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Encyclopedia > Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf
Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf

Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf (November 11, 1852August 25, 1925) was an Austrian soldier and Chief of the General Staff of the Austro-Hungarian Army at the outbreak of World War I. Franz Conrad von Hoetzendorf This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Franz Conrad von Hoetzendorf This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The Austro-Hungarian Army was the ground force of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...

Contents

Biography

Born in Penzing, a suburb of Vienna, Conrad's father was a retired Hussar Oberst, originally from south Moravia. His great grandfather had been raised to the nobility in 1816 adding the surname of his wife from the Palatinate - "von Hötzendorf" as his predicate. His mother was the daughter of the famous Vienna artist Kübler. He became a cadet at a very young age and remained in the armed forces until the end of the First World War. He rose in the ranks quite rapidly. Penzing is the 14th District of Vienna and consists of the boroughs of Penzing, Breitensee, Baumgarten, Hütteldorf and Hadersdorf-Weidlingau. ... This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. ... Polish Hussar Hussar (original Hungarian spelling: huszár, plural huszárok) refers to a number of types of cavalry used throughout Europe since the 15th century. ... Colonel (Ger: Oberst) is a military rank, usually the highest below general grades, and just above Lieutenant Colonel. ... Moravia (Czech: Morava) is the eastern part of the Czech Republic. ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ...


Conrad married Wilhelmine le Beau in 1886, with whom he had four sons. He would later marry Virginia von Reininghaus in 1915, against the wishes of his children.


In November 1906 Conrad was made chief of staff for the Austro-Hungarian armed forces. He was tireless campaigner for modernization of the armed forces. He was something of a social darwinist, and believed a battle between German and Slavic civilization was inevitable. The power of the Magyar elite within Austria-Hungary troubled him, as he believed it weakened and diluted what he saw as an essentially German empire. He also worried about Italian ambitions in the Balkans. However, his greatest ambition was for a pre-emptive war against Serbia in order to neutralize the threat that he believed they posed, and at the same time change the political balance within Austria-Hungary against the Magyars by incorporating more Slavs. According to Hew Strachan, "Conrad first proposed preventive war against Serbia in 1906, and he did so again in 1908-9, in 1912-13, in October 1913, and May 1914: between 1 January 1913 and 1 January 1914 he proposed a Serbian war twenty-five times." The Austro-Hungarian Army was the ground force of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. ... Social Darwinism is a descriptive term given to a kind of social theory that draws an association between Darwins theory of evolution by natural selection, and the sociological relations of humanity. ... Magyar may refer to: The Magyar language The Magyar people This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Professor Hew Strachan is a military historian, well known for his work on the administration of the British Army and the history of the First World War. ...


World War I

Conrad had been one of the main proponents of war with Serbia in response to the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. He did not distinguish himself in his conduct of military operations for Austria-Hungary during the war, often proposing and executing unrealistically grandiose plans, disregarding the realities of terrain and climate. The plans that he drew up frequently under-estimated the power of the enemy. The Serbian army proved far more effective than he had given them credit for, and the Russians mobilized far quicker than planned for. These errors combined with others to lead to the disastrous first year of war that crippled Austro-Hungarian military capabilities. Most of his military victories were possible only in conjunction with German armies, on whom his army became increasingly dependent. In the later years of the war he was obsessed by defeating Italy, and placed a great deal of emphasis on the Italian front. Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... Franz Ferdinand links to here. ... The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ...


Conrad von Hötzendorf was dismissed from his post in 1917 by the new emperor, Karl, who favoured a negotiated peace with the entente powers. 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Karl I, a. ... Entente, meaning a diplomatic understanding, may refer to a number of agreements: The Entente Cordiale, 1904 between France and the United Kingdom. ...


In 1918 he was made a Graf, or Count, after previously being a baron. 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Notes

  • Note regarding personal names: Graf is a title, usually translated Count, not a first or middle name.
  • He appears in Karl Kraus' Tragedy The Last Days of Mankind in act 1 scene 24.

Graf is a German noble title equal in rank to a count or an earl. ... Karl Kraus (April 28, 1874 - June 12, 1936) was an eminent Austrian writer and journalist. ...

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