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Encyclopedia > Frederick II of Austria

Frederick II, known as the Quarrelsome (German: Friedrich der Streitbare) (1219June 15, 1246), from the dynasty of Babenberg, was the duke of Austria and Styria from 1230 to 1246. // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Saga, emperor of Japan. ... Originally from Bamberg in Franconia, now northern Bavaria, the Babenbergs or Babenberger ruled Austria as counts of the march and dukes from 976 - 1248, before the rise of the house of Habsburg. ... The term duke is a title of nobility which refers to the sovereign male ruler of a Continental European duchy, to a nobleman of the highest grade of the British peerage, or to the highest rank of nobility in various other European countries, including Portugal, Spain and France (in Italy... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Styria, crowned with the ducal hat, today state coat The Duchy of Styria (German: Herzogtum Steiermark, Slovenian Å tajerska) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918. ... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Saga, emperor of Japan. ...

He was the second, but the only surviving son of Duke Leopold VI and Theodora Angelina, a Byzantine princess. His first spouse was another Byzantine princess named Sophia Laskarina, of the Laskaris dynasty, and his second wife was Agnes of Meran. He had no surviving children, and the male line of the Babenberg dynasty ended with him. Leopold VI, the Glorious (1176 – July 28, 1230 in San Germano), from the House of Babenberg, was Duke of Austria from 1198 to 1230 and of Styria from 1194 to 1230. ... Byzantine Empire (Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Originally from Bamberg in Franconia, now northern Bavaria, the Babenbergs or Babenberger ruled Austria as counts of the march and dukes from 976 - 1248, before the rise of the house of Habsburg. ...

Frederick was known as the Quarrelsome because of his frequent wars against his neighbors, primarily with Hungary, Bavaria and Bohemia. Even the Kuenringer family, which had so far been faithful to the ruling house, started an insurgency as soon as his reign began. But most dangerous were his disputes with Emperor Frederick II, who ostracized him in 1236. During the years of his ban, Vienna became a imperial free city for some years. However, he managed to maintain his position in Wiener Neustadt. In 1239, in a spectacular change in imperial politics, Frederick became one of the emperor's most important allies. Negotiations about the elevation of Vienna to a bishopric and of Austria (including Styria) to a kingdom were initiated. However, the duke's niece Gertrud would have had to marry the almost fifty-year-old emperor, which the girl refused. The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Bohemia This article is about the historical region in central Europe; for other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), Holy Roman Emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212, unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 until his death in 1250. ... // Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... Ban could be: ban, a decree that prohibits something, a form of censorship ban, a barring of access of resources on the Internet Ban, a king from Arthurian legend. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya; Croatian and Serbian: Beč) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... In the Holy Roman Empire, an imperial free city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... Wiener Neustadt is located south of Vienna in the state of Lower Austria. ... // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. ...

Duke Frederick finally died in a battle against the Hungarian king Béla IV by the Leitha river. Béla IV (1206-1270) was the king of Hungary between 1235 and 1270. ... The Leitha (German, Hungarian: Lajta) is a river, formed in eastern Austria by the confluence of two headstreams, flowing some 170 km east into an arm of the Danube in northwest Hungary, near Mosonmagyaróvár. ...

As the last Babenberg duke, Frederick the Quarrelsome signifies the end of an era in the history of Austria. With his overambitious plans, which were frequently foiled by his erratic character, he somewhat resembled his later successor Rudolf IV. As the Privilegium Minus also allowed women to inherit, his sister Margaret and his niece Gertrude of Austria would have been entitled to the throne. Gertrude first married Herman VI, Margrave of Baden, who did not manage to maintain his position in Austria, and later Roman of Halicz, a relative of the king of Hungary. Margaret was married to Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia, more than twenty years her junior. Subsequently, Austria became of field of conflict between the Přemyslid and Arpad dynasties, in which Ottokar would prevail until being overthrown by Rudolph of Habsburg. This is the history of Austria. ... Rudolf IV of Austria Rudolf IV der Stifter (the Founder) (born November 1, 1339 in Vienna, died July 27, 1365 in Milan) was a member of the House of Habsburg and Duke and self-proclaimed Archduke of Austria from 1358 to 1365. ... The Privilegium Minus (as opposed to the later Privilegium Maius, which was a forgery), is a document issued by Emperor Frederick I on September 17, 1156. ... Margaret of Austria (d. ... Gertrude of Austria (1226-1288) was the niece of Duke Frederick II of Austria (daughter of his elder brother Henry of Modling), the last male member of the Babenberg dynasty, and granddaughter of Leopold VI of Austria and Theodora Angelina. ... Herman VI, Margrave of Baden (died October 4, 1250) was nominally Duke of Austria and Styria. ... Otakar II (also spelled Ottokar or Přemysl Otakar/Ottokar) (c. ... PÅ™emyslid coat of arms. ... The Árpáds (Hungarian: Árpádok, Slovak: Arpádovci, Croatian: Arpadovići) were a dynasty ruling in historic Hungary from the late 9th century to 1301 (with some interruptions, e. ... The brass of the tomb of Rudolph I in Speyer Rudolph I (Rudolph of Habsburg) (May 1, 1218 – July 15, 1291) was a German king, who played a vital role in raising the Habsburg family to a leading position among the royal dynasties of Germany. ...

Preceded by:
Leopold VI
Duke of Austria Succeeded by:
Herman VI of Baden



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