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Encyclopedia > Frederick, Prince of Wales
Prince Frederick
Prince of Wales; Duke of Edinburgh
Portrait by Jacopo Amigoni, 1735
Portrait by Jacopo Amigoni, 1735
Successor George, Prince of Wales
Spouse Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Issue
Princess Augusta, Duchess of Brunswick
George III
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of York
Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales
Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester
Prince Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland
Princess Louisa Anne of Wales
Prince Frederick William of Wales
Caroline, Queen of Denmark and Norway
Full name
Frederick Louis (or Lewis)
German: Friedrich Ludwig
Titles
HRH The Prince of Wales
HRH The Duke of Cornwall
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Wales
HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Cornwall
HRH Prince Frederick Louis of Cambridge
Royal house House of Hanover
Father George II
Mother Caroline of Ansbach
Born 1 February 1707(1707-02-01)
Hanover, Germany
Died 31 March 1751 (aged 44)
Leicester House, London
Burial 13 April 1751
Westminster Abbey, London

The Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales (Frederick Louis; 1 February 170731 March 1751) was a member of the British Royal Family, the eldest son of George II. He was born into the House of Hanover and, under the Act of Settlement passed by the English Parliament in 1701, Frederick was in the direct line of succession to the British throne. He moved to England following the accession of his father, and became the Prince of Wales. He predeceased his father however, and the throne, upon the death of George II on 25 October 1760, passed to Prince Frederick's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, who reigned as King George III from 1760 until 1820. Image File history File links Frederick_Prince_of_Wales. ... Categories: Artist stubs | 1682 births | 1752 deaths | Italian painters ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... “George III” redirects here. ... Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (November 30, 1719 – February 8, 1772) was Princess of Wales from May 8, 1736 to March 31, 1751. ... Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales (31 July 1737 - 23 March 1813), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of King George II and sister of King George III. She later married into the Ducal House of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. ... “George III” redirects here. ... Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of York (25 March 1739 – 17 September 1767) was the younger brother of George III of the United Kingdom, the second son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. ... Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (30 December 1740 - September 4, 1759) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of King George II and sister of George III of the United Kingdom Princess Elizabeth Caroline was born at Norfolk House, St Jamess Square, London. ... HRH Prince William Henry, Earl of Connaught, 1st Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (November 14, 1743 - August 25, 1805) was a British prince and military officer, younger brother of King George III. He was born to Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha at Leicester House in... Prince Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn (7 November 1745 - 18 September 1790) was the sixth child of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, and a younger brother of George III. // [edit] Early life HRH Prince Henry Frederick of Wales was born on 7 November 1745... Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (19 March 1749 - 13 May 1768) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of George II and sister of George III // HRH Princess Louisa Anne of Wales was born on 19 March 1749, at Leicester House, London, and was christened there on... Prince Frederick William of Wales (May 13, 1750 - December 29, 1765) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of George II and youngest brother of George III // HRH Prince Frederick William of Wales was born, on May 13, 1750, at Leicester House, London. ... Princess Caroline Matilda of Wales (Danish: ) (11 July 1751 - 10 May 1775), was a princess of Great Britain and Ireland, sister of George III and queen of Denmark from 1766 to 1772. ... A Royal House or Dynasty is a sort of family name used by royalty. ... The House of Hanover (the Hanoverians) is a German royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, the Kingdom of Hanover and the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... George II (George Augustus; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ... Caroline of Ansbach (later Queen Caroline; Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline; 1 March 1683 – 20 November 1737) was the queen consort of George II. // Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach was born on 1 March 1683, at Ansbach in Germany, the daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and his second wife... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... For details on the adjacent London Underground station, see Leicester Square tube station Leicester Square in 1750, looking north. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is shared between the Commonwealth Realms; this article focuses on the perspective of United Kingdom. ... George II (George Augustus; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ... The House of Hanover (the Hanoverians) is a German royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, the Kingdom of Hanover and the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Act of Settlement The Electress Sophia of Hanover The Act of Settlement (12 & 13 Wm 3 c. ... A body now called the English Parliament first arose during the thirteenth century, referred to variously as colloquium and parliamentum. It shared most of the powers typical of representative institutions in medieval and early modern Europe, and was arranged from the fourteenth century in a bicameral manner, with a House... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... HRH The Prince of Wales, the Heir Apparent. ... This article is about the title Prince of Wales. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... “George III” redirects here. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Frederick served as the tenth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin, from 1728 to 1751. The University of Dublin, corporately designated the Chancellor, Doctors and Masters of the University of Dublin located in Dublin, Ireland, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, making it Irelands oldest university. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ...


Prince Frederick was famous for having a hostile relationship with his parents.

Contents

Early life

Prince Frederick Louis (slightly-less commonly rendered Lewis), the grandson of the then Elector of Hanover (later George I) and Sophia Dorothea of Celle, was born in Hanover, Germany as Duke Friedrich Ludwig of Hanover. His parents, Prince George (later George II) and Princess Caroline of Ansbach, were called upon to leave the country when their eldest son was only seven years old, and they did not see him again until he arrived in England in 1728 as a grown man. By then, they had several younger children, and they rejected Frederick both as their son and as a person, referring to him as a "foundling" and nicknaming him "Griff", short for the mythical beast known as a griffin. George I (George Louis; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727)[1] was King of Great Britain and Ireland, from 1 August 1714 until his death. ... Sophia Dorothea (15 September 1666 – 13 November 1726) was the wife and cousin of George Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, later George I of Great Britain, and mother of George II through an arranged marriage of state, instigated by the machinations of Duchess Sophia of Hanover. ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... George II (George Augustus; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ... Caroline of Ansbach (later Queen Caroline; Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline; 1 March 1683 – 20 November 1737) was the queen consort of George II. // Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach was born on 1 March 1683, at Ansbach in Germany, the daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and his second wife... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... For other uses, see Griffin (disambiguation). ...


His grandfather created him Duke of Edinburgh, Marquess of the Isle of Ely, Earl of Eltham in the county of Kent, Viscount Launceston in the county of Cornwall and Baron Snowdon in the county of Carnarvon, on 26 July 1726[1]. The Duke of Edinburgh is a dukedom associated with Edinburgh, Scotland. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ...


Prince of Wales

The motives for the ill-feeling between Frederick and his parents may include the fact that he had been set up by his grandfather, even as a small child, as the representative of the house of Hanover, and was used to presiding over official occasions in the absence of his parents. He was not permitted to go to England until his father took the throne as George II on 11 June 1727. In fact, Frederick continued to be known as Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Hanover (with his British HRH style) even after his father had been created Prince of Wales. Frederick was created Prince of Wales on 8 January 1729.[2] George II (George Augustus; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ...


He had a will of his own and sponsored a court of ‘opposition’ politicians at his residence, Leicester House. Frederick and his group supported the Opera of the Nobility in Lincoln's Inn Fields as a rival to Handel's royally-sponsored opera at the King’s Theatre in Drury Lane. Frederick was a genuine lover of music who played the cello; he is depicted as a cellist in an oil portrait by Philip Mercier of Frederick and his sisters, now part of the National Portrait Gallery collection [1]. He enjoyed the natural sciences and the arts, and became a thorn in the side of his parents, thwarting their every ambition and making a point of opposing them in everything, according to the court gossip Lord Hervey. At court, the favourite was Frederick's younger brother, Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, to the extent that the king looked into ways of passing over Frederick in the succession. For details on the adjacent London Underground station, see Leicester Square tube station Leicester Square in 1750, looking north. ... Lincolns Inn Fields is the largest public square in London. ... “Handel” redirects here. ... At least three art galleries are named National Portrait Gallery: National Portrait Gallery, Australia National Portrait Gallery, London National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... John Hervey, Lord Hervey (October 13, 1696 - August 5, 1743), English statesman and writer, was the eldest son of John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, by his second marriage. ... The Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, KG, KB, PC (15 April 1721–31 October 1765), a younger son of King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline, was a noted military leader. ...


A permanent result of Frederick's patronage of the arts is Rule Britannia, up to the present one of the most well-known British patriotic songs. It was written by the Scottish poet and playwright James Thomson as part of the masque Alfred which was first performed in 1745 at Cliveden, the country home of the Prince and Princess of Wales. “Rule Britannia” is a patriotic British national song, originating from the poem Rule Britannia by James Thomson, and set to music by Thomas Arne in 1740. ... Patriotism is a feeling of love and devotion to ones own homeland (patria, the land of ones fathers). ... This article is about the country. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... James Thomson (September 11, 1700 – August 27, 1748) was a Scottish poet. ... Costume for a Knight, by Inigo Jones: the plumed helmet, the heroic torso in armour and other conventions were still employed for opera seria in the 18th century. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... View looking north from the Ring in the Parterre showing Terrace Pavilion and Clock Tower to the left with Lower Terrace and Borghese Balustrade below Cliveden should not be confused with Clevedon in Somerset Cliveden as seen from its lawn. ...


A masque linking the Prince with both the ancient hero-king Alfred the Great's victories over the vikings and with the contemporary issue of building up the British sea power obviously went well with Frederick's political plans and aspirations. Alfred (also Ælfred from the Old English: Ælfrēd //) (c. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... Naval warfare is combat in and on seas and oceans. ...


Later the words, set to music by Thomas Arne - another of Frederick's favorite artists - got a permanent life of their own regardless of the masque. Thomson, who supported the Prince of Wales politically, also dedicated to him an earlier major work, Liberty (1734). Thomas Augustine Arne (1710-March 5, 1778) was an English composer, best known for the popular patriotic song, Rule Britannia, which is still frequently sung, notably at the Last Night of the Proms; and also his musical settings of songs from the plays of William Shakespeare. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ...


Patron of the arts

British Royalty
House of Hanover
George II
   Frederick, Prince of Wales
   Anne, Princess of Orange
   Princess Amelia Sophia
   Princess Caroline Elizabeth
   William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland
   Mary, Landgravine of Hesse-Cassel
   Louise, Queen of Denmark
Grandchildren
   Augusta Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick
   George III
   Edward Augustus, Duke of York
   Princess Elizabeth Caroline
   William Henry, Duke of Gloucester
   Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland
   Caroline Matilda, Queen of Denmark
Great-grandchildren
   Princess Sophia of Gloucester
   William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester

Unlike the king, Frederick was a knowledgeable amateur of painting, who patronized immigrant artists like Amigoni (illustration above right) and Jean Baptiste Vanloo, who painted the portraits of the prince and his consort for Frederick's champion William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath. The list of other artists he employed—Philip Mercier, John Wootton, Phillips and the French engraver Joseph Goupy—represents some of the principal figures of the English Rococo. William Kent's neo-Palladian state barge of 1732 is still preserved, though Sir William Chambers' palace at Kew for his widow Augusta (1757) was demolished in 1802. This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. For information about other Commonwealth realm monarchies, as well as other relevant articles, see... The House of Hanover (the Hanoverians) is a German royal dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, the Kingdom of Hanover and the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Image File history File links UK_Arms_1714. ... George II (George Augustus; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ... Princess Anne of Orange, Princess Royal and Princess of Hanover, Princess-Regent of Friesland (2 November 1709–12 January 1759) was the second child and eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain and his consort, Queen Caroline. ... For other persons known as Princess Amelia, see Princess Amelia The Princess Amelia Sophie (10 July 1711 – 31 October 1786), was a member of the British Royal Family, the second daughter of King George II. // Early Life Princess Amelia was born in Schloss Herrenhausen, Hanover, Germany. ... The Princess Caroline Elizabeth ( May 30, 1713 - December 28, 1757) was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth child and third daughter of King George II. // Early Life Princess Caroline Elizabeth was born in Hanover, Germany. ... The Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, KG, KB, PC (15 April 1721–31 October 1765), a younger son of King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline, was a noted military leader. ... For other persons known as Princess Mary, see Princess Mary The Princess Mary (5 March 1723 – 14 January 1772) was a member of the British Royal Family, a daughter of George II and Caroline of Ansbach. ... Louise of Hanover and of Great Britain (December 18, 1724 - December 19, 1751) was the youngest surviving daughter of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, and became Queen consort of Denmark and Norway. ... Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales (31 July 1737 - 23 March 1813), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of King George II and sister of King George III. She later married into the Ducal House of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. ... “George III” redirects here. ... Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of York (25 March 1739 – 17 September 1767) was the younger brother of George III of the United Kingdom, the second son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. ... Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (30 December 1740 - September 4, 1759) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of King George II and sister of George III of the United Kingdom Princess Elizabeth Caroline was born at Norfolk House, St Jamess Square, London. ... HRH Prince William Henry, Earl of Connaught, 1st Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (November 14, 1743 - August 25, 1805) was a British prince and military officer, younger brother of King George III. He was born to Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha at Leicester House in... Prince Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn (7 November 1745 - 18 September 1790) was the sixth child of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, and a younger brother of George III. // [edit] Early life HRH Prince Henry Frederick of Wales was born on 7 November 1745... Princess Caroline Matilda of Wales (Danish: ) (11 July 1751 - 10 May 1775), was a princess of Great Britain and Ireland, sister of George III and queen of Denmark from 1766 to 1772. ... Princess Sophia of Gloucester, (Sophia Matilda; 29 May 1773 - 29 November 1844) was a member of the British Royal Family, a great granddaughter of George II and niece of George III. // Princess Sophia was born on 29 May 1773 in Grosvenor Street, Mayfair. ... His Royal Highness Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (January 15, 1776 - November 30, 1834) was a member of the British Royal Family, a great grandson of King George II. Early Life Prince William was born on 15 January 1776 in Rome, Italy. ... The Triumph of Galatea Jean-Baptiste van Loo (14 January 1684 – 19 December 1745) was a French subject and portrait painter. ... William Pulteney (1684 - July 7, 1764) was an English politician, created Earl of Bath in 1742 by King George II. The son of William Pulteney by his first wife, Mary Floyd, he was born in April 1684 into an old Leicestershire family. ... John Wootton (ca. ... North side of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo - carriage courtyard: all the stucco details sparkled with gold until 1773, when Catherine II had gilding replaced with olive drab paint. ... William Kent William Kent (born in Bridlington, Yorkshire, c. ... Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from the designs of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580). ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... The central courtyard of Chambers Somerset House in London. ... “Kew Gardens” redirects here. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... --69. ...


Cricket

By the time Frederick arrived in England, cricket had developed into the country's most popular team sport and it thrived on gambling. Perhaps because he wished to "anglicise" and so fit in with his new society, Frederick developed an academic interest in cricket that soon became a genuine enthusiasm. He began to make wagers and then to patronise and play the sport, even forming his own team on several occasions.


The earliest mention of Frederick in cricket annals is in a contemporary report reproduced by H T Waghorn in his The Dawn of Cricket. This concerns a major match on Tuesday 28 September 1731 between Surrey and London, played on Kennington Common. No post-match report was found despite advance promotion as "likely to be the best performance of this kind that has been seen for some time". It is interesting that "for the convenience of the gamesters, the ground is to be staked and roped out" which was a new practice in 1731 and could have been done partly for the benefit of a royal visitor. The advertisement refers to "the whole county of Surrey" as London’s opponents and states that the Prince of Wales is "expected to attend". Henry Thomas Waghorn (born 11 April 1842 in Tunbridge Wells, Kent; died 30 January 1930 in Walmer, Kent) was a cricket statistician and historian. ... Surrey county cricket teams have been traced back to the 17th century but the countys involvement in cricket goes back much further than that. ... There was definitely a London Club playing matches by 1722, when it was referred to in a game versus Dartford, but teams styled London are known as far back as 1707. ... Kennington Park is in Kennington, London, England, in London SE11, and lies between Kennington Park Road and St Agnes Place. ...


In August 1732, the Whitehall Evening Post reported that Frederick attended "a great cricket match" at Kew on Thursday 27 July.


By the 1733 season, he was really getting involved. We read of him giving a guinea to each player in a Surrey v Middlesex game at Moulsey Hurst. Then he awarded a silver cup to a combined Surrey & Middlesex team which had just beaten Kent, arguably the best county team at the time, at Moulsey Hurst on Wed 1 August. This is the first reference in cricket history to any kind of trophy (other than hard cash) being contested. On Friday 31 August, the Prince of Wales' XI played Sir William Gage's XI on Moulsey Hurst. The result is unknown but the teams were said to be of county standard, so presumably it was in effect a Surrey v Sussex match. For information about the current county club, see : Middlesex County Cricket Club Middlesex county cricket teams have been traced back to the 18th century but the countys involvement in cricket goes back much further than that. ... Moulsey Hurst is one of Englands oldest sporting venues. ... Kent county cricket teams have been traced back to the 17th century but the countys involvement in cricket goes back much further than that. ... Sir William Gage, 7th Baronet (born 1695 in Firle, East Sussex; died 1744) was a noted patron of English, particularly Sussex, cricket during its formative years in the early 18th Century. ...


In the years following 1733, there are frequent references to the Prince of Wales as a patron of cricket and as an occasional player, though it is doubtful if he was actually any good as a player.


When he died on 31 March 1751, cricket suffered a double impact for his death closely followed that of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, who was the game's greatest patron. The loss of these patrons had an adverse impact on the game’s finances and the number of top-class matches reduced for some years to come, although economic difficulties arising from the wars of the period certainly inhibited many potential investors. Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, 2nd Duke of Lennox (born at Goodwood, Sussex on 18 May 1701; died at Godalming on 8 August 1750) was the son of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond. ...


Indeed, it has frequently been said that the Prince of Wales died as a result of being struck on the head by a cricket ball. He may well have been hit on the head but that did not kill him; the cause of death was a burst abscess in a lung. Cricket has had its share of fatalities in its time, but Prince Frederick Louis was not one of them.

Domestic life

Quickly accumulating large debts, Frederick relied for an income on his wealthy friend, George Bubb Dodington. The prince's father refused to make him the financial allowance that the prince considered should have been his, and Parliament was obliged to intervene, resulting in further bad feeling between the two. George Bubb Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe (1691-July 28, 1762) was an English politician and nobleman. ...


Although in his youth he was undoubtedly a spendthrift and womaniser, Frederick settled down, on his marriage, in 1736, to the sixteen year old Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, and soon became a devoted family man, taking his wife and eight children (his youngest daughter was born posthumously) to live in the countryside at Cliveden, since he was effectively banished from court. Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (November 30, 1719-February 8, 1772) was Princess of Wales from May 8, 1736 to March 31, 1751. ... View looking north from the Ring in the Parterre showing Terrace Pavilion and Clock Tower to the left with Lower Terrace and Borghese Balustrade below Cliveden should not be confused with Clevedon in Somerset Cliveden as seen from its lawn. ...


Later life

His political ambitions remained unfulfilled, because he died prematurely at the age of forty-four. The cause of death has been commonly attributed to an abscess created by a blow by a cricket ball or a tennis ball, but a burst abscess in the lung was given as the cause of death.[3] Frederick died at Leicester House in London and he was buried at Westminster Abbey. Cricket ball A cricket ball is a hard, solid ball used to play cricket. ... Jeu de paume in the 17th century. ... For the death metal band, see Abscess (band). ... Human respiratory system The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ...


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles

is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ...

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. George I of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Frederick V, Elector Palatine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Princess Elizabeth Stuart of Scotland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. George II of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (= 16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 17)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Sophia Dorothea of Celle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Alexander II d'Olbreuse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Eleonore d'Esmier d'Olbreuse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Jacquette Poussard de Vendre
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Frederick, Prince of Wales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Joachim Ernest, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Albert, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Countess Sofie of Solms-Laubach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Joachim Ernest, Count of Oettingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Princess Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Countess Anna Sibylle of Solms-Sonnenwald
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Princess Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Princess Eleanor Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Princess Johanetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Countess Luise Juliane of Erbach
 
 
 
 
 
 

George (17 November 1582, Celle – 2 April 1641, Hildesheim) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ... Ernest Augustus (German: Ernst August; 20 November 1629, Herzberg – 23 January 1698, Herrenhausen) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Calenberg (or Hanover) subdivision of the duchy. ... Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt was born on 30th of July 1601 in Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany and died on the 6th May 1659 in Herzberg, Germany. ... George I (George Louis; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727)[1] was King of Great Britain and Ireland, from 1 August 1714 until his death. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Electress Sophia of Hanover (born Sophia, Countess Palatine of Simmern; 14 October 1630 – 8 June 1714) was the youngest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, of the House of Wittelsbach, the Winter King of Bohemia, and Elizabeth Stuart. ... Elisabeth, Electress Palatine and Queen of Bohemia (born Princess Elizabeth Stuart of Scotland; 19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was the eldest daughter to James VI of Scotland and his Queen consort Anne of Denmark. ... George II (George Augustus; 10 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ... George (17 November 1582, Celle – 2 April 1641, Hildesheim) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ... George William (German: Georg Wilhelm; 26 January 1624, Herzberg am Harz – 28 August 1705, Wienhausen) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled first over the Calenberg subdivision of the duchy, then over the Lüneburg subdivision. ... Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt was born on 30th of July 1601 in Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany and died on the 6th May 1659 in Herzberg, Germany. ... Sophia Dorothea (15 September 1666 – 13 November 1726) was the wife and cousin of George Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, later George I of Great Britain, and mother of George II through an arranged marriage of state, instigated by the machinations of Duchess Sophia of Hanover. ... Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (October 18, 1654 - March 22, 1686), succeeded his father Albrecht V as margrave in 1667. ... Caroline of Ansbach (later Queen Caroline; Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline; 1 March 1683 – 20 November 1737) was the queen consort of George II. // Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach was born on 1 March 1683, at Ansbach in Germany, the daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and his second wife... Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (b. ... Johann Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (b. ...

Issue

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Augusta, Duchess of Brunswick 31 August 1737 31 March 1813 married, 1764, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick; had issue
George III 4 June 1738 29 January 1820 married, 1761, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; had issue
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of York 14 March 1739 17 September 1767
Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales 30 December 1740 4 September 1759
Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester 14 November 1743 25 August 1805 married, 1766, Maria Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave; had issue
Prince Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland 27 November 1745 18 September 1790 married, 1771, Anne Houghton; no issue
Princess Louisa Anne of Wales 8 March 1749 13 May 1768
Prince Frederick William of Wales 13 May 1750 29 December 1765
Caroline, Queen of Denmark and Norway 11 July 1751 10 May 1775 married, 1766, Christian VII of Denmark; had issue

Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales (31 July 1737 - 23 March 1813), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of King George II and sister of King George III. She later married into the Ducal House of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, (Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Herzog zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Fürst von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern) (October 9, 1735 - 1806) was a German military general born in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. ... “George III” redirects here. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 4 - Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württenberg April 15 - Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Queen Charlotte, (née Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was the queen consort of George III of the United Kingdom (1738–1820). ... Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of York (25 March 1739 – 17 September 1767) was the younger brother of George III of the United Kingdom, the second son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (30 December 1740 - September 4, 1759) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of King George II and sister of George III of the United Kingdom Princess Elizabeth Caroline was born at Norfolk House, St Jamess Square, London. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... HRH Prince William Henry, Earl of Connaught, 1st Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (November 14, 1743 - August 25, 1805) was a British prince and military officer, younger brother of King George III. He was born to Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha at Leicester House in... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Maria Walpole (1736–22 August 1807), the Countess Waldegrave and Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, was a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh. ... Prince Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn (7 November 1745 - 18 September 1790) was the sixth child of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, and a younger brother of George III. // [edit] Early life HRH Prince Henry Frederick of Wales was born on 7 November 1745... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (19 March 1749 - 13 May 1768) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of George II and sister of George III // HRH Princess Louisa Anne of Wales was born on 19 March 1749, at Leicester House, London, and was christened there on... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Prince Frederick William of Wales (May 13, 1750 - December 29, 1765) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of George II and youngest brother of George III // HRH Prince Frederick William of Wales was born, on May 13, 1750, at Leicester House, London. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1765 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Princess Caroline Matilda of Wales (Danish: ) (11 July 1751 - 10 May 1775), was a princess of Great Britain and Ireland, sister of George III and queen of Denmark from 1766 to 1772. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... King Christian VII Christian VII (January 29, 1749–March 13, 1808), King of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Schleswig and Holstein. ...

Legacy

  • The Prince of Wales' epigram:

"Here lies poor Fred who was alive and is dead, Had it been his father I had much rather, Had it been his sister nobody would have missed her, Had it been his brother, still better than another, Had it been the whole generation, so much better for the nation, But since it is Fred who was alive and is dead, There is no more to be said!" Location in Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City* Founded 1728 Incorporated 1781 Government  - Mayor Thomas Tomzak Area  - City  10. ... Prince Frederick is a census-designated place (CDP) in Calvert County, Maryland, United States, not to be confused with the incorporated, and much larger, city of Frederick some 70 miles to the northwest in Frederick County. ... Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel. ... In civil engineering, earthworks are engineering works created through the moving of massive quantities of soil or unformed stone. ... Martello towers are small defensive forts built by the British Empire at the time of the Napoleonic Wars. ... The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), is the military academy of the Canadian Forces and is a full degree-granting university. ...


- quoted by William Makepeace Thackeray, "Four Georges" William Makepeace Thackeray (July 18, 1811 – December 24, 1863) was a British novelist of the 19th century. ...


External links

Notes

  1. ^ Yvonne's Royalty: Peerage
  2. ^ Prince of Wales: Previous princes
  3. ^ Deborah Fisher, Princes of Wales (University of Wales Press, 2006)
  4. ^ Prince of Wales - Previous Princes

References

George Bent Buckley (born in Yorkshire c. ... Timothy J McCann (born ?) is an archivist at the West Sussex Record Office. ... Henry Thomas Waghorn (born 11 April 1842 in Tunbridge Wells, Kent; died 30 January 1930 in Walmer, Kent) was a cricket statistician and historian. ... Frederick Samuel Ashley-Cooper (born c. ... Henry Thomas Waghorn (born 11 April 1842 in Tunbridge Wells, Kent; died 30 January 1930 in Walmer, Kent) was a cricket statistician and historian. ...

Further reading

De-la-Noy, Michael. The King Who Never Was: The Story of Frederick, Prince of Wales. London; Chester Springs, PA: Peter Owen, 1996.


Walters, John. The Royal Griffin: Frederick, Prince of Wales, 1707-51. London: Jarrolds, 1972.

Frederick, Prince of Wales
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 1 February 1707 Died: 31 March 1751
British royalty
Preceded by
The Prince George Augustus
Heir to the Thrones
as heir apparent
1727 – 1751
Succeeded by
Prince George of Wales
Peerage of Great Britain
New title Duke of Edinburgh
1726 – 1751
Succeeded by
George
Preceded by
George Augustus
Prince of Wales
1729 – 1751
Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay
1727 – 1751
Succeeded by
George William

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frederick, Prince of Wales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (764 words)
Prince Frederick Louis, the grandson of the then Elector of Hanover (later King George I of Great Britain) and Sophia of Celle, was born in Hanover, Germany as Duke Friedrich Ludwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Frederick and his group supported the Opera of the Nobility in Lincoln's Inn Fields as a rival to Handel's royally-sponsored opera at the King’s Theatre in Drury Lane.
Frederick was a genuine lover of music who played the cello; he enjoyed the natural sciences and the arts, and became a thorn in the side of his parents, thwarting their every ambition and making a point of opposing them in everything, according to the court gossip Lord Hervey.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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