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Encyclopedia > Frederick Schwatka

Frederick Schwatka (29 September 18492 November 1892) was a US Army officer and an explorer of the Canadian North. He was born at Galena, Ill., and graduated at West Point in 1871. He served in the army until 1885, resigning as a lieutenant. During the years that he was in the army, he studied law and medicine. He was admitted to the Nebraska bar in 1875, and received his medical degree in New York in 1876. September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... An officer is a member of a military service who holds a position of responsibility. ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... For the geographic region, see Northern Canada. ... Downtown Galena Galena is a city located in Jo Daviess County, Illinois. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... A bar association is a professional body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ...

In 1878-1880, at the behest of the American Geographical Society, he led an expedition to the Canadian Arctic to look for remains of the ill-fated Franklin expedition. His party covered 3,251 miles by sledge. William Henry Gilder acted as second in command. 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The American Geographical Society (AGS) was founded in 1851 in New York City, New York as a non-profit organization with the goal of increasing worldwide knowledge of geography. ... The North, the Canadian Arctic defined politically. ... Sir John Franklin FRGS (April 15, 1786 – June 11, 1847) was an English sea captain and Arctic explorer whose expedition disappeared while attempting to chart and navigate the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic. ... William Henry Gilder (1838–1900), was an American soldier, journalist, explorer and writer. ...

In 1883, he was sent to reconnoiter the Yukon River by the US Army. Going over the Chilkoot Pass, his party built rafts and floated down the Yukon River to its mouth in the Bering Sea, naming many geographic features along the way. Schwatka's expedition alarmed the Canadian government, who then sent an expedition under George Mercer Dawson in 1887. 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Map of the Yukon River watershed The Yukon River is a major watercourse of northwestern North America. ... The Chilkoot Pass is a pass through the Coast Mountains in Alaska and British Columbia that leads from Dyea, Alaska, United States to Lake Bennett, British Columbia, Canada. ... Traditional raft, from 1884 edition Huckleberry Finn and Jim Children successfully test their raft, in Brixham harbour, south Devon, England. ... Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water above, and separated from, the north Pacific Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... (Courtesy of the National Archives of Canada PA-26889) George Mercer Dawson (August 1, 1849 – March 2, 1901) was a Canadian scientist and surveyor. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ...

He also later led two other expeditions to Alaska and to Mexico. Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ...

Schwatka Lake in Whitehorse, Yukon is named after him. Schwatka Lake is a reservoir created by the damming of the Yukon River at Whitehorse. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Our People, Our Strength Location City Information Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 416. ...

He wrote:

  • Along Alaska's Great River (1885)
  • Nimrod in the North (1885)
  • Children of the Cold (1886)


  • The Royal Navy in Polar Exploration from Franklin to Scott, E C Coleman 2006 (Tempus Publishing)

External links

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

  Results from FactBites:
Frederick Schwatka (526 words)
SCHWATKA, Frederick, explorer, born in Galena, Illinois, 29 September, 1849.
After graduation at the United States military academy in 1871 he was appointed 2d lieutenant in the 3d cavalry, and served on garrison and frontier duty until 1877.
Lieutenant Schwatka has received the Roquette Arctic medal from the Geographical society of Paris, and a medal from the Imperial geographical society of Russia, and is an honorary member of the Geographical societies of Bremen, Geneva, and Rome.
  More results at FactBites »



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