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Encyclopedia > Franz Joseph I of Austria
Franz Joseph I
Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Croatia etc.

Emperor Franz Joseph. Vienna, circa 1910.
Reign 2 December 184821 November 1916
Born 18 August 1830(1830-08-18)
Birthplace Schönbrunn Palace Vienna
Died 21 November 1916 (aged 86)
Place of death Schönbrunn Palace
Predecessor Ferdinand I
Crown Prince Rudolf
Successor Charles I
Consort Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria
Issue Archduchess Sophie
Archduchess Gisela
Crown Prince Rudolf
Archduchess Marie-Valerie
Royal House Habsburg-Lorraine
Royal anthem Gott erhalte, Gott beschütze
Father Archduke Franz Karl
Mother Princess Sophie of Bavaria

Franz Joseph I (in Slovenian Franc Jožef I, in Hungarian I. Ferenc József, in Croatian Franjo Josip I, in Czech František Josef I, in English Francis Joseph I) (August 18, 1830November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916. is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria and Princess of Bavaria (December 24, 1837 - September 10, 1898), of the House of Wittelsbach, was Empress-Consort of Austria and Queen consort of Hungary due to her marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph. ... Sophie, Archduchess of Austria (March 5, 1855 – May 29, 1857) was born to Elisabeth of Bavaria and Franz Josef of Austria, their first child. ... Categories: 1856 births | 1932 deaths | Non-ruling Austrian royalty | Habsburg | Habsburg-Lorraine ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... Marie Valerie, Archduchess of Austria (April 22, 1868 - September 6, 1924) was the fourth and last child of Elisabeth of Bavaria (Sissi) and Franz Josef of Austria. ... Habsburg - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Sophie of Austria Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... Slovenian or Slovene (slovenski jezik or slovenščina) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the family of South Slavic languages. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Hereditary title borne by the King of Hungary. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ...

Contents

Early life

Franz Joseph was born in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, the oldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (the younger son of Emperor Franz), and his wife Princess Sophie of Bavaria. Because his uncle, from 1835 the Emperor Ferdinand, was weak-minded, and his father unambitious and retiring, the young Archduke "Franzl" was brought up by his mother as a future Emperor with emphasis on devotion, responsibility and diligence. Franzl came to idolize his grandfather, der Gute Kaiser Franz, who had died shortly before his fifth birthday, as the ideal monarch. At the age of 13 young Archduke Franz started a career as a colonel in the Austrian army. From that point onward, his fashion was dictated by army style and for the rest of his life he normally wore the uniform of a junior officer. Schönbrunn Palace (Schloss Schönbrunn) in Vienna is one of the most important cultural monuments in Austria and since the 1860s has also been one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 - 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of Emperor Franz I... Francis II Francis I Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who may also be referred to as Francis von Habsburg or Emperor Franz I of Austria (February 12, 1768 - March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Empire was disbanded. ... Sophie of Austria Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ...


Franz Joseph was soon joined by three younger brothers - Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian (born 1832, the future Emperor Maximilian of Mexico); Archduke Karl Ludwig (born 1833), and Archduke Ludwig Viktor (born 1842), but a sister, Maria Anna (born 1835), died young, at the age of four. Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (July 6, 1832 - June 19, 1867) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg family. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Karl Ludwig, Archduke of Austria (30 July 1833 - 19 May 1896) was the father of Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose shooting occasioned the start of World War I. He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Franz Karl Josef of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife Sophie... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Archduke Ludwig Viktor Archduke Ludwig Viktor Joseph Anton of Austria (15 May 1842-18 January 1919), was the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Following the resignation of the Chancellor Prince Metternich during the Revolutions of 1848, the young Archduke, who it was widely expected would soon succeed his uncle on the throne, was appointed Governor of Bohemia on 6 April, but never took up the post. Instead, Franz was sent to the front in Italy, joining Field Marshal Radetzky on campaign on 29 April, receiving his baptism of fire on 5 May at Santa Lucia. By all accounts he handled his first military experience calmly and with dignity. Around the same time, the Imperial Family was fleeing revolutionary Vienna for the calmer setting of Innsbruck, in the Tyrol. Soon, the Archduke was called back from Italy, joining the rest of his family at Innsbruck by mid-June. It was at Innsbruck at this time that Franz Joseph first met his cousin Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria, his future bride, then a girl of ten, but apparently the meeting made little impact. Klemens Wenzel von Metternich Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar Fürst von Metternich-Winneberg-Beilstein (May 15, 1773 - June 11, 1858) (sometimes rendered in English as Prince Clemens Metternich) was an Austrian politician and statesman and perhaps the most important diplomat of his era. ... The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a revolutionary wave which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the revolutions of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest of Europe and as far afield as... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Josef Graf von Radetzky Johann Josef Wenzel Graf Radetzky von Radetz (English: , Czech: ) (November 2, 1766 – January 5, 1858) was a Bohemian nobleman and Austrian general, immortalised by Johann Strauss Is Radetzky March. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Coat of arms of the Counts of Tyrol Austria-Hungary in 1914, showing Tirol–Vorarlberg as the left-most province, coloured cream Capital Meran (Merano), until 1848 Government Principality Historical era Middle Ages  - Created County 1140  - Bequeathed to Habsburgs 1363 or 1369  - Joined Council of Princes 1582  - Trent, Tyrol and... Elisabeth in a riding habit, from Vanity Fair, 1884. ...


Following victory over the Italians at Custoza in late July, the court felt safe to return to Vienna, and Franz Joseph travelled with them. But within a few months Vienna again appeared unsafe, and in September the court left again, this time for Olmütz in Moravia. By now, Prince Windischgrätz, the influential military commander in Bohemia, was determined to see the young Archduke soon put onto the throne. It was thought that a new ruler would not be bound by the oaths to respect constitutional government to which Ferdinand had been forced to agree, and that it was necessary to find a young, energetic emperor to replace the kindly, but mentally unfit Emperor. The Battle of Custoza (1848) was fought (23-25 July 1848) during the Austro-Sardinian War (also known as First Independence War within Italian unification process) between the armies of the Austrian Empire, led by Field Marshal Radetzky, and of the Kingdom of Sardinia, led by king Charles Albert of... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... For other uses, see Moravia (disambiguation). ... Alfred Candidus Ferdinand, Fürst zu Windisch-Graetz (also written zu Windisch-Grätz, or zu Windischgrätz), (May 11, 1787, Brussels — March 21, 1862, Vienna) was an Austrian army officer who distinguished himself throughout the wars fought by the Habsburg Monarchy in the 19th century. ...

Austrian Royalty
House of Habsburg-Lorraine

Francis I
(Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor)
Children include
   Archduchess Marie Louise
   Ferdinand I
   Archduchess Maria Leopoldina
   Archduchess Clementina
   Archduke Franz Karl
Grandchildren include
   Franz Joseph I
   Archduke Maximilian
   Archduke Karl Ludwig
   Archduke Ludwig Viktor
Great-grandchildren include
   Archduke Franz Ferdinand
   Archduke Otto Franz
Ferdinand I
Franz Joseph I
Children
   Archduchess Sophie
   Archduchess Gisela
   Crown Prince Rudolf
   Archduchess Marie Valerie
Grandchildren include
   Archduchess Elisabeth Marie
Charles I
Children include
   Crown Prince Otto
   Archduke Robert
   Archduke Felix
   Archduke Karl Ludwig
   Archduke Rudolf
Grandchildren include
   Archduchess Andrea
   Archduchess Monika
   Archduchess Michaela
   Archduchess Gabriela
   Archduchess Walburga
   Archduke Karl
   Archduke Georg
   Archduke Lorenz
Great-Grandchildren include
   Archduke Ferdinand

It was thus at Olmütz on 2 December that, by the abdication of his uncle Ferdinand and the renunciation of his father, the mild-mannered Franz Karl, Franz Joseph succeeded as Emperor of Austria. It was at this time that he first became known by his second as well as his first given name. The name "Franz Joseph" was chosen deliberately to bring back memories of the new Emperor's great-grand-uncle, Emperor Joseph II, remembered as a modernizing reformer. Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (550x707, 498 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Austria-Hungary Otto von Habsburg Double-headed eagle Karl Habsburg-Lothringen User:Nihil aliud scit necessitas quam vincere... Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832 Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. ... Marie Louise (full name: Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Franziska Therese Josepha Lucia von Habsburg-Lothringen, later after 1817 in Italian Maria Luigia dAsburgo-Lorena, Duchessa di Parma, Piacenza, e Guastalla) (b. ... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... D. Maria Leopoldina in 1825, with her children (the future Emperor Dom Pedro II sits at her lap; at her right the future Queen Maria da Glória of Portugal) Archduchess Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Austria (22 January 1797-11 December 1826), Empress consort of Brazil, and, for two... Archduchess Maria Clementina Francesca Giuseppina (1798-1881) was a Princess of Salerno. ... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico (Emperador Maximiliano I de México) (July 6, 1832 – June 19, 1867) (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg-Lorraine family. ... Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (30 July 1833 – 19 May 1896) was the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose shooting occasioned the start of World War I. He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife... Archduke Ludwig Viktor Archduke Ludwig Viktor Joseph Anton of Austria (15 May 1842-18 January 1919), was the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria. ... For the Scottish rock band, see Franz Ferdinand (band). ... Otto Franz, Otto Franz Joseph Karl Ludwig Maria, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (April 21, 1865-November 1, 1906) was the second son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph) and his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... Sophie, Archduchess of Austria (March 5, 1855 – May 29, 1857) was born to Elisabeth of Bavaria and Franz Josef of Austria, their first child. ... Categories: 1856 births | 1932 deaths | Non-ruling Austrian royalty | Habsburg | Habsburg-Lorraine ... Archduke Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia (21 August 1858 - 30 January 1889) was the son and heir of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria and Empress Elisabeth of Austria. ... Marie Valerie, Archduchess of Austria (April 22, 1868 - September 6, 1924) was the fourth and last child of Elisabeth of Bavaria (Sissi) and Franz Josef of Austria. ... For other persons named Elisabeth of Austria, see Elisabeth of Austria (disambiguation). ... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... Otto, Crown Prince of Austria or Otto von Habsburg (born 20 November 1912 as Archduke Franz Joseph Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xaver Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetan Pius Ignatius of Austria) is the current head of the Habsburg family and the eldest son of Karl of Austria... Archduke Robert Karl Ludwig Maximilian Michael Maria Anton Franz Ferdinand Joseph Otto Hubert Georg Pius Johannes Marcus dAviano of Austria-Este (Schonbrunn, February 8, 1915 - Basel, February 7, 1996), Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia was born as the second son of Karl I of... Archduchess Andrea of Austria (Andrea Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Hereditary Countess of Neipperg, (30 May 1953 - ) was born in Würzburg, Bavaria, the first child and oldest daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and his wife Princess... Archduchess Monika of Austria (Monika Maria Roberta Antonia Raphaela von Habsburg-Lothringen), Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Duchess of Santangelo, (13 September 1954 - ) was born in Würzburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduchess Michaela of Austria (Michaela Maria Madeleine Kiliana von Habsburg-Lothringen) Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Countess of Kageneck, (13 September 1954 - ) was born in Würzburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduchess Gabriela of Austria (Gabriela Maria Charlotte Felicitas Elisabeth Antonia von Habsburg-Lothringen) Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (14 October 1956 - ) was born in Luxemburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduchess Walburga of Austria (Walburga Maria Franziska Helene Elisabeth von Habsburg-Lothringen) Archduchess and Princess Imperial of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Countess Douglas, (5 October 1958 - ) in Schloss Berg, Luxemburg, the daughter of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. ... Archduke Karl of Austria (Karl Thomas Robert Maria Franziskus Georg Bahnam von Habsburg-Lothringen) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (born January 11, 1961 at Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany) is the son of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and the grandson of the... Archduke Georg of Austria-Hungary (Paul Georg Maria Joseph Dominikus von Habsburg-Lothringen) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, (16 December 1964 - ) was born in Starnberg, the second son, and seventh and youngest child of Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Regina, Crown Princess of Austria. ... HI&RH Prince Lorenz Otto Carl Amadeus Thadeus Maria Pius Andreas Marcus dAviano of Belgium, Duke of Modena, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Duke of Modena (Head of the House of Este) , styled His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Lorenz... Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (Ferdinand Zvonimir Maria Balthus Keith Michael Otto Antal Bahnam Leonhard von Habsburg-Lothringen) (21 June 1997 in Salzburg-) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, is the eldest son of Archduke Karl of Austria and future head of the House of Habsburg. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph II (full name: Joseph Benedikt August Johannes Anton Michel Adam; March 13, 1741 – February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. ...


Imperial absolutism, 1848–1860

Under the guidance of the new prime minister Prince Schwarzenberg, the new emperor at first pursued a cautious course, granting a constitution in early 1849. At the same time, military campaigns were necessary against the Hungarians, who had rebelled against Habsburg central authority under the name of their ancient liberties. Franz Joseph was also almost immediately faced with a renewal of the fighting in Italy, with King Charles Albert of Sardinia taking advantage of setbacks in Hungary to resume the war in March 1849. Soon, though, the military tide began to turn in favor of Franz Joseph and the Austrian whitecoats. Almost immediately, Charles Albert was decisively beaten by Radetzky at Novara, and forced both to sue for peace and to abdicate his throne. In Hungary, the situation was more grave and Austrian defeat was quite possible. Franz Joseph, sensing a need to secure his right to rule sought help from a reactionary Russia. With this Russian aid the Hungarian revolution was crushed by late summer of 1849. With order now restored throughout the Empire, Franz Joseph felt free to go back on the constitutional concessions he had made, especially as the Austrian parliament, meeting at Kremsier, had behaved, in the young Emperor's view, abominably. The 1849 constitution was suspended, and a policy of absolutist centralism was established, guided by the Minister of the Interior, Alexander Bach. Felix Prinz zu Schwarzenberg (October 2, 1800, Český Krumlov, Bohemia - April 5, 1852, Vienna, Austria) was an Austrian statesman who restored the Habsburg empire as a European power following the disorders of 1848. ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Charles Albert (Italian: Carlo Alberto Amedeo di Savoia; October 2, 1798 – July 28, 1849) was the King of Piedmont from 1831 to 1849. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont with Savoy, Nice, and Sardinia in the inset. ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the 1513 Battle of Novara, see Battle of Novara (1513). ... Kroměříž (-Czech; German: Kremsier) is a city in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. ... Alexander Bach Baron Alexander von Bach (German: Alexander Freiherr von Bach; 4 January 1813, Loosdorf, Austria - 12 November 1893, Schöngrabern, Austria) was an Austrian politician. ...


The next few years saw the seeming recovery of Austria's position on the international scene following the near disasters of 1848–1849. Under Schwarzenberg's guidance, Austria was able to stymie Prussian scheming to create a new German Federation under Prussian leadership, excluding Austria. After Schwarzenberg's premature death in 1852, he could not be replaced by statesmen of equal stature, and the Emperor effectively took over himself as prime minister. Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Assassination attempt in 1853

On February 18, 1853, the Emperor survived an assassination attempt by Hungarian nationalist János Libényi. The emperor was taking a stroll with one of his officers, Maximilian Karl Lamoral Graf O’Donnell von Tyrconnell, on a city-bastion, when Libényi approached him. He immediately struck the emperor from behind with a knife straight at the neck. Franz Joseph almost always wore a uniform, which had a high collar that almost completely enclosed the neck. It so happened that the collar of his uniform was made out of very sturdy material. Even though the Emperor was wounded and bleeding, this collar saved his life. Count O'Donnell (descendant of the Irish noble dynasty O'Donnell of Tyrconnell[1] struck Libényi down with his sabre [1]. O'Donnell, hitherto only a Count by virtue of his Irish nobility, was thereafter made a Count of the Habsburg Empire, conferred with the Commander's Cross of the Royal Order of Leopold, and his customary O'Donnell arms were augmented by the initials and shield of the ducal House of Austria, with additionally the double-headed eagle of the Empire. These arms are emblazoned on the portico of no. 2 Mirabel Platz in Salzburg, where O'Donnell built his residence thereafter. Another witness who happened to be nearby, the butcher Joseph Ettenreich, quickly overwhelmed Libényi. For his deed he was later elevated to nobility by the Emperor and became Joseph von Ettenreich. Libényi was subsequently put on trial and condemned to death for attempted regicide. He was executed on the Simmeringer Haide. After the unsuccessful attack the Emperor's brother Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph, the later Emperor of Mexico, called upon Europe's Royal families for donations to a new church on the site of the attack. The church was to be a votive offering for the rescue of the Emperor. It is located on Ringstraße in the district of Alsergrund close to the University of Vienna, and is known as the Votivkirche. is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Maximilian Karl Lamoral Graf O’Donnell von Tyrconnell (October 29, 1812-July 14, 1895) was a descendant of the Irish noble dynasty of ODonnell of Tyrconnell[1] . Count Maximilian Karl Lamoral ODonnell von Tyrconnell (portrait by Prinzhofer, 1853) // He was born in Vienna, son of Count Maurice O... The point of a bastion on a reconstructed French fort in Illinois. ... The House of ODonnell of Tyrconnell is the dynastic Royal House of the former Kings and Princes of Tyrconnell in Ireland. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... This article is about the capital of the Austrian state of Salzburg. ... For other uses, see Regicide (disambiguation). ... Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico (Emperador Maximiliano I de México) (July 6, 1832 – June 19, 1867) (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg-Lorraine family. ... A votive deposit or votive offering is an object left in a sacred place for ritual purposes. ... The Ringstraße at night The Ringstraße is a circular road surrounding the Innere Stadt district of Vienna, Austria and is one of its main sights. ... Alsergrund is the ninth district of Vienna, Austria, located just north of the first, central district Innere Stadt. ... The University of Vienna (German: ) is a public university located in Vienna, Austria. ... The Votivkirche in Vienna is one of the most important neo-Gothic religious architectural sites in the world. ...


Later years

Believing it necessary that the Emperor should soon marry and produce heirs, various potential brides were speculated including Elisabeth, Dowager Duchess of Modena, Princess Anna of Prussia and Princess Sidonia of Saxony [2]. Although in public life the Emperor was the unquestioned director of affairs, in his private life his formidable mother still had a crucial influence and she desired to strenghthen the relationships between the Houses of Habsburg and Wittelsbach and hoped to match Franz Joseph with her sister Ludovika's eldest daughter, Helene ("Nené"), four years the Emperor's junior. However, the Emperor became besotted with Nené's younger sister, Elisabeth ("Sisi"), a girl of sixteen, and insisted on marrying her instead. Sophie, despite some misgivings about her niece's appropriateness as an imperial consort, acquiesced, and the young couple were married on April 24, 1854 in St. Augustine's Church, Vienna. Their married life was not happy: not only could Sisi never really adapt herself to the court and always had disagreements with the Royal Family, but their first daughter Sophie died as an infant, while the only son, Crown Prince Rudolf died, allegedly by suicide in 1889, in the infamous Mayerling episode with his young mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera. The Empress herself was stabbed to death by an Italian anarchist in 1898; Franz Joseph never fully recovered from the loss. According to the future Empress-Consort Zita of Bourbon-Parma, he usually told his relatives "You'll never know how important she was for me" or, according to some sources, "She will never know how much I loved her" (although there is no definite proof he actually said this). Elisabeth Franziska Maria, Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia (17 January 1831 - 14 February 1903). ... Prince Charles of Prussia (Friedrich Karl Alexander) was born on June 29, 1801 in Charlottenburg. ... King John I of Saxony Johann I, King of Saxony (Johann Nepomuk Maria Joseph Anton Xaver Vincenz Aloys Franz de Paula Stanislaus Bernhard Paul Felix Damasus) (12 December 1801 – 29 October 1873) was the son of Maximilian, Duke of Saxony (1759-1838) and his first wife, Caroline of Bourbon-Parma... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The Wittelsbach family is an European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. ... Marie Ludovika Wilhelmine (or Louise), Princess of Bavaria (August 30, 1808 - January 25, 1892) was the sixth child of King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Fredricka Caroline Willemina of Baden. ... Elisabeth in a riding habit, from Vanity Fair, 1884. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Augustinerkirche Since 1634, the Augustinerkirche has been the historic parish church of the Hofburg, the winter palace of the Habsburg dynasty in the center of Vienna. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Hunting lodge and Carmelites church at Mayerling The term Mayerling Incident refers to the series of events leading to the alleged suicide of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and Baroness Mary Vetsera. ... The last photograph taken of Baroness Mary Vetsera (R). ... Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese, Principessa di Borbone di Parma) (German: Zita von Bourbon-Parma; May 9, 1892 – March 14, 1989) was the wife of Emperor Charles I of Austria and was the last Empress-consort of...


The 1850s witnessed several failures of Austrian external policy - the Crimean War and break-up with Russia, Austro-Sardinian War of 1859 against armies of the House of Savoy, and Napoleon III. The setbacks continued in the 1860s with Austro-Prussian War of 1866. It resulted in Austrian-Hungarian Dualism in 1867. Combatants Allies: Second French Empire British Empire Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Bulgarian volunteers Casualties 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 17,500 British 2,194 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease ~134,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War (1853–1856) was fought... Italian Unification (Italian: il Risorgimento, or The Resurgence) was the political and social movement that unified different states of the Italian peninsula into the single nation of Italy. ... The House of Savoy or in Italian, La Casa di Savoia, or simply Casa Savoia, (or Savoie, French) is a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region that includes present-day Piemonte, other parts of Northern Italy, and a smaller region in France. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead... The German term Ausgleich (Hungarian kiegyezés) refers to the compromise or composition of February 1867 that established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary, which was signed by Franz Joseph of Austria and a Hungarian delegation led by Ferenc Deák. ...


Franz Joseph built a villa named Villa Schratt in Bad Ischl for his mistress, Katharina Schratt, an actress with whom he had a long-standing relationship which was, to a certain degree, tolerated by Sissi. Kaiservilla Bad Ischl Bad Ischl is a town in Austria. ... Katharina Schratt (September 11, 1853, Baden bei Wien, Austria - April 17, 1940, Vienna) was an Austrian actress who became the uncrowned queen of Austria as the friend and confidant of Emperor Franz Joseph. ...


In 1914 the heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated in Sarajevo, leading to World War I. After he heard the news of the assassination of the Archduke he said that "in this manner a superior power has restored that order which I unfortunately was unable to maintain". For the Scottish rock band, see Franz Ferdinand (band). ... A plaque commemorating the exact location of the Sarajevo Assassination On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg were shot to death in Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by Gavrilo Princip, a member of Young... For the war in general, see World War I. The Causes of World War I were complex and included many factors, including the conflicts and antagonisms of the four decades leading up to the war. ...


Emperor Franz Joseph died in 1916, aged 86, in the middle of the war. After the defeat in World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy dissolved. He is said to have died singing "God Save the Emperor".[3] Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


His 68-year reign is the second-longest in the recorded history of Europe (after that of Johannes II, Prince of Liechtenstein; Louis XIV of France reigned effectively from 1661 to 1715). Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein (5 October 1840 – 11 February 1929) was the prince of Liechtenstein between 1858 and 1929. ... Louis XIV redirects here. ...


Gallery

Silver 20 kruezer coin of Franz Joseph, struck 1868
Obverse: (Latin) FRANC[ISCVS] JOS[EPHVS] I D[EI] G[RATIA] AVSTRIAE IMPERATOR, or in English, "Francis Joseph I, by the Grace of God Emperor of Austria" The Vienna mint continues to restrike gold corona and ducat coins which depict the emperor. Reverse: (Latin) HVNGAR[IAE] BOHEM[IAE] GAL[ICIAE] LOD[OMERIAE] ILL[YRIAE] REX A[RCHIDVX] A[VSTRIAE] 1868, or in English, continuing from the obverse, "King of Hungary, of Bohemia, of Galicia, of Lodomeria, of Illyria, Archduke of Austria 1868."

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Otto, Crown Prince of Austria or Otto von Habsburg (born 20 November 1912 as Archduke Franz Joseph Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xaver Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetan Pius Ignatius of Austria) is the current head of the Habsburg family and the eldest son of Karl of Austria... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 491 pixelsFull resolution (999 × 613 pixel, file size: 853 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Franz Joseph I of Austria ... Download high resolution version (2485x1789, 3146 KB) Tomb of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, flanked by the tomb of his assassinated wife Elizabeth (Sissi) and their son Rudolf. ... An ornament of the sarcophagus of Emperor Karl VI: a deaths head with the crown of the Holy Roman Empire Tomb of Franz Josef I, flanked by wife Elisabeth and son Rudolf. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 595 × 298 pixelsFull resolution (595 × 298 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Coin of Franz Joseph I, 20 Kreuzers, dated 1868 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The ducat (IPA: ) is a gold coin that was used as a trade currency throughout Europe before World War I. Its weight is 3. ...

Issue

Name Birth Death Notes
By Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (24 December 1837-10 September 1898; married on 24 April 1854 in St. Augustine's Church, Vienna)
Sophie Friederike Dorothea Maria Josepha 5 March 1855 29 May 1857 died in infancy
Gisela Louise Marie 15 July 1856 27 July 1932 married, 1873, Prince Leopold of Bavaria; had issue
Rudolf Francis Charles Joseph 21 August 1858 30 January 1889 died in the Mayerling Incident
married, 1881, Princess Stephanie of Belgium; had issue
Marie Valerie Mathilde Amalie 22 April 1868 6 September 1924 married, 1890, Archduke Franz Salvator of Austria-Tuscany; had issue

Elisabeth in a riding habit, from Vanity Fair, 1884. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Augustinerkirche Since 1634, the Augustinerkirche has been the historic parish church of the Hofburg, the winter palace of the Habsburg dynasty in the center of Vienna. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Sophie, Archduchess of Austria (March 5, 1855 – May 29, 1857) was born to Elisabeth of Bavaria and Franz Josef of Austria, their first child. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: 1856 births | 1932 deaths | Non-ruling Austrian royalty | Habsburg | Habsburg-Lorraine ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold Maximilian Joseph Maria Arnulf, Prinz von Bayern (February 9, 1846 - September 28, 1930) was born in Munich, the son of Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria (1821-1912) and his wife Archduchess Augusta of Austria (1825-1864). ... Archduke Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia (21 August 1858 - 30 January 1889) was the son and heir of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria and Empress Elisabeth of Austria. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Hunting lodge and Carmelite church at Mayerling This article is about the Mayerling incident . ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Princess Stephanie of Belgium (May 21, 1864 - August 23, 1945). ... Marie Valerie, Archduchess of Austria (April 22, 1868 - September 6, 1924) was the fourth and last child of Elisabeth of Bavaria (Sissi) and Franz Josef of Austria. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ...

Ancestors

Francis I Silver coin of Francis I, dated 1754. ... Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792) was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ... Not to be confused with Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867). ... Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832 Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Not to be confused with Maria Louisa of Spain (1782-1824). ... Maria Amalia of Saxony. ... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... Maria Amalia of Saxony. ... Francis I Silver coin of Francis I, dated 1754. ... HM Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily Her Majesty Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily née Her Imperial & Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria (13 August 1752- 8 September 1814) was queen consort and de facto ruler of Naples from 1768 to 1799 and from 1799... Not to be confused with Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867). ... Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (b. ... Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (born Rappoltsweiler, February 27, 1724; died Schwetzingen, August 15, 1767) was a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty. ... This page refers to King Maximilian I of Bavaria. ... Maria Francisca, Countess Palatine of Sulzbach (Maria Franziska, Pfalzgräfin von Sulzbach) (1724Yndash;1794) was the daughter of Joseph Karl Emanuel August, Pfalzgraf von Sulzbach and Elizabeth Augusta Sophie, Pfalzgräfin von Neuburg. ... Elizabeth Augusta Sophie, Pfalzgräfin von Neuburg (1693–1728) was the daughter of Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine and Ludwika Karolina RadziwiÅ‚Å‚. She married in 1717 to Joseph Karl Emanuel August, Pfalzgraf von Sulzbach. ... Sophie of Austria Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of Baden, painting by Johann Ludwig Kisling, 1806/1807 Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Baden (November 22, 1728 in Karlsruhe – June 10, 1811 in Karlsruhe) was the son of Hereditary Prince Friedrich of Baden and Anna of Nassau-Dietz-Orange (October 13, 1710 – September 17, 1777... Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (February 14, 1755 in Karlsruhe--December 16, 1801 in Arboga, Sweden) was heir-apparent of the Margraviate of Baden. ... Frederica Caroline Wilhelmina (German: ) of Baden was the eldest daughter and child of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and his wife, Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. ... Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (December 15, 1719 – May 13, 1790) was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg. ... Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (June 20, 1754, Prenzlau - June 21, 1832, Bruchsal) was the daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. ...

Orders, decorations, and honors

Emperor Franz Joseph held the following chivalric orders:

  • Royal Hungarian Order of Saint Stephen (Königlich ungarischer St. Stephan-Orden)


He founded the following orders: The founder, Philip the Good , with at least six other Members wearing collars, 1447-8 Philip III, Duke of Burgundy, with the collar of the Order The Order of the Golden Fleece (Spanish: Orden del Toisón de Oro) is an order of chivalry founded in 1430 by Duke Philip... Military Order of Maria Theresa The Military Order of Maria Theresa (Militär-Maria-Theresien-Orden in German) was an Order (decoration) of the Austro-Hungarian Empire founded on June 18, 1757, the day of the Battle of Kolin, by the Empress Maria Theresa to reward especially meritorious and valorous... The Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, the royal Hungarian order, founded in 1764 by the empress Maria Theresa of Austria, consisted of the grand master (the sovereign), 20 knights grand cross, 30 knights commanders and 50 knights. ... Order of Leopold The Order of Leopold is the highest military order of Belgium and is named in honor of King Leopold I. The decoration was established in 1832 and is awarded for extreme bravery in combat or for meritorious service of immense benefit to the Belgian nation. ... The Imperial Order of the Iron Crown was established June 5, 1805 by Napoleon Bonaparte (under his title of King Napoleon I of Italy). ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... The Order of the Black Eagle The Order of the Black Eagle (German: Schwarzer-Adler-Orden) was the highest order of chivalry in Prussia. ... The Order of the Red Eagle was an order of chivalry of Prussia, awarded to recognize valor in combat or excellence in military leadership. ... The Order Pour le Mérite, known informally as the Blue Max (German: Blauer Max), was Prussias highest military order until the end of World War I. The award was a blue-enameled Maltese Cross with eagles between the arms, the Prussian royal cypher, and the French legend Pour... King Carol I of Romania, wearing the collar of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern around his neck and the pinback Honor Cross 1st Class with Swords of the Princely House Order of Hohenzollern on his lower left breast. ...

  • Order of Franz Joseph (Franz Joseph-Orden), 1849
  • Order of Elizabeth (Elizabeth-Orden), 1898


He held the following honorary appointments:

  • Colonel-in-chief, 1st (The King's) Dragoon Guards, British Army, 25 March 1896 - 1914

The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ...

Legacy

The archipelago Franz Josef Land in the Russian high arctic was named in his honor in 1873. Franz Josef Glacier in New Zealand's South Island also bears his name. The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... Location of Franz Josef Land (Map is annotated in German). ... Location of the Franz Josef glacier. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ...


Franz Joseph founded in 1872 the Franz Joseph University (Hungarian: Ferenc József Tudományegyetem, Romanian: Universitatea Francisc Iosif) in the city of Cluj-Napoca (at that time a part of Austria-Hungary under the name of Kolozsvár). The university was moved to Szeged after Cluj became a part of Romania, becoming the University of Szeged. Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Map of Romania showing Cluj_Napoca Cluj_Napoca (Hungarian: Kolozsvár, German: Klausenburg, Latin: Claudiopolis), the seat of Cluj county, is one of the most important academic, cultural and industrial centers in Romania. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Szeged and the Tisza river. ... Central building of the University of Szeged at Dugonics Square The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary and in Central Europe. ...


Official Grand Title

His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty,


Franz Joseph I,


By the Grace of God, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia,


King of Lombardy-Venetia[4], of Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodomeria and Illyria; King of Jerusalem etc., Archduke of Austria; Grand Duke of Tuscany and Cracow, Duke of Lorraine, of Salzburg, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and of the Bukovina; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Margrave of Moravia; Duke of Upper and Lower Silesia, of Modena, Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla, of Auschwitz, Zator and Teschen, Friuli, Ragusa (Dubrovnik) and Zara (Zadar); Princely Count of Habsburg and Tyrol, of Kyburg, Gorizia and Gradisca; Prince of Trent (Trento) and Brixen; Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria; Count of Hohenems, Feldkirch, Bregenz, Sonnenberg, etc.; Lord of Trieste, of Cattaro (Kotor), and in the Windic march; Grand Voivode of the Voivodship of Serbia etc. The Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (Italian: ; German: ) (1815 - 1866) was established after the defeat of Napoleon, according to the decisions of the Congress of Vienna (9 June 1815). ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина (Halychyna), Polish: Galicja, German: Galizien, Slovak: Halič, Romanian: Galiţia, Hungarian: Gácsország) is the name of a region of Central Europe. ... Coat of arms of Lodomeria Lodomeria is the Latinized name of Volodymyr-Volhynia, a medieval Ruthenian principality, which was part of Halych-Volhynia in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... This article is about the ancient region in the south of Europe. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ... Lorraine coat of arms location of the Lorraine province Lorraine (French: Lorraine; German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Styria, crowned with the ducal hat, today state coat The Duchy of Styria (German: Herzogtum Steiermark, Slovenian Å tajerska) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918. ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Carinthia, today state coat The Duchy of Carinthia (German language: Kärnten, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until it dissolved in 1918. ... Carniola English and Latin; (Slovenian Kranjska, German Krain) is a name for a region in Slovenia. ... Bukovina (Ukrainian: , Bukovyna; Romanian: Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina; see also other languages) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. ... This article is about the region in Romania. ... For other uses, see Moravia (disambiguation). ... According to the statute, constitution or last will of the Polish duke Boleslaus the Wrymouth Poland was divided into the 4-5 hereditary provinces distributed among his sons, and a royal province of Cracow for the eldest to be the high-duke of all Poland. ... Modena (Mòdna in Modenese dialect) is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... This article is about the Italian city. ... Piacenza (Placentia in Latin and old-fashioned English, Piasëinsa in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. ... Guastalla is a town and commune in the province of Reggio Emilia in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... The title Duke of Teschen is a substantive princely title of ancient Silesia that has since 1822 belonged to a junior branch of the House of the Austrian monarch. ... Friulian Coats of Arms Friuli (Furlan: Friûl, German: Friaul, Slovenian: Furlanija) is an area in northeastern Italy, comprising the major part of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia. ... Look up Dubrovnik in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Zara may refer to: // Zara is the Venetian, Austrian and Italian name of the Adriatic port city of Zadar (official 13th-20th century), former capital of Dalmatia, in Croatia Zara (Turkish district), a district in the Turkish province of Sivas Zara, Eritrea, a city in central-western Eritrea. ... For other uses, see Zadar (disambiguation). ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Coat of arms of the Counts of Tyrol Austria-Hungary in 1914, showing Tirol–Vorarlberg as the left-most province, coloured cream Capital Meran (Merano), until 1848 Government Principality Historical era Middle Ages  - Created County 1140  - Bequeathed to Habsburgs 1363 or 1369  - Joined Council of Princes 1582  - Trent, Tyrol and... A palace Kyburg in Kyburg, Switzerland. ... Gorizia and Gradisca (German: ; Italian: ; Slovenian: GoriÅ¡ka in Gradiščanska; Friulian: Gurize e Gradiscje) was a county in what is now a multilingual border area of Italy and Slovenia. ... Trent is the name of several Places: Trento in Italy, famous for the Roman Catholic Council of Trent Trent, Texas, USA Trent, South Dakota, USA Trent, Dorset, UK Trent, Germany, a municipality on the island of Rügen, Germany Rivers: River Trent in the UK, or one of several other... Trento (Italian: Trento; German: Trient; Latin: Tridentum; Note that many of the regions Italian languages/dialects use Trent or Trènt) is an Italian city located in the Adige River valley in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. ... Brixen (Italian: Bressanone; German: Brixen; Ladin: Porsenù or Persenon; Latin: Brixino; also known as Pressena (827 AD), Prichsna, Brixina) is a town in the Province of Bolzano in the Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. ... Lusatia (German: , Upper Sorbian: , Lower Sorbian: , Polish: , Czech: ) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern Czech Republic. ... Istria (Croatian and Slovenian: Istra, Venetian and Italian: Istria), formerly Histria (Latin), is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Hohenems in Vorarlberg, Austria Hohenems is a town in the westernmost Austrian province of Vorarlberg, in the Dornbirn district. ... Feldkirch is a medieval city in the western Austrian state of Vorarlberg, at 47°15′ N 9°35′ E, on the border with Switzerland and Liechtenstein. ... Bregenz is the capital of Vorarlberg, the westernmost federal state of Austria. ... Sonnenberg is a municipality in the Oberhavel district, in Brandenburg, Germany. ... For other uses, see Trieste (disambiguation). ... This article or section should be merged with Kotor Cattaro or Kotor is the chief town of an administrative district in Austria. ... This article is about the city of Kotor. ... see discussion ... Grosswojwod is the German version, official under the Habsburg monarchy in the case of the present Serbian autonomous region Vojvodina, of an original Slavonic (more precisely, Serbo-Croatian) title of the comparative semantic model (see Great King), augmenting the far more common Slavonic family of princely titles (including Wojwod) discussed... Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat was a voivodship (duchy) of the Austrian Empire that existed between 1849 and 1860. ...


Personal motto

  • mit vereinten Kräften (German) = Viribus Unitis (Latin) = "With united forces" (as the Emperor of Austria). A homonymous war ship existed.
  • Bizalmam az Ősi Erényben (Hungarian) = Virtutis Confido (Latin) = "My trust in [the ancient] virtue" (as the Apostolic King of Hungary)

SMS Viribus Unitis was an Austro-Hungarian dreadnought battleship of the Viribus Unitis class. ...

Names in other languages

German: Franz Joseph; Czech: František Josef; Hungarian: Ferenc József; Polish: Franciszek Józef; Croatian: Franjo Josip; Slovene: Franc Jožef; Slovak: František Jozef; Friulian: Francesc Josef; Italian: Francesco Giuseppe; Romanian: Francisc Iosif; Serbian: Фрањо Јосиф / Franjo Josif; Ukrainian: Франц Йосиф; Latin: Franciscus Iosephus Friulian (friulano in Italian, Furlan in Friulian) is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaetian languages family, spoken in the north-east of Italy (Friuli-Venezia Giulia province) by about 600,000 people. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...


Nicknames

Italian: Ceccobeppe, Cecco Beppe or Cecco Peppe (various dialectal forms) from shortened forms of Francesco Giuseppe, used mockingly, especially by Italian troops who fought during the Great War (World War I). There is also a pacifist poem written by Italian poet Trilussa, "Ninna nanna de la guerra" ("War's lullaby"), where Franz Joseph is called Cecco Peppe.[2] “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Pacifist redirects here. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... A poet (from the ancient Greek ποιητης, poïêtes (artisan) ; ποιέω, poieō) is a person who writes poetry. ... Carlo Alberto Salustri (1871-1950, Italian poet, better known by his pen name of Trilussa (an anagram of “Salustri”). He is best known for the poems, some of them sonnets, written in the Italian dialect of Rome. ... For other uses, see Lullaby (disambiguation). ...


Czech: Starej Procházka (Old Prochazka or "Walker") or František Procházka (Francis Procházka/"Walker"). Procházka is a common Czech surname which approximates to the English "Walker". It was applied to Franz Joseph after his visit to Prague in 1901 when a picture of him crossing a bridge on foot was published in Czech newspapers with the caption: "Strolling on a bridge" (Czech: "Procházka na mostě")). This, however, may be an urban legend. According to some historians, Franz Joseph was called Starej Procházka much earlier than 1901, the reason being that his arrival was being announced by a cavalryman named Procházka. For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... An urban legend or urban myth is similar to a modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ...


Hungarian: Ferenc Jóska, in which Jóska means Joey, mocking his young age when he became the ruler and later his old aged image of an old uncle of the people.


References in popular culture

  • Radetzkymarsch (The Radetzky March), a 1932 novel by the Austrian writer Joseph Roth, where he is portrayed as a lonely, forgetful, ageing autocrat, awaiting death.
  • Kenneth MacMillan's 1978 ballet, Mayerling
  • The Illusionist, a 2005 film where a fictional son of Franz Joseph plans to overthrow him. Franz Joseph was not played in the film by an actor, however the illusionist magically creates a painting of the emperor to impress the fictional prince's court.

Radetzky March (German: ) is a novel by Joseph Roth published in 1932. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Roth (September 2, 1894 in Brody - May 27, 1939 in Paris) was an Austrian Jewish novelist who converted to Catholicism and is best known for his family saga The Radetzky March (1932), and for his novel of Jewish life Job (1930). ... Sir Kenneth MacMillan (December 11, 1929 Dunfermline, Scotland - October 29, 1992, London) was a noted Scottish ballet dancer and choreographer. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... For the Scar Symmetry song see The Illusionist (song). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes

  1. ^ O'Domhnaill Abu - O'Donnell Clan Newsletter no.7, Spring 1987 (ISSN 0790-7389))
  2. ^ Twilight of the Habsburgs: The Life and Times of Emperor Francis Joseph By Alan Palmer
  3. ^ Norman Davies, Europe: A history p. 687
  4. ^ Removed from the title in 1866/1869 after the loss of the Italian territories.

ODonnell Coat of Arms Alternative ODonnell Coat of Arms ODonnell (Irish: Ó Dónaill or Ó Dómhnaill), which is derived from the forname Domhnaill (meaning world ruler, Rex Mundi in Latin, Modern Irish spelling, Dónall) were an ancient and powerful Irish clan, kings, princes, and lords of...

Further reading

  • Beller, Steven. Francis Joseph. Profiles in power. London: Longman, 1996.
  • Bled, Jean-Paul. Franz Joseph. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.
  • Cunliffe-Owen, Marguerite. Keystone of Empire: Francis Joseph of Austria. New York: Harper, 1903.
  • Gerö, András. Emperor Francis Joseph: King of the Hungarians. Boulder, Colo.: Social Science Monographs, 2001.
  • Palmer, Alan. Twilight of the Habsburgs: The Life and Times of Emperor Francis Joseph. New York: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1995.
  • Redlich, Joseph. Emperor Francis Joseph Of Austria. New York: Macmillan, 1929.
  • Van der Kiste, John. Emperor Francis Joseph: Life, Death and the Fall of the Habsburg Empire. Stroud, England: Sutton, 2005.
Franz Joseph I of Austria
Born: 18 August 1830 Died: 21 November 1916
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ferdinand I
Emperor of Austria
1848 – 1916
Succeeded by
Charles I
King of Hungary
1848 – 1916
King of Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia
1848 – 1916
King of Bohemia
1848 – 1916
Preceded by
Ferdinand I of Austria
President of the German Confederation
1849 – 1866
Succeeded by
Wilhelm I of Prussia
as President of the North German Confederation

Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... His Imperial Majesty Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 - June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... The title of Emperor of Austria was proclaimed in 1804 by the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II, who feared for the future of the old Reich in the face of Napoleons aggressions, and wished to maintain his imperial title in the event that the Holy Roman Empire should... Emperor Charles I of Austria The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 1887 – 1 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia... This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád. ... // The details of the arrival of the Croats are scarcely documented. ... The Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech Země koruny české, Latin Corona regni Bohemiae) (e. ... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... Wilhelm I, (March 22, 1797 - March 9, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser), ruled January 18, 1871-1888 and king of Prussia, ruled 1861-1888. ... Map of the North German Confederation Capital Berlin Political structure Federation Presidency Prussia (William I) Chancellor Otto von Bismarck History  - Constitution tabelled April 16, 1867  - Confederation formed July 1, 1867  - Elevation to empire January 18, 1871 The North German Federation (in German, Norddeutscher Bund) came into existence in 1867, following...

External links

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This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The History of Germany begins with the establishment of the nation from Ancient Roman times to the 8th century, and then continues into the Holy Roman Empire dating from the 9th century until 1806 . ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Hohenzollern redirects here. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Franz Joseph I of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (752 words)
Francis Joseph I (in German often abbreviated Franz Joseph or Franz Josef, and in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and Apostolic King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916.
Archduke Franz was the oldest son of Archduke Franz Karl, who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I, and his wife Sophie, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bavaria).
Franz Joseph's conservatism was partly to blame: when presented with the suggestion that the army should acquire a newly-developed mechanical weapon, namely tanks, he famously retorted: "Absolutely not.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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