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Encyclopedia > Frankie Yale
Francesco Ioele
Born 1893
Calabria, Italy
Died July 1, 1928
Brooklyn, New York, USA

Francesco Ioele (1893 - July 1, 1928), better known as Frankie Uale or the alias of Yale, was a Brooklyn gangster and original employer of Al Capone, before the latter moved to Chicago to start his own gang. Image File history File links Yalef. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... View in Calabria. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Brooklyn (named after the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... NY redirects here. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Brooklyn (named after the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... “Capone” redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


Early life

Born in Italy Yale and his family arrived in America circa 1901. He quickly fell in a life of crime as a teenager. Despite his medium height and chubby build, Yale was noted as a fearsome fistfighter and thief. One example of his prowess came at the age of seventeen in 1910 when he and a friend of his, a wrestler named Booby Nelson, laid waste to a bunch of drunks in a Coney Island pool hall, cracking pool cues and hurling billiard balls. One of his early arrests, in October 1912, was for stealing a load of furs. Early in his career, he met Johnny Torrio, who ushered him into the Five Points Gang and groomed him for bigger things. 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... John Johnny Torrio, a. ... The Five Points Gang was a 19th-century criminal organization based in the Sixth Ward (The Five Points) of New York City. ...

By the end of World War I, the Mafia-Camorra War was over, Torrio had left for Chicago, and Frankie dominated Italian organized crime in Brooklyn. Known for his generosity to friends and brutality towards his enemies, Yale was known as the "Prince of Pals". At this time Frankie Yale's headquarters was at a bar in Coney Island named the Harvard Inn. It was here that Al Capone worked for several years between 1916 and 1919. At this bar in 1917 Capone got his famous facial scars in a fight over a girl. After a time, Yale married and had two daughters. Known to appreciate funny stories, good food and drink, Yale was a very personable man. Yale's "services" included offering "protection" to local merchants, controlling food services for restaurants, as well as ice deliveries for Brooklyn residents. Frankie's most notorious sideline were his cigars, foul-smelling stogies packaged in boxes that bore his smiling face. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Mafia-Camorra War was a war fought between of course the mafia which was the Sicilian Morello crime family and the Camorra, the Neapolitan Navy Street gang and Coney Island gang. ... For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ... “Capone” redirects here. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Four cigars of different brands (from top: H. Upmann, Montecristo, Macanudo, Romeo y Julieta) An airtight cigar storage tube and a double guillotine-style cutter A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco, one end of which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn...

Despite his good qualities, Yale could be quite nasty, employing relentless physical and verbal brutality when necessary. One example was Frankie's kid brother Angelo, who served as his chief lackey. Whenever displeased with something (usually gang related) he often beat his brother senseless. On another occasion, when one of his men silenced an informer within the gang by jamming two knives into his torso and breaking off the blades, the killer, Willie "Two-Knife" Altierri, presented the handles to Frankie, who had them mounted on a plaque and hung up in his office. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

The New York Waterfront & the White Hand Gang

Yale's chief rivals were the Irish White Hand Gang, headed by Dinny Meehan, who controlled extortion on the borough's docks. After a long period of sparring (in one incident Al Capone nearly beat a White Hander to death, facilitating his move to Chicago in 1919) Frankie arranged for the murder of Meehan on March 31, 1920. Shortly after this, Yale was suspected by Chicago police of gunning down James Colosimo, on May 11, 1920, the longtime boss of that Midwestern city, who stood in the way of Johnny Torrio and Capone making huge bootlegging profits. To this day, Yale remains the prime suspect in Big Jim's murder. The White Hand Gang was a collection of the various Irish gangs operating on the New York Brooklyn and Red Hook waterfront from the early 1900s to 1925 organizing against the growing dominance of the Italian Black Hand (known as Le Mano Nera). ... Dennis L. Meehan (d. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... James Big Jim Colosimo (1877 – May 11, 1920) (born Giacomo Colosimo) immigrated to Chicago, Illinois, from Cosenza, Calabria, Italy, in 1895. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...

After the murder of Dinny Meehan, the White Hand Gang was taken over by Bill Lovett. Known as "Wild Bill", Lovett had won the Distinguished Service Cross on the Western Front and was a formidable opponent. A relatively low-key, tit-for-tat war ensued between the White Hand and Yale's "Black Hand." While en route to a banquet on February 6, 1921, Yale was shot and severely wounded in lower Manhattan in an assassination attempt. One man with Yale was killed and another wounded. Lovett was widely believed to have orchestrated the attempt. After recovering from his wounds, Yale got back on the warpath. For most of the early 1920s, the war between the Italians and Irish proceeded on a somewhat even keel. Frankie gained a measure of revenge in August 1921, when one of his alleged attackers, Petey Behan, was beaten to death by a policeman named Daniel Culkin. Four months later, the second alleged shooter, Garry Barry, met a violent end as well. Bill Wild Bill Lovett (1892 - 1923) became the leader of the White Hand Gang after the wipe-out of Dinny Meehan at the hands of Frankie Yales Black Hand gang. ... The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is the second highest military decoration of the United States Army, awarded for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, New York, USA, coterminous with New York County. ...

Some key members of Yale's gang at this time were Frankie Marlow, Willie "Two-Knife" Altieri, Sam Pollaccia, Johnny "Silk Stocking" Giustra, Little Augie Pisano, Vincent Mangano, Joe Adonis and Albert Anastasia In early 1922, gangland lore has Yale taking a young kid named Vincenzo Gibaldi under his wing, who avenged the mistaken identity murder of his father by killing the shooter, White Hander Joseph Behan, in May 1922, after which he allegedly left for Chicago, where he became infamous as Jack "Machine Gun" McGurn. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Anthony Carfano (c. ... Vincent Mangano (1888-1951) was the head of what would become known as the Gambino crime family from 1931 to 1951. ... Mugshot of Joe Adonis. ... Albert Anastasia (born Umberto Anastasio) (September 26, 1902–October 25, 1957), also known as the Mad Hatter and Lord High Executioner, was a Mafia boss chiefly remembered for running the contract-killing syndicate known as Murder, Inc. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Frankie absorbed most of the blame for the January 1923 attempt on Wild Bill Lovett's life, which was most probably committed by a disgruntled White Hander, Eddie Hughes, who was killed in retaliation in the ensuing months. Lovett, at the urging of his wife, retired from mob life after his recovery and turned over control of his gang to brother-in-law Richard "Pegleg" Lonergan. After obtaining a home and job in New Jersey, Lovett returned to his old Brooklyn neighborhood on the night of October 31, 1923, to see old friends. At the Lotus Club on Bridge street, Lovett got drunk and fell asleep inside. The porter of the speakeasy had a chance encounter with members of Frankie Yale's gang later that night and casually related to them that their arch-rival was passed out cold a few blocks away. Soon enough, Two-Knife Altierri, Silk Stocking Giustra, and Vincent Mangano were inside the deserted Lotus Club, smirking over the snoring figure of the Irish gang leader. Despite his drunken state and bullet wounds, Lovett jumped up from the bench where he was sleeping, prompting Altierri to violently drive a meat cleaver into his skull. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...

The White Hand Gang never totally recovered from Lovett's murder. Pegleg Lonergan was nowhere near as competent, and Yale's dominance was established throughout Brooklyn.

Yale & Prohibition: From Brooklyn to Chicago

In November 1924, Frankie was summoned to Chicago to help out his old pals, Al Capone and Johnny Torrio, with another murder. It is widely believed that Frankie, along with John Scalise and Albert Anselmi, went to the Schofield flower shop and killed North Side Gang leader Dean O'Banion on November 10, 1924. Eight days later, Yale and Sam Pollaccia were arrested at Chicago's Union Station, but released when their alibi was confirmed. John Scalise (1900-1929) was an organized crime figure in the early 1900s. ... Albert Anselmi (1884-1929) was a Prohibition gangster during the 1920s. ... Dean OBanion (also Dion OBanion) (8 July 1892 - 10 November 1924) was an Irish-American mobster who was the main rival of Johnny Torrio and Al Capone during the brutal Chicago bootlegging wars of the 1920s. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ...

After O'Banion's murder, Yale was supposedly appointed the national head of the Unione Siciliane, a Sicilian benovolent organization that served as a front for criminal activity. If Yale did indeed hold this post, it was quite ironic; as he was Calabrese and not Sicilian. The Unione Siciliane (or Unione Siciliana) was a Sicilian-American political organization which eventually controlled much of the Italian-American votes within the United States during the early twentieth century. ...

By 1925, the White Hand Gang was a mere nuisance, and Yale stamped it out in the early morning hours of December 26, 1925, at the Adonis Club. Al Capone, who happened to be in town because of his son's operation, agreed to help. Pegleg Lonergan, realizing his once-powerful empire was crumbling, decided to storm the Yale's gang Christmas party at the Adonis. With him were Aaron Harms, James "Ragtime" Howard, Paddy Maloney, Cornielius "Needles" Ferry, and James Hart. Once entering, they took a table near a grand piano at the rear of the club. After drinking more than they should have, the White Handers finally whipped out their guns. Just then, someone cut the power to the club, leaving the White Handers table illuminated by the only remaining light in the building. One of Frankie's men, Sylvester Argolia, hit Aaron Harms in the head with a meat cleaver ala Two-Knife Altierri. Gunshots then erupted from the darkness. Lonergan and Ferry were killed outright. Harms was seriously wounded and died in the street outside the club. The other Irishmen managed to escape with their lives. Al Capone was widely believed to have headed the firing squad that night in the Adonis Club as a favor to Frankie Yale. The White Hand Gang disintegrated after this incident. December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that marks the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. ...

Final days

With Brooklyn completely under his control, Yale was on top of the world until the spring of 1927, when he began quarreling with Capone over his refusal to back Al's friend Antonio Lombardo, for the position of Chicago head of the Unione Siciliane. Ostensibly, Yale was supposed to oversee the safety of Capone's liquor shipments through Brooklyn. Soon, many of the Chicago-bound trucks were hijacked before they cleared New York. Suspecting a double cross, Capone asked an old pal James "Filesy" DeAmato to keep an eye on his trucks. DeAmato reported back that Frankie was indeed hijacking his booze. Six days later, on July 7, 1927, DeAmato was gunned down on a Brooklyn street corner. Antonio The Scourge Lombardo (1892-September 7, 1928) was an American mobster. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The relationship between the two men continued to get worse, until the morning of Sunday, July 1, 1928, when Yale was lured out of his Brooklyn speakeasy, the Sunrise Club, with a cryptic phone call which said something was wrong with his wife Lucy, who was at home looking after their year-old daughter. Frankie dashed out to his brand-new coffee colored Lincoln and took off up New Utrecht Avenue. At a red light, Yale saw four hard-eyed men in a Buick sedan staring at him and he hit the gas. Swerving left onto West 44th Street, Yale's car was overtaken by the Buick and the mob boss was riddled with buckshot and submachine gun bullets. The Lincoln crashed into the stoop of a brownstone, violently disrupting a Bar Mitzvah. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... This article is about the building material and the dwelling. ...

The murder car was left a few blocks away, and some of the weapons left inside were traced to Miami, the car itself to Knoxville, Tennessee, and a Thompson submachine gun to a Chicago sporting goods dealer. Al Capone was questioned repeatedly but nothing came of the inquiries. Yale's murder was the first time the "Tommy Gun" had been used in New York gangland warfare. Recent research has indicated that Yale's killers were Fred "Killer" Burke, Gus Winkler, George "Shotgun" Ziegler, and Louis "Little New York" Campagna, most of whom would participate in the St. Valentine's Day Massacre seven months later. One of the Tommy Guns used in the massacre would later be linked ballistically to Yale's murder. Nickname: Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee Coordinates: Cities in Tennessee Tennessee Government  - Mayor Bill Haslam (R) Area  - City 254. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... A lance corporal of the East Surrey Regiment, British Army equipped with a Thompson M1928 submachine gun (drum magazine), 25 November 1940 The Thompson was a family of American submachine guns that became infamous during the Prohibition era. ... Smiling Gus Winkler (March 28, 1901–October 9, 1933) was a Detroit mobster who, with Fred Burke, was head of a criminal gang specializing in armed robbery and murder for hire. ... Fred Samuel Goetz (February 14, 1897-March 20, 1934), also known as Shotgun George Ziegler, was a Chicago mobster and a suspected participant in the Valentines Day Massacre in 1929. ... Picture of The St. ...

Frankie Yale was given one of the most impressive gangland funerals in America's history. Thousands of Brooklynites lined the streets to watch the procession. Twenty-three cars were required to bear all the floral arrangements while 110 Cadillac limousines carried the mourners. Yale's $15,000 silver casket rested on an open hearse with a podium. As the cortege moved through the streets, a woman darted out from the crowd and spit on Frankie's casket. It turned out to be Peggy Meehan, who was in bed with her husband Denny when he was killed by Yale's men back in 1920. At the cemetery, more drama was caused when two different women showed up claiming to be Mrs. Frankie Yale. Yale's funeral set a standard of opulence for American gangsters that has been seldom matched over the years.


While somewhat overlooked in crime histories (he's recalled chiefly as a murder victim of Al Capone), Yale was one of New York's leading gangsters in the 1920s.

Yale was succeeded as head of the gang by Frankie Marlow, who was in turn was killed by members of the Morello gang when Joe Masseria moved to take control of Mafia activity city wide a year later, a campaign which also included the murder of fellow Brooklyn gang leader Salvatore D'Aquilla. Joe The Boss Masseria Giuseppe Joe The Boss Masseria (1879–April 15, 1931) was an early Mafia don in the United States. ... Salvatore Toto DAquila ( 1878–October 10/28, 1928) was a Mustache Pete-era mobster, olive oil and cheese importer, and early boss of the future Gambino crime family. ...

Under Masseria's influence the gangs activities were split, with bootlegging and gambling under the control of Augie Carfano and the waterfront racket under Al Mineo, who Masseria had put in charge of what had been D'Aquilla's gang. Augie Carfano remained in charge of the gang until 1932, when, on the advice of Charlie Luciano, Joe Adonis returned to take control and Carfano was "asked" to move to Florida.

At the conclusion of the Castellammarese War, Vince Mangano assumed control of the operations that had been run by Mineo, including the waterfront racket. He remained in charge until the fifties, when he was killed and replaced by Albert Anastasia. At about the same time Joe Adonis began serving a jail term and when he got out he found that his Brooklyn operations had been absorbed by Anastasia, who had no plans to return them. So the operations of the old Yale gang had been reunited in what has become known as the Gambino crime family. The Castellammarese War is the name given to a bloody internal power struggle between two factions of Italian-American mafia figures that took place in 1930 and 1931. ... John Gotti, The Dapper Don The Gambino Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities based in New York City, United States, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or La Cosa Nostra). ...

In popular culture

John Nicholas Cassavetes (Greek: Ιωάννης Νικολάου Κασσαβέττης) (December 9, 1929–February 3, 1989) was an American actor, screenwriter, and director. ... FBI mugshot of Capone, 1931 Alphonse Gabriel Capone (January 17, 1899 _ January 25, 1947) more popularly known as Al Scarface Capone was a famous American gangster in the 1920s and 1930s, although his business card is reported to have said he was a used furniture dealer. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Robert Ellenstein (born June 18, 1923 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American film and television actor. ... Al Ruscio was born June 2, 1924 in Salem, Massachusetts. ... The Untouchables is the name of a television series that ran from 1959 to 1963 on the American Broadcasting Company. ... Arthur Asher Miller (October 17, 1915 – February 10, 2005) was an American playwright and essayist. ... Image:A View From the Bridge. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Famous People - celebrity and historical (1675 words)
In 1919 he lived in Amityville, Long Island, to be close to "Rum Row." Capone was still working for Frankie Yale and is thought to have committed at least two homicides, until being sent to Chicago in 1919.
Yale sent his protégé to Chicago after Capone was involved in a fight with a rival gang.
Yale's intention was for Capone to "cool off" there; little did he know that this would be the impetus for one of the most notorious crime careers in modern American history.
  More results at FactBites »



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