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Encyclopedia > Franklin County, Ohio
Franklin County, Ohio
Seal of Franklin County, Ohio
Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded April 30, 1803[1]
Seat Columbus
Largest city Columbus
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

543 sq mi (1,407 km²)
540 sq mi (1,398 km²)
3 sq mi (9 km²), 0.63%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,068,978
1,980/sq mi (760/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.franklin.oh.us
Named for: Benjamin Franklin

Franklin County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States[2]. As of 2000, the population was 1,068,978. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2006 Population Estimates, the population had grown to 1,095,662, which makes it the second largest county in Ohio (after Cuyahoga County) and the 34th largest county in population in the United States. Its county seat is Columbus, which is located in the middle of the county. Columbus is the largest city in Ohio and the 15th largest city in the United States, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2005 Population Estimates. Columbus makes up about 66.56% of the population of the county, the rest being provided by various suburbs and townships, and Franklin County itself makes up about 9.42% of the state population as of 2000. Franklin County, particularly Columbus, has been a centerpiece for presidential and U.S. congressional politics, most notably the 2000 United States presidential election, the 2004 United States presidential election, and the 2006 United States midterm elections. Franklin County is home to the largest university in the United States, The Ohio State University, which, as of Fall 2006, has an enrollment of 51,818 students. Image File history File links Map_of_Ohio_highlighting_Franklin_County. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_OH.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ohio ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Cuyahoga County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... The term township is used to denote a lower level territorial subdivision. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Parent article: 2004 U.S. presidential election controversy After the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, there were many allegations of fraud including, but not limited to, forging of vote totals, miscounting of votes for one candidate as votes for another, widespread voter intimidation, and irregularities with the distribution of voting... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The 2006 United States midterm elections were held on Tuesday, November 7, 2006. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The county was established on April 30, 1803, less than two months after Ohio became a state, and was named after American Founding Father, Benjamin Franklin.[3] Franklin County originally extended all the way north to Lake Erie before Ohio subdivided further into more counties. is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This list of Ohio county name etymologies lists the 88 counties of the U.S. state of Ohio, with the date of their erection in parenthesis and the etymology of their names. ... Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ...


Franklin County has diverse levels of development, ranging from the urban core of Columbus to the quite rural southern and western portions of the county. The far south-west, near Harrisburg, offers little to no indication of a city of over 730,000 people (according the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates from July 1, 2005) less than 20 minutes away. This may be partly due to a development restriction established to protect the scenic Darby Creek on the border of Madison County. Harrisburg is a village located in Franklin and Pickaway counties in Ohio. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Franklin County has a total area of 543 square miles (1,407 km²), of which, 540 square miles (1,398 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (9 km²) of it (0.63%) is water. The county is located in the Till Plains and the Appalachian Plateau land regions. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... The Appalachian Plateau is the western part of the Appalachian mountain system, stretching from New York to Alabama. ...


The county is drained by the Olentangy River and the Scioto River. Major creeks in the county include Big Darby, Walnut, and Alum. There are two reservoirs in the county, Hoover and Big Darby. Ohio State Highway 315 passing over the Olentangy in Columbus in 2002. ... Perspective view looking upstream of Scioto River valley near Portsmouth, Ohio. ... Walnut Creek is the name of some places in the United States of America: Walnut Creek, California Walnut Creek, North Carolina Walnut Creek, Ohio Also note that there are other places named Walnut. ... Alum Creek is a tributary of Big Walnut Creek, which drains into the Scioto River. ...


Adjacent counties

Delaware County is a fast growing suburban county located in the state of Ohio, within the Columbus, OH metropolitan area. ... Licking County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ... Fairfield County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ... Pickaway County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ... Union County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ...

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1810 3,486
1820 10,292 195.2%
1830 14,741 43.2%
1840 25,049 69.9%
1850 42,909 71.3%
1860 50,361 17.4%
1870 63,019 25.1%
1880 86,797 37.7%
1890 124,087 43.0%
1900 164,460 32.5%
1910 221,567 34.7%
1920 283,951 28.2%
1930 361,055 27.2%
1940 388,712 7.7%
1950 503,410 29.5%
1960 682,962 35.7%
1970 833,249 22.0%
1980 869,132 4.3%
1990 961,437 10.6%
2000 1,068,978 11.2%
[1]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,068,978 people, 438,778 households, and 263,705 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,980 people per square mile (765/km²). There were 471,016 housing units at an average density of 872 per square mile (337/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.48% White, 17.89% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 3.07% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 2.23% from two or more races. 2.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 438,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.00% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.90% were non-families. 30.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.03. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 33.30% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $42,734, and the median income for a family was $53,905. Males had a median income of $37,672 versus $29,856 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,059. About 8.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

On March 30, 1803, the Ohio government authorized the creation of Franklin County. The county originally was part of Ross County. Residents named the county in honor of Benjamin Franklin. In 1816, Franklin County’s Columbus became Ohio’s state capital. Surveyors laid out the city in 1812, and officials incorporated it in 1816. Columbus was not Ohio’s original capital, but the state legislature chose to move the state government there after its location for a short time at Chillicothe and at Zanesville. Columbus was chosen as the site for the new capital because of its central location within the state and access by way of major transportation routes (primarily rivers) at that time. The legislature chose it as Ohio’s capital over a number of other competitors, including Franklinton, Dublin, Worthington, and Delaware. is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Ross County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio Counties Ross Government  - Mayor Joseph P. Sulzer (D) Area  - City 9. ... Muskingum County Courthouse (Photo ©2004 Leslie K. Dellovade) Zanesville is a city in Muskingum County, Ohio, United States. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... Franklinton is a neighborhood in Columbus, Ohio. ... Motto: Its greener in Dublin. ... Worthington is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... The City of Delaware is located near the center of the state of Ohio, about 20 miles north of Columbus, Ohio. ...


Prior to the state legislature’s decision in 1812, Columbus did not exist. The city was designed from the first as the state’s capital, preparing itself for its role in Ohio’s political, economic, and social life. In the years between first ground-breaking and the actual movement of the capital in 1816, Columbus and Franklin County grew significantly. By 1813, workers had built a penitentiary, and by the following year, residents had established the first church, school, and newspaper in Columbus. Workers completed the statehouse in 1814. Columbus and Franklin County grew quickly in population, with the city having seven hundred people by 1815. Columbus officially became the county seat in 1824. By 1834, the population of Columbus was four thousand people, officially elevating it to “city” status. Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A prison is a place in which people are confined and deprived of a range of liberties. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Capitol is the name generally given to the building in which the executive and/or legislative branches of government are housed. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...


Government

Map of Franklin County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Franklin County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Main article: Ohio county government. The government of Ohios counties is marked by a loose organization and a diffusion of power, the basic framework not having been changed since the Nineteenth century. ...


Author Spencer Overton used the voting machine shortage in Franklin County in 2004 to illustrate the problem of voter suppression in the United States by means of underfunded and unequal elections. [4] Image:Spencer overton. ...


Localities

Franklin County is currently made up of 13 cities, 12 villages, and 17 townships, as well as some land unincorporated into any locality.


Municipalities

Bexley is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Brice is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio, on the southeast side of the Columbus metropolitan area. ... Canal Winchester is a village located in Fairfield and Franklin counties in Ohio. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... Motto: Its greener in Dublin. ... Gahanna is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Grandview Heights is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Grove City, founded in 1852, is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Groveport is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Harrisburg is a village located in Franklin and Pickaway counties in Ohio. ... Hilliard is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Lockbourne is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Marble Cliff is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Minerva Park is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... New Albany is a village in Franklin and Licking Counties in the U.S. state of Ohio, just northeast of the state capital of Columbus. ... Obetz is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Pickerington is a city situated in Fairfield and Franklin counties in the central region of the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Reynoldsburg is a city in Fairfield, Franklin, and Licking counties in Ohio. ... Riverlea is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio, just north of Columbus and surrounded by Worthington. ... The Upper Arlington Municipal Services Center functions as the seat of city government as well as police headquarters Upper Arlington is a suburban city in Franklin County, Ohio, on the northwest side of the Columbus metropolitan area. ... Urbancrest is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Valleyview is a village located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Westerville is a city in Franklin and Delaware Counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Whitehall is a city located in Franklin County, Ohio. ... Worthington is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ...

Townships

Franklin County Government Center
Franklin County Government Center

Blendon Township is a township in Franklin County in the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Brown Township is located in western Franklin County. ... The State of Ohio has 88 counties. ... Franklin Township is located in the southwestern portion of Franklin County. ... Hamilton Township is located in the southeastern portion of Franklin County. ... Jackson Township is located in southern Franklin County. ... Jefferson Township is located in the northeastern portion of Franklin County. ... Madison Township is located in southeastern Franklin County. ... Mifflin Township is Franklin County map with municipal and township labels. ... Norwich Township is located in the northwestern portion of Franklin County. ... Sign indicating Perry Township administrative offices. ... Franklin County map with municipal and township labels. ... Pleasant Township is located in southwest Franklin County. ... Prairie Township is located in western Franklin County. ... Sharon Township is located in northern Franklin County. ... Truro Township is located in eastern Franklin County. ... Washington Township is located in northwestern Franklin County. ...

Census-designated places

Blacklick Estates is an unincorporated census_designated place located in Franklin County, partly in Madison Township and partly in Truro Township. ... Huber Ridge is an unincorporated census-designated place located in Blendon Township, within Franklin County, Ohio. ... Lake Darby is an unincorporated census-designated place located partly in Brown Township and partly in Prairie Township, within Franklin County, Ohio. ... Lincoln Village is an unincorporated census-designated place located in Prairie Township, within Franklin County, Ohio. ...

Other localities

Amlin is an unincorporated community in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Blacklick, Ohio is a small unincorporated village in Jefferson Township, Franklin County, Ohio. ... Darbydale is an unincorporated community in central Pleasant Township, Franklin County, Ohio, United States. ... Galloway is a small village lying to the west of Columbus, Ohio in Franklin County. ... New Rome was a small village on the west side of Columbus, Ohio in Franklin County, where it had occupied little more than a three-block stretch of West Broad Street (U.S. Highway 40) since its incorporation in 1947. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Ohio County Profiles: Franklin County (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ GR Error
  3. ^ Franklin County data. Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.
  4. ^ Overton, Spencer (2006), Stealing Democracy: The New Politics of Voter Suppression, W.W. Norton, pp. 44-45, ISBN 0393061590
  • Franklin County history

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Coordinates: 39°58′N 83°01′W / 39.97, -83.01 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Franklin County, Ohio - definition of Franklin County, Ohio in Encyclopedia (411 words)
Franklin County is a county located in the state of Ohio.
In the county the population is spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 33.30% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who are 65 years of age or older.
The median income for a household in the county is $42,734, and the median income for a family is $53,905.
The Free Press -- Independent News Media - Bob Fitrakis (1083 words)
An analysis of the Franklin County Board of Elections’ allocation of machines reveals a consistent pattern of providing fewer machines to the Democratic city of Columbus, with its Democratic mayor and uniformly Democratic city council, despite increased voter registration in the city.
Franklin County had traditionally used a formula of one machine per 100 voters, with machine usage allowable up to 125 votes per machine.
Franklin County, Ohio’s formula served to disenfranchise disproportionately poor, minority and Democratic voters under the guise of rewarding the “likely” voter or active registered voters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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