Frederick Chapman Robbins (1916-2003) was a Nobel laureate in Medicine and Physiology in 1956 along with Enders and Weller. The award was for breakthrough work in isolation and growth of the polio virus paving the way for vaccines developed by Salk, Sabin, etc. 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... A bottle and a syringe containing the influenza vaccine. ...
Robbins and his fellow researchers, American microbiologist John Franklin Enders and American virologist Thomas Huckle Weller, were the first to succeed in growing the polio virus on tissue in the laboratory, making it possible for the virus to be studied in detail by many researchers.
From 1980 to 1985 Robbins was president of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.
However, Robbins and his colleagues developed cell cultures based on tissues from mice—and from humans—that improved considerably on the efforts of earlier researchers.
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