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Encyclopedia > Frederick V, Elector Palatine
Frederick is also called the "Winter King" of Bohemia because his peers derisively thought he would only last through the Winter before he would be overthrown. In fact, his reign lasted just over a year, but the moniker stuck. He is shown wearing the rarely-seen Crown of Saint Wenceslas, and other Bohemian Regalia. He is shown wearing the ceremonial collar of the exclusive Order of the Garter. On the table is the Cap representing his separate office as Elector of the Palatinate. Painted by Gerrit von Honthorst in 1634, two years after Frederick's death. He is also holding the Sovereign's Orb.

Frederick V (German: Friedrich V.) (August 16, 1596November 29, 1632) was Elector Palatine (161023), and, as Frederick I (Czech: Fridrich Falcký), King of Bohemia (161920, for his short reign here often nicknamed the Winter King, Czech Zimní král). He was the son and heir of Frederick IV and of Louise Juliana of Nassau, the daughter of William I of Orange and Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1424, 232 KB) Description Painting depicting Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1596 - 1632) as King of Bohemia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1424, 232 KB) Description Painting depicting Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1596 - 1632) as King of Bohemia. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Crown of Saint Wenceslas is the part of Czech crown jewels (also called Czech treasure) made in 1347. ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Gerard van Honthorst (1590 - 1656), also known as Gerrit van Honthorst and Gherardo della Notte, was a Dutch painter of Utrecht. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Queen Elizabeth II holding the Orb The Sovereigns Orb is a type of regalia known as a globus cruciger and is one of the British Crown Jewels. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... November 29 is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... Year 1623 (MDCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech Země koruny české, Latin Corona regni Bohemiae) (e. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... Year 1620 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... William I (William the Silent) William I, Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau (April 24, 1533 – July 10, 1584) was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish that set off the Eighty Years War and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1648. ... Charlotte of Bourbon (1546/1547 - Antwerp, 5 May 1582) was the daughter of Louis of Bourbon and Jaqueline of Longwy. ...

Frederick V, Elector Palatine

Born at Jagdschloss (Hunting Lodge) Deinschwang near Amberg in the Upper Palatinate, Frederick V succeeded his father as Prince-Elector of the Rhenish Palatinate in the Holy Roman Empire in 1610. In 1619 the Protestant estates of Bohemia rebelled against the Roman Catholic Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and offered the crown of Bohemia to Frederick, selecting him since he was an influential member of the Protestant Union, an organization founded by his father for the protection of Protestants in the Empire. Frederick V, Elector Palatine from [1]. Public domain by age. ... Frederick V, Elector Palatine from [1]. Public domain by age. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Map of Germany showing Amberg (currently incorrect) Amberg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1620-1637. ... The Protestant Union or Evangelical Union or Union of Auhausen was a coalition of Protestant German states that was formed in 1608 to defend the rights, lands and person of each member. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms...


Frederick duly accepted the crown, an act that is frequently cited as the final impetus for the outbreak of the Thirty Year's War, but his allies in the Protestant Union failed to support him militarily by signing the Treaty of Ulm (1620). His brief reign as King of Bohemia ended with his defeat at the Battle of White Mountain on November 8, 1620—a year and four days after his coronation. This earned him the derisive nickname of 'the Winter King'. After this battle, the Imperial forces invaded Frederick's Palatinate lands and he had flee to Holland in 1622. An Imperial edict formally deprived him of the Palatinate in 1623. He lived the rest of his life in exile with his wife and family, mostly at the Hague, before passing away in Mainz in 1632. The Treaty of Ulm (German: ) was signed on July 3, 1620 between representatives of the Catholic League and the Protestant Union. ... The Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech Země koruny české, Latin Corona regni Bohemiae) (e. ... The Battle of White Mountain, November 8, 1620 (Bílá hora is the name of White Mountain in Czech) was an early battle in the Thirty Years War in which an army of 20,000 Bohemians and mercenaries under Christian of Anhalt were routed by 25,000 men of the... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1620 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands with a population of 6. ... Arms of The Hague The Hague (with capital T; Dutch: Den Haag, or officially s-Gravenhage) is the administrative capital of the Netherlands, located in the west of the country, in the province South Holland of which it is also the capital. ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ...


His eldest surviving son Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine returned to power in 1648 with the end of the war. Charles I Louis, engraving by Christoph Le Blon, 1652 Charles Louis, (German: ), Elector Palatine (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of Frederick V, the Winter King, and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I of England. ...


Ancestors

Frederick V's ancestors in three generations
Frederick V, Elector Palatine Father:
Frederick IV, Elector Palatine
Paternal Grandfather:
Louis VI, Elector Palatine
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick III, Elector Palatine
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Paternal Grandmother:
Elisabeth of Hesse
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Christine of Saxony
Mother:
Louise Juliana von Orange-Nassau
Maternal Grandfather:
William the Silent
Maternal Great-grandfather:
William I, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Juliana of Stolberg
Maternal Grandmother:
Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpensier
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Louis III of Bourbon-Montpensier, Duke of Montpensier
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Jacqueline de Longwy, Comtesse de Bar

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Louis VI, Elector Palatine (Simmern, 4 July 1539 – 22 October 1583, Heidelberg) was an Elector from the branch of Palatinate-Simmern of the house of Wittelsbach. ... Frederick III the Pious, Elector Palatine of the Rhine (February 14, 1515 – October 26, 1576) was a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach, branch Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim. ... Elisabeth of Hesse (13 February 1539 – 14 March 1582) was a German noblewoman. ... Philip I of Hesse Philip I of HESSE, (13 November 1504 - 31 March 1567), was a leading champion of the Reformation and one of the most important German rulers of the Renaissance. ... Philip I of Hesse and Christine of Saxony, by Jost v. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... William I (William the Silent). ... William of Nassau (Dutch: Willem de Rijke) (10 April 1487 – 6 October 1559), was a count of Nassau-Dillenburg from the House of Nassau. ... Juliana of Stolberg (Juliane von Stolberg-Wernigerode) (Stolberg, 15 februari 1506 - Dillenburg, June 1580) was the daughter of Botho VIII of Stolberg-Wernigerode and Anna of Eppstein-Königstein. ... Charlotte of Bourbon (1546/1547 - Antwerp, 5 May 1582) was the daughter of Louis of Bourbon and Jaqueline of Longwy. ...

Family and children

He married Elizabeth Stuart, the daughter of James I of England and of Anne of Denmark in the Chapel Royal, Whitehall on February 14, 1613 and had the following children: There were many people whose name was Elizabeth Stuart, including: Elizabeth of Bohemia Elizabeth Stuart (died January 23, 1673 or 1674) was the mother of Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk, and married to Henry Frederick Howard, 25th Earl of Arundel. ... James Stuart (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old. ... Anna of Denmark (October 14, 1574 – March 4, 1619) was queen consort of King James I of England and VI of Scotland. ... The Chapel Royal did not originally refer to a building but an establishment in the Royal Household. ... The Palace of Whitehall by Hendrick Danckerts. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ...

  1. Frederick Henry (16141629)—(drowned)
  2. Charles Louis (16171680), became Elector Palatine in 1648
  3. Elisabeth (16181680)
  4. Rupert (16191682) of English Civil War fame.
  5. Maurice (16201652) who also served in the English Civil War.
  6. Louise Hollandine (16221709)
  7. Louis (16241625)
  8. Edward (16251663)
  9. Henrietta Maria (16261651)
  10. John Philip Frederick (16271650)
  11. Charlotte (16281631)
  12. Sophia (16301714), married Elector Ernest Augustus of Hanover; heiress of England by the Act of Settlement, 1701
  13. Gustavus Adolphus (16321641)
Preceded by
Frederick IV
Elector Palatine
1610–1623 (1632)
Succeeded by
Charles I Louis

Frederick Henry von der Pfalz, (German: Heinrich Friedrich) (1 January 1614 – 7 January 1629) was the second son of Frederick V, the Winter King, and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I of England. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Charles I Louis, engraving by Christoph Le Blon, 1652 Charles Louis, (German: ), Elector Palatine (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of Frederick V, the Winter King, and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I of England. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other people with the same name, see Elisabeth of Bohemia. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... Prince Rupert of the Rhine Rupert, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria (German: Ruprecht Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog von Bayern), commonly called Prince Rupert of the Rhine, (17 December 1619 – 19 November 1682), soldier, inventor and amateur artist in mezzotint, was a younger son of Frederick V, Elector... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... The English Civil War consisted of a series of armed conflicts and political machinations that took place between Parliamentarians (known as Roundheads) and Royalists (known as Cavaliers) between 1642 and 1651. ... Prince Maurice von Simmern KG (December 17, 1620 – September 1652), Count Palatine of the Rhine, was the fourth son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth of Bohemia. ... Year 1620 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Events January 24 - Alfonso Mendez, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern (5 October 1625, The Hague – 10 March 1663, Paris) was a son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth of Bohemia. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Year 1663 (MDCLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Year 1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... Electress Sophia of Hanover (born Sophia, Countess Palatine of Simmern; 14 October 1630 – 8 June 1714) was the youngest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, of the House of Wittelsbach, the Winter King of Bohemia, and Elizabeth Stuart. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... Ernest Augustus (German: Ernst August; 20 November 1629, Herzberg – 23 January 1698, Herrenhausen) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Calenberg (or Hanover) subdivision of the duchy. ... Capital Hanover Head of State King of Hanover Hanover (German: ) was a historical territory in todays Germany, at various times a principality, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, a kingdom and a province of Prussia and of Germany. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... The Act of Settlement (12 & 13 Wm 3 c. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Charles I Louis, engraving by Christoph Le Blon, 1652 Charles Louis, (German: ), Elector Palatine (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of Frederick V, the Winter King, and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I of England. ...

External links

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Frederick V, Elector Palatine

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Frederick V, Elector Palatine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (512 words)
Frederick V (German: Friedrich V.) was Elector Palatine (1610-23), and, as Frederick I (Czech: Friedrich Falcký), King of Bohemia (1619-20).
He was the son and heir of Frederick IV and of Louise Juliana von Orange-Nassau, the daughter of William I of Orange and Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier.
Frederick V succeeded his father as Elector of the Rhenish Palatinate in the Holy Roman Empire in 1610.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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