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Encyclopedia > Frederick II of Denmark
Frederick II of Denmark and Norway
Frederick II of Denmark and Norway

Frederick II (July 1, 1534 - April 4, 1588), King of Denmark and Norway from 1559 until his death. He was the son of King Christian III of Denmark and Norway and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg. 1572 he was married to Sophia of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. They had five children. Image File history File links From J P Trap: Berømte danske mænd og kvinder, 1868 File links The following pages link to this file: Frederick II of Denmark Northern Seven Years War ... Image File history File links From J P Trap: Berømte danske mænd og kvinder, 1868 File links The following pages link to this file: Frederick II of Denmark Northern Seven Years War ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... Events February 27 - Group of Anabaptists of Jan Matthys seize Münster and declare it The New Jerusalem - they begin to exile dissenters and forcible baptize all others May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1588 was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Christian III Christian III (August 12, 1503–January 1, 1559), king of Denmark and Norway, was the son of Frederick I of Denmark and his first consort, Anne of Brandenburg. ... Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (1511 - 1571), consort of Christian III from 1525 and Queen consort of Denmark and Norway. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ...


First of all Frederick II stands as the typical renaissance ruler of Denmark. Unlike his father he was strongly affected by military ideals and already as a young man he made friendship with German war princes. Shortly after his succession he won his first victory by the conquest of Dithmarschen in the summer of 1559. Dithmarschen is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ...


The dominating conflict of his rule was the Scandinavian Seven Years' War 1563-1570 in which he in vain tried to conquer Sweden which was ruled by his cousin, the insane King Eric XIV. It developed into an extremely expensive war of attrition in which the areas of Scania were ravaged by the Swedes and Norway was near by being lost. During this war the king in personal led his army on the battlefield but without much result and the conflict damaged his relationship to his noble councillors. However, internal unrest in Sweden and the taking over of Danish administration by the able Steward of the Realm Peder Oxe stabilised the situation. The war ended by a status quo peace that let Denmark save face but also showed the limits of Danish military power. Fredrik II attacks Älvsborg 1563 The Northern Seven Years War (also known as the Nordic Seven Years War, the First Northern War or the Seven Years War in Scandinavia) was the war between Sweden and a coalition of Denmark-Norway, Lubeck and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, fought between 1563 and 1570. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis May 20 - Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. ... Erik XIV of Sweden (December 13, 1533–February 26, 1577) was the son of Gustav I of Sweden and Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg. ... The War of Attrition was a limited war fought between Egypt and Israel from 1968 to 1970. ... Peder Oxe (1520-1575) was a Danish finance minister and Steward of the Realm (de facto prime minister). ...


After the war Frederick kept the peace without giving up his attempt of trying to expand his prestige as a naval ruler. His foreign politics were marked by a moral support of the Protestant powers – in his time as a bachelor he wooed Queen Elizabeth of England, an initiative which made him Knight of the Garter - but at the same time by a strict neutrality. Councillors of experience like Peder Oxe, Niels Kaas, Arild Huitfeldt and Christoffer Valkendorff took care of the domestic administration. Elizabeth or Elisabeth is the name of: Several empresses: Elizabeth of Russia Elisabeth of Bavaria, wife of Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I, also known as Empress Elisabeth or Sissi. ... A garter is one of the Orders most recognisable insignia. ... Arild Huitfeldt (Arvid) (September 11, 1546 - December 16, 1609), was a Danish historian and state official, known for his Danish chronicle. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


As a person Frederick was described as hot-headed, vain, courageous and ambitious. He was a friend of hunting, wine and feasts and at his death it was a common opinion that he had drunk himself to death.


He rebuilt Kronborg castle in Elsinore between 1574 and 1585. In 1576 he founded Fredrikstad in Norway. This was a period of affluence and growth in Danish history. Frederick was also a major patron of the famous astronomer Tycho Brahe. On April 4, 1588 he died and was succeeded by his eldest son Christian IV. His daughter Anne of Denmark married King James I of England. Kronborg Castle as seen from the sea Kronborg Castle is situated near the town of Elsinore (Danish Helsingør) on the extreme tip of Zealand at the narrowest point of the Oresund (Danish Øresund), the sound between Denmark and Sweden. ... Elsinore, also known by its Danish name Helsingør, is a city in Helsingør municipality on the northeast coast of the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in eastern Denmark. ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... Events May 5 - Peace of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after Monsieur, the Duc dAnjou, brother of the King, who negotiated it). ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0106 Administrative centre Fredrikstad Mayor (2003) Ole Haabeth (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 283 288 km² 283 km² 0. ... Tycho Brahe Tycho Brahe, born Tyge Ottesen Brahe (December 14, 1546 – October 24, 1601), was a Danish nobleman astronomer as well as an astrologer and alchemist. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... King Christian IV. Christian IV (April 12, 1577–February 28, 1648), king of Denmark and Norway, the son of Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia of Mecklenburg, was born at Frederiksborg castle in 1577, and succeeded to the throne on the death of his father (April 4... Anne of Denmark (October 14, 1574 – March 4, 1619) was queen consort of King James I of England and VI of Scotland. ... James VI of Scotland and James I of England and Ireland (occasionally known as King James the Vain) (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland. ...


On his passing in 1588, King Frederick II was interred in Roskilde Cathedral. Roskilde Cathedral Roskilde Cathedral (Danish: Roskilde Domkirke), in the city of Roskilde on the Island of Zealand (Sjaelland) in eastern Denmark was the first Gothic cathedral to be built of brick and its construction encouraged the spread of this Brick Gothic style throughout Northern Europe. ...

Preceded by:
Christian III
King of Denmark
15591588
Succeeded by:
Christian IV
King of Norway
15591588

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frederick II of Denmark - LoveToKnow 1911 (667 words)
(1534-1588), king of Denmark and Norway, son of Christian III., was born at Hadersleben on the 1st of July 1 534.
At the age of two Frederick was proclaimed successor to the throne at the Rigsdag of Copenhagen (October 30th, 1536), and homage was done to him at Oslo for Norway in 1548.
Frederick's youthful, innocent attachment to the daughter of his former tutor, Anna Hardenberg, indisposed him towards matrimony at the beginning of his reign (1558).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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