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Encyclopedia > Frederick Funston
Frederick N. Funston
September 11, 1865(1865-09-11)February 29, 1917 (aged 51)

Frederick Funston, as Major General
Nickname "Fred"
Place of birth New Carlisle, Ohio
Place of death San Antonio, Texas
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1898-1917
Rank Major General
Battles/wars Spanish-American War
Philippine-American War
Awards Medal of Honor

Frederick N. Funston (11 September 186519 February 1917) also known as Fred Funston, was a General in the United States Army, best known for his role in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American War. He received Medal of Honor for his actions during the Philippine-American War. is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1865 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... New Carlisle is a city in Clark County, Ohio, United States. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... The United States Army is the largest, and by some standards oldest, established branch of the armed forces of the United States and is one of seven uniformed services. ... For the 17th Century Cromwellian regime see Rule of the Major-Generals Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Belligerents United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Manuel Macías y Casado Ramón Blanco y Erenas Casualties and losses 385 KIA USA 5,000... Belligerents United States Philippine Constabulary Philippine Scouts First Philippine Republic several groups post-1902 Commanders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Emilio Aguinaldo Miguel Malvar several unofficial leaders post-1902 Strength 126,000 soldiers[1] First Philippine Republic: 80,000 soldiers Casualties and losses ~5,000-7,000[1][2] ~12,000... For other uses, see Medal of Honor (disambiguation). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1865 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The United States Army is the largest, and by some standards oldest, established branch of the armed forces of the United States and is one of seven uniformed services. ... Belligerents United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Manuel Macías y Casado Ramón Blanco y Erenas Casualties and losses 385 KIA USA 5,000... Belligerents United States Philippine Constabulary Philippine Scouts First Philippine Republic several groups post-1902 Commanders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Emilio Aguinaldo Miguel Malvar several unofficial leaders post-1902 Strength 126,000 soldiers[1] First Philippine Republic: 80,000 soldiers Casualties and losses ~5,000-7,000[1][2] ~12,000... For other uses, see Medal of Honor (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Early life and career

Col. Frederick Funston and Mrs Eda Funston in their family living room in the Presidio of San Francisco.
Col. Frederick Funston and Mrs Eda Funston in their family living room in the Presidio of San Francisco.

Funston was born in New Carlisle, Ohio before his family moved to Allen County, Kansas in 1881. His father, Edward H. Funston, was elected to the US Congress. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... New Carlisle is a city in Clark County, Ohio, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Allen County (standard abbreviation: AL) is a county in the State of Kansas. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party...


A slight individual who stood just five feet five inches tall and weighed only 120 pounds, Funston failed an admissions test to the United States Military Academy in 1884, then attended the University of Kansas from 1885 to 1888 but did not graduate. He worked as a trainman for the Santa Fe Railroad before becoming a reporter in Kansas City in 1890. USMA redirects here. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Arizona railroads | California railroads | Colorado railroads | Illinois railroads | Iowa railroads | Kansas railroads | Louisiana railroads | Missouri railroads | Nebraska railroads | New Mexico railroads | Oklahoma railroads | Texas railroads ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ...


After one year as a journalist, Funston moved into more scientific exploration, focusing primarily on botany. First serving as part of an exploring and surveying expedition in Death Valley, CA in 1891, he then traveled to Alaska to spend the next two years in work for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... Pinguicula grandiflora commonly known as a Butterwort Example of a cross section of a stem [1] Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... Death Valley National Park is a mostly arid National Park located east of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Inyo County, California, USA with a small section extending into Nevada. ... The U.S. Department of Agriculture, also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA, is a Cabinet department of the United States Federal Government. ...


Cuba

Funston in Cuban uniform

He eventually joined the Cuban Revolutionary Army that was fighting for independence from Spain in 1896 after having been inspired to join following a rousing speech given by Gen. Daniel E. Sickles at Madison Square Garden in New York. General Frederick Funston, scanned from 1899 book War in the Philippines This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... General Frederick Funston, scanned from 1899 book War in the Philippines This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Portrait of Daniel Sickles during the Civil War Daniel Edgar Sickles (October 20, 1825–May 3, 1914) was an American soldier, statesman and diplomat. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, and known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City. ... This article is about the state. ...


After a bout of malaria, Funston's weight dropped to an alarming 95 pounds and he was given a leave of absence by the Cubans. When Funston returned to the United States, he was commissioned as a colonel of the 20th Kansas Infantry in the United States Army on May 13, 1898, in the early days of the Spanish-American War. That same year, he landed in the Philippines as part of the U.S. forces in the Philippine-American War. Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... For other uses, see Colonel (disambiguation). ... The United States Army is the largest, and by some standards oldest, established branch of the armed forces of the United States and is one of seven uniformed services. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Belligerents United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Manuel Macías y Casado Ramón Blanco y Erenas Casualties and losses 385 KIA USA 5,000... Belligerents United States Philippine Constabulary Philippine Scouts First Philippine Republic several groups post-1902 Commanders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Emilio Aguinaldo Miguel Malvar several unofficial leaders post-1902 Strength 126,000 soldiers[1] First Philippine Republic: 80,000 soldiers Casualties and losses ~5,000-7,000[1][2] ~12,000...


Philippines

Funston was in command in various engagements with Filipino nationalists. In April of 1899, he took a Filipino position at Calumpit by swimming the Bagbag River, then crossing the Rio Grande de la Pampanga River under heavy fire. For his bravery, Funston was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier General of Volunteers and awarded the Medal of Honor on February 14 1900. Calumpit is a 1st class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. ... The Pampanga River is a river on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. ...


Funston played an important role in capturing Filipino President Emilio Aguinaldo, on 23 March 1901 at Palanan. The capture of Aguinaldo made Funston a national hero, although his reputation was somewhat tarnished when details of the capture became known -- Funston's party, escorted by a company of Macabebe mercenaries, had gained access to Aguinaldo's camp by posing as prisoners of Macabe scouts. In recognition of his capture of Aguinaldo, Funston was appointed a Brigadier General in the Regular Army at the age of 35. Funston's capture of Emilio Aguinaldo saved his military career as he had been previously denied a commission in the Regular Army, and was scheduled to be mustered out of the volunteer service. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ...


In 1902, Funston toured the United States to increase public support of the Philippine-American War and became the focus of controversy by stating,

"I personally strung up thirty-five Filipinos without trial, so what was all the fuss over Waller's 'dispatching' a few 'treacherous savages'? If there had been more Smiths and Wallers, the war would have been over long ago. Impromptu domestic hanging might also hasten the end of the war. For starters, all Americans who had recently petitioned Congress to sue for peace in the Philippines should be dragged out of their homes and lynched." [1],[1]

Mark Twain, a strong opponent of US imperialism, published a sarcasm-filled denunciation of Funston's mission and methods under the title "A Defence of General Funston" in the North American Review. Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... For the computer game, see Imperialism (computer game). ... A Defence of General Funston is a humour piece written by Mark Twain in honor of US General and expansionism advocate Frederick Funston. ... First issue of the North American Review with signature of its editor William Tudor (1779-1830). ...


Funston was considered a useful advocate for US expansionism, but when he publicly made insulting remarks about anti-imperialist Republican Senator George Frisbie Hoar of Massachusetts, mocking his "overheated conscience" in Denver, just before a planned trip to Boston, President Theodore Roosevelt denied his furlough request, and ordered him silenced and officially reprimanded.[2] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anti-imperialism is a current within the political left advocating the collapse of imperialism. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... George Frisbie Hoar (29 August 1826–30 September 1904) was a prominent United States politician. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ...


Stateside and overseas again

In 1906, Funston was in command of the Presidio base in San Francisco, California when the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake hit. Funston took command of the city, although martial law was never officially declared[3] , and directed the dynamiting of buildings to create fire-breaks to stop the out-of-control burning of the city. Funston's actions were later assessed with a mixture of criticism and praise. Some objected that he far exceeded his authority and acted contrary to military law, while others hailed him as a hero who did what was necessary in the face of the disaster. The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Sarah San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... Battlespace Weapons Tactics Strategy Organization Logistics Lists War Portal         For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ...


That same year Funston successfully negotiated peace in Cuba.


From December 1907 through March of 1908, he was in charge of troops at the Goldfield mining center in Esmeralda County, Nevada, where the army put down a labor strike by the Industrial Workers of the World. Location of Goldfield in Nevada. ... Esmeralda County is a county in the west of U.S. state of Nevada. ... Strike action (or simply strike) describes collective action undertaken by groups of workers in the form of a refusal to perform work. ... The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union currently headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. At its peak in 1923 the organization claimed some 100,000 members in good standing, and could marshal the support of perhaps 300,000 workers. ...


Then, after two years as Commandant of the Army Service School in Ft. Leavenworth, he served three years as Commander of the Department of Luzon in the Philippines, then was briefly shifted to the same role in the Hawaiian Department. In 1827, Colonel Henry Leavenworth established a post on the bluffs overlooking the western bank of the Missouri River to protect the fur trade, safeguard commerce on the Santa Fe Trail and maintain the peace among the inhabitants. ...


Funston was active in the conflict with Mexico in 1914-1916. He occupied the city of Veracruz, and later took part in the hunt for Pancho Villa, becoming a Major General in November 1914. Veracruz is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... For the Filipino boxer, see Francisco Guilledo. ... For the 17th Century Cromwellian regime see Rule of the Major-Generals Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


World War I and death

General Funston's body lying in state at San Francisco City Hall.
General Funston's body lying in state at San Francisco City Hall.

Shortly before the US entry into World War I, President Woodrow Wilson favored Funston to head any American Expeditionary Force (AEF). His intense focus on work would lead to health problems, first with a case of indigestion in January 1917, followed by a fatal heart attack at the age of 51 years in San Antonio, Texas. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856—February 3, 1924), was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. ... Officers of the American Expeditionary Forces and the Baker mission The American Expeditionary Forces or AEF was the United States military force sent to Europe in World War I.(In France, AEF is a news agency specialised in Education and Formation) The AEF fought alongside allied forces against imperial German... Heart attack redirects here. ... San Antonio redirects here. ...


In the moments leading up to his death, Funston was relaxing in the lobby of a San Antonio, Texas hotel, listening to an orchestra play The Blue Danube Waltz. After commenting, "How beautiful it all is," he collapsed from a massive painful heart attack (myocardial infarctus) and died. San Antonio redirects here. ... The Blue Danube is the common English title of An der schönen blauen Donau op. ... For other uses, see Waltz (disambiguation). ...


Douglas MacArthur, then a major just out of West Point, had the unpleasant duty of breaking the news to President Wilson and Secretary of War Newton D. Baker. As MacArthur explained in his memoirs, "had the voice of doom spoken, the result could not have been different. The silence seemed like that of death itself. You could hear your own breathing." This article is about the American general; for the municipality in the Philippines, see General MacArthur, Eastern Samar. ... Newton Diehl Baker (December 3, 1871 - December 25, 1937) was an American politician in the Democratic Party, and a notable figure in the Progressive movement. ...


Funston lay in state at both the Alamo and the City Hall Rotunda in San Francisco. The latter honor gave him the distinction of being the first person to be recognized with this tribute, with his subsequent burial taking place in the Presidio. After his death, his position of AEF commander went to General John Pershing. The Lake Merced military reservation (part of San Francisco's coastal defenses) was renamed Fort Funston in his honor, while the training camp built in 1917 next to Fort Riley in Kansas (which became the second-largest World War I camp) was named Camp Funston. The Alamo (San Antonio de Valero Mission) is a former mission and fortress compound, now a museum, in San Antonio, Texas. ... San Francisco City Hall in Summer 2003. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... John Joseph Black Jack Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was an officer in the United States Army. ... Lake Merced Lake Merced is a freshwater lake located in the southwest corner of San Francisco, California. ... The Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA) is a U.S. National Recreation Area administered by the National Park Service that surrounds the San Francisco Bay area. ... Fort Riley is a census-designated place and United States Army post, in Northeast Kansas, on the Kansas River. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Camp Funston is located on Ft. ...


Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: Colonel, 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry. Place and date: At Rio Grande de la Pampanga, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 27 April 1899. Entered service at: Iola, Kans. Birth: Springfield, Ohio. Date of issue: 14 February 1900.


Citation:

Crossed the river on a raft and by his skill and daring enabled the general commanding to carry the enemy's entrenched position on the north bank of the river and to drive him with great loss from the important strategic position of Calumpit.
General Funston's Medal of Honor
General Funston's Medal of Honor

See also

United States Army Portal

Image File history File links United_States_Department_of_the_Army_Seal. ... The following is a partial list of Medal of Honor recipients. ... A Defence of General Funston is a humour piece written by Mark Twain in honor of US General and expansionism advocate Frederick Funston. ...

Notes

  1. ^ New York Sun March 10, 1902; Benevolent Assimilation The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899-1903, --Stuart Creighton Miller, (Yale University Press, 1982), page 234-235
  2. ^ ibid., page 235; New York Times, April 10, 1902. Front-page headlines: Boston Herald, April 24, 1902: "President Muzzles Funston" and San Francisco Call, April 25, 1902: "Funston Silenced. President Orders Him to Cease Talking."
  3. ^ Gordon Thomas & Max Morgan Witts: The San Francisco Earthquake (Stein and Day, New York; Souvenir Press, London, 1971; reprinted Dell, 1972, SBN 440-07631, page 83)

The modern New York Sun is a daily newspaper published in New York City. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

External links

Further reading

  • "Funston, Frederick" in The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, Vol. 11, Pages 40-41.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frederick Funston - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1054 words)
Funston was born in New Carlisle, Ohio before his family moved to Allen County, Kansas in 1881.
Funston was considered a useful advocate for US expansionism, but when he publicly made insulting remarks about anti-imperialist Republican Senator George Frisbie Hoar of Massachusetts, mocking his "overheated conscience" in Denver, just before a planned trip to Boston, President Theodore Roosevelt denied his furlough request, and ordered him silenced and officially reprimanded.
Funston took command of the city under martial law, and directed the dynamiting of buildings to create fire-breaks to stop the out-of-control burning of the city.
Frederick Funston - definition of Frederick Funston in Encyclopedia (626 words)
Frederick N. Funston (11 September, 1865 – 19 February, 1917) also known as Fred Funston, was a General in the United States Army, best known for his role in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American War.
Funston was considered a useful advocate for US expansionism, but when he publicly made insulting remarks about anti-imperialist Republican Senator George Frisbie Hoar of Massachusetts, President Theodore Roosevelt thought Funston had gone too far and ordered a stop to his public speeches.
Funston, however, died suddenly of a heart attack at the age of 51 years in San Antonio, Texas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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