FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Franz Josef Strauss
Jump to: navigation, search

Dr h.c. Franz Josef Strauss (German: Strauß /ʃtraʊs/) (September 6, 1915 - October 3, 1988) was a German politician (CSU) and long-time minister-president of the state of Bavaria. Press reports called him the "Strong Man of Europe". September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search Germany is a federal republic made up of 16 states, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The Free State of Bavaria (German: Bayern or Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...

Franz Josef Strauss
Franz Josef Strauss

Contents

Franz Josef Strauß. Processed version of TIFF found at http://www. ... Franz Josef Strauß. Processed version of TIFF found at http://www. ...


Basic biography

Early years

Born as Franz Strauss in Munich as the second child of a butcher, Strauss studied germanistics, history and economics at the University of Munich from 1935 to 1939 where he became a member of the NSDStB-Nationalsozialistischen Studentenbund or [Nazi Students Association]. In World War II, he served in the German Wehrmacht, on the Western and Eastern Fronts. While on furlough, he passed the German state exams to become a teacher. After suffering from severe frostbites at the Eastern Front at the end of 1942, he served as an Offizier für wehrgeistige Führung (political officer/komisar) at the antiaircraft artillery school in Altenstadt, near Schongau. At the end of the war he held the rank of an Oberleutnant. Soon after the war he decided to change his name into Franz Josef Strauss. In 1957 Strauss married Marianne Zwicknagl with whom he had three children. Jump to: navigation, search Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the state capital of the German state of Bavaria. ... Germanistics is the field of humanities that researches, documents, and disseminates German language and literature in both its historic and present forms. ... ... U.S. Economic Calendar Economics at the Open Directory Project Economics textbooks on Wikibooks The Economists Economics A-Z Institutions and organizations Bureau of Labor Statistics - from the American Labor Department Center for Economic and Policy Research (USA) National Bureau of Economic Research (USA) - Economics material from the organization... With approximately 48,000 students, the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (German: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München or LMU) is one of the largest universities in Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that... Jump to: navigation, search Wehrmacht listen [â–¶] was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... Schongau is a small town in Bavaria, near the Alps. ... Oberleutnant is a rank of the German military which dates from the early 19th century. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Political life

After the war, he was appointed deputy Landrat (county president) of Schongau by the American occupiers and was involved in founding the local CSU there. He became a member of the first Bundestag (Federal Parliament) in 1949 and, in 1953, Federal Minister for Special Affairs in the second cabinet of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, in 1955 Federal Minister of Nuclear Energy, and in 1956 defense minister, charged with the build-up of the new Bundeswehr – the youngest man in this office to that date. He became chairman of the CSU in 1961. The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search The German title Bundeskanzler is also the title of the Chancellor of Austria, and the title of a Swiss federal official (List of Federal Chancellors of Switzerland). ... Jump to: navigation, search Election Poster showing Adenauer Konrad Adenauer (January 5, 1876 – April 19, 1967) was a conservative German statesman. ... The Bundeswehr (   listen?) is the armed forces of Germany and its administration. ...


Der Spiegel scandal

Strauss was forced to step down as defense minister in 1962, in the wake of the Spiegel scandal, in which Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of the influental Der Spiegel magazine, was arrested on his request for 103 days. After Strauss had to admit that he had lied to the parliament, he was forced to resign – although complaining that he was treated like a "Jew who had dared appear at an NSDAP party convention".[2] The Spiegel scandal of 1962 (in German, Spiegel-Affäre) was one of the major political scandals in Germany in the era after the second world war. ... Rudolf Karl Augstein (November 5, 1923 - November 7, 2002) was one of the most influential German journalists, founder and part-owner of Der Spiegel magazine. ... Photo of the cover of the first issue of Der Spiegel (1/1947) Der Spiegel (German for The Mirror) is Germanys biggest and most influential weekly magazine, published in Hamburg, with a circulation of around one million per week. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ...


Rivalry between Kohl and Strauss

Strauss was appointed minister of the treasury again in 1966, in the cabinet of Kurt Georg Kiesinger. In cooperation with the SPD minister for economy, Karl Schiller, he developed a groundbreaking anticyclic policy; the two ministers, quite unlike in physical appearance and political background, were popularly dubbed Plisch und Plum, after two dogs in a 19th century cartoon by Wilhelm Busch. 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... Kurt Georg Kiesinger (April 6, 1904–March 9, 1988) was a conservative German politician and Chancellor of Germany from 1 December 1966 until 21 October , 1969. ... Jump to: navigation, search SPD redirects here. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Works (with the year of publication) 1864 Bilderpossen 1865 Max and Moritz 1866 Schnaken und Schnurren 1867 Hans Huckebein der Unglücksrabe 1868 Schnaken und Schnurren, part II 1869 Schnurrdiburr oder die Bienen Braun 1870 Der heilige Antonius von Padua 1872 Schnaken und Schnurren, part III 1872 Die fromme Helene...


After the SPD was able to form a government without the conservatives, in 1969, Strauss became one of the most vocal critics of Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik. On a journey to China in 1975, where he was received by Mao Zedong, Strauss became a political sensation. After Helmut Kohl's first run for chancellor in 1976 failed, Strauss cancelled the alliance between the CDU and CSU parties in the Bundestag, a decision which he only took back months later when the CDU threatened to extend their party to Bavaria (where the CSU holds a political monopoly for the conservatives). In the 1980 federal election, the CDU/CSU opted to put forward Strauss as their candidate for chancellor. Strauss had continued being critical of Kohl's leadership, so providing Strauss a shot a the chancellory may have been seen as an endorsement of either Strauss' policies or style (or both) over Kohl's. But many, if not most, observers at the time believed that the CDU had concluded that Helmut Schmidt's SPD was likely undefeatable in 1980, and felt that they had nothing to lose in running Strauss. Schmidt's easy win was seen by Kohl's supporters as a vindication of their man, and though the rivalry between Kohl and Strauss would persist for years, once the CDU/CSU was able to take power in 1982, Kohl was again their leader, where he remained until well past Strauss' death. Willy Brandt, Time Magazines Person of the Year, 1970. ... Ostpolitik or Eastern Politics describes the realisation of the Change through Rapprochement principle, verbalised by Egon Bahr in 1963, by the effort of Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany, to normalize relations with Eastern European nations including East Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mao Zedong [▶] (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976; Mao Tse-tung in Wade-Giles) was the chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death. ... Dr. Helmut Kohl (full name Helmut Josef Michael Kohl) (born 3 April 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt (born December 23, 1918) is a German SPD politician. ...


United States of Europe

Strauss was the author a book called The Grand Design in which he set forth his views of the way in which the future unification of Europe should be decided.


Ever since the infamous Der Spiegel affair of the 1960s, he had also become the target of the broacasting and publishing media blitz that Herbert W. Armstrong unleashed upon Europe through the daily offshore pirate radio station broadcasts by his son Garner Ted Armstrong, his magazine called The Plain Truth and his Ambassador College campus at Bricket Wood in Hertfordshire, England. Strauss was portrayed as being, with great probability, the coming Führer who would lead a United States of Europe into a prophetic and victorious future World War III against the USA and UK at some time between 1972 and 1975. For some strange reason in 1971 Franz Josef Strauss played along with the prophetic interest shown in him as Herbert W. Armstrong recalled in a 1983 letter: "I entertained him at dinner in my home in Pasadena, and he spoke to the faculty and students of Ambassador College. I have maintained contact with him." Strauss also appeared in an interview on The World Tomorrow television program. Photo of the cover of the first issue of Der Spiegel (1/1947) Der Spiegel (German for The Mirror) is Germanys biggest and most influential weekly magazine, published in Hamburg, with a circulation of around one million per week. ... Jump to: navigation, search The 1960s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Herbert W. Armstrong (July 31, 1892 – January 16, 1986) was the founder of the Radio Church of God / Worldwide Church of God; self-appointed chancellor of unaccredited Ambassador College; publisher of The Plain Truth magazine in several languages; presenter of The World Tomorrow radio and television programs; father of radio... The term pirate radio lacks a specific universal interpretation. ... Jump to: navigation, search Garner Ted Armstrong (February 9, 1930 - September 15, 2003) was the son of Herbert W. Armstrong. ... The Plain Truth is a magazine founded by Herbert W. Armstrong who also founded the Radio Church of God (later renamed the Worldwide Church of God), Ambassador College and The World Tomorrow radio and television programs. ... Ambassador College was originally established as an unaccredited liberal arts institution in 1947 at Pasadena, California by the Radio Church of God, a religious organization incorporated in the State of California by Herbert W. Armstrong to promote the beliefs of the Church of God. ... Bricket Wood is a village in the county of Hertfordshire, England, approximately three miles from St Albans. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom, officially part of the East of England Government region. ... Jump to: navigation, search Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK... Führer (often written Fuehrer or Fuhrer in English when umlauts are not used) is a proper noun meaning leader or guide in the German language. ... Jump to: navigation, search The United States of Europe is a name occasionally given to one version of the possible future unification of Europe as a national and sovereign federation of states similar in formation to the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search Nuclear fireball from a US nuclear test World War III is the name given to a hypothetical world war that would be fought between superpowers with weapons of mass destruction such as nuclear weapons. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pasadena is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The World Tomorrow is a now-defunct radio and television half-hour program which had been sponsored by the Radio Church of God (later renamed Worldwide Church of God while under the direction of Herbert W. Armstrong. ...


Final decade of life

From 1978 until his death in 1988, Strauss was minister-president of Bavaria, possibly the most memorable figure to ever hold that office. After his defeat in the 1980 federal election, he retreated to commenting on federal politics from his safe seat in Bavaria. In the following years, he was the most visible critic of Kohl's politics in his own political camp, even after Kohl ascended to the chancellory. In 1983, he was primarily responsible for a loan of 3 billion Deutschmarks given to East Germany, which is today regarded by some as having artificially elongated the life of the then-bankrupt communist state. Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The German Democratic Republic (GDR) (German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik), also commonly known as East Germany, was a communist state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ...


Death

On October 1, 1988, Strauss collapsed while hunting with the Duke of Thurn und Taxis in the Thurn und Taxis forests, east of Regensburg. He died in a Regensburg hospital on October 3 without having regained consciousness. Jump to: navigation, search October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... The Princely House of Thurn und Taxis is a German family that was a key player in the postal (mail) services in Europe in the 16th century and is well known as owners of breweries and builders of countless castles. ... Jump to: navigation, search Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 150,212 in 2004) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... Jump to: navigation, search October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ...


Legacy

Strauss shaped post-war Germany and polarized the public like few others. A vocal figurehead of conservatives and brilliant rhetorician, yet involved in several large-scale scandals, he was a red flag to the left. Still, most would agree that he was a extraordinary politician and managed to transform Bavaria from the once-agrarian state to one of the centers of technology in Germany that it is today. Munich's airport was named after him in 1992 (see Franz Josef Strauss International Airport). Munich International Airport (IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM), officially named Franz Josef Strauss International Airport (German: Flughafen München-Franz-Josef-Strauß) is located 28 km northeast of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. ...


References

  • Franz Josef Strauss. The Grand Design: A European solution to German reunification. English translation: London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1965.

Jump to: navigation, search 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Franz Josef Strauss - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1012 words)
Franz Josef Strauss (German: Strauß /ʃtraʊs/) (September 6, 1915 - October 3, 1988) was a German politician (CSU) and long-time minister-president of the state of Bavaria.
Strauss was forced to step down as defense minister in 1962, in the wake of the Spiegel scandal, in which Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of the influental Der Spiegel magazine, was arrested on his request for 103 days.
Strauss was appointed minister of the treasury again in 1966, in the cabinet of Kurt Georg Kiesinger.
AllRefer.com - Franz Josef Strauss (German History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (331 words)
Franz Josef Strauss[frAns yO´zef shtrous] Pronunciation Key, 1915–88, West German political figure, leader of the Christian Social Union.
In 1962, Strauss was widely attacked for his role in the government raids on the offices of the opposition news magazine Der Spiegel and arrests of the magazine's personnel.
In 1978 Strauss was elected premier of Bavaria, a position that served as a springboard for his 1980 bid for election as chancellor of West Germany.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m