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Encyclopedia > Fred Hutchinson

Frederick Charles Hutchinson (August 12, 1919November 12, 1964) was an American pitcher and manager in Major League Baseball. Stricken with fatal lung cancer at the zenith of his managerial career as leader of the pennant-contending Cincinnati Reds, he was commemorated one year after his death when his brother, Dr. William Hutchinson, created the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center as a division of the Pacific Northwest Research Foundation, in the Hutchinsons’ native city of Seattle, Washington. The FHCRC, which became independent in 1972, is now one of the best-known facilities of its kind in the world. August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... mcv ... New York Yankees manager Joe Torre returning to the dugout (September 2005). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for up to 3 million deaths annually. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,5,8,10,18,20,24 Name Cincinnati Reds (1876–present) (Referred to as Redlegs 1953-1958) Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003–present) Riverfront Stadium (1970-2002) a. ... The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center is an institution in the Cascade neighborhood of Seattle, Washington engaged in scientific research towards the prevention and treatment of cancer. ... Nickname: The Emerald City Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King County Incorporated December 2 1869  - Mayor Greg Nickels Area    - City  142. ...


Pitching Career

Fred Hutchinson, known throughout baseball as “Hutch,” attended the University of Washington. A right-handed pitcher, he entered the organized baseball ranks in 1938 with the independent Seattle Rainiers of the AA Pacific Coast League and caused an immediate sensation at age 19, winning a league-best 25 games and that season’s Minor League Player of the Year award as bestowed by The Sporting News. After his contract was purchased by the Detroit Tigers of the American League, Hutchinson struggled in his early major league career with a 6-13 record and an earned-run average of 5.43 during the 1939-41 seasons. His ineffectiveness caused his return to the minor leagues in each season. In 1941, at Buffalo of the AA International League, he enjoyed another stellar campaign, leading the league in victories (26) and innings pitched (284). A successful major league career seemed to await Hutchinson, then 22, when the U.S. entered World War II. He saw active duty in the U.S. Navy, rose to the rank of lieutenant commander, and lost four full seasons to military service. The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. ... The Seattle Rainiers, originally named the Seattle Indians, were a minor league baseball team which played in the Pacific Coast League from 1903 through 1906, and from 1919 though 1968. ... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... In baseball, a pitcher is credited with a win (or W) when, in a game won by his team, he is the teams pitcher at the time that his team takes a lead that it does not relinquish for the remainder of the game. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999) Bennett Park (1894-1911) Major league titles World Series titles (4) 1984 â€¢ 1968 â€¢ 1945 â€¢ 1935 AL Pennants (10) 2006 â€¢ 1984 â€¢ 1968 â€¢ 1945 1940... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... A Class A California League game in San Jose, California (1994) Minor baseball leagues are North American professional baseball leagues that compete at a level below that of Major League Baseball. ... The Buffalo Bisons (Pronounced BI-zons by locals) are a minor league baseball team based in Buffalo, New York. ... The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league which operates in the eastern United States and Canada. ... In baseball, innings pitched (IP) are the number of innings a pitcher has completed, measured by the number of batters and baserunners that are put out while the pitcher is in the game. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The United States Navy (also known as USN or the U.S. Navy) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ...

In 1946, Hutchinson – approaching 27 – returned to baseball with a vengeance, winning a place in the defending World Series champion Tigers’ starting rotation and beginning a string of six straight campaigns of ten or more wins, including seasons of 18 (1947) and 17 victories (1950). He was selected to the 1951 American League All-Star team, and pitched three innings of the junior loop’s 8-3 loss at Hutchinson’s home park, Briggs Stadium. The following are the baseball events of the year 1946 throughout the world. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1947 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1950 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1951 throughout the world. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the manager (the managers from the previous years... Tiger Stadium is a stadium located in the Corktown neighborhood of downtown Detroit, Michigan. ...

Overall, Hutchinson compiled a 95-71 career record over 11 seasons, all with Detroit – a stellar mark considering his early-career mishaps. He was known as a good teammate and a ferocious competitor, who once reportedly shattered every light bulb from the dugout to the clubhouse after being lifted from a ballgame. He also was one of the best-hitting pitchers of his time; a left-handed batter, he frequently pinch-hit and batted over .300 four times during his major league career. On a dubious note, he is also recalled as the pitcher who gave up the longest home run in Ted Williams' career, a 502-foot (153-metre) blast in 1946 that broke the straw hat of a startled fan sitting in Fenway Park’s right-center-field bleachers. The seat where the home run landed has been painted red since to mark the long ball. // Baseball In Baseball, a Pinch hitter is a common term for a substitute batter. ... Batting average is a statistic in both cricket and baseball measuring the performance of cricket batsmen and baseball hitters, respectively. ... In baseball, a home run is a base hit in which the batter is able to circle all the bases, ending at home plate and scoring a run himself (along with a run scored by each runner who was already on base), with no errors by the defensive team on... Theodore Samuel Williams (August 30, 1918 – July 5, 2002), best known as Ted Williams, nicknamed The Kid, the Splendid Splinter, Teddy Ballgame and The Thumper, was an American left fielder in Major League Baseball who played 19 seasons, twice interrupted by military service as a Marine Corps pilot, with the... The following are the baseball events of the year 1946 throughout the world. ... Fenway redirects here. ...

A Major League Manager at 32

A slow decline in Hutchinson’s pitching career coincided with an alarming drop in the fortunes of his usually contending Tigers. On July 5, 1952, with Detroit in the surprising position of last place, the club fired manager Red Rolfe and handed the job to Hutchinson, still an active player and five weeks shy of his 33rd birthday. Hutchinson was chosen based on his leadership skills; he had been the AL’s Player Representative since 1947. Hutchinson managed the Tigers for the next 2½ years, guiding them from their eighth (last)-place finish in 1952 to sixth and fifth place during the next two seasons. His reign included the 1953 debut of future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Al Kaline. However, Detroit’s ownership and front office were in flux and, at the end of 1954, Hutchinson was fired as manager and replaced by the veteran Bucky Harris. It marked the end of a 16-year association with the Tigers. July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... The following are the events of the year 1952 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Robert Abial Red Rolfe (October 17, 1908 – July 8, 1969) was an American third baseman, manager and front-office executive in Major League Baseball. ... The following are the events of the year 1953 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... An outfielder moves in to catch a fly ball Outfielder is a collective term including left fielder, center fielder, and right fielder, the three positions in baseball farthest from the batter. ... Albert William Kaline (born December 19, 1934 in Baltimore, Maryland) was a Major League Baseball player from 1953 to 1974, spending his entire career with the Detroit Tigers, bypassing the minor league system and joining the team directly from high school. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1954 throughout the world. ... Bucky Harris Stanley Raymond Bucky Harris (November 8, 1896 - November 8, 1977) was a Major League Baseball player, manager and executive. ...

Out of the major leagues for the first time since 1941, Hutchinson went home to Seattle and the Rainiers of the Pacific Coast League, becoming their manager in 1955. Even though the club did not enjoy a major league affiliation, Hutchinson led Seattle to a 95-77 record and a first place finish. His success led to his second major league managerial job when he replaced Harry Walker as skipper of the St. Louis Cardinals for the 1956 season. The Cardinals, one of baseball's storied franchises, had fallen into the second division. With general manager “Frantic” Frank Lane constantly revamping the roster through trades and Hutchinson’s steady hand at the helm, the Cardinals improved by eight games in 1956, and catapulted to second place in 1957, behind only the eventual world champion Milwaukee Braves. Hutchinson was named National League Manager of the Year, and his popularity in the Mound City resulted in a new nickname, “The Big Bear,” bestowed by Cardinal broadcaster Joe Garagiola. However, Lane's departure from the St. Louis front office and the Cardinals’ disappointing 1958 season resulted in Hutchinson’s dismissal that September, with the team six games below .500 and in fifth place. Harry William Walker, known to baseball fans of the middle 20th century as Harry the Hat (October 22, 1918 – August 8, 1999) was an American baseball player, manager and coach {baseball)|coach]]. The member of a distinguished baseball family, Harry was the son of former Washington Senators pitcher Ewart “Dixie... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,6,9,14,17,20,42,45,85 Name St. ... Frank Lane (February 1, 1896 - March 19, 1981), nicknamed Trader Lane, was a Major League Baseball general manager for the Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, Kansas City Athletics, and St. ... September 30 Chicago White Sox pitcher Jim Derrington becomes the youngest pitcher in modern history to start a game. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1957 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,21,35,41,42,44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, or simply the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada and the worlds oldest extant professional team sports league. ... Joseph Henry Garagiola, Sr. ... The following are the events of the year 1958 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ...

Success in Cincinnati

Once again, Hutchinson returned to Seattle as manager of the Rainiers for 1959. This time, he did not have the on-field success of 1955. Fortunately, however, the Rainiers were by now the top farm club of the Cincinnati Reds, who had stumbled coming out of the gate. In July 1959, with the Reds 10 games under .500, Hutchinson was called to Cincinnati to take over the club, replacing Mayo Smith. Under Hutchinson, Cincinnati went 39-35 and improved two notches in the standings, but the following season saw the Reds struggle again to a 67-87 record and sixth place in the National League. Like Detroit and St. Louis before, the Reds also were in front office turmoil, as the general manager who hired Hutchinson, Gabe Paul, departed for the expansion Houston Colt .45s and was replaced by Bill DeWitt. The sudden death of longtime owner Powel Crosley before the '61 season meant the team would soon be sold. The farm system is a slang term used in baseball to refer to the systematic control or ownership of minor league baseball clubs by major league teams, who move players from the lowest to the highest classification as they gain experience and enjoy success at each level. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1959 throughout the world. ... Edward Mayo Smith (January 17, 1915 - November 24, 1977) was an American player, manager, and scout in Major League Baseball. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1960 throughout the world. ... Gabriel H. Paul (January 4, 1910 - April 26, 1998) was an American executive in Major League Baseball who served as general manager of three teams and as president of the New York Yankees under George Steinbrenner. ... Astros redirects here, for other uses see Astros (disambiguation) Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 24,25,32,33,34,40,49,42 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... William O. DeWitt Sr. ... Powel Crosley was a Cincinnati, Ohio industrialist. ...

As a result, 1961 was a crucial season for Hutchinson. The Reds were projected as a second division team, lagging well behind the defending world champion Pittsburgh Pirates, the 1959 champion Los Angeles Dodgers, and strong San Francisco Giants and Braves outfits. Buoyed by the maturation of young players such as outfielder Vada Pinson and pitchers Jim O'Toole, Ken Hunt and Jim Maloney, the acquisition of another young pitcher, Joey Jay (who became a 20-game winner), as well as third baseman Gene Freese, and an MVP season by outfielder Frank Robinson, the Reds stunned the league. They surged into contention with a nine-game winning streak in May, and took first place for good August 16 when they swept the Dodgers in a doubleheader in Los Angeles. The 1961 Reds won 93 games and their first NL pennant since 1940. It would be Hutchinson’s second trip to the World Series; ironically, he was a Detroit pitcher in 1940 when his Tigers lost the Fall Classic to Cincinnati in seven games. Unfortunately, the 1961 Reds drew one of the best teams of its era as its World Series foe: the New York Yankees of Roger Maris, Mickey Mantle, Whitey Ford, et. al., who had won 109 games. Cincinnati lost the 1961 Series in five games. The following are the baseball events of the year 1961 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1887–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,4,8,9,20,21,33,40 Name Pittsburgh Pirates (1891–present) Pittsburgh Innocents (1890) (Also referred to as Infants in 1890) Pittsburg Alleghenies (1882-1889) Ballpark PNC Park (2001–present) Three Rivers Stadium... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,2,4,19,20,24,32,39,42,53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1911-1912), (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) (Also referred to as Trolley Dodgers 1911-1931) Brooklyn... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,4,11,24,27,30,36,42,44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885-1957) New York Gothams (1883-1885) Troy Union Cities / Trojans (1879-1882) Ballpark AT&T Park... Vada Edward Pinson, Jr. ... James Jerome OToole (born January 10, 1937 in Chicago, Illinois) is a former left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball during the early 1960s. ... Kenneth Raymond Hunt (born December 14, 1938 pitched for the Cincinatti Reds during the 1961 season, including an appearance in Game 5 of the 1961 World Series. ... James William Maloney (born June 2, 1940 in Fresno, California) was a righthanded pitcher in American Major League Baseball who played with the Cincinnati Reds (1960-70) and California Angels (1971). ... Joseph Richard Jay(Born:August 15,1935) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. ... Gene Lewis Freese (born January 8, 1934 in Wheeling, West Virginia) was a third baseman in American Major League Baseball for 12 seasons (1955-66). ... In sports, a Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is an honor typically bestowed upon the best performing player or players on a specific team, in an entire league, or for a particular contest or series of contests. ... Frank Robinson (born August 31, 1935 in Beaumont, Texas), is a Hall of Fame former Major League Baseball player. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1940 throughout the world. ... The 1940 World Series matched the Cincinnati Reds against the Detroit Tigers, with the Reds winning the Series in 7 games for their second championship, their first since the scandal-tainted victory in the 1919 World Series. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Roger Maris signs a baseball for President John F. Kennedy Roger Eugene Maris (September 10, 1934 – December 14, 1985) was an American right fielder in Major League Baseball who is primarily remembered for breaking Babe Ruths 34-year-old single-season home run record in 1961 on the last... Mickey Mantle on a 1953 cover of Time Magazine. ... Edward Charles Whitey Ford (born October 21, 1928) was a Major League Baseball pitcher. ... The 1961 World Series of baseball matched the New York Yankees (109-53) against the Cincinnati Reds (93-61), with the Yankees winning in 5 games to earn their 19th championship in the last 39 seasons. ...

Final Years and Legacy

Winning the 1961 pennant secured Hutchinson’s place in Cincinnati. In 1962, his Reds won 98 games but finished third, 3½ games behind the Giants. While the team fell to fifth in 1963, with an 86-76 mark, it continued to blend in young talent, such as shortstop Leo Cardenas and rookie second baseman Pete Rose. With a solid corps of veterans and a strong farm system, the Reds were considered a contending club in 1964, provided that its pitching staff made a comeback. Tragically, an off-season medical examination revealed malignant tumors in Hutchinson's lungs and chest. Given the cancer treatments available at the time, the prognosis was grim. The Reds made their manager’s illness public on January 3, 1964. As The Sporting News noted, the team played the 1964 season with the terrible knowledge that Hutchinson “probably was at death’s door.” The following are the events of the year 1962 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The following are the events of the year 1963 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Leonardo Alfonso Cardenas (Lazardo) (born December 17, 1938 in Matanzas, Cuba) was a prominent shortstop in American Major League Baseball for 16 years (1960-75). ... Peter Edward Pete Rose, Sr. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1964 throughout the world. ...

His health failing, Hutchinson nevertheless managed the Reds through July 27, when he was hospitalized. He returned to the dugout August 4, but could only endure nine more days before he turned the team over to his first-base coach, Dick Sisler, on August 13, one day after his 45th birthday. With their manager now critically ill, the inspired Reds caught fire and won 29 out of their last 47 games as the first-place Philadelphia Phillies collapsed, but the team finished in a tie for second, one game behind the Cardinals. Hutchinson formally resigned as manager October 19; he died three weeks later in Bradenton, Florida. Sport Magazine posthumously named him Man of the Year for 1964 in tribute to his courage in battling his final illness and the Reds permanently retired his uniform number (1). The Hutch Award is given annually by Major League Baseball in his memory as well. Richard Alan (Dick) Sisler (November 2, 1920 - November 20, 1998) was a player, coach and manager in Major League Baseball. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1,14,20,32,36,42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1883–present) unofficially Philadelphia Blue Jays (1944-1945) Philadelphia Quakers (1882) (Commonly referred to as Blue Jays 1944-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Ballpark Citizens... Bradenton is a city of 50,000 people in Manatee County, Florida, United States. ... The Hutch Award is a Major League Baseball award given to an active player who best exemplifies the fighting spirit and competitive desire to win. ...

Hutchinson was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1965. His career record as a major league manager, in all or parts of 12 seasons, was 830-827 (.501) with nine tie games.

On December 24, 1999, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer named Hutchinson Seattle's athlete of the 20th Century. The daily Seattle Post-Intelligencer is the second leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ...

Meanwhile, the FHCRC continues to make news as a cancer treatment center — in medical and baseball circles. When Boston Red Sox rookie lefthanded pitcher Jon Lester, a Washington native, was diagnosed with anaplastic large cell lymphoma during the 2006 season, he chose to receive his chemotherapy regimen at the Seattle facility. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1 • 4 • 8 • 9 • 27 • 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1907–present) See Nicknames before Red Sox for disputed nicknames Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds (1901-1911) Major league titles World... Jon Lester (born January 7, 1984 in Puyallup, Washington) is a left-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Boston Red Sox. ... This article deals with the U.S. state. ... Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a type of non_Hodgkin lymphoma that features in the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification of lymphomas. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Chemotherapy is the use of chemical substances to treat disease. ...

External link

Preceded by
Red Rolfe
Detroit Tigers Manager
Succeeded by
Bucky Harris
Preceded by
Harry Walker
St. Louis Cardinals Manager
Succeeded by
Stan Hack
Preceded by
Mayo Smith
Cincinnati Reds Manager
Succeeded by
Dick Sisler

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