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Encyclopedia > Frank Shorter
Olympic medal record
Men's Athletics
Gold 1972 Munich Marathon
Silver 1976 Montréal Marathon

Frank Shorter (born October 31, 1947) is an American distance runner and winner of the marathon race at the 1972 Summer Olympics. Athletics has been contested at every Summer Olympics since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics. ... Athletics Medal Winners at the 1972 Munich Olympics Internal links Olympic Games Summer Olympic Games 1972 Summer Olympics Categories: Athletics at the Olympics | 1972 Summer Olympics ... The official results of the Mens Marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany held on Sunday September 10, 1972. ... At the 1976 Summer Olympics thirty-seven athletics events were contested Overall Athletics rankings at the 1976 Olympics Medal Winners Mens 100 m Mens 200 m Mens 400 m Mens 800 m Mens 1500 m Mens 5000 m Mens 10000 m Mens... The official results of the Mens Marathon at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada, held on Saturday July 31, 1976. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ... The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. ...


Born in Munich, Germany, where his father, physician Samuel Shorter, served in the army, Frank Shorter grew up in Middletown, New York and attended and graduated from Mount Hermon School and Yale University. For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Middletown is a city in Orange County, New York, USA, in New Yorks Hudson Valley region, near the Walkill River, in the foothills of the Shawangunk Mountains. ... Northfield Mount Hermon Northfield Mount Hermon (NMH) is a ninth-twelfth grade private college preparatory high school (secondary school) located in western Massachusetts, U.S.A. Its Northfield campus is located in Northfield, Massachusetts, and its Mount Hermon campus is located in nearby Gill, Massachusetts. ... “Yale” redirects here. ...

Contents

Career

He first achieved fame by winning the 1969 NCAA 10,000 m title. He won his first U.S. national titles in 1970 in the 5000 m and the 10,000 m. He also was the U.S. national 10,000 m champion in 1971, 1974, 1975 and 1977. Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often pronounced N-C-Double-A or N-C-Two-A ) is a voluntary association of about 1,200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...


Shorter won the U.S. national cross-country championships four times (1970-1973). He was the U.S. Olympic Trials Champion in both the 10,000 m and the marathon in both 1972 and 1976. He also won both the 10,000 m and the marathon at the 1971 Pan American Games. Shorter was a four-time winner of the Fukuoka Marathon (1971-1974). He was successful on the road racing circuit as well, winning the Peachtree Road Race in 1977 and the Falmouth Road Race in 1975 and 1976. The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. ... Fukuoka marathon, held in Fukuoka (Japan), is a prominent international marathon race started in 1947. ...


But his greatest fame came when Shorter won the gold medal in the marathon at the 1972 Olympics. He also finished fifth in the 1972 Olympic 10,000 m final. He was the 1972 recipient of the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Shorter earned his Juris Doctor (law) degree in 1975 from the University of Florida. He finished second in the marathon at the 1976 Summer Olympics behind surprise winner Waldemar Cierpinski of East Germany. Evidence has since come to light that Cierpinski and other East German athletes in the 1970s and 1980s had been using anabolic steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs[citation needed]; Shorter, a licensed attorney, has fought a protracted court battle since the late 1990s to strip Cierpinski of the unfairly-earned gold medal that was denied Shorter on the Montreal course. Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The AAU James E. Sullivan Award is awarded annually by the Amateur Athletic Union to the outstanding amateur athlete in the United States. ... Doctor of Law, Doctor of Jurisprudence, or Juris Doctor (abbreviated J.D. or JD, from the Latin, Teacher of Law) is a professional degree in law offered by universities in a number of countries. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Waldemar Cierpinski (born August 3, 1950) is a former East German athlete and two time Olympic Champion in the marathon. ... GDR redirects here. ... Anabolic steroids are a class of natural and synthetic steroid hormones that promote cell growth and division, resulting in growth of muscle tissue and sometimes bone size and strength. ...


Shorter decided to retire from athletics after the 1977 season to start his own athletic supply company but then returned to road racing competition in 1979, with high placings at several competitive races and wins at the Chicago Classic and the Badgerland 10 miler, setting the American 10 mile Road record with a time of 47:34. He ended the year ranked #3 in the U.S. at 10,000 meters on the track and #5 in the North American Road Rankings by Track and Field News magazine. He also has worked in television as a sports commentator. He is former Chairman of the United States Anti-Doping Agency. Track & Field News, the magazine, was founded in 1948 by brothers Bert Nelson & Cordner Nelson. ... The United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), which began operations on 1 October 2000, is a non-governmental agency responsible for implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code in the United States. ...


Shorter was also featured as a prominent character, played by Jeremy Sisto, in the 1998 film "Without Limits". The film follows the life of Shorter's contemporary, Olympic teammate and sometime rival Steve Prefontaine. Shorter was one of the last people to see Prefontaine alive before he died in a car wreck. Steve Roland Prefontaine (January 25, 1951 – May 30, 1975) (commonly referred to as Pre by runners and fans) was an American Olympic runner born in Coos Bay, Oregon. ...


Shorter was the World Masters Biathlon Champion in 1989.


Frank Shorter was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1984, the National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1989, and the National Distance Running Hall of Fame in 1998.


Video Interviews

  • Flotrack.com Video Interview with Frank Shorter

Track & Field News World Rankings

Track & Field News, the magazine, was founded in 1948 by brothers Bert Nelson & Cordner Nelson. ...

Marathon

  • 1971 - first
  • 1972 - first
  • 1973 - first
  • 1974 - second
  • 1976 - second

10,000 m

  • 1970 - second
  • 1972 - fifth
  • 1974 - fifth
  • 1975 - second

5,000 m

  • 1975 - tenth

Personal Records

Track

  • 3 miles - 12:52
  • 5000 m - 13:26.60 (1977)
  • 10,000 m - 27:45.91 (1975)

Road

  • Marathon (42,195 m): 2:10:30 (1972)
Pan American Champions in Men's Marathon
1951: Delfo Cabrera | 1955: Mateo Flores | 1959: Johnny Kelley | 1963: Fidel Negrete | 1967: Andy Boychuk | 1971: Frank Shorter | 1975: Rigoberto Mendoza | 1979: Radamés González | 1983: Jorge González | 1987: Ivo Rodrigues | 1991: Alberto Cuba | 1995: Benjamín Parades | 1999: Vanderlei de Lima | 2003: Vanderlei de Lima
Pan American Champions in Men's 10.000 metres
1951: Curt Stone | 1955: Osvaldo Suárez | 1959: Osvaldo Suárez | 1963: Pete McArdle | 1967: Van Nelson | 1971: Frank Shorter | 1975: Luis Hernández | 1979: Rodolfo Gómez | 1983: José Gómez | 1987: Bruce Bickford | 1991: Martín Pitayo | 1995: Armando Quintanilla | 1999: Elenilson da Silva | 2003: Teodoro Vega

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frank Shorter Summary (926 words)
Shorter is a member of the National Track & Field Hall of Fame and the Olympic Hall of Fame.
Frank Shorter (born October 31, 1947) is a former American athlete and winner of the marathon race at the 1972 Summer Olympics.
Shorter is former Chairman of the United States Anti-Doping Agency.
Frank Shorter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (216 words)
Frank Shorter (born October 31, 1947) is a former American athlete, winner of the marathon race at the 1972 Summer Olympics.
Born in Munich, Germany, where his father served in army, Frank Shorter achieved his first fame by winning the 1969 NCAA 10 000 m title as a Yale student.
Shorter earned his law degree in 1975, but was unable to defend his Olympic Champion title, finishing second behind a surprise winner Waldemar Cierpinski from East Germany at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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