Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... The St. ...


Also on the northside is Marysville which is Canada's only intact British-style Mill town. Built in the 19th century under the direction of mill owner and businessman Alexander "Boss" Gibson, Marysville grew into a prosperous Mill town with an ideal location along a tributary of the Saint John River. Marysville still retains many British style dwellings as well as the original Mill which has since been converted to provincial government offices. [1] The St. ...


The Northside is also home to the Saint Mary's First Nation Aboriginal reserve, which includes a community centre and a shopping centre along with private residences. During the Christmas season, residences of the Saint Mary's First Nations sport some of the most colourful and creative decorations in the city. Saint Marys First Nation forms part of Fredericton, New Brunswick and is one of six Maliseet Nations on the Saint John River in Canada. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ...


Climate and geography

Fredericton: Average Temperature and Precipitation
Breakdown by month
Month Precipitation
mm
Temperature
(Low °C)
Temperature
(High °C)
Temperature
(Daily
Mean °C)

Jan 92.1 -14.8 -3.8 -9.3
Feb 76.2 -13.9 -2.2 -8.0
Mar 79.4 -7.7 2.7 -2.5
Apr 82.8 -1.1 9.5 4.2
May 84.2 4.4 17.2 10.8
Jun 84.2 9.5 22.5 16.0
Jul 85.3 12.9 25.6 19.2
Aug 87.8 11.8 24.4 18.1
Sep 89.5 6.8 19.4 13.1
Oct 94.6 1.6 13.0 7.3
Nov 101.3 -3.1 5.8 1.3
Dec 97.1 -11.5 -1.5 -6.5
Year 1060.2 -0.3 11.1 5.3

Fredericton is located in the middle of the Saint John River valley, with most of the city's post-war suburban development occurring on gently sloping hills on either side of the river, although the downtown core is flat and lies low to the river.


At an altitude of approximately 17 metres above sea level, the city of Fredericton is embedded in the Pennsylvanian Basin and it contrasts markedly from the geologically older parts of the province. Roughly, there are two distinct areas in the region that are divided around Wilsey Road, in the east end of the city. In one area the underlying bedrock is topographically dominant whereas the other is controlled by Pleistocene and recent deposits leading to the rivers in the area being shallow and wide. The Pleistocene epoch (pronounced like ply-stow-seen) is part of the geologic timescale. ...


Fredericton and its surroundings are rich in water resources, which, coupled with highly arable soil, make the Fredericton region ideal for agriculture. The Saint John River and one of its major tributaries, the Nashwaak River, come together in Fredericton. The uninhabited parts of the city are heavily forested. The St. ... The Nashwaak River located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada; is a tributary of the Saint John River. ...


Fredericton enjoys a mild climate compared to most of Canada, although its location away from the coastline means it is more prone to extreme temperatures than most other major cities in Atlantic Canada. The average January low temperature is -15°C; while the average high in July and August is 26°C. [2] The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... Temperature is also the name of a song by Sean Paul. ...


The city gets a fair amount of precipitation, although major paralyzing snow and rain storms such as blizzards and hurricanes are uncommon compared to more coastal cities like Moncton or Halifax (but do happen on occasion). On average, Fredericton receives approximately 1100 mm of precipitation per year. Snowfall is common between late November and early April, and snow usually stays on the ground beginning in December. Flooding occurs during the spring of most years on area rivers and affects the city's low lying neighbourhoods. Snow is precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes. ... Rain falling For other uses see Rain (disambiguation). ... Blizzards are characterized by high winds and blinding precipitation Sudden blizzards can cause terrible damage to infrastructure as well as danger to human life. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Moncton (2001 population 61,046, metropolitan population 117,727) is one of the eight cities in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: City Symbol: Kingfisher Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canadas Location. ... Look up Flood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Spring is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...


Education and research

Universities and colleges

Looking down the hill from UNB towards downtown and the Saint John River
Looking down the hill from UNB towards downtown and the Saint John River

Fredericton's status as an educational centre is evident in the city's two degree granting universities: the University of New Brunswick and St. Thomas University. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 611 KB) Summary University of New Brunswick, took it myself today Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 611 KB) Summary University of New Brunswick, took it myself today Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... St. ...


The University of New Brunswick - commonly abbreviated UNB - was founded in 1785 and - along with the University of Georgia - is the oldest public university in North America. Built in 1826, UNB's Old Arts Building is the oldest university building still in use in Canada. UNB also houses Renaissance College which is a leading elite leadership training institution in New Brunswick. UNB houses a Faculty of Law which is one of two Anglophone common-law schools in Atlantic Canada. KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Saint Thomas University is the province's only Catholic university and has been located in Fredericton since 1964, when it moved from its Chatham, New Brunswick campus. Saint Thomas University - commonly abbreviated as STU - is a leading liberal arts university that boasts programs in gerontology, criminology, journalism, social work, native studies, and education. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Chatham, New Brunswick, Canada, a former town on the south bank of the Miramichi River, was subsumed in 1995 into the new city of Miramichi. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...


Adding to Fredericton's cultural and artisitic life is the New Brunswick College of Craft and Design which houses the provinces leading programs in photography and visual arts. The New Brunswick Community College maintains a campus in Fredericton providing two year degree programs oriented to quick entry into the job market. New Brunswick Community College (NBCC) or Collège communautare du Nouveau-Brunswick (CCNB) is the community college of New Brunswick. ...


Fredericton is also home to a small Pentecostal College, the Northeastern Christian College, located on the city's northside. This college trains and certifies pentecostal Ministers. The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit, as shown in the Biblical account of the Day of Pentecost. ... See also minister (government) and minister (diplomacy) In Christian churches, a minister is a man or woman who serves a congregation or participates in a role in a parachurch ministry; such persons can minister as a Pastor, Preacher, Bishop, Chaplain, Deacon or Elder. ...


School system

Fredericton is home to two public high schools. Fredericton High School, which was once the largest school in the Commonwealth of Nations until the construction of Leo Hayes High School in 1999, primarily serves students on the south side. It is also one of the oldest public highschools in Canada tracing its beginnings to 1785 - having celebrated its bicentennial in 1985. Fredericton High School is home to several important sports teams - including basketball, hockey, soccer, and football - which dominated New Brunswick provincial highschool sports championships during much of the 1980s and 1990s. High school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Fredericton High School is a high school in the city of Fredericton in New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ... Leo Hayes High School is a public high school in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, serving students between grades 9 and 12 on the citys north side. ...


Leo Hayes High School, which opened in 1999, serves north side students. In addition, there are four middle schools, fourteen elementary schools and three private schools in the city. A recent issue with middle schools in the city has been the location of George Street Junior High and Albert Street Junior High close to the city centre. This fails to account for the city's changing demographic - which has seen the growth of suburban neighbourhoods. Recent discussions have involved possibly closing down either George Street Junior High or Albert Street Junior to replace them with a suburban Junior High School - possibly to be located in Skyline Acres in the Eastern part of the City. Leo Hayes High School is a public high school in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, serving students between grades 9 and 12 on the citys north side. ... Middle school and junior high school cover a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education and serve as a bridge between them. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Private schools, in the United States, Australia, Scotland, and other English-speaking countries, are schools not administered by local or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public funds. ...


Fredericton is also serviced by the French language Ecole Sainte Anne which provides K-12 French language education. Ecole Sainte Anne is administered by a school district system separate from that which governs the English language schools in the city.


Research

Fredericton hosts several major research centres - dealing with policy development, agriculture, forestry, and engineering. These research institutions are either connected to the City's two universities as well as the provincial and federal government.


The Hugh John Flemming Forestry Centre (including Provincial and Federal Departments) is the leading forestry research centre in Atlantic Canada. This Centre carries out major research endeavours in forestry management and scientific research. The Centre closely collaberates with the Forestry Department at the University of New Brunswick which is one of the top Forestry Departments in Canada. As well, research and development in agriculture and crop development is carried out at the Agricultural Research Station in Lincoln. KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


The University of New Brunswick is the site of several major research centres in social science, forestry, geomatics and biomedical engineering, and policy devlopment. These include the Centre for Conflict Studies - which carries out Research on military and strategic issues and the Muriel McQueen Fergusson Centre for Family Violence Research carries out multi-disciplinary research on family violence issues. Furthermore, the Institute of Biomedical Engineering has completed groundbreaking work on prosthetic limbs to aid war amputees in developing countries. KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


As well, the city's growing IT sector has been the basis for new research on IT and computer programming development.


Economy

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the lumber industry - with corresponding mills - were a primary sector of Fredericton's economy. Over the course of the 20th century, these industries declined and gave way to the provincial government and the universities being the primary employers in the city.


The policies of centralizing provincial government functions during the 1960s under New Brunswick Premier Louis Robichaud -along with the expanded role of the public sector characteristic of the 1960s/70s - led to a sizeable expansion of the city's population. It was during these decades that the Hill area on the city's Southside was largely developed and bedroom communities such as New Maryland emerged. The Honourable Louis Joseph Robichaud, PC , CC , QC , BA , LL.D (October 21, 1925 - January 6, 2005), popularly known as Little Louis or Ti-Louis (due both for his short height and his sharing a name with Uncle Louis St. ... New Maryland is a village in central New Brunswick, Canada; located directly south of Fredericton. ...


The 1960s also saw an expansion of the University of New Brunswick - due to increased post-war university enrollments - as well as the construction of the Fredericton campus of Saint Thomas University. Also contributing to this expansion was the move of the Law School to the Fredericton area. This expansion of the post-secondary sector also contributed to Fredericton's population growth during the 1960s and 1970s. Since then, the city's population has continued to grow though at a slower rate due to slower growth of the government sector - along with hiring freezes and in some cases layoffs - during the Frank McKenna and Bernard Lord governments. KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... The Honourable Francis Joseph Frank McKenna, PC, ONB (born January 19, 1948, in Apohaqui, New Brunswick, Canada) is a Canadian politician and diplomat. ... Bernard Lord, LL.B. , BA (born September 27, 1965 in Roberval, Quebec) is a Canadian politician. ...


In recent years, increased student enrollments at the city's universities has led to greater demand for rental property. This has led to the construction of new university residences and apartment buildings in the city and increased rates of rent - making them the highest rental rates in the province.


It is due to the predominance of the universities and government in the city, that Fredericton has not been subjected to the severe economic fluctuations faced by other Atlantic Canadian cities that have had to deal with mill shutdowns and the decline of the fishing industry in recent decades. It is for this reason that Fredericton is one of the few Atlantic Canadian cities, along with Moncton and Halifax, Nova Scotia that has actually reported a population increase in recent years. Moncton (2001 population 61,046, metropolitan population 117,727) is one of the eight cities in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) is a regional municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 12th 55,283 km² 53,338...


Lately, the city has also tried to entice technology firms to mixed success. Several local IT companies have specialized in e-Learning services making Fredericton an e-Learning hub of sorts in the spirit of Smartforce (a homegrown e-learning company which saw major downsizing after its heyday in the dot-com era, and later renamed SkillSoft.) By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a level of technological mastery sufficient to leave the surface of the planet for the first time and explore space. ...


The city has been investing actively in IT infrastructure. The City of Fredericton was recently the winner of the "Judges Innovation Award" at the 2004 C.I.P.A. (Canadian Information Productivity Awards) Awards due to their "Fred-eZone" free municipality wide WiFi network initiative. This and other innovations by the city's utelco, e-Novations, lead world leading technology company Intel to do a case study on their successes. Fred-eZone spans much of the city’s downtown, parts of surrounding residential areas as well as peripheral commercial areas such as Fredericton's Regent Mall. Wi-Fi (or Wi-fi, WiFi, Wifi, wifi), short for Wireless Fidelity, is a set of standards for wireless local area networks (WLAN) currently based on the IEEE 802. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is a U.S.-based multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ...


Recently, the New Brunswick government has been seeking to attract more immigrants to the province (and consequently the Fredericton area) to increase the labour force and compensate for an aging population. Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1 458 km...


Culture

The Beaverbrook Art Gallery
The Beaverbrook Art Gallery

Due to the presence of the two universities, Fredericton is more cosmopolitan than many cities its size. This is reflected in cuisine offered by local ethnic restaurants (which include Brazilian, Caribbean, Chinese, Greek, Indian, Italian, Japanese, Lebanese, Mexican, and Pakistani foods). There are also several retail outlets that sell ethnic products and artifacts. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 647 KB) Summary Beaverbrook art gallery. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 647 KB) Summary Beaverbrook art gallery. ...


Fredericton is an important cultural centre of the region featuring art galleries, the New Brunswick College of Craft and Design, museums and theatres which promote local artistic and literary talent.


Architecturally, Fredericton spans more than two centuries. The city features an eclectic mix of buildings and residences ranging from classical Victorian style to modern office buildings and architecture. Fredericton’s skyline is also distinguished by many historic churches.


Arts

The Beaverbrook Art Gallery, a prestigious art gallery on the south bank of the Saint John River, is New Brunswick's provincial art gallery and maintains a collection of considerable quality. The gallery was established and built in 1958 by British press baron Lord Beaverbrook as a gift to his native province where he was born and grew up. Gallery 78, located across the street, features works by local artists. The Beaverbrook Art Gallery is a small prestigious art gallery located in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada on the west bank of the Saint John River at the edge of the citys central business district. ... Sir William Maxwell Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook (May 25, 1879 - June 9, 1964) was a Canadian–British business tycoon and politician. ...


The Fredericton Playhouse hosts plays and musicals throughout the year, and acts as the home base of Theatre New Brunswick (TNB) – the province’s largest stage troupe. The Playhouse also hosts visiting comedians and musical performances by Canadian and international artists. Officer's Square serves as a venue for outdoor concerts during the summer, featuring a variety of local and national talent. During the winter, Officer's Square is transformed into an outdoor skating rink.


Every fall Fredericton hosts the Harvest Jazz and Blues Festival that transforms the mood of the city’s downtown by giving it a Jazz spark. The week-long Harvest Jazz and Blues Festival draws artists from all over North America.


Sports and recreation

There are no professional sports teams in Fredericton, although both universities have extensive athletic programs. The UNB Varsity Reds and St. Thomas Tommies are rivals in most sports, and their hockey games are called the "Battle of the Hill". The American Hockey League was once represented in Fredericton, with the Fredericton Express playing between 1981 and 1988, and the Fredericton Canadiens between 1990 and 1999. This logo is being used to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the AHLs founding. ... The Fredericton Express were a professional ice hockey team based in Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fredericton Canadiens were a professional ice hockey team in Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... This article is about the year. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Fredericton has several parks, including Odell Park and Wilmot Park. Killarney Lake and nearby Mactaquac Provincial Park have small beaches which are popular in the summer. Skiing (and snowboarding in recent years) at nearby Crabbe Mountain is also a common winter activity among city residents. There are also several cross-country skiing trails that cross the city.


Fredericton is in the process of constructing two sports and leisure complexes which will have several hockey rinks as well as health club facilities and an indoor track.


Government and politics

NB Legislative Building, seat of New Brunswick Government since 1882
NB Legislative Building, seat of New Brunswick Government since 1882

Image File history File linksMetadata Legislative_Assembly_of_New_Brunswick. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Legislative_Assembly_of_New_Brunswick. ...

Administrative structure

Fredericton has a mayor-council and non-partisan form of government, with the mayor and council serving fixed four-year terms (three years until 2004), and elections held in May. The last election was in 2004. The current mayor is Brad Woodside, who first served from 1986 until 1999 but was re-elected in 2004. Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... Partisan may refer to: A member of a lightly-equipped irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation. ... Bradley (Brad) Stanford Woodside (born 1948) is currently the mayor of Fredericton, New Brunswick. ...


The city is divided into twelve wards (six on each side of the Saint John River), with each ward electing one councillor. A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods...


The Boyce Farmers Market, open on Saturday mornings, is a place where municipal, provincial and federal politicians frequently visit to mingle with their electorate - something which has evolved into a political tradition. Local MP Andy Scott is a familiar fixture at the market on most Saturdays.


Municipal politics in Fredericton

The population of Fredericton largely consists of social conservatives - especially on issues regarding gay rights, same sex marriage, pornography/strip clubs/prostitution and abortion. However, there is a large and active gay community in the city as well as two universities that introduce liberal/radical elements into the city's politics. Political life in Fredericton is characterized by this cleavage between social conservatives and social liberals. Radical groups, based at the universities, sometimes hold demonstrations.


Woodside made a controversial decision in 1997 by refusing to proclaim Gay Pride Week. When ordered by the New Brunswick Human Rights Commission - upon complaint by gay rights activists led by Allison Brewer (now leader of the New Brunswick New Democratic Party) and Arlene Glencross - Woodside whispered the proclamation at a city council meeting. He was then ordered again to proclaim gay pride week audibily which he did. Woodside later quit as mayor to launch an unsuccessful bid as a Liberal candidate in Fredericton North in the 1999 provincial election. In 2004 he entered the mayoral race on the final day of nominations, and defeated incumbent Les Hull and councillor Joel Richardson. 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gay Pride Week or Pride Week is an event held in Toronto, Ontario during the last week of June each year. ... The New Brunswick New Democratic Party is a social democratic political party in New Brunswick, Canada that is linked with the federal New Democratic Party of Canada. ... The New Brunswick Liberal Association (NBLA) is one of the two major political parties in the Canadian provice of New Brunswick. ... Fredericton North (French: Fredericton-nord) is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Results of the 1999 election The 1999 election in the Canadian province of New Brunswick marked the debut of both Camille Theriault and Bernard Lord as leaders of the Liberals and Progressive Conservatives respectively. ... The most recent municipal elections in the Canadian province of New Brunswick were held on May 10, 2004. ...


Some notable councillors include the long serving Walter Brown of Ward 5 and Tommy Jellinek of Ward 9; and Deputy Mayor Mike O'Brien of Ward 3.


Fredericton and provincial/federal politics

Fredericton is divided into three provincial legislative districts:

Provincially, Fredericton elected progressive Conservatives from 1952 until electoral sweep of the Liberal Party in 1987 when they won every seat in New Brunswick under Frank McKenna. Since then there has been greater political alteration in the provincial electoral landscape in Fredericton. Fredericton North (French: Fredericton-nord) is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Thomas Jack T.J. Burke (born Los Angeles, California in 1972) is a New Brunswick lawyer and politician. ... Fredericton South (French: Fredericton-sud) is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, Canada. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fredericton-Fort Nashwaak is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Honourable Francis Joseph Frank McKenna, PC, ONB (born January 19, 1948, in Apohaqui, New Brunswick, Canada) is a Canadian politician and diplomat. ...


In 1991, the anti-bilingual Confederation of Regions Party won the riding of Fredericton North (along with several other nearby ridings). In 1999 Progressive Conservatives swept all three Fredericton area seats; however, in 2003, Fredericton-North and Fredericton-Fort Nashwaak returned to the Liberals. [3] The New Brunswick Confederation of Regions Party was a political party in the Province of New Brunswick, Canada. ...


Federally, the city forms most of the riding of Fredericton. This riding was formerly known as Fredericton-York-Sunbury but was redistributed prior to the 1997 general election. From 1957 until 1993 Fredericton returned Progressive Conservatives. However, since 1993, the riding has been represented by Liberal Andy Scott. Fredericton in relation to the other New Brunswick ridings Fredericton (formerly Fredericton—York—Sunbury) is a federal electoral district in New Brunswick, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1988. ... The Honourable Andrew Andy Scott, PC, MP (born March 16, 1955) is a Liberal Member of the Canadian Parliament representing Fredericton, New Brunswick. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1871 6,006
1881 6,218
1891 6,502
1901 7,117
1911 7,208
1921 8,114
1931 8,830
1941 10,062*
1951 16,018
1956 18,303
1961 19,683
1966 22,460
1971 24,254
1976 45,248**
1981 43,723
1991 46,510
2001 47,560
* Boundary change
** City amalgamated with surroundings in 1973

The population of City of Fredericton is 47,560 (greater Fredericton 81,346, both per 2001 census), although unofficial reports more around 50,750 (greater Fredericton 84,523) due to the student population which is often not counted in official censuses. Along with Moncton and Halifax, Fredericton is one of three Maritime cities to register a population growth in recent years. Moncton (2001 population 61,046, metropolitan population 117,727) is one of the eight cities in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: City Symbol: Kingfisher Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canadas Location. ...


Ethnicity

Fredericton's population is predominately white/caucasian. However, a significant black minority has had a long presence in the city and live primarily in the Barker's Point borough. As well, Willie O'Ree - first black player in the NHL - was from Fredericton. The largest non-white ethnic group in Fredericton are Aboriginals who live primarily on the Saint Mary's Reserve located on the City's Northside.


The 1960s and 1970s began to see the influx of immigrants of Asian and Middle Eastern descent. However, their numbers still remain small. Since 2000, the city's universities - Saint Thomas University and the University of New Brunswick - have seen a growing number of students from overseas attending. However, this population is not permanent and generally not counted in the census.


The ethnic breakdown of Fredericton is as follows:

White is a color, (more accurately it contains all the colors of the visible spectrum and is sometimes described as an achromatic color—black is the absence of color) that has high brightness but zero hue. ... The terms multiracial, biracial and mixed-race describe people whose ancestors are not of a single race. ... Geographically and technically, both Asian and Asiatic indicates a person, place, thing, or idea original to Asia. ... This article is about the color black; for other uses, see topic Black (disambiguation). ...

Religion

Fredericton is a predominately Christian city with Protestants forming the largest denomination. The city is notable for its many churches - a high number per capita in comparison to most other Canadian cities. The small Pentecostal Northeastern Christian college is located on the city's Northside. While the Roman Catholic population is not as large, the city does boast the province's only Roman Catholic university - Saint Thomas University. Recent issues at Saint Thomas University have concerned whether the university should adopt a more Catholic character. The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit, as shown in the Biblical account of the Day of Pentecost. ...


Fredericton has a Jewish synagogue, an Islamic mosque, and a Hindu temple as well. The importance of these institutions has been growing in recent years warranting visits by prominent politicians in the area seeking election. Fredericton is also distinguished by a sizeable and active Bahá'í community. A Unitarian Fellowship has been serving Fredericton since 1960 as a place for people to find a liberal religious home. Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people with around 15 million followers as of 2006 [1]. It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( ) is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the Quran. ... This article is about the Hindu religion. ... Seat of the Universal House of Justice, governing body of the Baháís in Haifa Israel The Baháí Faith is an emerging global religion founded by Baháulláh, a 19th century Persian exile. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Unitarian Christianity Historic Unitarianism believed in the oneness of God as opposed to traditional Christian belief in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). ...


The religious breakdown of Fredericton is as follows:

Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ...

Language

While a predominately Anglophone city, the civil service has seen an increase in the City's francophone population. This population is serviced by the Centre Communautaire Sainte-Anne (which includes K-12 schooling, a radio station, a public library, and cultural centre). As well, Fredericton is serviced by the francophone church located on Regent Street.


The linguistic breakdown of Fredericton is as follows:

The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Media

Television

  • Channel 4 (cable 3): CBAT, CBC
  • Channel 9 (cable 8): CKLT-1, CTV
  • Channel 11 (cable 6): CIHF-1, Global
  • Channel 19 (cable 11): CBAFT-10, SRC

CBAT is the call sign for the CBCs television station in Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... Current CBC Television logo. ... CKLT is a Canadian television station, broadcasting in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... CTV is Canadas largest privately owned English language television network. ... CIHF is a Canadian television station, serving the Maritime provinces. ... The Global Television Network (more commonly called Global) is a major English-language television network in Canada, owned by CanWest Global Communications. ... CBAFT is the flagship of Radio-Canadas Atlantic Canada network, serving Acadians in Moncton and the Canadian Maritimes, and Franco-Terreneuvians in Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada, often simply Radio-Canada, is the main French language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...

Radio

CBC Radio Two and both Radio-Canada services (La Première Chaîne and Espace musique) are provided from transmitters in Saint John. Other stations from Saint John and Presque Isle, Maine can also be heard in Fredericton. Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... CKHJ is the callsign of a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada; broadcasting at 1260 kHz on the AM dial. ... In popular music, Country music, also called country and western music or country-western, is an amalgam of popular musical forms developed in the Southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, Celtic Music, Blues, Gospel music, and Old-time music that began to develop rapidly [1] in the... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity broadcast radio sound. ... CJPN is the callsign of a French-language community radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, broadcasting at 90. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... CFRK is a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, broadcasting on 92. ... The origins of the classic rock radio format can be traced back to The Beatles groundbreaking album Sgt. ... CJRI is the callsign of a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada; broadcasting on 94. ... Gospel music may refer either to the religious music that first came out of African-American churches in the 1930s or, more loosely, to both black gospel music and to the religious music composed and sung by white southern Christian artists. ... CKTP is the callsign of a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. ... CIXN is the callsign of a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, more commonly known as Joy FM. The station broadcasts Christian contemporary music and other religious shows, and is found at 96. ... The Beautiful Letdown, a 2003 CCM album by Switchfoot. ... CHSR 97. ... KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... College radio (also known as university radio or campus radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college or university. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CFXY is the callsign of a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, more commonly known as 105 FM, The Fox. ... Active rock is a radio format used by many commercial radio stations in Canada and the United States. ... CIBX is the callsign of a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CBC Radio Two is an FM radio network in Canada, operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CBC redirects here, as this is the most common use of the abbreviation. ... La Première Chaîne is the news and information service of la Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public broadcaster in Canada. ... Espace musique is the French language musical radio service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation / Société Radio-Canada, the national public broadcaster in Canada. ... Presque Isle is a city located in Aroostook County, Maine. ...


Print

The Daily Gleaner is published Fredericton as a daily and there are also three weekly newspapers available. The Telegraph-Journal, based in Saint John, publishes a provincial edition and has a bureau in Fredericton. Furthermore, the students at Saint Thomas University and the University of New Brunswick both publish their own weekly papers - The Aquinian and The Brunswickan respectively - that are distributed in public areas on campus and in the city in general. In recent years, Fredericton has seen a growth in alternative and independent media newspapers. The Daily Gleaner is an afternoon daily newspaper serving the city of Fredericton and upper St. ... The Telegraph-Journal is a daily newspaper serving Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. ... Saint John is the second largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... KFP 15:06, 14 July 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Aquinian is a student-owned-and-operated campus newspaper, at St. ... The Brunswickan is the official student newspaper at the University of New Brunswick located in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. ...


Transportation

Airport

Air service is provided out of the Greater Fredericton Airport, located approximately 15 kilometres east of downtown in Lincoln. It is served by two airlines: Air Canada (which operates direct flights to Toronto, Montreal and Halifax), and Delta Air Lines (which has two return flights a day to Boston, Massachusetts). The Greater Fredericton Airport (IATA airport code YFC) is an airport in Lincoln, New Brunswick, near Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... An airline is an organization providing aviation services to passengers and/or cargo. ... Air Canada Boeing 767-300 (C-GGFJ) in current livery. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: City Symbol: Kingfisher Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canadas Location. ... Delta Boeing 757-232 at Los Angeles International Airport in August 2003, showing the livery the airline instituted that year. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Official website: www. ...


Public transit, roads, highways, rail services

Fredericton Transit provides public transportation six days a week in the city
Fredericton Transit provides public transportation six days a week in the city

There is no rail service into Fredericton. Passenger service was cancelled in the 1980s and freight service stopped in 1995. All railway tracks have been torn up. Fredericton is served by Acadian inter-city bus lines which provides bus transit services to cities in Eastern Canada and the Northeastern United States. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x512, 67 KB) Summary I took this picture myself Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x512, 67 KB) Summary I took this picture myself Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


Fredericton is located just off the Trans-Canada Highway, which bypasses it to the south. Highways 7 and 8 (the latter being a former alignment of the Trans-Canada) connect to the city itself. Two highway bridges, the Westmorland Street Bridge and the Princess Margaret Bridge, connect the two sides of the Saint John River. Those bridges both feed into high-speed controlled-access roads (Highways 8 and 105 serving the city's north side. The city's highway system is mostly complete, and traffic jams rarely occur. Trans Canada Highway over Canada Map The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. ... New Brunswick Highway 7 is 97 kilometres long and runs from Fredericton, near an interchange with New Brunswick Highway 8, to an interchange with New Brunswick Highway 1 in Saint John. ... New Brunswick Highway 8 is an important highway link between northern and southern New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Westmorland Bridge, commonly referred to as the Westmorland Street Bridge, is a bridge crossing the Saint John River in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Princess Margaret Bridge, sometimes called the Princess Margaret Rose Bridge or shortened to just PMR, is a 2-lane highway bridge crossing the Saint John River at Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. ...


There are some issues with heavy traffic on Regent Street which connects Fredericton to the bedroom community of New Maryland. Traffic does become heavy and slowed during evenings when government employees are returning home from work. However, Regent Street has been expanded to four lanes in many areas to combat problems of clogged traffic. New Maryland, New Brunswick is a village, and bedroom community to the City of Frederiction, in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ...


Streets in downtown follow a grid pattern. In residental areas of downtown, some neighbourhoods are traffic-calmed and include traffic circles at intersections to slow the speed of cars and discourage thorough-fare traffic. Northumberland Street and Odel Avenue have adopted speedbumps to slow fast moving traffic. The pattern of streets in the rest of the city varies including straight thorough-fares (such as Smythe Street, Prospect Street and Regent Street), to curved streets and cul-de-sacs in primarily residental areas.


Fredericton Transit provides bus transit service to most areas of the city. All city buses include bike racks in the summer months so that cyclists can take advantage of bus services as well. Furthermore, during the last budget the Federal Government pledged more money towards urban infrastructure - some of this money will go towards upgrading Fredericton's bus transit system.


Fredericton is also serviced by several cab companies.


Fredericton trail system

When railway service to Fredericton was discontinued in the 1990s, the railway tracks in Fredericton were replaced with walking and biking trails. In 1997, the old train bridge was converted into a walking bridge. The trail system - which is used by residents for walking, biking, and jogging now runs along the south side and most of the north side of the Saint John River, as well as along the Nashwaak River which is a tributary. These trails boast scenic vistas along the river as well as a mix of urban and wooded/natural scenery. The St. ... The Nashwaak River located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada; is a tributary of the Saint John River. ...


The trail system in Fredericton is part of the larger Trans-Canada trail network.


Attractions

Historical buildings and museums

The Beaverbrook Art Gallery is a small prestigious art gallery located in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada on the west bank of the Saint John River at the edge of the citys central business district. ... Old Government House is the official residence of the Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick. ... The New Brunswick Sports Hall of Fame was established in 1970 to honor outstanding athletes, teams and sport builders in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ...

Parks and public spaces

Fredericton contains numerous public parks featuring preserved forest lands - such as O'dell Park - along with a botanical garden, and areas for picnics and family recreation. Furthermore, Fredericton features tree lined streets and elm trees in particular which have earned the city its nickname "The City of Stately Elms." Fredericton's parks and public spaces include:

  • The Green - along the banks of the Saint John River featuring biking/walking trails, a soccer field, picnic areas, and the Lighthouse which is a restaurant/tourist attraction.
  • Odell Park - features preserved forested areas and trails, as well as recreational spaces for picnics and outdoor gatherings, adjacent to the Fredericton botanical gardens.
  • Kings Landing Historical Settlement (located in Prince William) - historical recreation of 19th century village. Consists of houses and buildings that were moved to this location to avoid permanent flooding upon construction of the Mactaquac Hydro-electric dam.
  • Mactaquac Provincial Park (located in Mactaquac) - beaches
  • Kingswood Park
  • Killarney Lake Park - beaches and picnic spots as well as nature trails
  • Wilmot Park - recreational park in downtown featuring wading pool, playground, and family oriented activities.
  • Queen Square Park
  • Officer's Square - Venue for outdoor concerts and skating rink in the winter.

Kings Landing is a recreation of a New Brunswick town from the period of 1780 - 1910. ...

See also

This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... Approved in late fall of 1975 by the Board of Directors of the Fredericton Chamber of Commerce, the Distinguished Citizen Award in Fredericton, New Brunswick acknowledges its towns greatest contributors to the quality of life in any field, by showing leadership qualities. ... This article is about distinguished and famous individuals from the City of Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. ...

References

Dallison, Robert L. "A Tour of Boss Gibson's Marysville: A Nineteenth Century Mill Town." Fredericton Heritage Trust, 1991.
Hachey, Philip Osmond "The geology and ground water of the Fredericton district." UNB Thesis, 1955.
McIntyre, Glen, Bruce Oliver and Bob Watson, "A Valuable and Important Place - Fredericton's Loyalist Origins 1783." A Fredericton Historical Research Project, 1983.


External links

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Counties Albert - Carleton - Charlotte - Gloucester - Kent - Kings - Madawaska - Northumberland - Queens - Restigouche - Saint John - Sunbury - Victoria - Westmorland - York
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Other communities Beresford - Bouctouche - Caraquet - Dalhousie - Grand Falls - Hampton - Oromocto - Quispamsis - Riverview - Rothesay - Sackville - Shediac - Shippagan - St. Stephen - Sussex - Tracadie - Woodstock


Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Brunswick. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1 458 km... This is a list of the counties in the Canadian province of New Brunswick: (county seat) Albert County, New Brunswick, formed in 1845 from part of Westmorland County (Hopewell Cape) and a small part of Saint John County Carleton County, New Brunswick, formed in 1833 from part of York County... Albert County (2001 population 26,749) is located in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada on the Chignecto Bay of the Bay of Fundy. ... Carleton County redirects here, For the historical county in Ontario, see Carleton County, Ontario Carleton County (2001 population 27,184) is located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Charlotte County(2001 population 27,366) is located in the southwestern portion of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Gloucester County (2001 population 82,929) is located in the northeastern corner of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Kent County (2001 population 31,383) is located in east-central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Kings County (2001 population 64,208) is located in southern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Madawaska County (2001 population 35,611) is located in northwestern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Northumberland County (2001 population 50,817), the largest in the Province, is located in northeastern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Queens County (2001 population 11,862) is located in central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Restigouche County (2001 population 36,134) is located in north-central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Saint John County (2001 population 76,407) is located in southern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Sunbury County (2001 population 25,776) is located in central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Victoria County (2001 population 21,172) is located in northwestern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Westmorland County (2001 population 124,688) is located in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. ... York County (2001 population 87,212) is located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Bathurst (2001 population 12,924) is a city at the mouth of the Nepisiguit River on the Baie des Chaleurs in Gloucester County in northeastern New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Restigouche River showing the J.C. Van Horne Bridge running between Campbellton and Pointe-à-la-Croix, Québec Campbellton (2001 population 7,798) is the smallest of the eight officially incorporated cities in New Brunswick, Canada. ... Dieppe (2005 population 16,951) is a city on the Petitcodiac River in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Edmundston in 2004. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, see Fredericton (electoral district) Fredericton, population 47,560 (greater Fredericton 81,346, both per 2001 census), is the capital of the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Miramichi redirects here. ... Moncton (2001 population 61,046, metropolitan population 117,727) is one of the eight cities in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Saint John is the second largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. ... Communities of the Province of New Brunswick, Canada Aberdeen, New Brunswick Acadie, New Brunswick Acadieville, New Brunswick Addington, New Brunswick Aldouane, New Brunswick Alma, New Brunswick Allardville, New Brunswick Andersonville, New Brunswick Aroostook, New Brunswick Arthurette, New Brunswick Atholville, New Brunswick Back Bay, New Brunswick Baie-Ste-Anne, New Brunswick... Beresford is a town on the Baie des Chaleurs in northern New Brunswick, Canada; located immediately north of the city of Bathurst. ... Bouctouche is a town located in eastern New Brunswick, Canada, approximately 40 kilometres north of Moncton, and where the Bouctouche River empties into Northumberland Strait. ... Caraquet is a town in northern New Brunswick, Canada, on the Baie des Chaleurs. ... Dalhousie is a town in northern New Brunswick, Canada, where the Restigouche River flows into the Baie des Chaleurs. ... Grand Falls (French: Grand-Sault) is a town in New Brunswick, Canada and is also the location of a series of rock ledges over which the St. ... The town of Hampton is nestled on the Lower Saint John River System, 30 km northeast of the City of Saint John, Canadas first and New Brunswicks largest city. ... Oromocto is a town in west-central New Brunswick, Canada; approximately 20 kilometres southeast of Fredericton on the Saint John River. ... Quispamsis is a Canadian town located in Kings County, New Brunswick. ... Riverview Town Hall, Winter 2003 Riverview is a town in south-eastern New Brunswick, Canada located on the south side of the Petitcodiac River, opposite the much larger city of Moncton. ... Rothesay, New Brunswick, Canada, is named after the town in Scotland of the same name. ... Sackville Waterfowl Park Sackville (45°54′N 64°22′W, AST) is a town in Westmorland County, located in South-Eastern New Brunswick, Canada, only eight km from the Nova Scotia border and 45 km from the regional city of Moncton. ... The worlds largest lobster sculpture located in Shediac Shediac (46°13′N 64°32′W, AST) is a town located in Shediac Parish, Westmorland County, New Brunswick, Canada on the Northumberland Strait, about 20 km from the city of Moncton. ... Shippagan is a town in northeastern New Brunswick, Canada, at the tip of the Acadian Peninsula. ... St. ... Sussex is a town in Kings County, New Brunswick, Canada, located about seventy kilometers north-north-east of Saint John. ... Tracadie-Sheila is a town in New Brunswick, Canada with a population in 2001 of 4,724. ... The Town of Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada is located in Western New Brunswick at 46. ...

Provincial and territorial capitals of Canada

Edmonton, ABVictoria, BCWinnipeg, MBFredericton, NBSt. John's, NLYellowknife, NTHalifax, NSIqaluit, NUToronto, ONCharlottetown, PEQuebec City, QCRegina, SKWhitehorse, YT Map of Canada Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country. ... The following are the capitals of Canadas provinces and territories: Provinces Edmonton, Alberta Victoria, British Columbia Winnipeg, Manitoba Fredericton, New Brunswick St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... The arms of Victoria. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge),1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Avancez (go forward) Nickname: The City of Legends Established: {{{Established}}} Area: (city)446. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Multum In Parvo (Much In Little) Established: Area: 105. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: City Symbol: Kingfisher Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canadas Location. ... Governing Body Iqaluit Municipal Council Location Land area 52. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = CUNABULA FOEDERIS (Birthplace of Confederation) Established: Area: 44. ... Motto: « Don de Dieu feray valoir Â» (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Site in the province of Québec Official logo Provincial region Province Country Capitale-Nationale Québec Canada Gentilé Québécois, Québécoise Mayor Jean-Paul LAllier 1989-Dec. ... Motto: Nickname: The Queen City Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Established: 1882 Area: 118. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Our People, Our Strength Area: 416. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fredericton, New Brunswick (1462 words)
The Fredericton area was not settled again until 1732 when a group of French Acadians, fleeing the British forces who had taken possession of Nova Scotia by the Treaty of Utrecht, made their way to the St. John River Valley.
In 1983, to mark the 200th anniversary of the Loyalist landing in Fredericton, another monument was erected by the United Empire Loyalists Society in front of the Old Burial Ground on Brunswick Street.
Since Fredericton, unlike Saint John, was not prone to sea attacks; was easily accessible by the St. John River; surrounded by excellent farming land and forests; and was central in the province, the British Government quickly approved Carleton's choice.
Fredericton, New Brunswick - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5936 words)
Fredericton is located in the middle of the Saint John River valley, with most of the city's post-war suburban development occurring on gently sloping hills on either side of the river, although the downtown core is flat and lies low to the river.
Fredericton's status as an educational centre is evident in the city's two degree granting universities: the University of New Brunswick and St.
Fredericton High School, which was once the largest school in the Commonwealth of Nations until the construction of Leo Hayes High School in 1999, primarily serves students on the south side.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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