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Encyclopedia > Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria

"Franz Ferdinand" links to here. For its other meanings see: Franz Ferdinand (disambiguation)

Archduke Ferdinand from http://raven.cc.ukans.edu/~kansite/ww_one/photos/greatwar.htm This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete...
Archduke Ferdinand from http://raven.cc.ukans.edu/~kansite/ww_one/photos/greatwar.htm This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete... Enlarge
Archduke Franz Ferdinand (right) with his family.

His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este (sometimes called Francis Ferdinand in English) ( December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 13 days remaining. Events 218 BC - Battle of the Trebia, Hannibals first great victory over the Roman Republic. 1352 - Innocent VI is elected Pope. 1642 - Abel Tasman lands at Mohua... December 18, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 This article is in need of attention. Please improve it in any way you see fit. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. See Talk:August_1. The correct dates for such events need to be determined.) June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th... June 28, 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. (see link for calendar) Events January 4 - 77 seal hunters freeze to death on ice near Labrador. January 5 - Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a days labor. February 13 - Copyright: In... 1914) was born in Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec), with a population of 305,000 (council census 2000) is the second-largest city in Austria and the capital of the province of Styria (Steiermark in German). It has a long tradition as a student city, with four Universities and two Universities of Applied... Graz, The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria and was a Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. Their principal roles were as: Holy Roman Emperors (several centuries to 1806), and rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282– 1453, archdukes 1453– 1804, and emperors 1804– 1918), Kings... Habsburg Archduke of The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria and heir to the Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k.u.k. monarchy), was a dualistic state (1867–1918) in which the Kingdom of Hungary enjoyed self-government and representation in joint affairs (principally foreign relations and defence) with the western and northern lands of the Austrian Empire... Austro-Hungarian throne. His Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. In its most common use, assassination has come to mean the murder of an important person, although the term really refers to murder via stealth. An assassin — one who carries out the assassination — is usually... assassination by Gavrilo Princip Princip being arrested after the shooting Gavrilo Princip ( July 25, 1894 – April 28, 1918) was a Bosnian Serb nationalist who killed Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, and his wife Countess Sophie in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, prompting the Austrian action against Serbia that led to World... Gavrilo Princip on This article is in need of attention. Please improve it in any way you see fit. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. See Talk:August_1. The correct dates for such events need to be determined.) June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th... June 28, 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. (see link for calendar) Events January 4 - 77 seal hunters freeze to death on ice near Labrador. January 5 - Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a days labor. February 13 - Copyright: In... 1914 in Sarajevo (Summer 2004) Downtown Sarajevo and the Miljacka river. Sarajevo (Summer 2004) Sarajevo ( Cyrillic, Сарајево) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located at 43°52′ N 18°25′ E. According to a 1991... Sarajevo, Austrian-annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. Its capital is Sarajevo and it was formerly one of the six federal units constituting Yugoslavia. The republic gained its independence in the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s and... Bosnia-Herzegovina, precipitated the Austrian A Declaration of War is a formal declaration issued by a national government indicating that a state of war exists between that nation, and one or more others. Declarations of war and international law In classical public international law, a declaration of war entailed the recognition between countries of a... declaration of war against Serbia and Montenegro  -Serbia    - Kosovo and Metohia    - Vojvodina  - Montenegro Official language Serbian 1 Capital Belgrade Area  - Total  - % water 88,361 km² n/a Population  - Total ( 2002) census - without Kosovo  - Density 7.498.001 126.83/km²... Serbia which triggered Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I.


In 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). Events January - April January 12 - Kwang-su becomes emperor of China. February 27 - Newton Booth, 11th Governor of California resigns, having been elected Senator. Lieutenant Governor of California Romualdo Pacheco becomes acting Governor. He is later replaced by... 1875, Francis V, Duke of Modena died. This was an extinction of his grandfather's branch of the family, the Austria-Estes, in the male-line. Whenever the Austria-Este line dies out, the person in line to the Austro-Hungarian throne after the current heir and all his immediate heirs becomes the Archduke of Austria-Este (the "-Este" in honor of the status as Dukes of Modena, formerly ruled by the Este family), a process of inheritance called "secundogeniture." Normally, Franz Ferdinand would have become the Duke of Modena at this time, but the duchy had been unified with the rest of Italy in 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. Events March March 6 - Abraham Lincoln speaks against slavery in New Haven, Connecticut April April 3 - The Pony Express makes its first run. May May 1 - A chondrite type meteorite fell to earth in Muskingum County, Ohio near the town of New... 1860.


Franz Ferdinand was This article is about the domestic group. For other uses, see Family (disambiguation). Kin redirects here. For the Canadian service club, see Kin (service club). a family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family is a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent... nephew of the Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). An emperor is a monarch and sovereign ruler of an empire or any other imperial realm. Emperors are generally recognised to be above kings in honour. They may obtain their position hereditarily, or by force, such as a coup... Emperor Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 - November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. He was born in Vienna, Austria. Archduke Franz was the... Franz Josef I of Austria and next in line to the crown following the Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of intentionally ending ones own life. Attitudes vary on suicide from culture to culture. It is considered a sin in many religions, and a crime in some jurisdictions. On the other hand, some cultures have viewed it as... suicide of his This article is about the domestic group. For other uses, see Family (disambiguation). Kin redirects here. For the Canadian service club, see Kin (service club). a family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family is a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent... cousin Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria (21 August 1858 - 30 January 1889) was the son and heir of Emperor Franz Josef of Austria and Elisabeth of Austria. His death, apparently through suicide, along with that of his mistress, Baroness Marie Vetsera at Mayerling hunting lodge in 1889 made international headlines, fueled... Crown Prince Rudolph at Mayerling is a hunting lodge in Lower Austria, where on January 30, 1889 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, only son of Emperor Franz Joseph and Elisabeth and heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, was found dead with his mistress Baroness Marie Vetsera, apparently as a result of suicide. It... Mayerling ( January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 335 days remaining, (336 in leap years). Events 1649 - King Charles I of England is beheaded. 1790 - The first boat specialized as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne. 1820 - Edward Bransfield lands on... January 30, Events January-April January 8 - Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his electric tabulating machine January 22 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, DC. February 11 - Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890 January 30 ? Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and his mistress Marie Vetsera commit a double suicide... 1889) and the death of his father Karl Ludwig, Archduke of Austria (30 July 1833 - 19 May 1896) was the father of Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose shooting occasioned the start of World War I. He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Franz Karl Josef of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife Sophie... Karl Ludwig ( May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). There are 226 days remaining. Events 1500-1899 1535 - French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with 3 ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnaconas 2 sons... May 19, 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). Events January - April January 4 - Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state. January 5 - An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Röntgen discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays. January 12 - H... 1896). His marriage ( July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1097 - Battle of Dorylaeum Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Turkish army under Qilich Arslan I. 1690 - Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian... July 1, 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. Events January January 1 - Nigeria becomes a British protectorate January 2 - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China. January 2 - Chicago Canal opens. January 5 - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule... 1900) to (the relatively low-ranking) Countess Countess Sophie Chotek von Chotkova (born March 1, 1868 in Stuttgart ~ died June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo) was duchess of Hohenburg and wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. Their assassination sparked World War I. Early relationship with Franz Ferdinand Sophie came from a prominent Bohemian family. As a young... Sophie Chotek was permitted only after the couple had agreed that the A morganatic marriage is a type of marriage which can be contracted in certain countries, usually between persons of unequal social rank (unebenbürtig in German), which prevents the passage of the husbands titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage. Often, this is... bride would not enjoy royal status and their children would have no claims to the throne. Franz Josef did not attend the wedding.


Upon the marriage, the Countess was made Her Serene Highness Fürstin Sophie von Hohenberg, but in 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). Events January – March January 16 - Ernest Shackletons expedition finds the magnetic South Pole. January 28 - United States troops leave Cuba after being there since the Spanish-American War. February 12 - The National Association for the Advancement... 1909 her title was raised to Her Highness Duchess Sophie von Hohenberg, though her children remained HSH Prince(sse)s of Hohenberg.


Franz Ferdinand's children were:

  • HSH Princess Sophie von Hohenberg Sophie von Hohenberg (24 July 1901 - 1 November 1945) was the eldest of four children born of the morganatic marriage of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and Sophie Chotek. Her mother was created Fürstin von Hohenberg at the time of the marriage, and the children were... Sophie von Hohenberg ( 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Events January-March January 1 - World celebrates what is regarded as the start of the new century. ( Zero-ists argument that new century should be celebrated in 1900 rejected worldwide). January 1 - The British colonies of New South... 1901- 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1990 in video gaming January January 3 - Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces. January 7 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns. January 9 - Lt Gen... 1990), married Count Friedrich von Nostitz-Rieneck ( 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). Events January 1 - Paying of old age pensions begins in Germany January 20 - James Hogg becomes the first native Texan to be governor of that state. January 29 - Liliuokalani proclaimed Queen of Hawaii March 3 - The International Copyright... 1891- 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. Events January January 1 - United Kingdom, Ireland, and Denmark enter the European Economic Community, now known as the European Union. January 3 - Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George... 1973); had issue
  • HSH Duke Maximilian von Hohenberg ( Events January-April January 28 - The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie. France, Loisys Lévangile et lEglise which inaugurates the Modernist Crisis February 11 - Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels. February 15 – Berlin underground opened... 1902- 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Western Samoa becomes independent from New Zealand January 3 - Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro January 4 - New York City introduces a train that operates without a crew on-board January 5... 1962), cr. 1st Duke of Hohenberg 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). Events January-February President Woodrow Wilson of the United States announces to Congress the breaking of diplomatic relations with Germany January 2 - The Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank. January 22 - World War I: President Woodrow... 1917, married HIllH Countess Elisabeth von Waldburg ( 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-March January 7 - The distress signal CQD is established only to be replaced two years later by SOS. February 7 - The Great Baltimore Fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in... 1904- 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. Establishment of independent Slovakia and Czech Republic. January 3 - In Moscow, George H. W. Bush and... 1993); had issue
  • HSH Prince Ernst von Hohenberg ( 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-March January 7 - The distress signal CQD is established only to be replaced two years later by SOS. February 7 - The Great Baltimore Fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in... 1904- 1954 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January events January 14 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator forming the American Motors Corporation January 14 - Marilyn Monroe weds Joe DiMaggio. January 15 - Mau Mau leader Waruhiu Itote is captured in... 1954), married Marie-Therese Wood ( 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). Events January-April January - In Greece, the Military League forces parliament and the king to summon National Assembly to revise Constitution. January 15- In the United Kingdom, General Election held in response to House of Lords rejection of... 1910- 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events Environmental and weather change Asian Tiger Mosquito, an invasive species is first found in Houston, Texas May 25 - Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge which kills approximately 10,000 people. September 19 - 8... 1985); had issue
  • Stillborn son ( 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 1 - A ball signifying New Years Day drops in New York Citys Times Square for the first time January 8 - A train collision occurs in the Park Avenue Tunnel in... 1908)

Franz Ferdinand alienated many sections of Austro-Hungarian political opinion: The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. It is known locally as the Country of the Magyars. National motto: (none current) historical: Regnum... Hungarian nationalists opposed his advocacy of universal male Suffrage is the civil right to vote, or the exercise of that right. In that context it is also called political franchise. Universal suffrage is the extension of voting privileges to all adults, without distinction to race, sex, belief or social status. It is usually considered the hallmark of modern... suffrage which would undermine This article is about the Magyar people. For the Magyar language, see Hungarian language. Magyars are an ethnic group primarily associated with Hungary. In English they are usually called Hungarians, except in some historical texts. The word Hungarian has a wider meaning, because - especially in the past - it referred to... Magyar domination in the Hungarian kingdom; both supporters and opponents of the Empire's existing dualist structure were suspicious of his idea for a third Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (where theyre one of the constitutive nations). Autochthonous Croat minorities exist in Vojvodina (northern Serbia) and in the Austrian province of Burgenland as well as bordering areas of western Hungary and Slovakia. There... Croat-dominated The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. They speak Slavic languages and reside chiefly in the east of that continent, but are also found in Asia. Ethno-cultural subdivisions One can customarily divide the Slavs into the following subgroups: East Slavs: Russians... Slav kingdom including Bosnia and Herzegovina (officially Bosna i Hercegovina, shortened to BiH, also in English variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. Its capital is Sarajevo and it was formerly one of the six federal units constituting Yugoslavia. The republic gained its... Bosnia and Herzegovina as a bulwark against what was perceived in Vienna's Ballhausplatz ( A foreign minister is a cabinet minister that helps to form foreign policy for sovereign nations. The Ministry of Foreign (or External) Affairs is often considered to be the most senior ministerial position after Prime Minister, and is often given to the Deputy Prime Minister in coalition governments. A Foreign... Foreign Ministry) as Serbia and Montenegro  -Serbia    - Kosovo and Metohia    - Vojvodina  - Montenegro Official language Serbian 1 Capital Belgrade Area  - Total  - % water 88,361 km² n/a Population  - Total ( 2002) census - without Kosovo  - Density 7.498.001 126.83/km²... Serbian Irredentism is claiming a right to territories belonging to another state on the grounds of common ethnicity and/or prior historical possession, actual or alleged. The word was coined in Italy from the phrase Italia irredenta (unredeemed Italy). This originally referred to Austro-Hungarian rule over mostly or partly Italian... irredentism; and non-Catholics and anticlericalists were angered by his patronage ( April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). There are 253 days remaining. Events 1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. 1509 - Henry VIII ascends the throne of England after the death of his... April 22, 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. Events January January 1 - Nigeria becomes a British protectorate January 2 - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China. January 2 - Chicago Canal opens. January 5 - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule... 1900) of the Catholic Schools Association.


Although Franz Ferdinand was seen outside Germany as a leader of the "war party" within Austria-Hungary, this was in fact entirely untrue. In fact, the Archduke was one of the leading advocates of maintaining the peace within the Austro-Hungarian government during both the Bosnian Crisis of 1908-1909 and the Balkan Wars Crises of 1912-1913.


No evidence has been found to support suggestions that his low-security visit to Sarajevo was arranged by elements within Austro-Hungarian official circles with the intention of exposing him to the risk of assassination so as to remove a potentially troublesome royal personage from the scene.


The bullet fired by Gavrilo Princip Princip being arrested after the shooting Gavrilo Princip ( July 25, 1894 – April 28, 1918) was a Bosnian Serb nationalist who killed Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, and his wife Countess Sophie in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, prompting the Austrian action against Serbia that led to World... Gavrilo Princip in the A plaque commemorating the exact scene of the Sarajevo Assasination. On June 28, 1914, Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Countess Sophie were killed in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the revolutionary youth organization Young Bosnia. The event, known as... Archduke's assassination, sometimes referred to as "the bullet that started Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I", is stored as a museum exhibit in the Konopiště is a château (castle) located in the Czech Republic, about 50 km southeast of Prague, outside the city of Benešov. It has become famous as the last residence of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir of the Austro-Hungarian throne, whose assassination in... Konopiště Castle near the town of The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Benešov. Horni Benešov is also a town in the Czech Republic Benešov (pronounce Beneshoff) is a town with a population of 16,257 (2003) in the Czech Republic... Benešov, National motto: Truth prevails ( Czech: Pravda vítězí) Official language Czech Capital Praha ( Prague) President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Stanislav Gross Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 114th 78,866 km² 2% Population  - Total ( 2003)  - Density Ranked 76th 10.25 million... Czech Republic.

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Preceded by:
Duke Francis V of Modena (Italian: Francesco V dEste) (1819–1875) was born June 1, 1819, the eldest son of Francis IV of Modena and of Princess Mary Beatrice of Savoy. On March 30, 1842, Francis married Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria. The couple had only one child, Princess... Francis V
Archduke of Austria-Este
1875-1914
Succeeded by:
Robert

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference for Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria - Search.com (1731 words)
Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este (December 18, 1863 – June 28, 1914) was an Archduke of Austria, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, and from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
Franz Ferdinand (Full Name: Franz Ferdinand Karl Belschwitz Ludwig Josef von Habsburg-Lothringen), was born in Graz, Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph and Maximilian I of Mexico) and of his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies.
Pope Leo XIII, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, and the German Emperor Wilhelm II all made representations on Franz Ferdinand's behalf to the Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, arguing that the disagreement between Franz Joseph and Franz Ferdinand was undermining the stability of the monarchy.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (955 words)
Francis Ferdinand (Franz Ferdinand) was born in Graz, Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (younger brother of Emperor Franz Josef) and of his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies.
Pope Leo XIII, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, and the German Emperor Wilhelm II all made representations on Franz Ferdinand's behalf to the Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, arguing that the disagreement between Franz Joseph and Franz Ferdinand was undermining the stability of the monarchy.
Franz Ferdinand is interred in Artstetten Castle, Austria.
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