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Encyclopedia > Fraser River
Fraser River
The Fraser River, near Mission, British Columbia
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Length 1,375 km (854 mi) [1]
Watershed 220,000 km² (84,942 mi²)
Source Continental Divide
 - location Rocky Mountains, Mount Robson Provincial Park, British Columbia, Canada
 - coordinates 52°31.1′N 118°19.0′W / 52.5183, -118.3167
Mouth Fraser River Delta
 - location Strait of Georgia, Greater Vancouver Regional District, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
 - coordinates 49°7′N 123°11.5′W / 49.117, -123.1917
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Fraser River watershed
For other uses of this name see Fraser River (disambiguation).

The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1,400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. Image File history File linksMetadata FraserRiver. ... Mission is a Canadian district municipality, in the province of British Columbia and is situated on the north bank of the Fraser River, overlooking the Fraser Valley. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Reflections of mountains in Kinney Lake on the Berg Lake Trail, Mount Robson Provincial Park Mount Robson Provincial Park is the largest provincial park in the Canadian Rockies with an area of 2,249 km². The park is located entirely within British Columbia, bordering Jasper National Park in Alberta. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Strait of Georgia at sunset The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... Motto: Building a sustainable region Area 2,878. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1763x1353, 2572 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Fraser River User:Qyd/Maps ... The Fraser River may refer to: The Fraser River in British Columbia in Canada The Fraser River, a tributary of the Colorado River in Colorado in the United States. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Mount Robson (or Robson Peak) is the highest point in the Canadian Rockies. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ...

Contents

Geography

The Fraser drains a 220,000 km² (85,000 sq mi) area. Its source is near Yellowhead Pass, and for the first part of its course it runs northwest, reaching past 54° north before making a sharp turn to the south. At the city of Prince George it is joined by the Nechako River, then continues south and slightly east. It is joined by the Thompson River at Lytton, where it proceeds south until it is approximately 40 km (25 mi) north of the 49th parallel, which is Canada's border with the United States. It then issues from the Coast Mountains from a deep canyon (the Fraser Canyon) about 270 km (170 mi) long. The river then turns west through a lush lowland valley, known as the Fraser Valley, past Chilliwack, Abbotsford, Mission and the eastern suburbs of Vancouver. Canadian National Railways GP9 climbing in the Yellowhead Pass The Yellowhead Pass (elevation 1110 m, lat. ... These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... The Nechako River is one of the main tributaries of the Fraser River, although most of its flow has been diverted through the Coast Mountains to the Kemano generating station at sea level on the Gardner Canal, 858m below the reservoirs intakes, which supplies power to the aluminum smelter... The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ... Lytton in British Columbia sits at the confluence of the Thompson River and Fraser River on the east side of the Fraser. ... The Coast Mountains are the westernmost range of the Pacific Cordillera, running along the south western shore of the North American continent, extending south from the Alaska Panhandle and covering most of coastal British Columbia. ... View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser... Fraser Valley is the section of the Fraser River basin in southwestern British Columbia downstream of the Fraser Canyon. ... Chilliwack is a Canadian city in the Province of British Columbia. ... Partial skyline of Abbotsford as viewed from Mill Lake. ... Mission is a Canadian district municipality, in the province of British Columbia and is situated on the north bank of the Fraser River, overlooking the Fraser Valley. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ...


After 100 kilometres (about 60 mi), it forms a delta where it empties into the Strait of Georgia between the mainland and Vancouver Island. The lands south of the City of Vancouver, including the cities of Richmond and Delta sit on the flat flood plain. The islands of the delta include Iona Island, Sea Island, Lulu Island, Annacis Island, and a number of smaller islands. Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... Strait of Georgia at sunset The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... Richmond is an incorporated city on the Pacific coast of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Delta is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Floodplain. ... Iona Beach Regional Park, south jetty in the distance Iona Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada was formerly an island, but is now a peninsula physically connected to Sea Island via a road called Iona Island Causeway. ... Sea Island is located in the city of Richmond, British Columbia, directly across the river from Vancouver and fifteen kilometres from Vancouvers downtown core. ... Lulu Island is the geographic name of the main island comprising the City of Richmond, one of the main suburbs of Vancouver, British Columbia. ... Annacis Island is an island located in Delta, British Columbia, Canada. ...


The river's volume at its mouth is 112 km³ (27 cu mi) each year (about 800,000 gal/s or 3550 cubic metres per second), and it dumps 20 million tons of sediment into the ocean.[2] It is the tenth longest river in Canada.[3] Imperial Measure was a former system of measurement used in some Commonwealth nations, most notably the United Kingdom and Canada. ...


History

On June 14, 1792, the Spanish explorers Dionisio Alcalá Galiano and Cayetano Valdes entered and anchored in the north arm of the Fraser River, becoming the first Europeans to find and enter it.[4] is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Dionisio Alcalá Galiano Dionisio Alcalá Galiano (1760, Cabra, Córdoba, Spain – October 21, 1805) was a Spanish naval officer, cartographer and explorer. ...


The upper reaches of the Fraser River were first explored by Sir Alexander Mackenzie in 1793, and fully traced by Simon Fraser in 1807, who confirmed that it was not connected with the Columbia River. Alexander Mackenzie (1764 - March 11, 1820) was a Scottish-Canadian explorer. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... An undated drawing of Simon Fraser Simon Fraser (1776–18 August 1862) was a fur trader and an explorer who charted much of what is now the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ...


Much of British Columbia's history has been bound to the Fraser, partly because it was the essential route between the Interior and the Lower Coast after the loss of the lands south of the 49th Parallel with the Oregon Treaty of 1846.[5] It was the site of its first recorded settlements of Aboriginal people (see Stó:lō, St'at'imc and Nlaka'pamux), the route of multitudes of prospectors during the gold rush and the main vehicle of the province's early commerce and industry. Map of the lands in dispute The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed... Státimc (also Lillooet, Stlatlimx, Sƛ’aƛ’imxǝc, Státimc). ... The Nlakapamux (commonly called the Thompson, and also Thompson River Salish, Thompson Salish, Thompson River Indians or Thompson River people) are an indigenous First Nations/Native American people of Salish ethnicity in southern British Columbia and northern Washington. ... For other meanings, see Gold rush (disambiguation) A California Gold Rush handbill A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ...


This river has been designated a Canadian Heritage River for its natural and human heritage.[1] The Canadian Heritage Rivers System (CHRS) was established in 1984 by the federal, provincial and territorial governments to conserve and protect the best examples of Canadas river heritage, to give them national recognition, and to encourage the public to enjoy and appreciate them. ...


Uses

The Fraser River at New Westminster (L) and Surrey (R). Coquitlam and Port Coquitlam in background
The Fraser River at New Westminster (L) and Surrey (R). Coquitlam and Port Coquitlam in background

The Fraser is heavily exploited by human activities, especially in its lower reaches. Its banks are rich farmland, its water is used by pulp mills, and a few dams on some tributaries provide hydroelectric power. The main flow of the Fraser has never been dammed so as not to interfere with salmon spawning. Today, Fraser Herald at the Canadian Heraldic Authority is named after the river. New Westminster and Pattullo Bridge File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... New Westminster and Pattullo Bridge File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Pattullo Bridge (centre) connects New Westminster (left) with Surrey (right) across the Fraser River. ... Location of Surrey Country Canada Province British Columbia Regional District Greater Vancouver Regional District Incorporation 1879 (municipality status)   1993 (city status) Government  - Mayor Dianne Watts  - Governing body  - MLAs List of MLAs Harry Bains (NDP) Jagrup Brar (NDP) Bruce Ralston (NDP) Kevin Falcon (LIB) Dave Hayer (LIB) Gordon Hogg (LIB) Sue... This article is about Coquitlam, British Columbia. ... Port Coquitlam is a city in British Columbia, Canada. ... A pulp mill is a manufacturing facility that converts wood chips into a thick fibre board which can be shipped to a paper mill for further processing. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... The badge of office of Fraser Herald of Arms Fraser Herald of Arms (Héraut Fraser in French) is the title of one of the officers of arms at the Canadian Heraldic Authority in Ottawa. ... Badge of the Canadian Heraldic Authority The Canadian Heraldic Authority is an agency of the Government of Canada responsible for heraldry in Canada. ...


The delta of the river, especially in the Boundary Bay area, is an important stopover location for migrating shorebirds[6] Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... Boundary Bay is situated on the Pacific coast of North America on the border between the Canadian province of British Columbia and the U.S. state of Washington. ... Flock of Barnacle Geese during autumn migration Bird migration refers to the regular seasonal journeys of varying distances undertaken by many species of birds. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ...


Flooding

Due to record snowpacks on the mountains in the Fraser River catch basin which began melting, combined with heavy rainfall, water levels on the Fraser River rose in 2007 to a level not reached since 1972.[7] Low-lying land in areas upriver such as Prince George suffered minor flooding. Evacuation alerts were given for the low-lying areas not protected by dikes in the Lower Mainland.[8] However, the water levels did not breach the dikes, and major flooding was averted. These cutbanks on the Nechako River are Prince Georges signature natural landmark. ... Afsluitdijk, a 32 km dike in the Netherlands. ... The Lower Mainland is the name that residents of British Columbia apply to the region surrounding the City of Vancouver. ...

Fraser River north of Lillooet
Fraser River north of Lillooet

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Lillooet (formerly Cayoosh Flat) is a small but historic and highly scenic community on the Fraser River in western Canada, about 240 kilometres (150 miles) up the British Columbia Railway line from Vancouver. ...

Major tributaries

The Nechako River is one of the main tributaries of the Fraser River, although most of its flow has been diverted through the Coast Mountains to the Kemano generating station at sea level on the Gardner Canal, 858m below the reservoirs intakes, which supplies power to the aluminum smelter... The Quesnel River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the Cariboo District of central British Columbia. ... The West Road or Blackwater River is a major tributary of the Fraser River, flowing generally north-eastward from the Ilgachuz Range and across the Fraser Plateau in the Chilcotin and Cariboo regions of central British Columbia, Canada. ... The Chilcotin River is a 215 km (c. ... The Bridge River is, or was, a major tributary of British Columbias Fraser River, entering that stream about six miles upstream from the town of Lillooet. ... The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ... The Coquihalla River, just outside Hope, British Columbia The Coquihalla River is located in the Cascade Mountains near the town of Hope, British Columbia. ... The Harrison River is a short but large tributary of the Fraser River, entering it near the community of Chehalis. ... The Vedder River, in Chilliwack, BC. The Vedder River runs through the city of Chilliwack, British Columbia, emptying into the Fraser River. ... // Description The Stave River is a tributary of the Fraser, joining it about 35 km east of Vancouver, B.C. in the Central Fraser Valley at the boundary between the municipalities of Maple Ridge and Mission. ... The Pitt River is an extremely large (by volume, not length) tributary of the Fraser River, entering it a few miles upstream from New Westminster, British Columbia and about 25km ESE of downtown Vancouver. ...

See also

This is a list of bridges and other crossings of the Fraser River in the Canadian province of British Columbia from the Strait of Georgia upstream to its source. ...

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  1. ^ a b Fraser River. Canadian Heritage Rivers System.
  2. ^ Cannings, Richard and Sidney. British Columbia: A Natural History. p.41. Greystone Books. Vancouver. 1996
  3. ^ Canadian Global Almanac. John Wiley and Sons. 2004
  4. ^ Hayes, Derek (1999). Historical Atlas of the Pacific Northwest: Maps of exploration and Discovery. Sasquatch Books. ISBN 1-57061-215-3. 
  5. ^ Fraser River. Canadian Council for Geographic Education.
  6. ^ Reifel Bird Sanctuary.
  7. ^ River Water Still Rising. Prince George Free Press, June 6, 2006.
  8. ^ Fraser flood alert imminent Mission gauge under close scrutiny, river likely to peak at 7.5 m by Saturday. Langley Times, June 6, 2007.

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fraser River (507 words)
The gravel banks of the Fraser then increase in height to 50-100 m, where the river has cut down into the glacial deposits of the central Interior Plateau; the river's velocity of flow increases south of Prince George as it is joined by several tributaries, the largest being the NECHAKO R from the northwest.
The Fraser enters FRASER RIVER CANYON south of Quesnel, and where it is joined by the Chilcotin River from the west, the river has cut down 300-600 m into the bedrock of the Interior Plateau.
In this middle section the Fraser is joined by large tributaries such as the Quesnel and THOMPSON rivers from the east and the West Road and Chilcotin rivers from the west.
Fraser Canyon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1321 words)
View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser Valley.
Fish ladders along the river's side permit migrating salmon to bypass a rockslide that diverted the river during the blasting of the CNR line in 1913.
The river is navigable between Boston Bar and Lillooet and also between Big Bar Ferry and Prince George and beyond, although rapids at Soda Canyon and elsewhere were still difficult waters for the many steamboats which piloted its "foamy brine" in the 1800s and early 1900s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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