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Encyclopedia > Franz Josef Strauß

Dr. h.c. Franz Josef Strauß (spelled Strauss in English) (September 6, 1915 - October 3, 1988) was a German politician (CSU) and long-time minister-president of the state of Bavaria. Press reports called him the "Strong Man of Europe". The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative Germany. ... Germany is a federation of 16 states called Länder (singular Land) or unofficially Bundesländer (singular Bundesland, German federal state). ... With an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...

Franz Josef Strauß
Contents

1.1 Early years
1.2 Political life
1.3 Der Spiegel scandal
1.4 Rivalry between Kohl and Strauß
1.5 United States of Europe
1.6 Final decade of life
1.7 Death
Franz Josef Strauß. Processed version of TIFF found at http://www. ... Franz Josef Strauß. Processed version of TIFF found at http://www. ...

Basic biography

Early years

Born as Franz Strauß in Munich as the second child of a butcher, Strauß studied germanistics, history and economics at the University of Munich from 1935 to 1939. In World War II, he served in the german Wehrmacht, on the Western and Eastern Fronts. While on furlough, he passed the German state exams to become a teacher. After suffering from severe frostbites at the Eastern Front at the end of 1942, he served as an Offizier fuer wehrgeistige Fuehrung (kind of political officer) at the antiaircraft artillery school in Altenstadt, near Schongau. At the end of the war he held the rank of an Oberleutnant. Soon after the war he decided to change his name into Franz Josef Strauß. In 1957 Strauß married Marianne Zwicknagl with whom he had three children. Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München pronunciation) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... Germanistics is the science dealing with Germanic languages and literature, particularly the study of German, which it is often used synonymous with. ... History is a term for information about the past. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [oeko], house, and νέμω [nemo], distribute) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources through measurable variables. ... With approximately 48,000 students, the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (German: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München or LMU) is one of the largest universities in Germany. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Wehrmacht was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... Categories: Pages needing attention | Germany geography stubs ... Oberleutnant is a rank of the German military which dates from the early 19th century. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Political life

After the war, he was appointed deputy Landrat (county president) of Schongau by the American occupiers and was involved in founding the local CSU there. He became a member of the first Bundestag in 1949 and, in 1953, Federal Minister for Special Affairs in the second cabinet of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, in 1955 Federal Minister of Nuclear Energy, and in 1956 defense minister, charged with the build-up of the new Bundeswehr – the youngest man in this office to that date. He became chairman of the CSU in 1961. The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... The head of government in Germany has traditionally been called Kanzler ( Chancellor). ... Konrad Adenauer (January 5, 1876–April 19, 1967) was a German statesman. ... Bundeswehr is the name of the armed forces of Germany. ...


Der Spiegel scandal

Strauß was forced to step down as defense minister in 1962, in the wake of the Spiegel scandal, in which Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of the influental Der Spiegel magazine, was arrested on his request for 103 days. After Strauß had to admit that he had lied to the parliament, he was forced to resign – although complaining that he was treated like a "Jew who had dared appear at an NSDAP party convention".[2] The Spiegel scandal of 1962 (in German, Spiegel-Affäre) was one of the major political scandals in Germany in the era after the second world war. ... Rudolf Augstein (November 5, 1923 - November 7, 2002) was one of the most influential German journalists, founder and part-owner of Der Spiegel magazine. ... Photo of the cover of the first issue of Der Spiegel (1/1947) Der Spiegel (German for The Mirror) is Germanys biggest and most influential weekly magazine, located in Hamburg, with a circulation of around one million per week. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ...


Rivalry between Kohl and Strauß

Strauß was appointed minister of the treasury again in 1966, in the cabinet of Kurt Georg Kiesinger. In cooperation with the SPD minister for economy, Karl Schiller, he developed a groundbreaking anticyclic policy; the two ministers, quite unlike in physical appearance and political background, were popularly dubbed Plisch und Plum, after two dogs in a 19th century cartoon by Wilhelm Busch. 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Kurt Georg Kiesinger (April 6, 1904–March 9, 1988) was a conservative German politician and Chancellor of Germany from December 1, 1966 until October 21, 1969. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Works (with the year of publication) 1864 Bilderpossen 1865 Max and Moritz 1866 Schnaken und Schnurren 1867 Hans Huckebein der Unglücksrabe 1868 Schnaken und Schnurren, part II 1869 Schnurrdiburr oder die Bienen Braun 1870 Der heilige Antonius von Padua 1872 Schnaken und Schnurren, part III 1872 Die fromme Helene...


After the SPD provided the Chancellor in 1969, Strauß became one of the most vocal critics of Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik. A journey to China in 1975, where he was received by Mao Zedong, became a political sensation. After Helmut Kohl's first run for chancellor in 1976 failed, he cancelled the unity of factions between the CDU and CSU parties in the Bundestag, which he only took back months later when the CDU threatened to extend their party to Bavaria (where the CSU holds a political monopoly for the conservatives). The rivalry between Kohl and Strauß would persist. Willy Brandt (December 18, 1913–October 8, 1992) was a left German politician and Chancellor of Germany from 1969 to 1974. ... Ostpolitik or Eastern Politics was the effort by Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany, to normalize relations with Eastern European nations including East Germany. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Mao. ... Dr. Helmut Kohl (full name Helmut Josef Michael Kohl) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany, founded after World War II by Konrad Adenauer among others. ...


United States of Europe

Strauß was the author a book called The Grand Design in which he set forth his views of the way in which the future unification of Europe should be decided.


Ever since the infamous Der Spiegel affair of the 1960s, he had also become the target of the broacasting and publishing media blitz that Herbert W. Armstrong has unleashed upon Europe through the daily offshore pirate radio station broadcasts by his son Garner Ted Armstrong; his magazine called The Plain Truth and his Ambassador College campus at Bricket Wood in Hertfordshire, England. Strauß was portrayed with great probability as being the coming Führer who would lead a United States of Europe into a prophetic and victorious future World War III against the USA and UK at some time between 1972 and 1975. For some strange reason in 1971 Franz Josef Strauß (http://www.aci.net/Kalliste/Pasadena_memories.htm) played along with the prophetic interest shown in him as Herbert W. Armstrong recalled in a 1983 letter: "I entertained him at dinner in my home in Pasadena, and he spoke to the faculty and students of Ambassador College. I have maintained contact with him." Strauß also appeared in an interview on The World Tomorrow television program. Photo of the cover of the first issue of Der Spiegel (1/1947) Der Spiegel (German for The Mirror) is Germanys biggest and most influential weekly magazine, located in Hamburg, with a circulation of around one million per week. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... . Herbert W. Armstrong (July 31, 1892 - January 16, 1986) was the founder of the Radio Church of God / Worldwide Church of God; Chancellor of Ambassador Colleges and Ambassador University; Publisher of The Plain Truth magazine in several languages; Presenter of The World Tomorrow radio and television programs and Director of... The term pirate radio lacks a specific universal interpretation. ... Garner Ted Armstrong (February 9, 1930 - September 15, 2003) was the son born of Herbert W. Armstrong. ... The Plain Truth is a magazine founded by Herbert W. Armstrong who also founded the Radio Church of God (later renamed the Worldwide Church of God), Ambassador College and The World Tomorrow radio and television programs. ... Ambassador College was originally established as a liberal arts institution in 1947 at Pasadena, California by the Radio Church of God, a religious organization incorporated in the State of California by Herbert W. Armstrong to promote the beliefs of the Church of God. ... Bricket Wood is a village in the county of Hertfordshire, England, approximately three miles from St Albans. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom, officially part of the East of England Government region. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... Führer (often written Fuehrer or Fuhrer in English when umlauts are not used) is a proper noun meaning leader or guide in the German language. ... The United States of Europe is a name often given to one version of the possible future unification of Europe as a national and sovereign federation of states similar in formation to the United States of America. ... A mushroom cloud, an archetypal image of World War III. This photo is from the atomic bombing of Nagasaki at the end of World War II. World War III is the name given to a hypothetical world war that would be fought between superpowers with weapons of mass destruction such... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pasadena is the name of several places in the United States: Pasadena, California Pasadena, Maryland Pasadena, Texas Pasadena is also the name of a submarine in the United States Navy, the SSN 752 Pasadena, the third naval vessel to bear that name and the first submarine to do so. ... The World Tomorrow is a now-defunct radio and television program which had been sponsored by the original Worldwide Church of God of Herbert W. Armstrong. ...


Final decade of life

From 1978 until his death in 1988, Strauß was minister-president of Bavaria, possibly the most memorable figure to ever hold that office. After he ran as candidate for the office of Chancellor and was defeated by Helmut Schmidt in 1980, he retreated to commenting federal politics from the safe seat of his state. In the following years, even after Kohl eventually became chancellor in 1982, he was the most visible critic of Kohl's politics in his own political camp. In 1983, he was primarily responsible for a loan of 3 billion Deutschmarks given to East Germany, which is today regarded as an artificial elongation of the then-bankrupt state's lifetime. This page is about Helmut Schmidt, the German politician. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British... 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ...


Death

On October 1, 1988, Strauß collapsed while hunting with the Duke of Thurn und Taxis in the Thurn und Taxis forests, east of Regensburg . He died in a Regensburg hospital October 3 without having regained consciousness. The Princely House of Thurn und Taxis is a German family that was a key player in the postal (mail) services in Europe in the 16th century and is well known as owners of breweries and builders of countless castles. ... Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona, Czech Řezno) is a city (population 146,824 in 2002) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ...


Legacy

Strauß has shaped post-war Germany and polarized the public like few others. A vocal figurehead of conservatives and brilliant rhetorician, yet involved in several large-scale scandals, he was a red rag to liberals. Still, most would agree that he was a extraordinary politician and managed to transform Bavaria from the once-agrarian state to one of the centers of technology in Germany that it is today. Munich's airport was named after him in 1992 (see Franz Josef Strauß International Airport). Munich International Airport Munich International Airport, named Franz Josef Strauß International Airport (Strauß is often spelled Strauss in English) (German Franz-Josef-Strauß-Flughafen) is the airport located 28 km northeast of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. ...


References

  • Franz Josef Strauß. The Grand Design: A European solution to German reunification. English translation: London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1965.

1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...

External links

  • biography (http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/StraussFranzJosef/)
  • Website with Strauß quotes (http://www.strauss.esmartweb.com/zitate.htm) (in German)
  • "Plisch und Plum" caricature (1967) (http://www.dhm.de/lemo/objekte/pict/KontinuitaetUndWandel_karikaturMurschetzPlischUndPlum/) by Luis Murschetz
  • Memories of Pasadena by J. Orlin Grabbe (http://www.aci.net/Kalliste/Pasadena_memories.htm) (personal eyewitness observations concerning the personal interest of Herbert W. Armstrong in the career of Franz Josef Strauss as the future Führer of a United States of Europe)

 
 

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