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Encyclopedia > Freddie Mercury
Freddie Mercury
Statue in Montreux, Switzerland
Statue in Montreux, Switzerland
Background information
Birth name Farrokh Bulsara
Born September 5, 1946(1946-09-05)
Stone Town, Zanzibar
Died November 24, 1991 (aged 45)
Kensington, London, England
Genre(s) Hard rock, Progressive rock, Pop rock
Occupation(s) Vocalist, Musician, Songwriter, Producer
Instrument(s) Vocals, Piano, Keyboards, Guitar
Voice type(s) Tenor, Countertenor
Years active 1969–1991
Associated acts Queen, Wreckage/Ibex, Smile

Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 194624 November 1991) was a British musician, best known as the lead singer of the rock band Queen (inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001). He was noted for his vocal abilities and for his live performances, his range was from E2 to E6. As a songwriter, he composed many international hits, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Don't Stop Me Now", "We Are the Champions" and "Crazy Little Thing Called Love". In addition to his work with Queen, he produced several minor hits as a solo artist. Mercury, who was of Indian Parsi descent and who grew up in India, has been referred to as "Britain's first Asian rock star."[1] He died of bronchopneumonia induced by HIV (AIDS) on 24 November 1991, only one day after publicly acknowledging he had the disease. In 2006, Time Asia named Mercury as one of the most influential Asian heroes of the past 60 years.[2] However, he has also been criticised for having kept his ethnicity, as well as his sexual orientation and HIV status, a secret from the public.[3][4] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 336 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lorenzo C. Own, Made in Montreux, Switzerland, Sept. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stone Town or Mji Mkongwe, in Swahili, is the old part of Zanzibar City, the capital of the island of Zanzibar, a part of Tanzania. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... For other uses, see Kensington (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hard Rock redirects here. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... For other uses, see Pop rock (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition (chords) or melody to songs, or both. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... Pianoforte redirects here. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... A countertenor is an adult male who sings in an alto, mezzo-soprano or (more rarely) soprano range, often through use of falsetto, or sometimes natural head voice. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... Ibex was a short-lived Liverpool-based rock band in 1969. ... Smile were a London-based rock band best known as the predecessor to renowned rock band Queen. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... This article is about the genre. ... A musical ensemble is a group of two or more musicians who perform instrumental or vocal music. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition (chords) or melody to songs, or both. ...   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... Killer Queen ( ) is a song by the British rock band Queen. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Dont Stop Me Now ( ) is a 1979 hit single by Queen, from their 1978 album Jazz. ... We Are The Champions is a power ballad written by Freddie Mercury, recorded and performed by Queen for their 1977 album News of the World. ... Crazy Little Thing Called Love is a song performed by the English rock band Queen, written by singer Freddie Mercury. ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... The term British Asian is used to denote a person of Southern Asian ancestry or origin, or sometimes Western Asian origin, who was born in or was an immigrant to the United Kingdom. ... Bronchopneumonia (Lobular pneumonia) - is one of two types of bacterial pneumonia as classified by gross anatomic distribution of consolidation (solidification). ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ...

Contents

Biography

Mercury was born in Stone Town on Zanzibar off the coast of Tanzania. His parents, Bomi and Jer Bulsara,[a] were Parsis from the province of Gujarat in India.[5][b] The family surname is derived from the town of Bulsar (also known as Valsad) in southern Gujarat. As Parsis, the family practiced the Zoroastrian religion. The family had moved to Zanzibar in order for his father to continue his job as a cashier at the British Colonial Office. He had one younger sister, Kashmira.[6] Stone Town or Mji Mkongwe, in Swahili, is the old part of Zanzibar City, the capital of the island of Zanzibar, a part of Tanzania. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... a person from Pars (the middle-Persian word for Fars), a region now within the geographical boundaries of Iran, and is roughly the original homeland of the Persian people. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Valsad also known as Bulsar, is a city and a municipality in the Valsad district of the Indian state of Gujarat. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British colonies. ...


Mercury attended St. Peter's School, a boarding school for boys in Panchgani near Bombay (now Mumbai, India). At St. Peter's, he was a bright student who excelled at several sports. He was especially adept at boxing, with a strong 'left hook'. At school, he formed a popular school band, called The Hectics, for which he played the piano. A friend from the time recalls that he "had an uncanny ability to listen to the radio and replay what he heard on piano."[7] It was also at St. Peter's where he began to call himself "Freddie". Mercury remained in India for most of his childhood, living with his grandmother and aunt. He completed his education in India at St. Mary's (ISC) High School in Mazagon before returning to Zanzibar. St. ... A boarding school is usually a fee-charging school where some or all pupils not only study, but also live during term time, with their fellow students and possibly teachers. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... The Hectics (1958-62) was Freddie Mercurys first music band, the other members of the band were Derrick Branche, Bruce Murray, Farang Irani and Victory Rana. ... St. ... Mazagaon, also spelled Mazgaon and Mazagon, and pronounced by the affluent Catholics as Mazgon or Maz-a-gon, the rest as Mazhgav, esp. ...


At the age of 17, Mercury and his family fled from Zanzibar as result of the 1964 Zanzibar Revolution.[1] The family moved into a small house in Feltham, London. Mercury enrolled at Isleworth Polytechnic (now West Thames College) in West London where he studied art. He ultimately earned a Diploma in Art and Graphic Design at Ealing Art College, later using these skills in order to design the Queen crest. Mercury remained a British citizen for the rest of his life. The Zanzibar revolution of January 12, 1964 was the rebellion that overthrew Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah, and led to the proclamation of Zanzibar as a republic, and three months later, to Zanzibars uniting with Tanganyika to form Tanzania. ... , Feltham is a suburban town in the London Borough of Hounslow. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... West Thames College is a further education college in Isleworth, Middlesex, England. ... Ealing Art College is a school of higher educational in St. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ...


Following graduation, Mercury joined a series of bands and sold second-hand clothes in the Kensington Market in London. He also held a job at Heathrow airport. Friends from the time remember him as a quiet and shy young man who showed a great deal of interest in music.[8] In 1969 he formed the band Ibex, which was later renamed Wreckage. When this band failed to take off, he joined a second band called Sour Milk Sea. However, by early 1970, this group broke up as well.[9] Kensington Market is one of the most famous neighbourhoods in Toronto, Ontario, and in November 2006 became a National Historic Site. ... Ibex was a short-lived Liverpool-based rock band in 1969. ...


In April of 1970, Mercury joined with guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor, who had previously been in a band called Smile. Despite reservations from the other members, Mercury chose the name "Queen" for the new band. He later said about the band's name, "I was certainly aware of the gay connotations, but that was just one facet of it."[10] At around this time, he also legally changed his name. For the Australian film composer, see Brian May (composer). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Smile were a London-based rock band best known as the predecessor to renowned rock band Queen. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...


Influences

As a child, Mercury listened to a considerable amount of Indian music, and one of his early influences was the Bollywood playback singer Lata Mangeshkar, whom he had the opportunity to see live in India.[11] After moving to England, Mercury became a fan of The Who, Elvis Presley, Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, John Lennon, Pink Floyd, The Beatles and The Jackson 5.[12] Another one of Mercury's favourite performers was singer and actress Liza Minnelli. He once explained: "One of my early inspirations came from Cabaret. I absolutely adore Liza Minnelli, she's a total wow. The way she delivers her songs—the sheer energy."[13] Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... A playback singer is a singer whose vocals are pre-recorded for use in films. ... Lata Mangeshkar (Marathi/Hindi:लता मंगेशकर) (born September 28, 1929) is an Indian singer. ... The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... Elvis redirects here. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five or The Jackson 5ive, abbreviated as J5, and later known as The Jacksons) was an American popular music quintet (and briefly a sextet and quartet) from Gary, Indiana. ... Liza May Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an Academy Award-winning American actress and singer. ... Cabaret is a 1972 film. ...


Career

Singer

Regarded as one of the greatest singers in rock music, Freddie Mercury possessed a very distinctive voice, including a recorded range of four octaves. Although his speaking voice naturally fell in the baritone range, he delivered most songs in the tenor range. Biographer David Bret described his voice as "escalating within a few bars from a deep, throaty rock-growl to tender, vibrant tenor, then on to a high-pitched, perfect coloratura, pure and crystalline in the upper reaches."[14] On the other hand, he would often lower the highest notes during live performances. Mercury also claimed never to have had any formal training and suffered from vocal fold nodules.[15] Spaniard soprano Montserrat Caballé, with whom Mercury recorded an album, expressed her opinion that "the difference between Freddie and almost all the other rock stars was that he was selling the voice."[4] For other uses, see Baritone (disambiguation). ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... David Bret is a French-born author of celebrity books and one of Britain’s show business biographers. ... Coloratura is an old word meaning colouring. ... A vocal fold nodule reduces or obstructs the ability of the vocal folds to create the rapid changes in air pressure which generate human speech. ... The Spanish people or Spaniards are an ethnic group native to Spain, in southwestern Europe, who are primarily descended from the autochthonous pre-Indo-European Euskaldunak, Latin, Visigothic, Celtic and Moorish peoples. ... This article is about the voice-type. ... Montserrat Caballé Maria de Montserrat Viviana Concepción Caballé i Folc, better known as Montserrat Caballé (born April 12, 1933), is a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano renowned for her bel canto technique and her interpretations of the roles of Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti. ...


Songwriter

Mercury wrote ten out of the seventeen songs on Queen's Greatest Hits album: "Seven Seas of Rhye", "Killer Queen", "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Somebody to Love", "Good Old-Fashioned Lover Boy", "We Are the Champions", "Bicycle Race", "Don't Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" and "Play the Game". Greatest Hits [Elektra] is a 1981 Queen compilation. ... Seven Seas Of Rhye is a song performed by British rock group Queen and written by Freddie Mercury. ... Killer Queen ( ) is a song by the British rock band Queen. ...   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Good Old-Fashioned Lover Boy ( ) is the fourth single (Queens First EP) from and eighth track on the British rock group Queens 1976 album A Day at the Races, written by Freddie Mercury. ... We Are The Champions is a power ballad written by Freddie Mercury, recorded and performed by Queen for their 1977 album News of the World. ... For the sport, see Bicycle racing. ... Dont Stop Me Now ( ) is a 1979 hit single by Queen, from their 1978 album Jazz. ... Crazy Little Thing Called Love is a song performed by the English rock band Queen, written by singer Freddie Mercury. ... Play the Game is a song by Freddie Mercury and recorded and performed by his band Queen. ...


The most notable aspect of his songwriting involved the wide range of different genres that he used, which included, among other styles, rockabilly, heavy metal and disco. As he explained in a 1986 interview, "I hate doing the same thing again and again. I like to see what's happening now in music, film and theatre and incorporate all of those things."[16] Compared to many popular songwriters, Mercury also tended to write musically complex material. For example, "Bohemian Rhapsody" is acyclic in structure and comprises dozens of chords.[17][18] "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", on the other hand, contains only a few chords. Despite the fact that Mercury often wrote very intricate harmonies, he also claimed that he could barely read music.[19] He wrote most of his songs on the piano and used a wide variety of different key signatures.[17] Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... This article is about the music genre. ... Typical fingering for a second inversion C major chord on a guitar. ... This article is about musical harmony. ...


Live performer

Freddie Mercury with a Brazilian flag during the Rock in Rio concert, 1985.
Freddie Mercury with a Brazilian flag during the Rock in Rio concert, 1985.

Mercury is noted for his live performances, which were often delivered to stadium audiences around the world. He displayed a highly theatrical style that often evoked a great deal of participation from the crowd. A writer for The Spectator described him as "a performer out to tease, shock and ultimately charm his audience with various extravagant versions of himself."[20] David Bowie, who performed at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert and recorded the song "Under Pressure" with Queen said of Mercury, "Of all the more theatrical rock performers, Freddie took it further than the rest." ... "He took it over the edge. And of course, I always admired a man who wears tights. I only saw him in concert once, and as they say, he was definitely a man who could hold an audience in the palm of his hand. He could always turn a cliché to his advantage."[21] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Queen at Rock in Rio (1985) Rock in Rio is a series of rock festivals held in Brazil and later in Portugal. ... Cover of the Nov 12, 2005 issue of The Spectator magazine. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... An open air concert on Easter Monday, April 20th 1992 at Londons Wembley Stadium, televised live to over one billion people. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


One of Mercury's most notable performances with Queen took place at Live Aid in 1985, during which the entire stadium audience of 72,000 people clapped, sang, and swayed in unison. Queen's performance at the event has since been voted by a group of music executives as the greatest live performance in the history of rock music. The results were aired on a television program called "The World's Greatest Gigs".[22][23] In reviewing Live Aid in 2005, one critic wrote, "Those who compile lists of Great Rock Frontmen and award the top spots to Mick Jagger, Robert Plant, etc. all are guilty of a terrible oversight. Freddie, as evidenced by his Dionysian Live Aid performance, was easily the most godlike of them all."[24] Live Aid was a multi-venue rock music concert held on July 13, 1985). ... Sir Michael Phillip Mick Jagger (born July 26, 1943) is a English rock musician, actor, songwriter, record and film producer and businessman. ... Robert Anthony Plant (born August 20, 1948, West Bromwich, West Midlands, England), is an English rock singer and songwriter, famous for his membership in the rock band Led Zeppelin as the lead vocalist, as well as for his successful solo career. ...


Over the course of his career, Mercury performed an estimated 700 concerts in countries around the world with Queen. A notable aspect of Queen concerts was the large scale involved.[16] He once explained, "We're the Cecil B. DeMille of rock and roll, always wanting to do things bigger and better."[16] The band were the first ever to play South American stadiums, breaking worldwide records for concert attendance in the Morumbi Stadium in Sao Paulo in 1981.[25] In 1986, Queen also played behind the Iron Curtain, when they performed to a crowd of 80,000 in Budapest.[26] Mercury's final live performance with Queen took place on August 9th, 1986 at Knebworth Park in England and drew an attendance estimated as high as 300,000.[27] The claim is made (under the heading Personal Life) that DeMille was in negotiations with MGM to direct Ben-Hur at the time of his death in January, 1959. ... Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo is a stadium in São Paulo, Brazil. ... This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ... For the fall of the Iron Curtain, see Revolutions of 1989. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Legendary concert venue set in central rural Hertfordshire, England. ...


Instrumentalist

Freddie Mercury playing guitar during a live concert with Queen in Frankfurt, 1984.
Freddie Mercury playing guitar during a live concert with Queen in Frankfurt, 1984.

Mercury played the piano in many of Queen's most popular songs. Examples of piano-based Queen songs include "Killer Queen", "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Good Old Fashioned Lover Boy", "We Are the Champions" and "Don't Stop Me Now". He used concert grand pianos and, in the studio, various keyboard instruments such as organs, harpsichords and an upright piano. From 1979 onwards, he also made extensive use of synthesizers in the studio. Queen guitarist Brian May claims that Mercury was unimpressed with his abilities at the piano and used the instrument less over time.[28] Although he wrote many lines for guitar, Mercury possessed only rudimentary skills on the instrument. Nevertheless, he wrote the song "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" on the guitar and often played it during live performances of the song. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... For the Australian film composer, see Brian May (composer). ...


Solo career

In addition to his work with Queen, Mercury put out two solo albums and several singles. Although his solo work was not as commercially successful as most Queen albums, the two albums and several of the solo songs debuted in the top 10 of the UK Album Charts. His first solo effort involved the contribution of a song called Love Kills to a 1984 album dedicated to the 1926 Fritz Lang film Metropolis. The song, which was produced by Giorgio Moroder, debuted at the #10 position in the UK charts.[29] The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ... Friedrich Christian Anton Fritz Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of Expressionism. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... Giorgio Moroder (born Giovanni Giorgio Moroder on April 26, 1940 in Ortisei, Italy) is an Academy Award-winning Italian record producer, songwriter and performer, whose groundbreaking work with synthesizers during the 1970s was a significant influence on new wave, techno and electronic music in general. ...


Mercury produced two solo albums, Mr. Bad Guy and Barcelona, released in 1985 and 1988, respectively. The former was a pop-oriented album that emphasised disco and dance music. "Barcelona" was recorded with the opera singer Montserrat Caballé, whom he had long admired. Although it debuted in the top ten of the UK Album Charts,[29] Mr. Bad Guy was not considered to have been a commercial success relative to most Queen albums. However, in 1993, a remix of "Living on My Own", a single from the album, reached the #1 position on the UK Singles Charts.[30] The song also garnered Mercury a posthumous Ivor Novello Award. Allmusic critic Ed Rivadavia describes Mr. Bad Guy as "outstanding from start to finish" and expressed his view that Mercury "did a commendable job of stretching into uncharted territory."[31] In particular, the album was heavily synthesizer-driven in a way that was not characteristic of previous Queen albums. Mr. ... Barcelona is an album recorded by Freddie Mercury, the front-man of the popular British rock band Queen, and operatic soprano Montserrat Caballé. The album was recorded in 1987 and 1988 when Freddie Mercury was ill with AIDS, and released in 1988. ... Montserrat Caballé Maria de Montserrat Viviana Concepción Caballé i Folc, better known as Montserrat Caballé (born April 12, 1933), is a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano renowned for her bel canto technique and her interpretations of the roles of Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti. ... The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ... Living on My Own is a song by Freddie Mercury. ... The UK Singles Chart is currently compiled by the Official UK Charts Company on behalf of the music industry. ... The Ivor Novello Awards, named after the entertainer Ivor Novello, are awards awarded for songwriting and composing. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ...


Barcelona, recorded with Spanish soprano Montserrat Caballé, combined elements of popular music and opera. Many critics were uncertain what to make of the album, with one critic referring to it as "the most bizarre CD of the year."[32] Caballé, on the other hand, considered the album to have been one of the great successes of her career. The title song from the album debuted at the #8 position in the UK charts and was a hit in Spain.[33] The Spanish people or Spaniards are an ethnic group native to Spain, in southwestern Europe, who are primarily descended from the autochthonous pre-Indo-European Euskaldunak, Latin, Visigothic, Celtic and Moorish peoples. ... This article is about the voice-type. ... Montserrat Caballé Maria de Montserrat Viviana Concepción Caballé i Folc, better known as Montserrat Caballé (born April 12, 1933), is a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano renowned for her bel canto technique and her interpretations of the roles of Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti. ...


In addition to the two solo albums, Mercury released several additional singles, including his own version of the hit The Great Pretender by The Platters, which debuted at the #5 spot in the UK in 1987.[29] In September of 2006, a compilation album featuring Mercury's solo work was released in the UK in honour of what would have been his sixtieth birthday. The album debuted in the top 10 of the UK Album Charts.[34] The Great Pretender was a popular song by The Platters. ... The Platters were a successful vocal group of the early rock and roll era. ... The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ...


Personal life

In the early 1970s Mercury had a long-term relationship with a girlfriend named Mary Austin (whom he had met through guitarist Brian May), with whom he lived for many years. However, by the mid-1970s, the singer began an affair with a male record executive at Elektra Records; this ultimately resulted in the end of his relationship with Austin.[35] Mercury and Austin nevertheless remained close friends through the years, with Mercury often referring to her as his only true friend. In a 1985 interview, Mercury said of Austin, "All my lovers asked me why they couldn't replace Mary (Austin), but it's simply impossible. The only friend I've got is Mary, and I don't want anybody else. To me, she was my common-law wife. To me, it was a marriage. We believe in each other, that's enough for me."[36] He also wrote several songs about Austin, the most notable of which is "Love of My Life". Mercury was also the godfather of Mary's eldest son, Richard.[28] For the Australian film composer, see Brian May (composer). ... Elektra Records is an American record label owned by Warner Music Group, and today operates under Atlantic Records Group. ... Love of My Life is a ballad from the album A Night at the Opera by English rock band Queen. ...


By 1980, Mercury began to frequently visit gay bathhouses and clubs (although he stated many times that he was bisexual, hence the quote "I play on the bisexual thing"[citation needed]), where he met many short-term partners.[37] Mercury also began to grow a moustache around this time.[37] By 1985 he began another long-term relationship with a hairdresser named Jim Hutton. Hutton, who himself tested HIV-positive in 1990,[38] lived with Mercury for the last six years of his life, nursed him during his illness and was present at his bedside when he died. Hutton also claims that Mercury died wearing a wedding band that Hutton had given him.[38] Gay bathhouses, also known as (gay) saunas or steam baths (and sometimes called, in gay slang in some regions, the baths or the tubs), are places where men can go to have sex with other men. ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... Joseph Stalin, one of the most famous historical figures with a moustache For the Swedish heavy metal band, see Mustasch. ...


Although he cultivated a very flamboyant stage personality, several sources refer to Mercury as having been very shy in person.[4][6][39] He also granted very few interviews. Mercury once said of himself: "When I'm performing I'm an extrovert, yet inside I'm a completely different man."[40]


Death

According to his partner Jim Hutton, Mercury was diagnosed with HIV in the spring of 1987.[41] Around that time, Mercury also claimed in an interview to have tested negative for the virus.[4] Despite the denials, British press pursued the rampant rumours over the next few years, fueled by Mercury's gaunt appearance, Queen's lack of touring and by reports from former lovers to various tabloid journals.[42] Toward the end of his life, he was routinely stalked by photographers, while the daily tabloid newspaper The Sun featured a series of articles claiming that he was seriously ill. Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... This article is about a British tabloid. ...


On November 22, 1991, Mercury called Queen's manager Jim Beach over to his Kensington home, to discuss a public statement. The next day, November 23, the following announcement was made to the press on behalf of Mercury:[43] is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Following the enormous conjecture in the press over the last two weeks, I wish to confirm that I have been tested HIV positive and have AIDS. I felt it correct to keep this information private to date to protect the privacy of those around me. However, the time has come now for my friends and fans around the world to know the truth and I hope that everyone will join with my doctors and all those worldwide in the fight against this terrible disease. My privacy has always been very special to me and I am famous for my lack of interviews. Please understand this policy will continue.

A little over 24 hours after issuing the statement, Mercury died on November 24, 1991 at the age of 45. The official cause of death was bronchial pneumonia resulting from AIDS.[44] Although he had not attended religious services in years, Mercury's funeral was conducted by a Zoroastrian priest. Singers Elton John, David Bowie, and the remaining members of Queen attended the funeral. He was cremated at Kensal Green Cemetery. is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Bronchopneumonia (Lobular pneumonia) - is one of two types of bacterial pneumonia as classified by gross anatomic distribution of consolidation (solidification). ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... Cremation is the practice of disposing of a corpse by burning. ... Kensal Green Cemetery Kensal Green Cemetery, located in Kensal Green, London, England, was incorporated in 1832, and is the oldest of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries still in operation. ...


In his will Mercury left the vast majority of his wealth, including his home and recording royalties, to Mary Austin, and the remainder to his parents and sister. He further left £500,000 to his chef Joe Fanelli, £500,000 to his personal assistant Peter Freestone, £100,000 to his driver Terry Giddings, and £500,000 to his partner, Jim Hutton.[45] Mary Austin continues to live at Mercury's home, Garden Lodge, Kensington, with her family.[45]


Jim Hutton moved back to his native Ireland permanently in 1995, where he still lives. He was involved in a 2000 biography of Mercury, Freddie Mercury, the Untold Story, and also gave an interview for The Times for what would have been Mercury's 60th birthday.cf. [41] For other uses, see Times. ...


Criticism and controversy

HIV status

Mercury has been criticized for the fact that he hid his HIV status from the public for many years, waiting until the day before he died to admit that he had AIDS. It has been suggested that he could have raised a great deal of money and awareness by speaking truthfully and honestly about his situation and his fight against the disease.[21][46]


Ethnicity

Mercury has also been criticised for having kept his Indian ethnicity a secret from the public. As a journalist from The Times observed, "Freddie himself always played down his Indian origins. In the few interviews he gave, he remained deliberately unclear about them."[1] A close friend of Mercury's further related to biographer David Bret: "[Farrokh] Bulsara was a name he had buried. He never wanted to talk about any period in his life before he became Freddie Mercury, and everything about Freddie Mercury was a self-constructed thing."[47] A journalist from Times Online compared him to Michael Jackson: "He wanted to pass as a white European rock’n’roll star. Curiously, people are horrified that Michael Jackson should be in such denial of his ethnic origins and yet don’t mind Mercury doing the same thing."[3] For other uses, see Times. ... David Bret is a French-born author of celebrity books and one of Britain’s show business biographers. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ...


Sexual orientation

While some critics have suggested that Mercury hid his sexual orientation from the public,[1][4][3] other sources refer to the singer as having been "openly gay".[2][48] In fact, Mercury referred to himself as "gay" in a 1974 interview with NME magazine [49] On the other hand, he would often distance himself from partner Jim Hutton during public events in the 1980s.[38] A writer for a gay online newspaper felt that audiences may have been overly naive about the matter: "While in many respects he was overtly queer his whole career ('I am as gay as a daffodil, my dear' being one of his most famous quotes), his sexual orientation seemed to pass over the heads of scrutinising audiences and pundits (both gay and straight) for decades."[50] John Marshall of Gay Times expressed the following opinion in 1992: "He [Mercury] was a 'scene-queen', not afraid to publicly express his gayness but unwilling to analyse or justify his lifestyle....It was as if Freddie Mercury was saying to the world, 'I am what I am. So what?' And that in itself was a statement."[50] For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... Gay Times is the United Kingdoms leading gay magazine,[1][2] for gay and bisexual men. ...


Other controversies

Mercury and Queen were widely criticised in the 1980s for the fact that they broke a United Nations cultural boycott by performing a series of shows at Sun City in 1984, an entertainment complex in Bophuthatswana, a homeland of (then) apartheid South Africa. As a result of these shows, Queen was placed on a United Nations list of blacklisted artists and widely criticised in magazines such as the NME.[24] UN redirects here. ... The Bridge of Time facing the Entertainment Centre Sun City is a luxury South African casino resort, situated in the North West Province. ... Bophuthatswana as of 1977 Flag of Bophuthatswana bantustan Bophuthatswana was a former Bantustan (homeland) in the north of South Africa. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ...


A further controversy ensued in August 2006, when an organisation calling itself the Islamic Mobilization and Propagation petitioned the Zanzibar government's culture ministry, demanding that a large-scale celebration of what would have been Mercury's sixtieth birthday be cancelled. The organisation issued several complaints about the planned celebrations, including that Mercury was not a true Zanzibari and that he was bisexual, which is not in accordance with the laws of Islam, the dominant religion of the island. The organisation claimed that "associating Mercury with Zanzibar degrades our island as a place of Islam."[48] The planned celebration was cancelled. Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


Legacy

Appearances in lists of influential individuals

Several popularity polls conducted over the past decade indicate that Mercury's reputation may in fact have been enhanced since his death. For instance, in 2002 he appeared in the 58th spot in a list of the "100 Greatest Britons", sponsored by the BBC and voted for by the public.[51] He was further listed at the 52nd spot in a 2007 Japanese national survey of the 100 most "influential heroes".[52] Despite the fact that he had been criticised by gay activists for hiding his HIV status, author Paul Russell included Mercury in his book "The Gay 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Gay Men and Lesbians, Past and Present."[53] Other entertainers on Russell's list included Liberace and Rock Hudson. In 2006, Time Asia magazine named him as one of the most influential Asians heroes of the past 60 years: The article credited Mercury with having "duplicated in popular music what other Indians — such as Salman Rushdie and Vikram Seth — have done in literature: taking the colonizer's art form and representing it in a manner richer and more dazzling than many Anglophones thought possible."[2] // Not to be confused with the later ITV Greatest Britons show. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Wladziu Valentino Liberace (May 16, 1919 – February 4, 1987), better known by only his last name Liberace (pronounced [ËŒlɪbəˈrɑːtʃi]), was an American entertainer. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... TIME redirects here. ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (born June 19, 1947) is an Indian-British novelist and essayist. ... Vikram Seth (pronounced ), born June 20, 1952 is an Indian poet, novelist, travel writer, librettist, childrens writer, biographer and memoirist. ...


Continued popularity

In the UK, Queen have now spent more collective weeks on the UK Album Charts than any other musical act (including The Beatles),[54] and Queen's Greatest Hits is the highest selling album of all time in the UK.[55] Estimates of the band's total worldwide record sales to date have been set as high as 300 million.[56] Two of Mercury's songs, "We Are the Champions" and "Bohemian Rhapsody", have each been voted as the greatest song of all time in major polls by Sony Ericsson[57] and Guinness World Records,[58] respectively. The former poll was an attempt to determine the world's favourite song, while the Guinness poll took place in the UK. In October of 2007, the video for "Bohemian Rhapsody" was voted as the greatest of all time by readers of Q magazine.[59] Mercury was also voted second to Mariah Carey in MTV's 22 Greatest Voices in Music.[2] The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ... We Are The Champions is a power ballad written by Freddie Mercury, recorded and performed by Queen for their 1977 album News of the World. ...   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... For an arrangement of Sony Ericsson products, see list of Sony Ericsson products Sony Ericsson is a joint venture established in 2001 by the Japanese consumer electronics company Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson to make mobile phones. ... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ... Q is a music magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom, with a circulation of 140,282 and a readership of 731,000. ... This article is about the singer. ...


The extent to which Mercury's death may have enhanced Queen's popularity is not clear. In the United States, where Queen's popularity had lagged in the 1980s, sales of Queen albums went up dramatically in 1992, the year following his death.[60] In 1992 one American critic noted, "what cynics call the 'dead star' factor had come into play — Queen is in the middle of a major resurgence."[61] The movie Wayne's World, which featured "Bohemian Rhapsody," also came out in 1992. Waynes World is a 1992 comedy film starring Mike Myers as Wayne Campbell and Dana Carvey as Garth Algar, hosts of a cable access television show (called Waynes World) from Aurora, Illinois. ...


Tributes

A statue in Montreux, Switzerland (by sculptor Irena Sedlecka) has been erected as a tribute to Mercury. Beginning in 2003, fans from around the world gather in Switzerland annually to pay tribute to the singer as part of the "Freddie Mercury Montreux Memorial Day" on the first weekend of September.[62] The statue itself stands 3 metres high overlooking Lake Geneva and was unveiled on 25 November 1996 by Freddie's father and Montserrat Caballé. A Royal Mail stamp was issued in honour of Mercury as part of the Millennium Stamp series. A plaque was also erected at the site of the family home in Feltham where Mercury and his family moved upon arriving in England in 1964. Others carried tributes to "the" singer of all time: Robbie Williams and George Michael. In the anime Cromartie High School, a character also named Freddie is based on Mercury in his appearance and rock star qualities. For other uses, see Montreux (disambiguation). ... Irena Sedlecka was a Czech sculptor. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Royal Mail is the national postal service of the United Kingdom. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... The Millennium Stamp, featuring Freddie Mercury and Roger Taylor on the background at the drums. ... , Feltham is a suburban town in the London Borough of Hounslow. ... For other people with the same name, see Robbie Williams (disambiguation). ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... Demographic Shōnen Magazine Shōnen Magazine Original run – Volumes 171 TV anime Director Hiroaki Sakurai Studio Production I.G Licensor ADV Films Network TV Tokyo Original run – Episodes 26 Animated film Director Yuudai Yamaguchi Released 2005 Runtime 85 minutes 3 Soundtracks Sakigake!! Cromartie Koukou OP Single (2003) Sakigake!! Cromartie...


Importance in AIDS history

Freddie Mercury's death represented an important event in the history of AIDS.[63] In the spring of 1992, the remaining members of Queen founded The Mercury Phoenix Trust and organised The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert for AIDS Awareness.[64] The Mercury Phoenix Trust has since raised millions of pounds for various AIDS charities. The tribute concert, which took place at Wembley Stadium for an audience of 72,000, featured a wide variety of guests including Robert Plant, Extreme, Elton John, Metallica, David Bowie, Annie Lennox, Tony Iommi, Guns N' Roses, Elizabeth Taylor, George Michael, Def Leppard and Liza Minnelli. The concert was broadcast live to 76 countries and had an estimated viewing audience of 1 billion.[65] For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... The Mercury Phoenix Trust is a charity organization that fights AIDS worldwide. ... Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert poster The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert for AIDS Awareness was an open-air concert held on Easter Monday, April 20, 1992 at Londons Wembley Stadium, televised live worldwide to an estimated audience of one billion viewers. ... The Mercury Phoenix Trust is a charity organization that fights AIDS worldwide. ... For the new stadium, see Wembley Stadium. ... Robert Anthony Plant (born August 20, 1948, West Bromwich, West Midlands, England), is an English rock singer and songwriter, famous for his membership in the rock band Led Zeppelin as the lead vocalist, as well as for his successful solo career. ... Extreme is an American rock band that achieved popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... Annie Lennox (born 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician, vocalist, Academy Award-winning songwriter. ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Guns N Roses is an American hard rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California in 1985. ... For other persons named Elizabeth Taylor, see Elizabeth Taylor (disambiguation). ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... Def Leppard are an English hard rock band from Sheffield who formed in 1977 as part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement. ... Liza May Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an Academy Award-winning American actress and singer. ...


Discography

See also: Queen discography

1973 I Can Hear Music / Goin Back by Larry Lurex piano and lead vocals. ... This is a discography of works by Queen. ...

Instruments used by Mercury

Grand pianos:

Upright pianos: The Baldwin Piano Company is the largest US-based manufacturer of keyboard instruments, most notably pianos. ... C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik AG (FWB:BEP) (Bechstein) is a German manufacturer of pianos, especially grand pianos. ... Trident Studios is a British recording facility, located at 17 St Annes Court in Londons Soho district. ... C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik AG (FWB:BEP) (Bechstein) is a German manufacturer of pianos, especially grand pianos. ... Bösendorfer (L. Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH) is an Austrian piano manufacturer, now a wholly owned subsidiary of Yamaha[1]. Bösendorfer pianos are noted for their dark, full-bodied sound compared with other top models. ... The Kawai Musical Instruments Mfg. ... Steinway & Sons grand piano on stage Steinway & Sons is a piano maker, since 1853 in New York City. ... The headquarters of Yamaha Corporation Yamaha redirects here. ...

   

Electronic pianos: Chappell & Co. ...

Synthesizers and samplers: Roland Corporation ) TYO: 7944 is a Japanese manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, electronic equipment and software. ... The Rudolph Wurlitzer Company, usually referred to simply as Wurlitzer, is an American company, formerly a producer of stringed instruments, woodwind, brass instruments, theatre organs, band organs, orchestrions, electronic organs, electric pianos and jukeboxes. ...

Other keyboard: E-mu Systems is a synthesizer maker and pioneer in the manufacture of low-cost digital sampling music workstations. ... After seeing a Fairlight CMI at a convention in 1979, E-mu founders Scott Wedge and Dave Rossum began working on designing a less expensive sampler. ... This article is about the demo/warez group. ... The Fairlight CMI (Computer Musical Instrument) was the first digital sampling synthesizer. ... For comic book character, see Korg (comics). ... The Korg M1 The Korg M1 was the worlds first widely-known music workstation and is the best-selling digital keyboard of all time, surpassing even the Yamaha DX7. ... Kurzweil Music Systems is a company that produces electronic musical instruments for professionals and home users. ... Oberheim Electronics is a company, founded in 1973 by Tom Oberheim (a former design engineer at Maestro), which manufactured audio synthesizers and a variety of other electronic musical instruments. ... The Oberheim OB-8 (Source) The Oberheim OB-8 was an analogue synthesiser launched by Oberheim in 1983 and discontinued in 1985. ... The Oberheim OB-X is an analog polyphonic music synthesizer. ... The Oberheim OB-Xa was Oberheims overhaul of their first compact synthesizer, the OB-X. The OB-Xa was released in 1980, a year after the OB-X was released. ... The Jupiter-8, Rolands flagship analog synthesizer of the early 1980s is an eight-voice polyphonic synth and is considered one of the greatest synths of all time. ... The Yamaha DX7 was a synthesizer manufactured by the Yamaha Corporation from 1983 to 1986, based on FM synthesis developed by John Chowning. ...

   

Guitars: The Hammond organ is an electric organ which was invented by Laurens Hammond in 1934 and manufactured by the Hammond Organ Company until the 1970s. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. ...

The Ovation Guitar Company, a holding of Kaman Music Corporation, is a guitar manufacturing company based in Bloomfield, Connecticut, USA. Ovation primarily manufactures acoustic guitars. ... The Fender Telecaster, also known as a Tele, is typically a dual-pickup, solid-body electric guitar made by Fender. ...

Notes

a) ^  On Mercury's birth certificate,[5] his parents defined themselves with "Nationality: British Indian" and "Race: Parsi." The Parsis are an ethnic group of the Indian subcontinent who follow Zoroastrianism.
b) ^  The Bulsara family gets its name from Bulsar, a city and district that is now in the Indian state of Gujarat and is today officially known as Valsad. In the 17th century, Bulsar was one of the five centres of the Zoroastrian religion (the other four were also in what is today Gujarat) and consequently "Bulsara" is a relatively common name amongst Zoroastrians.

This article is about the Parsi community. ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... , Valsad also known as Bulsar, is a city and a municipality in the Valsad district of the Indian state of Gujarat. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Valsad also known as Bulsar, is a city and a municipality in the Valsad district of the Indian state of Gujarat. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ...

References

Bibliography

  • Matthew Zipple
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Further reading

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Persondata
NAME Mercury, Freddie
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Bulsara, Farrokh Bomi(real name)
SHORT DESCRIPTION British South Asian rock musician
DATE OF BIRTH September 5, 1946
PLACE OF BIRTH Zanzibar
DATE OF DEATH November 24, 1991
PLACE OF DEATH Kensington, London, England

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Last. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... Mr. ... Barcelona is an album recorded by Freddie Mercury, the front-man of the popular British rock band Queen, and operatic soprano Montserrat Caballé. The album was recorded in 1987 and 1988 when Freddie Mercury was ill with AIDS, and released in 1988. ... Montserrat Caballé Maria de Montserrat Viviana Concepción Caballé i Folc, better known as Montserrat Caballé (born April 12, 1933), is a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano renowned for her bel canto technique and her interpretations of the roles of Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti. ... The Freddie Mercury Album is a posthumous solo project with material from Queen frontman and vocalist Freddie Mercury. ... The Great Pretender is the U.S. version of Freddie Mercurys posthumous solo project, The Freddie Mercury Album. ... The Solo Collection is a box set detailing the solo career of Freddie Mercury; it includes the material Mercury recorded before joining up with Queen, up through the 1993 No More Brothers remixes. ... I Was Born To Love You is a 1985s song by Freddie Mercury, and was released as a single and on the Mr. ... Living on My Own is a song by Freddie Mercury. ... The Great Pretender was a popular song by The Platters. ... 1973 I Can Hear Music / Goin Back by Larry Lurex piano and lead vocals. ... Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert poster The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert for AIDS Awareness was an open-air concert held on Easter Monday, April 20, 1992 at Londons Wembley Stadium, televised live worldwide to an estimated audience of one billion viewers. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... Ibex was a short-lived Liverpool-based rock band in 1969. ... Larry Lurex was the artist name used for a musical project by Trident Studios’ house engineer Robin Geoffrey Cable, in 1972. ... The Mercury Phoenix Trust is a charity organization that fights AIDS worldwide. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... For the Australian film composer, see Brian May (composer). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the motorcyclist, see John Deacon (motorcyclist). ... Alternate cover United States cover Singles from Queen Released: July 6, 1973 Released: February 14, 1974 (US only) Queen is the self-titled debut album from the English rock band Queen, released in 1973. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Queen song of the same name, see News of the World (album). ... For other uses, see A Night at the Opera (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jazz is a 1978 album by English rock band Queen. ... Singles from The Game Released: October 5, 1979 Released: January 25, 1980 Released: May 30, 1980 Released: August 22, 1980 Released: November, 1980 (US, Japan) The Game is a rock album by English band Queen released June 30, 1980. ... Flash Gordon is a 1980 album by English rock band Queen. ... Hot Space is an album by English rock band Queen, released in 1982 (see 1982 in music). ... Singles from The Works Released: January 23, 1984 Released: April 2, 1984 Released: July 16, 1984 Released: September 10, 1984 The Works is a 1984 pop/rock album by English band Queen. ... A Kind of Magic is a 1986 album by English rock band Queen. ... The Miracle is a 1989 album by English rock band Queen. ... Innuendo is a 1991 album by English rock band Queen. ... For the film, see Made in Heaven (film). ... Paul Rodgers, (born December 17, 1949) is an English rock singer-songwriter best known for being a member of Free and Bad Company. ... At the Beeb is a compilation album by the English rock band Queen, released on vinyl, cassette tape, and compact disc in 1989. ... Live Killers is a double vinyl and compact disc live album by English rock band Queen released on June 26, 1979. ... Live Magic is a vinyl and compact disc live album by British rock band Queen. ... Live at Wembley 86 is a double compact disc live album by English rock band Queen. ... Queen on Fire - Live at the Bowl is a double compact disc live album by English band Queen released on October 25, 2004 in Europe and on November 9, 2004 in the US. It was recorded live at the National Bowl, Milton Keynes, England, on June 5, 1982 during the... Return of the Champions is a double compact disc live album by British rock band Queen and Paul Rodgers. ... Paul Rodgers, (born December 17, 1949) is an English rock singer-songwriter best known for being a member of Free and Bad Company. ... Queen Rock Montreal is a double live CD by English band Queen. ... Alternate cover 1992 U.S. edition Greatest Hits is a 1981 Queen compilation. ... Greatest Hits II is a 1991 Queen compilation. ... Classic Queen is a 1992 compilation of songs by the British rock band Queen. ... Queen Rocks is a compilation album by the English rock band Queen, released in 1997. ... Greatest Hits III is a compilation of latter-day Queen (Queen+) songs, the band members solo hits and the bands collaborations with other artists. ... Stone Cold Classics is a compilation album by British rock band Queen released on April 11,2006. ... The A-Z of Queen, Volume 1 is a compilation album by the English rock band Queen, released in 2007. ... We Will Rock You is a live DVD by English band Queen. ... Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert poster The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert for AIDS Awareness was an open-air concert held on Easter Monday, April 20, 1992 at Londons Wembley Stadium, televised live worldwide to an estimated audience of one billion viewers. ... Greatest Video Hits 1 was the first Queen video collection. ... Live At Wembley Stadium is an album by rock group Queen which features live recordings from a concert at Wembley Stadium. ... It was released in November 2003. ... Queen on Fire - Live at the Bowl is a double compact disc live album by English band Queen released on October 25, 2004 in Europe and on November 9, 2004 in the US. It was recorded live at the National Bowl, Milton Keynes, England, on June 5, 1982 during the... Return of the Champions is a double compact disc live album by British rock band Queen and Paul Rodgers. ... Super Live in Japan is a DVD by the two remaining members of Queen; Brian May and Roger Taylor, resurrecting the name Queen with another rock legend; Paul Rodgers of Bad Company, in which he was famed as the lead singer. ... Paul Rodgers, (born December 17, 1949) is an English rock singer-songwriter best known for being a member of Free and Bad Company. ... Queen Rock Montreal is a double live CD by English band Queen. ... The Jazz Tour was a concert tour made by the british Rock band Queen. ... Crazy Tour was a tour made by the english Rock band Queen being done during Fall and Winter 1979. ... The Game Tour was a concert tour by the English rock band Queen to support their successful 1980 album The Game. ... The Hot Space Tour was a concert tour made by the british Rock band Queen, the tour was made as the supporting of their album Hot Space. ... The Works Tour was one of the largest tours made by the british Rock band Queen, during this tour, Queen participate in the Rock in Rio festival in 1985, the concer was realised in VHS but there isnt any worldwide DVD reaization til date. ... The Magic Tour was the last Tour made by the british Rock band Queen with their lead singer Freddie Mercury, the next bands tour Queen + Paul Rodgers Tour was made by only 2 of the former membes of the band Brian May and Roger Taylor with Paul Rodgerss... Queen + Paul Rodgers Tour was a world concert tour by Queen guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor, joined by singer Paul Rodgers at end of 2004 under the name Queen + Paul Rodgers. ... This is a discography of works by Queen. ... Categories: | ... The English rock band Queen are notable for their live performances due to the energy and atmosphere they created with their diverse catalogue of songs, use of massive sound systems, huge lighting rigs, arsenal of pyrotechnics and many extravagant costumes to help enrich their shows into entertaining, theatrical events. ... This is a list of all songs performed by Queen. ... Queen are one of the most bootlegged bands in histroy, the recordings of Queen shows vary in quality some have excellent sound e. ... The Queen + Paul Rodgers collaboration began in late 2004 when Queen were inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame. ... Ibex was a short-lived Liverpool-based rock band in 1969. ... Larry Lurex was the artist name used for a musical project by Trident Studios’ house engineer Robin Geoffrey Cable, in 1972. ... Smile were a London-based rock band best known as the predecessor to renowned rock band Queen. ... For the Sigrid Undset historical novel, see The Cross (novel). ... This article is about the musical. ... The following lists out the cast members of the Queen stage musical We Will Rock You. ... Queen at the Ballet is a rock ballet created by Sean Bovim as a tribute to Freddy Mercury, that brings the legendary music of Queen vividly back to life - interpreting the stories behind classic tracks such as Bohemian Rhapsody, Radio Ga Ga and Killer Queen. ... The Deacy Amp is an amplifier created by and named after Queen bassist John Deacon and used by guitarist Brian May. ... The Official International Queen Fan Club is the official fan club for the rock band Queen. ... The Mercury Phoenix Trust is a charity organization that fights AIDS worldwide. ... Mountain Studios is a recording studio located in Montreux, Switzerland. ... Spike Edney (born December 11, 1951) is a British musician who has appeared as part of numerous bands. ... Jim Beach is a manager best known as the long-time manager of the English rock band Queen. ... John Reid is a Scottish manager and music industry figure currently living and working in Australia. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... For other uses, see Kensington (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Freddie Mercury - hotshotdigital.com (321 words)
Gifted with one of the most distinctive and powerful voices in all of rock music, Freddie Mercury was the lead singer of Queen and a driving force behind the band's musical and visual style.
Freddie Mercury delivered his music with a stunning voice - he had more power, range, and control than any of his contemporaries.
His passing in 1991 was a great loss to the world of music, and in the next year the "Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert" was held in his honor.
Freddie Mercury: biography (2649 words)
Freddie Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara on Thursday September 5th 1946 on the small spice island of Zanzibar.
Freddie was the author of the first Queen song that entered the British charts (Seven Seas Of Rhye), the first big hit (Killer Queen) and the most famous Queen song that was on the top of charts for 9 weeks (Bohemian Rhapsody).
Freddie agreed to be a guest of honour and closed the event with Montserrat Caballé singing the song he had written for her and her home city, Barcelona.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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