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Encyclopedia > Franz Joseph of Austria
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Franz Joseph I

Franz Joseph I (in The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world, due to the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural influence... English also Francis Joseph) ( August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 135 days remaining. Events 293 BC - Oldest known Roman temple to Venus founded, institution of Vinalia Rustica begins. 1587 - Virginia Dare, granddaughter of Gov. John White of the Colony of Roanoke... August 18, 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). Events February 3 - The previously autonomous state of Greece gains full independence from the Ottoman Empire as the final result of the Greek War of Independence. Negotiations for the borders between the two states continue until 1832, under... 1830 November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 40 days remaining. Events 235 - Anterus is elected Pope. 1783 - In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, the marquis dArlandes, make the first untethered... November 21, 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. Impressionist Monet paints Water Lilies. January 8 - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli January 17 - The Professional Golfers Association... 1916) of the Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. Their principal roles were as: Holy Roman Emperors (several centuries to 1806), and rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282– 1453, archdukes 1453– 1804, and emperors 1804– 1918), Kings... Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). An emperor is a monarch and sovereign ruler of an empire or any other imperial realm. Emperors are generally recognised to be above kings in honour. They may obtain their position hereditarily, or by force, such as a coup... Emperor of The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria and This article treats the generic title monarch. For the origins of the word king and its English use, see Germanic king. For other meanings of the word, see Monarch (disambiguation) A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state. The word derives from Greek monos archein, meaning one... King of Bohemia is also a place in the State of United States of America: see Bohemia, New York. Bohemia (Čechy in Czech, Böhmen in German) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. With an area of 52,750 sq... Bohemia from 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events Monument for the leaders of the 1848 Matale rebellion, Sri Lanka The Revolution of 1848 (qv.), a series of widespread but failed struggles for more liberal governments, from Brazil to Hungary. January 24 - California gold... 1848 until 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. Impressionist Monet paints Water Lilies. January 8 - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli January 17 - The Professional Golfers Association... 1916 and This article treats the generic title monarch. For the origins of the word king and its English use, see Germanic king. For other meanings of the word, see Monarch (disambiguation) A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state. The word derives from Greek monos archein, meaning one... King of The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. It is known locally as the Country of the Magyars. National motto: (none current) historical: Regnum... Hungary from 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Events January 8 - African-American men granted the right to vote in the District of Columbia January 11 - Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again January 30 - Emperor Komei of Japan dies. Crown Prince Mutsuhito is expected... 1867 until 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. Impressionist Monet paints Water Lilies. January 8 - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli January 17 - The Professional Golfers Association... 1916. He was born in This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. For other places or things called Vienna, see Vienna (disambiguation). Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). Situated on both sides of the river... Vienna, Austria.


Archduke Franz was the oldest son of Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 - 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of Emperor Franz I... Archduke Franz Karl (and Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 - 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. On 4 November 1824, she married Franz Karl, Archduke of Austria. They had three sons, Franz Josef of... Sophie, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bavaria), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor His Imperial Majesty Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 - June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. He... Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his claim to the throne, Franz became emperor as Franz Joseph I when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the —Alexis de Tocqueville, Recollections The European Revolutions of 1848, in some countries known as the Spring of Nations, were the bloody consequences of a variety of changes that had been taking place in Europe in the first half of the 19th century. In politics, both bourgeois reformers and radical... Revolution of 1848.


In Events January 13 - The accordion is patented by Anthony Faas. February 11 - Major streets lit by coal gas for first time. February 14 - Texas is linked by telegraph with the rest of the United States, when a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas is completed. February 17 - The British... 1854 Franz Joseph married Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (also Princess of Bavaria through her mother's side of the family), who became Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria and Princess of Bavaria (December 24, 1837 - September 10, 1898), of the House of Wittelsbach, was Empress-Consort of Austria and Queen consort of Hungary due to her marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph. Her father was Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria, and her mother was... Elisabeth of Austria ("Sisi" or "Sissi"). Their only son, Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria (21 August 1858 - 30 January 1889) was the son and heir of Emperor Franz Josef of Austria and Elisabeth of Austria. His death, apparently through suicide, along with that of his mistress, Baroness Marie Vetsera at Mayerling hunting lodge in 1889 made international headlines, fueled... Crown Prince Rudolf, committed Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of intentionally ending ones own life. Attitudes vary on suicide from culture to culture. It is considered a sin in many religions, and a crime in some jurisdictions. On the other hand, some cultures have viewed it as... suicide in Events January-April January 8 - Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his electric tabulating machine January 22 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, DC. February 11 - Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890 January 30 ? Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and his mistress Marie Vetsera commit a double suicide... 1889 in the (in)famous Mayerling is a hunting lodge in Lower Austria, where on January 30, 1889 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, only son of Emperor Franz Joseph and Elisabeth and heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, was found dead with his mistress Baroness Marie Vetsera, apparently as a result of suicide. It... Mayerling episode with his young mistress Baroness The last photograph taken of Baroness Mary Vetsera (R). This is the dress in which she was buried. On the (L) is Countess Marie Larisch Marie, Baroness Vetsera (March 19, 1871–January 30, 1889) was Crown Prince Rudolf of Austrias mistress, the daughter of Baron Alban Vetsera, a... Marie Vetsera. Rudolf's killing of the Baroness Vetsera was an extremely grim chapter in the long line of outbreaks of mental instability in the Habsburg Dynasty caused by their long history of inbreeding. The younger brother to Emperor Franz Joseph, the Archduke Viktor Ludwig, spent most of his life exiled on the island of Capri, following a series of scandals involving dressing up in women's clothes and molesting his military aides.

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This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. See Copyright. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on... Enlarge
Franz Joseph and his great-grandnephew Otto von Habsburg

Notwithstanding the scandals there were times when Franz Joseph took firm moral stands. When Blessed Pius IX Supreme Pontiff (1846-1878) The Blessed Pius IX, né Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti (May 13, 1792 - February 7, 1878) was pope for a record term of over 31 years, from June 16, 1846 until his death. Early life and election Mastai-Ferretti was born in Senigallia, Italy... Pope Pius IX detained the six year old Jewish boy Edgardo Mortara (August 27, 1851–1940) was a six-year-old Jewish boy living in Bologna, Italy, when he was seized by the Papal authorities in 1858 and taken to be raised as a Catholic. His case became the centre of an international scandal and the catalyst for far... Edgardo Mortara on account of the claim that a housekeeper had secretly baptized him, Emperor Franz Joseph sent the Pope a plea to return the child to his parents. The Pope refused his request.


When World War I erupted, Austria-Hungary fought in alliance with Germany, but the The Austro-Hungarian Army was the ground force of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was composed of the common army (recruited from everywhere), the Austrian Landwehr (recruited only from Cisleithania), and the Hungarian Honvéd (recruited only from Transleithania). The official names in German were: regiments of the common... Austro-Hungarian Army proved ill-prepared and ill-equipped. Franz Joseph's conservatism was partly to blame: when presented with the suggestion that the army should acquire a newly-developed mechanical weapon, namely tanks, he famously retorted: "Absolutely not. The horses will be startled!".


Their three other children were Sophie, Archduchess of Austria (March 5, 1855 - May 29, 1857) was born to Elisabeth of Bavaria and Franz Josef of Austria, their first child. Her full name was Sophie Fredericke Dorothera. Sophie died as an infant in Buda, Hungary in 1857, of the measles. Categories: 1855 births | 1857 deaths | Non... Sophie, Archduchess of Austria ( Events January 23 - The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge. George Hamilton-Gordon is forced to resign as Prime Minister of Britain because of bad management of the campaigns in the Crimean War... 1855 - 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. Events January 14 - Felice Orsini and his accomplices fail to assassinate Napoleon III in Paris but their bombs kill 156 bystanders. Because of the involvement of French émigrés living in Britain, there is a brief anti-British feeling in France but... 1858), Gisela, Archduchess of Austria (June 12, 1856 - July 27, 1932) was born to Elisabeth of Bavaria and Franz Josef of Austria, their second child together. Her full name is Gisela Louise Marie. Just like her older siblings, she was raised by her grandmother, Sophie, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of... Gisela, Archduchess of Austria ( 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Events January 8 - Borax is discovered ( John Veatch). January 29 - Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross February 18 - The American Party ( Know-Nothings) convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate their first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore. March... 1856 - 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. Events January-February January 3 - British arrest and intern Mohandas Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel January 8 - In Britain the Archbishop of Canterbury forbids church remarriage of divorcees January 12 - Hattie W. Caraway becomes the first woman elected to the United States... 1932) and Marie-Valerie, Archduchess of Austria (April 22, 1868 - September 6, 1924) was born to Elisabeth of Bavaria (Sissi) and Franz Josef of Austria and their fourth and last child. Given name is Marie-Valerie Mathilde. Marie Valerie was born at Ofen (Buda) in Hungary. The Empress Elizabeth was especially attached... Marie-Valerie, Archduchess of Austria ( 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). Events January 3 - Meiji Emperor declares Meiji Restoration, his own restoration to full power, against the supporters of the Tokugawa Shogunate. January 10 - Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu declares emperors declaration illegal and attacks Kyoto. Pro-Emperor forces drive... 1868 - 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 7 - Great fire in London harbour January 8 - Heavy blizzards in England January 10 - British submarine L-34 sinks in the English Channel - 43 dead. January 21 - Vladimir Lenin dies and Joseph Stalin... 1924).


The An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. Archipelagoes usually occur in the open sea; less commonly a large land mass may neighbour them. Archipelagos are often volcanic, forming along ocean ridges or hotspots, but there are many other processes involved in their construction... archipelago Franz Josef Land (russ. Земля Франца Иосифа, Zemlja Frantsa Iosifa) is an archipelago located in the far north of Russia. It is found in the Arctic Ocean north of Novaya Zemlya and east of Spitsbergen, and... Franz Josef Land in the The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches... Russian high arctic was named in his honor in Events January - April January 17 - Indian Wars: First Battle of the Stronghold during the Modoc War. February 11 - Spanish Cortes deposes King Amadeus I and proclaims the First Spanish Republic. February 12 - Former foreign minister Emilio Cistelar y Ripoli becomes prime minister of the new Spanish Republic. February 20 - The... 1873. Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Glaciers of New Zealand | West Coast, New Zealand ... Franz Josef Glacier in For alternative meanings, see New Zealand (disambiguation). New Zealand is a country formed of two major islands and a number of Pacific Ocean. A common Māori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, popularly translated as Land of the Long White Cloud. New Zealand also maintains responsibility for the... New Zealand's South Island The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. The Maori name for the South Island is Te Wai Pounamu which means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade). It has an area of 58,093 square miles (151... South Island also bears his name.


Names in other languages: German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. It is the language with the most native speakers in the European Union. It is spoken... German: Franz Josef, Italian is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people, most of whom live in Italy. Standard Italian is based on Tuscan dialects and is somewhat intermediate between the languages of Southern Italy and the Gallo-Romance languages of the North. The long-established Tuscan standard has, over the... Italian Francesco Giuseppe, The Czech language is one of the West Slavic languages, along with Slovak, Polish, Pomeranian, and Sorbian. It is spoken by most people in the Czech Republic and by Czechs all over the world (about 12 million native speakers in total). Because of its complexity, Czech is said to be... Czech: František Josef, The Hungarian language is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and in adjacent areas of Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, Austria, Slovenia (all territories lost after World War I). The Hungarian name for the language is Magyar. There are about 14.5 million speakers, of whom 10 million live... Hungarian: I. Ferenc József, The Slovak language (slovenčina, slovenský jazyk) is an Indo-European language, more precisely a West Slavic language (together with mainly the Czech, Polish, and Sorbian languages). Slovak is spoken in Slovakia (by 5 million people), the USA (500,000, emigrants), the Czech Republic (320,000, due to former... Slovak: František Jozef I, Polish (polski, język polski) is the official language of Poland. History Polish has been influenced by contact with foreign languages (foremost Latin, Czech, French, German, Italian, Old Belarusian, Russian and recently it has been virtually bombarded by English, especially American English language elements). A small hint when learning... Polish: Franciszek Józef, The Croatian language is a language of the western group of South Slavic languages which is used primarily by the Croats. It is one of the standard versions of the Central-South Slavic diasystem, formerly (and still frequently) called Serbo-Croatian. Croatian is based on the Štokavian dialect (with... Croatian: Franjo Josip, This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Slovenian or Slovene language (Slovenian: slovenski jezik or slovenščina) is one of the Slavic languages. It is spoken by approximately two million speakers worldwide, most of whom live in Slovenia... Slovenian: Franc Jožef, The Serbian language or Serb language is one of the standard versions of the Central-South Slavic diasystem, formerly (and still frequently) called Serbo-Croatian. Serbian is used primarily in Serbia-Montenegro, Republika Srpska and by Serbs everywhere. It is based on the Štokavian dialect, has Western and Eastern... Serbian: Franc Josif, French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. In 1999 French was the 11th most spoken language in the world being spoken by about 77 million people (called Francophones) as a mother tongue, and... French:François-Joseph



Preceded by:
His Imperial Majesty Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 - June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. He... Ferdinand
The title of Emperor of Austria was proclaimed in 1804 by the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II, who feared for the future of the old Reich in the face of Napoleons aggressions, and wished to maintain his imperial title in the event that the Holy Roman Empire should... Emperor of Austria and The Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech Země koruny české, Latin Corona regni Bohemiae) (e.g. Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and Lusatia), were ruled by dukes (c.870-1085, 1092-1158 and 1172-1198) and kings (1085-1092, 1158-1172 and 1198-1918). Premyslid dynasty Borivoj I (c. 870... King of Bohemia
1848-1916
Succeeded by:
Karl I, a.k.a. IV Károly (in Hungarian), Karel III (in Czech), Karol IV (in Slovak), Charles (in English) Karl of Austria (August 17, 1887 - April 1, 1922), Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen, was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the... Karl
Preceded by:
His Imperial Majesty Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 - June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. He... Ferdinand
Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. Their principal roles were as: Holy Roman Emperors (several centuries to 1806), and rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282– 1453, archdukes 1453– 1804, and emperors 1804– 1918), Kings... Head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
1848-1916
Preceded by:
--
This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád. Kingdom of Hungary (896/1000-1848/1918/1944) Since the first republic The Revolutions of 1848 in Habsburg areas had particular impact on the Kingdom of Hungary. The Magyars wanted to establish a Hungarian state, while the Croats... King of Hungary
1867-1916



  Results from FactBites:
 
Franz Joseph I of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (752 words)
Francis Joseph I (in German often abbreviated Franz Joseph or Franz Josef, and in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and Apostolic King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916.
Archduke Franz was the oldest son of Archduke Franz Karl, who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I, and his wife Sophie, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bavaria).
Franz Joseph's conservatism was partly to blame: when presented with the suggestion that the army should acquire a newly-developed mechanical weapon, namely tanks, he famously retorted: "Absolutely not.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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