FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Frat Pack

The Frat Pack is a 1990s-2000s era nickname given to a group of male Hollywood comedy actors who have appeared together in many of the highest grossing movies since the late 1990s, including Ben Stiller, Jack Black, Will Ferrell, Vince Vaughn, Owen Wilson, Luke Wilson, and Steve Carell. It was coined by USA Today in a story from June 2004.[1] Before USA Today dubbed this group the Frat Pack, Entertainment Weekly referred to them as the "Slacker Pack," but this term is rarely used. Meanwhile, EW had earlier used the term Frat Pack to describe Leonardo DiCaprio, Matt Damon, Ben Affleck, Edward Norton, and Ryan Phillippe, but this usage has not been seen elsewhere. Since then, EW has dropped the "Slacker Pack" term, and also began referring to the group as the Frat Pack (Susman 2005). The name is a take-off of the Rat Pack, a nickname given to a group of entertainers in the 1950s and 1960s combined with the shorthand term for a college fraternity, a reference to the group's popular film, Old School. In December 2007, Italian cinema magazine Nocturno published the first 70 pages dossier completely dedicated to the Frat Pack phenomenon. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Benjamin Edward Stiller (born November 30, 1965) is an Emmy-winning American comedian, actor, film producer and director. ... For other persons named Jack Black, see Jack Black (disambiguation). ... John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967)[1] is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career, starring in the comedies A Night at the... Vincent Anthony Vaughn (born March 28, 1970) is an American film actor. ... Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and writer. ... Luke Cunningham Wilson (born September 21, 1971) is an American film actor. ... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962[1]) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: June 2004 in sports Deaths in June • 28 Anthony Buckeridge • 26 Naomi Shemer • 26 Yash Johar • 22 Bob Bemer • 22 Thomas Gold • 22 Francisco Ortiz Franco • 16 Thanom Kittikachorn • 10 Ray Charles • 5 Ronald Reagan... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio (born November 11, 1974[1]) is a three-time Academy Award-nominated, SAG Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor who garnered world wide fame for his role as Jack Dawson in Titanic (1997). ... Matthew Paige Matt Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American screenwriter and actor. ... For the American cement businessman, see B. F. Affleck. ... Ed Norton redirects here. ... Ryan Phillippe (born Matthew Ryan Phillippe on September 10, 1974) is an American actor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1958 to the end of 1974. ... The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Rotary International, Optimist International, or the Shriners. ... Old School is a comedy motion picture released by DreamWorks SKG in 2003, about three thirty-somethings who seek to re-live their college days by starting a fraternity, and the tribulations they encounter in doing so. ...

Contents

The Pack

The USA Today article which coined the Frat Pack term listed Jack Black, Will Ferrell, Ben Stiller, Vince Vaughn, and brothers Owen Wilson and Luke Wilson as members of the group. By 2006, Steve Carell was also included in the Pack when USA Today published another article. Carell claimed membership when hosting Saturday Night Live. Though he did not use the term "Frat Pack," he did say he was "one of those guys now" and specifically referenced Stiller, Vaughn, Ferrell, Owen Wilson, and Black. Jack Black (born Thomas J. Black, Jr. ... John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967)[1] is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career, starring in the comedies A Night at the... Benjamin Edward Stiller (born November 30, 1965) is an Emmy-winning American comedian, actor, film producer and director. ... Vincent Anthony Vaughn (born March 28, 1970) is an American film actor. ... Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and writer. ... Luke Cunningham Wilson (born September 21, 1971) is an American film actor. ... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962[1]) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ... SNL redirects here. ...


A year before citing Carell as a member, USA Today tagged him, in addition to Judd Apatow, Paul Rudd, David Koechner, Mindy Kaling, Nancy Walls and Leslie Mann as the Frat Pack's "Junior Varsity." [2] Kaling and Walls haven't been as associated with the group elsewhere, but Details Magazine has cited Apatow (in addition to directors McKay and Phillips) as "The Frat Packagers",[3] while Paul Rudd was cited as a Frat Pack member in the New York Post, among other publications.[4] In an interview with The Advocate, when questioned if Knocked Up will officially welcome him into the Frat Pack, Rudd speculated that he is a "pledge" that hasn't "been initiated yet into the brotherhood." [5] Judd Apatow (born December 6, 1967, in Syosset, New York)[1] is an Emmy-winning American screenwriter, director, and producer. ... Paul Stephen Rudd (born April 6, 1969) is an American film, television, and stage actor. ... David Koechner (pronounced //) (born August 24, 1962) is an American character actor (film, television and stage), comedian and musician. ... Mindy Kaling on The Office Mindy Kaling is an American actress and scriptwriter best known for her work on the television show The Office, on which she plays the bubbly Kelly Kapoor. ... Nancy Walls (born July 19, 1966, in Cohasset, Massachusetts) is an American actress who has appeared in many comedies. ... Leslie Mann (born November 11, 1972 [1]) is an American actress. ... The Advocate (ISSN 0001-8996) is a US-based LGBT-related biweekly news magazine. ... Knocked Up is an American romantic comedy film written, co-produced, and directed by Judd Apatow was released in 2007. ...


The members of the Frat Pack often work with certain directors multiple times. Wes Anderson is a college friend of the Wilsons and directed them in both Bottle Rocket and The Royal Tenenbaums (which also starred Stiller) while Todd Phillips directed both Old School and Starsky & Hutch. Adam McKay directed Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, and Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby. Judd Apatow is the writer/producer of several Frat Pack comedies including Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy. He made his directorial debut with The 40-Year-Old Virgin starring Steve Carell, and followed up with Knocked Up starring Seth Rogen and Paul Rudd, with a cameo by Carell. Apatow was also a cocreator of The Ben Stiller Show. Wedding Crashers director David Dobkin worked again with Vince Vaughn for the Christmas comedy Fred Claus (2007). Subsequently, John C. Reilly who co-starred with Will Ferrell and director Adam McKay in Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby (2006), will reunite for the comedy Step Brothers and is the star of Walk Hard which has several appearances by actors either in the Frat Pack or have worked with them repeatedly. Reilly also sang at the 2007 Academy Awards with Will Ferrell and Jack Black. Wesley Wales Anderson (born May 1, 1969) is an American director, writer, and producer of features, short films and commercials. ... For other uses, see Bottle Rocket (disambiguation). ... The Royal Tenenbaums is the 2001 dramatic comedy about three genius siblings who experience great success in youth, and even greater disappointment and failure after their eccentric father leaves them in their adolescent years. ... Todd Phillips was born in 1970 in Brooklyn, New York. ... Old School is a comedy motion picture released by DreamWorks SKG in 2003, about three thirty-somethings who seek to re-live their college days by starting a fraternity, and the tribulations they encounter in doing so. ... Starsky & Hutch is a 2004 American comedy/action film directed by Todd Phillips. ... Adam McKay is an Emmy-nominated American writer and film director. ... Categories: Stub | 2004 films | Comedy films ... Categories: Stub | 2004 films | Comedy films ... The 40-Year-Old Virgin is a 2005 comedy film, written by Judd Apatow and co-written by Steve Carell, though it featured a great deal of improvised dialogue. ... Knocked Up is an American romantic comedy film written, co-produced, and directed by Judd Apatow was released in 2007. ... Seth Rogen (born April 15, 1982) is a Canadian actor, comedian, and Emmy-nominated writer. ... The Ben Stiller Show was a sketch comedy television show that aired on Fox from September 1992 to January 1993. ... Wedding Crashers is a 2005 comedy film, directed by David Dobkin. ... David Dobkin (born 1969) is a film director, producer and former screenwriter. ... Fred Claus is a Christmas film starring Vince Vaughn and Paul Giamatti and produced and directed by David Dobkin. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... John Christopher Reilly (born May 24, 1965) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Adam McKay is an Emmy-nominated American writer and film director. ... Step Brothers is a comedy film currently in pre-production. ... Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story is an upcoming comedy film expected to be released sometime in December of 2007. ... The 79th Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best in film for 2006, is scheduled to be held on February 25, 2007 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California. ...


Filmography

Although all Frat Pack members have never appeared in a single movie together, they have come closest in Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, which featured all but Owen Wilson (chiefly in minor roles and cameos). Categories: Stub | 2004 films | Comedy films ...

Movie Jack Black Ben Stiller Luke Wilson Owen Wilson Vince Vaughn Will Ferrell Steve Carell Close contributors
Bottle Rocket (1996) Lead role Lead role, writer
The Cable Guy (1996) Supporting cast Minor role, director Minor role Andy Dick, Leslie Mann, Kyle Gass, Judd Apatow (producer)
Bongwater (1997) Supporting cast Lead role Andy Dick, Kyle Gass
Permanent Midnight (1998) Lead role Supporting cast Andy Dick
Heat Vision and Jack (unaired pilot) (1999) Lead role Director, minor role Lead role, voice Christine Taylor
The Suburbans (1999) Supporting cast Supporting cast
Meet the Parents (2000) Lead role Supporting cast
The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) Lead role Lead role Lead role, writer
Zoolander (2001) Lead role, director, writer, producer Lead role Minor role Lead role Christine Taylor, Andy Dick
Orange County (2002) Lead role Minor role Leslie Mann
Run Ronnie Run (2002) Minor role Minor role David Koechner
Old School (2003) Lead role Lead role Lead role Andy Dick
Starsky & Hutch (2004) Lead role Lead role Lead role Supporting cast
Envy (2004) Lead role Lead role Amy Poehler
Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story (2004) Lead role, producer Lead role Justin Long, Christine Taylor
Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy (2004) Minor role Minor role Minor role Supporting role Lead role Lead role Paul Rudd, David Koechner, Seth Rogen
Wake Up, Ron Burgundy: The Lost Movie (2004) Minor role Supporting cast Lead role Lead role Paul Rudd, David Koechner, Seth Rogen, Justin Long, Amy Poehler
Meet the Fockers (2004) Lead role Minor role
Melinda and Melinda (2004) Lead role Supporting cast
Bewitched (2005) Lead role Supporting cast
Wedding Crashers (2005) Lead role Lead role Minor role
The Wendell Baker Story (2005) Lead role, director, writer Supporting cast Supporting cast
Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny (2006) Lead role, writer, songs Minor role, producer Kyle Gass, David Koechner (deleted scene/DVD), Amy Poehler
Night at the Museum (2006) Lead role Supporting cast Paul Rudd
Blades of Glory (2007) Producer Minor role Lead role Amy Poehler
Knocked Up (2007) Minor role (DVD deleted scene) Minor role Paul Rudd, Seth Rogen, Leslie Mann, Andy Dick
Tropic Thunder (2008) Lead role Lead role, producer, director Dropped out (originally minor role)
The Year One (2009) Lead role Producer
Night at the Museum 2: Escape from the Smithsonian (2009) Lead role Supporting cast
Movie Jack Black Ben Stiller Luke Wilson Owen Wilson Vince Vaughn Will Ferrell Steve Carell Close contributors

Jack Black (born Thomas J. Black, Jr. ... Benjamin Edward Stiller (born November 30, 1965) is an Emmy-winning American comedian, actor, film producer and director. ... Luke Cunningham Wilson (born September 21, 1971) is an American film actor. ... Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and writer. ... Vincent Anthony Vaughn (born March 28, 1970) is an American film actor. ... John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967)[1] is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career, starring in the comedies A Night at the... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962[1]) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ... For other uses, see Bottle Rocket (disambiguation). ... For the comedian, see Larry the Cable Guy. ... Bongwater is a 1997 comedy film that is set in Portland, Oregon, USA and stars Luke Wilson, Alicia Witt, Amy Locane, Brittany Murphy, Jack Black, Andy Dick, Jeremy Sisto, and Jamie Kennedy. ... Permanent Midnight is a 1998 movie directed by David Veloz starring Ben Stiller. ... A frame from the title credits Heat Vision and Jack was a proposed 1999 comedy/sci-fi television show starring Jack Black, Owen Wilson, and Ron Silver. ... The Suburbans is a 1999 drama that satirizes the 1980s revival hype around the turn of the century. ... Meet the Parents is a 2000 comedy film starring Robert De Niro and Ben Stiller. ... The Royal Tenenbaums is the 2001 dramatic comedy about three genius siblings who experience great success in youth, and even greater disappointment and failure after their eccentric father leaves them in their adolescent years. ... Zoolander is a 2001 comedy film directed by Ben Stiller. ... Orange County is an American movie released in 2002. ... Run Ronnie Run is a movie spin-off from the popular HBO sketch comedy show Mr. ... Old School is a comedy motion picture released by DreamWorks SKG in 2003, about three thirty-somethings who seek to re-live their college days by starting a fraternity, and the tribulations they encounter in doing so. ... Starsky & Hutch is a 2004 American comedy/action film directed by Todd Phillips. ... Envy is a 2004 comedy film, starring Ben Stiller and Jack Black and was directed by Barry Levinson. ... Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story is a comedy from 20th Century Fox, written and directed by Rawson Thurber and available on DVD or VHS December 2004. ... Categories: Stub | 2004 films | Comedy films ... Meet the Fockers (2004) is a comedy film and a sequel to Meet the Parents starring Robert De Niro and Ben Stiller. ... Melinda and Melinda is a 2005 film written and directed by Woody Allen. ... Bewitched is a 2005 comedy film produced by Columbia Pictures and inspired by the classic television series of the same name. ... Wedding Crashers is a 2005 comedy film, directed by David Dobkin. ... The Wendell Baker Story is the first movie directed by actor Luke Wilson and his eldest brother Andrew Wilson, which premiered at the 2005 South by Southwest Film Festival in Austin, Texas in March, 2005. ... Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny is a rock musical starring Tenacious D, an acoustic metal band that features Jack Black and Kyle Gass that is set in the 1990s. ... Night at the Museum is a 2006 American adventure comedy film. ... This article is about the comedy film. ... Knocked Up is an American romantic comedy film written, co-produced, and directed by Judd Apatow was released in 2007. ... Tropic Thunder is an upcoming 2008 film starring Ben Stiller, Jack Black, Robert Downey Jr. ... Jack Black (born Thomas J. Black, Jr. ... Benjamin Edward Stiller (born November 30, 1965) is an Emmy-winning American comedian, actor, film producer and director. ... Luke Cunningham Wilson (born September 21, 1971) is an American film actor. ... Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and writer. ... Vincent Anthony Vaughn (born March 28, 1970) is an American film actor. ... John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967)[1] is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career, starring in the comedies A Night at the... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962[1]) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ...

Other films

Comedy films that involve only one primary Frat Packer, among other close contributors, with at least one of these in a large role include:

The 40-Year-Old Virgin is a 2005 comedy film, written by Judd Apatow and co-written by Steve Carell, though it featured a great deal of improvised dialogue. ... The Break-Up is a 2006 comedy-drama film from Universal Pictures starring Vince Vaughn, Jennifer Aniston, Joey Lauren Adams, Jon Favreau, Ann-Margret, Vincent DOnofrio, Cole Hauser, Jason Bateman, Justin Long and Judy Davis. ... You, Me and Dupree is a comedy film released on July 14, 2006. ... Idiocracy is a 2006 American dark comedy directed by Mike Judge, and starring Luke Wilson and Maya Rudolph. ... For Madonnas 1990 world tour, see Blond Ambition Tour. ... Drillbit Taylor is a 2008 comedy film starring Owen Wilson and based on an original idea by John Hughes. ... Semi-Pro is an upcoming 2008 comedy film currently in pre-production. ... Kung Fu Panda is an animated film about a panda who learns martial arts and then uses this new ability to fight his enemies. ... Get Smart is an upcoming 2008 film adaptation of Mel Brooks and Buck Henrys hit 1960s spy parody television show Get Smart. ... Step Brothers is a comedy film currently in pre-production. ...

Awards, nominations and other information

Benjamin Edward Stiller (born November 30, 1965) is an Emmy-winning American comedian, actor, film producer and director. ... An Emmy Award. ... Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and writer. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962[1]) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 59th Writers Guild of America Awards 2007 Best Adapted Screenplay: Best Original Screenplay: The 59th WGA Awards will honor the best film and television writers of 2006. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and writer. ... SNL redirects here. ... For other persons named Jack Black, see Jack Black (disambiguation). ... This article is about the band. ... John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967)[1] is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career, starring in the comedies A Night at the... Benjamin Edward Stiller (born November 30, 1965) is an Emmy-winning American comedian, actor, film producer and director. ... David Koechner (pronounced //) (born August 24, 1962) is an American character actor (film, television and stage), comedian and musician. ... John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967)[1] is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career, starring in the comedies A Night at the... For other persons named Jack Black, see Jack Black (disambiguation). ... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962[1]) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ... Paul Stephen Rudd (born April 6, 1969) is an American film, television, and stage actor. ... David Koechner (pronounced //) (born August 24, 1962) is an American character actor (film, television and stage), comedian and musician. ... The Naked Trucker and T-Bones Show is a live musical comedy act. ... Paul Stephen Rudd (born April 6, 1969) is an American film, television, and stage actor. ... ΣΝ (Sigma Nu) is an undergraduate college fraternity with chapters in the United States and Canada. ... John William Ferrell (born July 16, 1967)[1] is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American comedian, actor and writer who first established himself as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, and has since gone on to a successful film career, starring in the comedies A Night at the... Delta Tau Delta (ΔΤΔ, DTD, or Delts) is a U.S.-based international college fraternity. ...

See also

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Brat Pack is a group of young actors and actresses who frequently appeared together in teen-oriented films in the 1980s and as well as socializing together off the set. ... The Splat Pack is a collection of filmmakers who, since 2002, have brought about a renaissance of horror film. ... For other meanings, see typecasting. ... A frame from the title credits Heat Vision and Jack was a proposed 1999 comedy/sci-fi television show starring Jack Black, Owen Wilson, and Ron Silver. ...

References

  1. ^ USATODAY.com - Wilson and Vaughn: Leaders of the 'Frat Pack'
  2. ^ USATODAY.com - Carell just wants some love
  3. ^ The Power 50: DETAILS Article on men.style.com
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ Issue Number 980 | Big gay following: Paul Rudd | Advocate.com

External links

Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ... The New York Post is the 13th-oldest newspaper published in the United States and the oldest to have been published continually as a daily. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Sight and Sound is a British monthly magazine about film. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frat Pack - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (990 words)
The Frat Pack is an unofficial 2000s era nickname given to a group of male Hollywood actors, who have appeared together in many movies since the mid 1990s.
The main Pledges are actors who are on the verge of "Frat Pack Membership." [5] These actors include David Koechner, Seth Rogen, Paul Rudd, and Justin Long who is also considered to be increasingly "pledging the Frat Pack".
The Frat Pack Circle of Trust A diagram detailing connections between the Frat Pack and their co-stars.
User:Not a slave - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1180 words)
04:55, 5 October 2005 (hist) (diff) Frat pack 10.
23:42, 20 September 2005 (hist) (diff) Frat pack 35.
23:35, 20 September 2005 (hist) (diff) Talk:Frat pack 37.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m