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Encyclopedia > Franklin half dollar
Franklin Half Dollar (United States)
Value: 0.50 U.S. dollars
Mass: 12.50 g
Diameter: 30.6 mm
Thickness:  ? mm
Edge: reeded
Composition: 90% Ag
10% Cu
Years of Minting: 1948–1963
Catalog Number: -
Obverse
Obverse
Design: Benjamin Franklin
Designer: John R. Sinnock
Design Date: 1948
Reverse
Reverse
Design: Liberty Bell
Designer: John R. Sinnock
Design Date: 1948

The Franklin half dollar is a coin of the United States, minted from 1948 to 1963. The coin pictured Benjamin Franklin on the obverse and the Liberty Bell on the reverse. A small eagle to the right of the bell was necessitated by law; ironically, Franklin himself had opposed the selection of the eagle as the US national symbol, preferring the turkey as a "more noble bird". A bill rushed through Congress after the assassination of John F. Kennedy caused the Franklin half to be replaced by the current Kennedy half dollar in February 1964, nine years before the design would otherwise have been eligible for a change. ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Atomic mass 63. ... Image File history File links Franklin_HalfObverse. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... John R. Sinnock designed the US Roosevelt dime. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Franklin_HalfReverse. ... The Liberty Bell The Liberty Bell, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is an American bell of great historic significance. ... John R. Sinnock designed the US Roosevelt dime. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Top row: Sacagawea Dollar, Lincoln Cent, and Roosevelt Dime. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... The Liberty Bell The Liberty Bell, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is an American bell of great historic significance. ... // This article is about the bird. ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), also referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK, John Kennedy or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... Obverse Reverse Evolving from the Franklin half dollar, the Kennedy half dollar is a coin of the United States first minted in 1964. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...


Approximately 510 million Franklin halves were minted during the period 1948 to 1963. Coins without a mintmark were minted in Philadelphia, whereas those with a "D" were minted in Denver and with an "S" in San Francisco. The mintmark on specimens having one is visible on the reverse side centered above the bell yoke. As he did on the dime, John Sinnock placed his initials on the half dollar, where the anti-Communist party claimed that they were those of Joseph Stalin and they were put there as a signal to Communists worldwide. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Nickname: The Mile-High City Location of Denver in Colorado, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Colorado City-County Denver (coextensive) Founded November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area    - City 401. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ...


Large quantities of the Franklin half dollar were melted as silver bullion shortly after 1964, when the intrinsic value exceeded the face value of U.S. silver coinage. Despite these losses, Franklin halves in gently circulated condition remain quite affordable even today, and the more common dates do not command more than a 25 percent premium over bullion. The exception is for well-struck pieces showing full bell lines in the Liberty Bell design on the coin's reverse.


The one notable error in the series of the Franklin half dollar is the "Bugs Bunny" error, so called because damage to the coin's obverse die resulted in a split in Franklin's upper lip, giving the appearance of prominent front teeth. The damage to the die resulted from the obverse and reverse dies striking each other without a coin planchet in between. The error is found in 1955 coins minted in Philadelphia. There is also a 1961-P Proof doubled die.


Mintage figures

Year Philadelphia Mint Denver Mint San Francisco Mint
1948 3,006,814 4,028,600  
1949 5,614,000 4,120,600 3,744,000
1950 7,793,509 (51,386) 8,031,600  
1951 16,859,602 (57,500) 9,475,200  
1952     13,696,000
1953 2,796,820 (128,800) 20,900,400 4,148,000
1954 13,421,503 (233,300) 25,445,580 4,993,400
1955 2,876,381 (378,200)    
1956 4,701,384 (669,384)    
1957 6,361,952 (1,247,952) 19,966,850  
1958 4,917,652 23,962,412  
1959 7,349,291 (1,149,291) 13,053,750  
1960 7,715,602 (1,691,602) 18,215,812  
1961 11,318,244 (3,028,244) 20,276,442  
1962 12,932,019 (3,218,019) 35,473,281  
1963 25,239,645 (3,075,645) 67,069,292  

Note: Numbers in parentheses represent coins which were distributed in mint sets. The Philadelphia Mint was created from the need to establish a national identity and the needs of commerce. ... The Denver Mint The Denver Mint is a branch of the United States Mint established in 1862 that is today operational and produces coins for circulation, as well as mint sets and commemorative coins. ... The San Francisco Mint is a branch of the United States Mint, and was opened in 1854 to serve the gold mines of the California Gold Rush. ...


External links

Preceded by:
Walking Liberty Half Dollar
Half Dollar Coin of the United States (1948-1963) Succeeded by:
Kennedy Half Dollar

  Results from FactBites:
 
Franklin half dollar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (416 words)
The Franklin half dollar is a coin of the United States, minted from 1948 to 1963.
The coin pictured Benjamin Franklin on the obverse and the Liberty Bell on the reverse.
A bill rushed through Congress after the assassination of John F. Kennedy caused the Franklin half to be replaced by the current Kennedy half dollar in February 1964, nine years before the design would otherwise have been eligible for a change.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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