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Encyclopedia > Frederick Augustus I of Saxony
Frederick Augustus I of Saxony.
Frederick Augustus I of Saxony.

Frederick Augustus I (German: Friedrich August I.; b. Dresden, 23 December 1750 - d. Dresden, 5 May 1827) was King of Saxony (1805-1827) from the House of Wettin. He was also Elector Frederick Augustus III (Friedrich August III.) of Saxony (1763-1806) and Duke Frederick Augustus I (Polish: Fryderyk August I) of Warsaw (1807-1813). Image File history File links Fryderyk_August_I.jpg Summary copyright expired 100 years ago Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Frederick Augustus I of Saxony ... Image File history File links Fryderyk_August_I.jpg Summary copyright expired 100 years ago Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Frederick Augustus I of Saxony ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Kingdom of Saxony, lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Germany, finally being absorbed into the Weimar Republic in 1918. ... The House of Wettin was a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors (Kurfürsten) and kings that ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding at times the kingship of Poland. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Coat of arms Map of the Duchy of Warsaw after 1809. ...


He was the second but eldest surviving son of Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, and Maria Antonia Walpurgis, Princess of Bavaria. Frederick Christian Frederick Christian (September 5, 1722 – December 17, 1763) was a member of the house of Wettin. ... Maria Antonia Walpurgis (von Bayern) (July 18, 1724-April 23, 1780), Electress of Saxony, was a German composer, singer, harpsichordist and patron, known particularly for her operas Il trionfo della fedeltà (Dresden, summer 1754) and Talestri, regina delle amazoni (Nymphenburg, February 6, 1760). ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Elector of Saxony and Elect King of Poland

Early Years

Frederick Augustus succeeded his father as Elector when he died, on 17 December 1763. Because he was only thirteen-years-old, by the first five years of his reign (1763-68) his mother, the Dowager Electress Maria Antonia was the regent and his paternal uncle Franz Xavier was the administrator of the Electorate. December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Look up administrator in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Renunciation of the Polish Throne

In 1765 the Prince Franz Xavier expressed the renunciation of the Polish Crown in favour of Stanislaus Poniatowski in name of the young Elector. However, with the discharge of the Polish Constitution of 3 May 1791 by the Sejm, Frederick Augustus was appointed the successor of the King Stanislaus II and was fixed at the same time the hereditary succession of the Electorate House of Saxony for the Polish throne (Article VII of the Polish Constitution). In view of the difficult times in the foreign politics, Frederick Augustus declined the crown, because he feared to be involved, as a King of Poland, in warlike discussions with Austria, Prussia and Russia, which had some areas of the coutry since the First Partition of 1772. Actually, after the deposition of the King Stanislaus II the complete subdivision of Poland took place on 1795. Poland remain divided under the powers of Austria, Prussia and Russia. Year 1765 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other persons named Stanisław Poniatowski, see Stanisław Poniatowski. ... May 3rd Constitution (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Year 1772 (MDCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Declaration of Pillnitz and War against the France Revolution

In 1791 Frederick Augustus arranged a meeting between the Emperor Leopold II and king Frederick Wilhelm II of Prussia on Schloss Pillnitz with the purprose, which among other things, the support of the French monarchy. The Declaration of Pillnitz also contained the view of a military action against the French Revolution and gave to France the occasion to declared the war to Austria in April 1792. Frederick Augustus refuse to signe the Declaration. 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792) was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ... Frederick William II (German: ; September 25, 1744–November 16, 1797) was the fourth King of Prussia, reigning from 1786 until his death. ... Pillnitz Pillnitz is a city quarter of Dresden, Germany. ... The Declaration of Pillnitz on August 27, 1791, was a statement issued at the Castle of Pillnitz in Saxony (south of Dresden) by Emperor Leopold II and Frederick William II of Prussia. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


In July 1792 when Austria and Prussia formed a closed defensive alliance against France, the Electorate of Saxony didn't join. The Proclamation of War was made in the Reichstag of March 1793; this obliged Frederick Augustus, of course, to participated in the war. When Prussia concluded a separate peace with France in April 1795 suddenly at the expenses of the empire to be able to break uphindered the resistance against the subdivision of Poland, this also cared in the Electorate. After other imperial states had come separate peace alliances with France and moved forward the Frenchmen to the east, Saxony left the coalition in August 1796. With his peace with France, as well as on the Rastatter Congress which should approve the transfer of the imperial area on the left of the Rhine to France since 1797, allowed to demonstrate Frederick August the weak and obsolet constitutional principles of the Empire. Neither in Rastatt or with in the German Mediatisation of 1803 Saxony receive any compensation in the general national haggling whose main beneficiaries were Bavaria, Prussia, Würtemberg and Baden. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Second Congress of Rastatt, which was opened in December 1797, was intended to rearrange the map of Germany by providing compensation for those princes whose lands on the left bank of the Rhine had been seized by France. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... // Background The German Mediatisation is a name applied to the series of mediatisations and secularisations which occurred in Germany during the Napoleonic Era (occurring 1795 - 1814AD). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Württemberg, shown within the German Empire (1871–1918) Capital Stuttgart Language(s) Swabian German Religion Lutheran Government Monarchy King  - ca 1089–1122 (first count) Conrad I  - 1457–96     (first duke from 1495)   Eberhard I (V)  - 1797–1816     (first king from 1806)   Frederick I (III)  - 1891–1918     (last king, died... Baden is a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine. ...


Peace Treaty with Napoleon

Frederick Augustus also didn't participate in the Confederation of the Rhine which led to the final dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Opposite the Prussian idea of a North German Empire within whose Saxony should be raised to the empire he appeared also reserved. As Napoleon, however, in reaction to a Berlin Ultimatum which demanded the retreat of the French troops on the area on the left of the Rhine, since September 1806 advanced to Thuringia, Frederick Augustus united with Prussia. In the Double Battle of Jena and Auerstädt in October 1806 the Prussian-Saxon troops against Napoleon suffered, of course, a devastating defeat. From Prussia whose state guidance and army guidance retreated headlessly to the east, completely only and also without every news calmly, Frederick Augustus with Napoleon -whose troops occupied directly Saxony- had to conclude the peace. On the 11 December 1806 the Treaty was signed in Posen by the authorized persons of both sides: Saxon had to join to the Confederation of the Rhine and leave the Thuringian areas to the new Austrian Empire to be established the Kingdom of Westphalia; however, the area got for it as a compensation around Cottbus promised and was raised near the Rhine union governments of Bavaria and Wurtemberg to the Empire. The Confederation of the Rhine in 1812 Capital Frankfurt Political structure Confederation Protector Napoleon I Primate  - 1806-1813 Karl von Dalberg  - 1813 Eugène de Beauharnais Historical era Napoleonic Wars  - Formation 12 July, 1806  - Collapse 19 October, 1813 The Confederation of the Rhine or Rhine Confederation (German: ; French: ) lasted from... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants First French Empire Prussia Commanders Napoleon I Louis Nicolas Davout Duke of Brunswick Prince Hohenlohe Strength 90,000 (Jena); 27,000 (Auerstedt) 38,000 (Jena); 63,000 (Auerstedt) Casualties 5,000 dead and wounded (Jena); 7,000 killed, wounded, or missing (Auerstedt) 25,000 dead, wounded, or captured (Jena... For other uses, see October (disambiguation). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For other places named Westphalia, see Westphalia (disambiguation). ...


King of Saxony and Duke of Warsaw

Elevation to the Saxon-Polish Ruler

On 20 December 1806 Frederick Augustus was proclamed King of Saxony (de: König von Sachsen). Also, after the Treaty of Tilsit signed between Prussia, Russia and Napoleon in July 1807, Frederick Augustus was appointed as Duke of Warsaw (pl: Księstwo Warszawskie). This time Frederick Augustus — who had rejected the Polish throne offered by the Sejm in 1791 — accepted inmediately. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x906, 243 KB) Coat of Arms of Saxony. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x906, 243 KB) Coat of Arms of Saxony. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July, 1807. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

In Dresden on 22 July 1807 Napoleon dictated the Constitution of the Duchy of Warsaw who, in the Article V (like the Polish Constitution of 1791) the Duchy of Warsaw was declared heredity in the now Saxon Royal House. Geopolitically the Duchy of Warsaw was the areas of the 2nd and 3rd Prussian partitions (1795), with the exception of Danzig (Gdańsk), which was made into the Free City of Danzig under joint French and Saxon "protection", and the district around Białystok, which was given to Russia. The Prussian territory was made up of territory from the former Prussian provinces of New East Prussia, Southern Prussia, New Silesia, and West Prussia. In addition, the new state was given the area along the Noteć river and the "Land of Chełmno". Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (449x623, 279 KB) Duchy of Warsaw Coat of Arms author:user:Mathiasrex Maciej SzczepaÅ„czyk File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Duchy... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (449x623, 279 KB) Duchy of Warsaw Coat of Arms author:user:Mathiasrex Maciej SzczepaÅ„czyk File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Duchy... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Coat of arms Map of the Duchy of Warsaw after 1809. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Napoleon issuing the Constitution of the Duchy of Warsaw. ... Coat of arms Map of the Duchy of Warsaw after 1809. ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... The Free City of Danzig (yellow) on the Baltic coast, surrounded by Prussia, with the Duchy of Warsaw to the south Capital Dantzig Government Republic Protector Napoleon Boneparte Governor  - 1807 François Lefebvre (first)  - 1814 F. von Massenbach (last) Senate President  - 1807 - 1808 Karl von Gralath (first)  - 1813 - 1814 Jacob... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Podlachian Powiat city county Gmina BiaÅ‚ystok Established 14th century City Rights 1692 Government  - Mayor Tadeusz Truskolaski Area  - City 102 km²  (39. ... New East Prussia (German Neu-Ostpreußen) was the easternmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia between 1795 and 1807, created from areas acquired during the third Partition of Poland, with Warsaw as a capital. ... South Prussia (1793-1806) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia, created in Greater Poland after the second partition of Poland (1793). ... New Silesia (German: Neuschlesien, also Neu-Schlesien) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1795 to 1806, created northwest of Kraków from the third partition of Poland. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ... CheÅ‚mno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia CheÅ‚miÅ„ska, German: Kulmerland) is a historical region in central Poland bounded by the Vistula and DrwÄ™ca rivers. ...


Altogether, the Duchy had an initial area of around 104,000 km², with a population of approximately 2,600,000. The bulk of its inhabitants were Poles.


When in 1809 Austria tried to seize of the Duchy, it was hit by Saxon-Polish troops successfully and had to resign to a part of the lands retained by him since 1795, who then were added to the Duchy of Warsaw: Galicia, Zamość and the old capital of the defunct Kingdom of Poland, Kraków (Cracow). In July 1812 Frederick Augustus confirmed a proclamation of the Warsaw Reichstag with the purprose of resucite the Kingdom of Poland, but Napoleon refused. Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Galicia. ... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lublin Powiat City County Gmina Zamość Estabilished 1580 City Rights 1580 Government  - Mayor Marcin Zamoyski Area  - Town 30. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting...


The War of Liberation

During the War of Liberation in 1813 Saxony was in a more difficult position than all other states involved in war. The country was still firmly in the hands of Napoleon and became at the same moment the central scene of battle; in the autumn of 1813, at the beginning of the Battle of Leipzig, faced to the native population which counted approximately two million heads, just one million of them were soldiers. Openly Napoleon threatened the King, he will consider Saxony as a hostile area and treated appropriately, Frederick Augustus should change the sides. Therefore of Frederick August free lands was strongly limited, he didn't want to risk rashly the well-being of the country. At the same time the recollection was alive to the King still very much of the fact that Prussia had let him in 1806 simply in the stitch. Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants French Empire Duchy of Warsaw Confederation of the Rhine[1] Austria Prussia Russia Sweden Commanders Napoleon I Jozef Antoni Poniatowski† Frederick Augustus of Saxony Barclay De Tolly Count Benningsen Prince of Schwarzenberg Gebhard von Blücher Prince Charles John of Sweden Strength 191,000 330,000 Casualties 38,000... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


In this difficult position the King tried to accept connection with the Great Coalition during 1813 carefully without snubbing Napoleon publicly and risking with it the Declaration of War of the Corsican. When the Prussian-Russian troops moved in the spring in Saxony, therefore, the King made way first to the south to avoid a direct meeting, and pursued from Regensburg from the in secret conclusion of an alliance treaty with Austria. The Saxon-Austrian treaty was concluded on 20 April and was brought to notice by the King the Prussian-Russian ally immediately. Frederick Augusts could remain not hidden to Napoleon and he requested the King ultimatively to the return to Saxony, after that he attack the the Prussian-Russian troops in the Battle of Lützen (1813) (2 May). Without view of specific help by Austria which entered only in August into the war, and in view of the defeat of the Prussian Russian coalition which sent out now from their part peace signals in France Frederick August decided to follow to the ultimatum. is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants First French Empire Prussia Russia Commanders Napoleon I of France Jacques Lauriston Michel Ney Nicolas Oudinot Auguste Marmont Gebhard von Blücher Peter Wittgenstein Gerhard von Scharnhorst† Strength 120,000 73,000 Casualties 18-22,000 18-22,000 The Battle of Lützen was the first major engagement... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Of Frederick Augustus's relief hardly, however, brought to the country. Napoleon, annoys by half a waste of the King and at the same time instructed on the complete mobilization of all available forces against the coalition troops, now took up also the resources of Saxony strictly. In addition, the country suffered from the changing war luck and the passages connected with it and quartering. At the end of August the allies did not succeed in the Battle of Dresden again in hitting Napoleon. Saxony was, in the meantime, a main scene of battle, and Dresden the center of the movements of the French army. Only on the 9 September Austria in Teplitz concluded his defensive alliance with Prussia and Russia; when before the extended coalition of Napoleon troops started the retreat also in Saxony, it still came in September to the first defections from the Saxon army to the allies. Combatants Great Britain Austria Prussia Spain[1] Russia Sardinia Ottoman Empire Portugal Dutch Republic[2] France The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Battle of Dresden was fought on August 26-27, 1813, and resulted in a French victory under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians, Russians and Prussians under General Schwartzenberg. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Frederick Augustus, suspiciously against Prussia and in view of the experiences of the spring probably also from Austria disappointed, might not join to the extended coalition immediately, particularly as the country was still exposed to the French access. Therefore, in the Battle of Leipzig the Saxonians as well as the Polish troops still went in the side of Napoleon. However, in view of the standing out defeat of the Frenchmen bigger Saxony troop units still went over during the battle to the Coalition, while the Polish troops were rubbed sore largely.


Destiny of the Kingdom during the Congress of Vienna

More still than the difficult geopolitical position, the changing war luck, the missing support of Austria and finally also the hesitant attitude of the Saxon King became Frederick Augustus like the country probably the fact the calamity that the Prussian-Russian allies possessed no honest tendency to win Saxony for the antinapoleonic alliance. Since still before Prussia in France 17 March 1813 expressed the war and called his people to the weapons, it had communicated in Kalisch on 22 February with Russia on an alliance contract to weights of Saxony and Poland: the Duchy of Warsaw should fall mainly in Russia, be compensated Prussia for the Polish areas in Russia on the contrary with the annexation of Saxony. Grasping of Prussia at the rich, cultural and economically country of Saxony resulted, of course, not from any necessity for overcoming the napoleonic foreign rule, but corresponded only to the old annexation dream which Frederick II develops in hispolitical testament of 1752 and had already tried to realize in the Seven Years' War mercilessly. is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Frederick II (German: ; January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740–1786) from the Hohenzollern dynasty. ... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain and its American Colonies Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and...


After the Battle of Leipzig the Prussian-Russian allies showed then also no interest in an alliance with the Saxon King in other battle against Napoleon, in spite of appropriate offers Frederick Augustus. Rather the King was led immediately in captivity in the town of Friedrichsfelde near Berlin, and Saxony was put under Russian-Prussian guardianship in the form a "General Government of the High Allied Powers" (Generalgouvernements der Hohen Verbündeten Mächte). Not from the Russian monarch Repnin up to the 8 November 1814 carried out the Government, probably, however, the subsequent, up to the 6 June 1815 lasting Prussian occupying and the steep appearance of the Freiherr von Stein cared in Saxony for sullenness. is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Heinrich Friedrich Karl, Baron vom und zum Stein Heinrich Friedrich Karl Reichsfreiherr vom und zum Stein (Baron vom und zum Stein), October 26, 1757 - June 29, 1831), was a German statesman, of an old Franconian family. ...


On the Congress of Vienna Frederick Augustus who (in a different way than possibly to the representatives of France) which was prohibited participation simultaneously on behalf for the allies of Napoleon should be punished. Behind this reprimand nothing else stood, of course, than the intention of Prussia and Russia to put through their annexation plans arranged in Kalisch. The fact that it didn't come then, nevertheless, to the complete task of Saxony, lay with the fear of Austria and France before excessive growing stronger of Prussia. After the Congress threatened to break in the Saxon question, finally, one agreed on mediation of the tsar on the 7 January 1815 divided Saxony. is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...


Agreement with the Viennese Post-War Order

Frederick Augustus —who was released from the Prussian captivity only in February 1815— long hesitated to accept or not the division of his country. Finally the King, of course, had no choice, and he give his ascent on 18 May to the "Peace Treaty" with Prussia and Russia. With the signing of the contract on 21 May 1815, the 57% of the Saxon territory (who represented two-thirds of the Kingsom) and the 42% of the Saxon population fell under the hands of Russia and Prussia. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim...


Places and areas which were connected since hundreds of years with the Saxon regional dominion became to completely foreign, adds partly only artificially to formed administration regions: Wittenberg, possibly which were inserted old capital of the Saxon Electorate state and seat of the world-famous regional University were Luther and Melanchthon explain his revolutionaries ideas (which was merged in 1817 with the Prussian University of Halle and created the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg), and Torgau —home town and seat of powerful Elector Frederick the Wise—, formed one hybrid state created by Prussia with the name of "Province of Saxony". The Lower Lusatia —which had retained their constitutional self-sufficiency like the Upper Lusatia under Saxon dominion— was added to the Prussian "Province of Brandenburg" and stopped existing as a country. The Upper Lusatia was divided arbitrarily: the areas resigned in Prussia, under it Görlitz, near the capital of Bautzen (which remained with Saxony) century-long centre of the country were separated and was simply slammed of the neighbouring "Province of Silesia"; also these areas lost, in a different way than the region remaining under Saxon dominion, their constitutional self-sufficiency. Statue of Martin Luther in the main square Wittenberg, officially [Die] Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12° 59 E, 51° 51 N, on the Elbe river. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon, by Lucas Cranach the Elder. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg The Martin-Luther-University of Halle-Wittenberg is located in the German city Halle, Saxony-Anhalt. ... Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany. ... Friedrich III (January 17, 1463 — May 5, 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise, was Elector of Saxony (from the House of Wettin) from 1486 to his death. ... The Province of Saxony (German Provinz Sachsen) was a Prussian province between the Napoleonic Wars of 1815 and 1947. ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern... The Province of Brandenburg (German: ) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1946. ... , House at Untermarkt (Lower Market) Görlitz ( , Upper Sorbian: , Czech: , Polish: ) is a town in Germany on the river Lusatian Neisse, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony, opposite the Polish town of Zgorzelec, which was a part of Görlitz until 1945. ... Bautzen (pronounced , listen, until 1868: Budissin; Upper Sorbian: BudyÅ¡in; Lower Sorbian: BudyÅ¡yn; , listen; Polish: Budziszyn; Czech: Budyšín) is a city in eastern Saxony, Germany, and capital of the eponymous district. ... Please be advised that the factual accuracy of Wikipedia articles dealing with topics related to the Oder-Neisse Line is often disputed. ...


Besides, on 22 May 1815 Frederick Augustus performed the formal renunciation of the Duchy of Warsaw, whose area was annexed mainly from Russia, but also from Prussia and Austria. On Russia assigned area own empire Poland was established which was connected in hereditary personal union with the Tsar. Opposite the Duchy established in 1807 and more still compared to old Polish empire this "Congress Poland" arranged in Vienna was a trunk thing to which even the old King's city of Krakow did not belong any more to him. The inside autonomy which enjoyed the empire first was removed from Russia after the November Uprising in 1831. is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Map of Congress Poland. ... Coat-of-arms of the November Uprising. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


King of Saxony

Reputation between the population after the Homecoming

When Frederick Augustus finally return in July 1815 to Saxony, he was enthusiastic greeted in the whole country. Numerous pledges of loyalty reached the King also from the lost areas, where the population behaved coolly against the new ruling powers; the notion "must go Prussian" did here soon the round. In Liège where in the beginning of 1815 most regiments of the Saxony Army lay it came at the end of April to the revolt, as a Blücher on order of the Prussian King already the soldiers who came from the areas to be annexed, from the Saxon Army should separate, without the teams of Frederick Augustus had got their farewell. The Saxony soldiers got about that point in disorder; Blücher had to flee from the city and could knock down the revolt only by Prussian troops consulted in addition. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher. ...


The sympathy of the public opinion return of the Frederick Augustus's side. Too mercilessly Prussian politics appeared in Saxony against the country like against the King. Too strangely had an effect the emotionalism with which Berlin pepole interests were given as a legacy of the War of Liberation and which troubled possibly Hardenberg farther to legitimize still the "compensation" of Prussia with Rhineland for only half won Saxon, after mainly from him and von Stein with Russia Kalish annexation's plan on the Viennese Congress one had not been able to be put through to one. Karl August von Hardenberg Karl August Fürst von Hardenberg (en: Prince Charles Augustus von Hardenberg) (May 31, 1750 - November 26, 1822), was a Prussian statesman. ... Heinrich Friedrich Karl, Baron vom und zum Stein Heinrich Friedrich Karl Reichsfreiherr vom und zum Stein (Baron vom und zum Stein), October 26, 1757 - June 29, 1831), was a German statesman, of an old Franconian family. ... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors, from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from November 1, 1814, to June 8, 1815. ...


Only later generations have also learned in Saxony to consider the attitude of Frederick Augustus in the War of Liberation with refusal; this, first of all, under the influence of the proprussian historian Heinrich von Treitschke whose pictures and evaluations determined long time the academic discourse, the political journalism and the school historical lessons, for times of the German division just also in the GDR. Heinrich von Treitschke (September 15, 1834 - April 28, 1896), German historian and political writer, was born at Dresden. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ...


Attitude and reputation during his last years of government

The last twelve years of the Frederick Augustus's government ran largely quietly. The conservative character of the King who had manifested himself with regard to foreign policy till 1806 in absolute imperial-faithful of Saxony increased after the exciting and involving heavy losses years of the napoleonisc hegemony even more. For innovations of the Constitution or in administration and politics, the King was not to be won. Therefore, up to his(its) death in 1827 made headway the constitutional standardization of the Saxony state which the king probably already denied himself from respect before the rights(laws) of the Upper lusatian states remained with Saxony, as well a little like the extension wished by a lot of regional inhabitants of the stand bodies towards a real Congress. This, of course, hardly eliminated the hard worship of the old regional man who determined the fortunes of Saxony more than half of century. While he still alive, Frederick August was called with the surname "The Fair". The annoyance about compared to economic and social development of the country delaid advancement of the state construction agreed only of Frederick Augustus's brother and succesor, King Anton. Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Frederick August was buried in the Katholische Hofkirche of Dresden. Katholische Hofkirche is a Roman Catholic Church, located in the Altstadt in the heart of Dresden, in east Germany. ...


Marriage and Issue

In Mannheim on 17 January 1769 (by proxy) and again in Dresden on 29 January 1769 (in person), Frederick Augustus married with the Countess Palatine (Pfalzgräfin) Maria Amalia Augusta of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, sister of the —since 1805— King Maximilian I of Bavaria. During their marriage, Amalia gave birth four children, but only a daughter survive adulthood: Mannheim is a city in Germany. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... King Maximilian I of Bavaria. ...

  1. Stillborn child (1771).
  2. Stillborn child (1775).
  3. Maria Augusta Nepomucena Antonia Franziska Xaveria Aloysia (b. Dresden, 21 June 1782 - d. Dresden, 14 March 1863). [1]
  4. Stillborn child (1797).

Without surviving male issue, Frederick Augustus was succeeded as King of Saxony by his younger brother Anton. 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Anthony (December 27, 1755 – June 6, 1836), also known by his German name Anton,[1] was a King of Saxony (1827-1836). ...


Ancestors

Frederick Augustus I's ancestors in three generations
Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Father:
Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
Paternal Grandfather:
Augustus III of Poland
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Augustus II the Strong
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Paternal Grandmother:
Maria Josepha of Austria
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
Mother:
Maria Antonia Walpurgis
Maternal Grandfather:
Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
Maternal Grandmother:
Maria Amalia of Austria
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
Preceded by
Frederick Christian
Elector of Saxony
as Frederick Augustus III

1763-1806
Succeeded by
Electorate abolished
Preceded by
Kingdom created
King of Saxony
18061827
Succeeded by
Anton
Preceded by
Duchy created
Duke of Warsaw
18071813
Succeeded by
Duchy abolished

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frederick Augustus II of Saxony - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (174 words)
Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, whose full name was His Majesty Friedrich August II Albert Maria Clemens Joseph Vincenz Aloys Nepomuk Johann Baptista Nikolaus Raphael Peter Xaver Franz de Paula Veneantius King of Saxony, (May 18, 1797 - August 9, 1854) became king of Saxony in 1836.
Son of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony and Princess Caroline of Bourbon-Parma.
On September 26, 1819 Frederick Augustus II married Archduchess Caroline of Austria, daughter of Emperor Francis I of Austria.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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