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Encyclopedia > Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright

Personal information
Name Frank Lloyd Wright
Nationality Flag of the United States American
Birth date June 8, 1867(1867-06-08)
Birth place Richland Center, Wisconsin
Date of death April 9, 1959 (aged 91)
Place of death Phoenix, Arizona
Work
Significant buildings Robie House

Fallingwater
Johnson Wax Building
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (403x640, 12 KB) Historic American Building Survey commons:Frank Lloyd Wright en:Frank Lloyd Wright File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frank Lloyd Wright User:Rfrisbie/QOTD... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Richland Center is a city located in Richland County, Wisconsin. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... This article is about the house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Exterior, viewed towards the east, of the Johnson Wax Headquarters building Johnson Wax Headquarters (1936-1939), the world headquarters and administration building of the SC Johnson Wax Company in Racine, Wisconsin was designed by American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, for the companys president, Herbert F. Hib Johnson. ... The front of the Guggenheim Museum from 5th Avenue This article refers to the Guggenheim Museum in the upper east side of Manhattan (New York). ...

Significant projects Florida Southern College

Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer, educator, and philosopher who designed more than 1,000 projects, of which more than 500 resulted in completed works. Florida Southern College is a private college located in Lakeland, Florida. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ...


Wright promoted organic architecture (exemplified by Fallingwater), originated the Prairie School of architecture (exemplified by the Robie House), and developed the concept of the Usonian home (exemplified by the Rosenbaum House). His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, hotels, and museums. Wright also often designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the furniture and stained glass. Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world through design approaches so sympathetic and well integrated with its site that buildings, furnishings, and surroundings become part of a unified, interrelated composition. ... This article is about the house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... It has been suggested that Prairie Houses be merged into this article or section. ... The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... Usonia is a term used by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright to refer to his vision for the landscape of the United States, including the planning of cities and the architecture of buildings. ... The exterior of the Rosenbaum House The interior of the Rosenbaum House The Rosenbaum House is a single-family house, designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and built for Stanley and Mildred Rosenbaum in Florence, Alabama. ...


Wright authored twenty books and numerous articles and was a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe. His colorful personal life frequently made headlines, most notably for the failure of his first two marriages and for the 1914 fire and murders at his Taliesin studio. Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin was the summer home of American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright. ...


Already well-known during his lifetime, Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time"[1].

Biography

Early years

Frank Lloyd Wright was born in the agricultural town of Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States, just two years after the end of the American Civil War. Originally named Frank Lincoln Wright, he changed his name after his parents' divorce to honor his mother's Welsh immigrant family, the Lloyd Joneses. His father, William Carey Wright (18251904) was a locally admired orator, music teacher, occasional lawyer and itinerant minister. William Wright had met and married Anna Lloyd Jones (1838/39 – 1923), a county school teacher, the previous year when he was employed as the superintendent of schools for Richland County. Originally from Massachusetts, William Wright had been a Baptist minister but he later joined his wife's family in the Unitarian faith. Anna Lloyd Jones was a member of the large, prosperous and well-known Lloyd Jones family of Unitarians, who had emigrated from Wales to southwestern Wisconsin. Both of Wright's parents were strong-willed individuals with idiosyncratic interests that they passed on to Frank. In his biography his mother declared, when she was expecting her first child, that he would grow up to build beautiful buildings. She decorated his nursery with engravings of English Cathedrals torn from a periodical to encourage the infant's ambition. The family moved to Weymouth, Massachusetts in 1870 for William to minister a small congregation. Anna visited the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia and viewed an exhibit of educational blocks created by Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel. The blocks, known as Froebel Gifts, were the foundation of his innovative kindergarten curriculum. A trained teacher, Anna was excited by the program and purchased a set for her family. As a child, Frank spent a great deal of time playing with the kindergarten educational blocks. These consisted of geometrically-shaped blocks that could be assembled in various combinations to form three-dimensional compositions. Wright in his autobiography talks about the influence of these exercises on his approach to design. Many of his buildings are notable for the geometrical clarity they exhibit. Richland Center is a city located in Richland County, Wisconsin. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Welsh are, according to Hastings (1997), an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richland County is a county located in the state of Wisconsin. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The flaming chalice is the universally recognized symbol for Unitarian Universalism. ... This article is about the country. ... Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk Settled 1630 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Sue Kay (D) Area  - Total 21. ... Year 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) // January 31 - United States orders all Indigenous peoples in the United States to move onto reservations February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed. ... Opening day ceremonies at the Centennial Exhibition The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official worlds fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia. ... Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (1782-1852) was a German educationalist. ... The Froebel Gifts are a range of educational materials designed by Friedrich Froebel. ...

Wright's home in Oak Park, Illinois
Wright's home in Oak Park, Illinois

The Wright family struggled financially in Weymouth and returned to Spring Green, Wisconsin, where the supportive Lloyd Jones clan could help William find employment. They settled in Madison, where William taught music lessons and served as the secretary to the newly formed Unitarian society. Although William was a distant parent, he shared his love of music, especially the works of Bach, with his children. Soon after he turned 14—in 1881—Wright's parents separated. Anna had been unhappy for some time with William's inability to provide for his family and asked him to leave. The divorce was finalized in 1885 after William sued Anna for lack of physical affection. William left Wisconsin after the divorce and Wright claimed he never saw his father again.[2] At this time Frank's middle name was changed from Lincoln to Lloyd. As the only male left in the family, Frank assumed financial responsibility for his mother and two sisters. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 758 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3200 × 2532 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 758 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3200 × 2532 pixel, file size: 3. ... Spring Green is a village located in Sauk County, Wisconsin. ... For other uses, see Madison (disambiguation). ... “Bach” redirects here. ...


Wright attended a Madison high school but there is no evidence he ever graduated.[3] He was admitted to the University of Wisconsin as a special student in 1886. While attending the university, he took classes part-time for two semesters, and worked with a professor of civil engineering, Allan D. Conover.[4] In 1887, Wright left the school without taking a degree (although he was granted an honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts from the University in 1955) and moved to Chicago which was still rebuilding from the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, where he joined the architectural firm of Joseph Lyman Silsbee. Within the year, he had left Silsbee to work for the firm of Adler & Sullivan. University of Wisconsin redirects here. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Artists rendering of the fire, by John R Chapin, originally printed in Harpers Weekly; the view faces northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge. ... Born in 1848 at Salem, Massachusetts, American architect Joseph Lyman Silsbee graduated from Exeter and Harvard. ... Dankmar Adler (born July 3, 1844 in Germany; died April 16, 1900 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) was a German American architect of Jewish belief. ... Louis Henri Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. ...


In 1889, he married his first wife, Catherine Lee "Kitty" Tobin (1871-1959), purchased land in Oak Park, Illinois, and built his first home, and eventually his studio there. His mother, Anna, soon followed Wright to the city, where he purchased a home adjacent to his newly built residence for her. His marriage to Kitty Tobin, the daughter of a wealthy businessman, raised his social status, and he became more well known. 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ...


Beginning in 1890, he was assigned all residential design work for the firm. In 1893, Sullivan discovered that Wright had been accepting private commissions. Sullivan felt betrayed that his favored employee had designed houses "behind his back," and he asked Wright to leave the firm. Constantly in need of funds to support his growing family, Wright designed the homes to supplement his meager income. Wright referred to these houses as his "bootleg" designs and the homes are located near the Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, on Chicago Avenue in Oak Park. After leaving Sullivan, Wright established his own practice at his home. This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


This practice was a remarkable collection of creative architectural designers. As his son John Lloyd Wright wrote,

“William Eugene Drummond, Francis Barry Byrne, Walter Burley Griffin, Albert McArthur, Marion Mahony, Isabel Roberts and George Willis were the draftsmen. Five men, two women. They wore flowing ties, and smocks suitable to the realm. The men wore their hair like Papa, all except Albert, he didn’t have enough hair. They worshiped Papa! Papa liked them! I know that each one of them was then making valuable contributions to the pioneering of the modern American architecture for which my father gets the full glory, headaches and recognition today! ” [5] Walter Burley Griffin and his wife Marion Mahony Griffin, in Sydney in 1930 Walter Burley Griffin (November 24, 1876 - February 11, 1937) was an American architect and landscape architect best known for his role in designing Canberra, Australias capital city. ... Watercolour from the Canberra Design Artists Studio (Section). ...

By 1901, Wright's completed projects numbered approximately fifty, including many houses in Oak Park.


Prairie House

Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, New York
Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, New York

Between 1900 and 1917, his residential designs were "Prairie Houses" (extended low buildings with shallow, sloping roofs, clean sky lines, suppressed chimneys, overhangs and terraces, using unfinished materials), so-called because the design is considered to complement the land around Chicago. These houses are credited with being the first examples of the "open plan." Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x1392, 589 KB) Summary Frank Lloyd Wrights Darwin D. Martin House, in Buffalo, NY. Photo by User:Davepape, 12 June 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x1392, 589 KB) Summary Frank Lloyd Wrights Darwin D. Martin House, in Buffalo, NY. Photo by User:Davepape, 12 June 2006. ... Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, New York Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), perhaps the most famous architect of the United States, designed the Darwin D. Martin House Complex built between 1903 and 1905 and located at 125 Jewett Parkway in Buffalo, New York. ... Frank Lloyd Wright originated the Prairie Style (open plans, horizontality, natural materials) which was part of the American Arts and Crafts movement (hand craftsmanship, simplicity, function) an alternative to the then dominant Classical Revival Style (Greek forms with occasional Roman influences). ... Open plan is a generic term used in architectural and interior design for any floor plan which makes use of large, open spaces and minimizes the use of small, enclosed rooms such a private offices. ...


In fact, the manipulation of interior space in residential and public buildings, such as Unity Temple, the home of the Unitarian Universalist congregation in Oak Park, are hallmarks of his style. A lifelong Unitarian and member of Unity Temple, Wright offered his services to the congregation after their church burned down in 1904. The community agreed to hire him and he worked on the building between 1905 through 1908. He believed that humanity should be central to all design. Many examples of this work are in Buffalo, New York as a result of friendship between Wright and Darwin D. Martin, an executive from the Larkin Soap Company. In 1902 the Larkin Company decided to build a new administration building. In 1905, after the original Unity Church burned down, the Unitarian congregation of Oak Park, Illinois turned to architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design them a new structure. ... Historic Unitarianism believed in the oneness of God as opposed to traditional Christian belief in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie First Settled 1789 Founded 1801 Incorporated (City) 1832 Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... The Larkin Administration Building in 1906 The Larkin Administration Building was designed in 1904 by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Larkin Soap Company of Buffalo, New York, at 680 Seneca Street. ...


Wright came to Buffalo and designed not only the first sketches for the Larkin Administration Building (completed in 1904, demolished in 1950), but also homes for three of the company's executives: The Larkin Administration Building in 1906 The Larkin Administration Building was designed in 1904 by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Larkin Soap Company of Buffalo, New York, at 680 Seneca Street. ...

Hillside Home School, 1902, Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin
Hillside Home School, 1902, Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin

The Westcott House was built between 1907 and 1908, in Springfield, Ohio. It not only embodies Frank Lloyd Wright’s innovative Prairie Style design but also reflects his passion for Japanese art and culture in design traits characteristic of traditional Japanese design. The Westcott House is the only Prairie house to be built in Ohio, and it represents an important evolution of Wright’s Prairie concept. The Westcott House includes an extensive ninety-eight foot pergola, capped with an intricate wooden trellis, connecting a detached carriage house and garage to the main house—features that are included in only a few of Wright’s later Prairie Style houses designs. George Barton House The house, constructed in 1903 for George Barton & his wife Della Martin Barton (sister of Darwin D. Martin) at the northern corner of the Darwin D. Martin lot. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Taliesin600. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Taliesin600. ... Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, New York Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), perhaps the most famous architect of the United States, designed the Darwin D. Martin House Complex built between 1903 and 1905 and located at 125 Jewett Parkway in Buffalo, New York. ... The Graycliff estate was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) and was built between 1926 and 1929. ... The Westcott House is a Frank Lloyd Wright designed Prairie Style house in Springfield, Ohio. ... Springfield is the county seat of Clark County in the State of Ohio. ... A pergola in a garden in Oregon, USA. For the Italian city, see Pergola, Italy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


It is not known exactly when Wright designed The Westcott House; scholars speculate that it may have been several months before more than a year after the architect returned from his first trip to Japan in 1905. Wright created two separate designs for the Westcott House; both are included in Studies and Executed Buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright, published by the distinguished Ernst Wasmuth (Germany, 1910-1911). This two-volume work contains more than one hundred lithographs of Wright’s designs and is commonly known as the Wasmuth Portfolio. Lithography is a method for printing on a smooth surface, as well as a method of manufacturing semiconductor and MEMS devices. ... The Wasmuth portfolio (named after the German publisher), was one of Frank Lloyd Wrights first published works. ...


Other Frank Lloyd Wright houses considered to be masterpieces of the late Prairie Period (1907–1909) are the Frederick Robie House in Chicago and the Avery and Queene Coonley House in Riverside, Illinois. The Robie House, with its soaring, cantilevered roof lines, supported by a 110-foot (34 m)-long channel of steel, is the most dramatic. Its living and dining areas form virtually one uninterrupted space. This building had a profound influence on young European architects after World War I and is sometimes called the "cornerstone of modernism." Wright's work, however, was not known to European architects until the publication of the Wasmuth Portfolio. The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... The Avery Coonley House is a building designed by famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Incorporated Village in 1875. ... A schematic image of two cantilevers. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Europe and personal troubles

Local gossips noticed Wright's flirtations, and he developed a reputation in Oak Park as a man-about-town. His family had grown to six children, and the brood required most of Catherine's attention. In 1903, Wright designed a house for Edwin Cheney, a neighbor in Oak Park, and immediately took a liking to Cheney's wife, Mamah Borthwick Cheney. Mamah Cheney was a modern woman with interests outside the home. She was an early feminist and Wright viewed her as his intellectual equal. The two fell in love, even though Wright had been married for almost 20 years. Often the two could be seen taking rides in Wright's automobile through Oak Park, and they became the talk of the town. Wright's wife, Kitty, sure that this attachment would fade as the others had, refused to grant him a divorce. Neither would Edwin Cheney grant one to Mamah. In 1909, even before the Robie House was completed, Wright and Mamah Cheney eloped to Europe; leaving their own spouses and children behind. The scandal that erupted virtually destroyed Wright's ability to practice architecture in the United States. Martha Mamah Borthwick (b. ... The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ...


Architectural historians have speculated on why Wright decided to turn his life upside-down. Scholars argue that he felt by 1907 that he had done everything he could do with the Prairie Style, particularly from the standpoint of the single family house. Wright was not getting larger commissions for commercial or public buildings, which frustrated him as it would any highly skilled architect.


What drew Wright to Europe was the chance to publish a portfolio of his work with Ernst Wasmuth, who had agreed in 1909 to publish his work there.[6] This chance also allowed Wright to deepen his relationship with Mamah Cheney. Wright and Cheney left the United States separately in 1910, meeting in Berlin, where the offices of Wasmuth were located. This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


The resulting two volumes, known as the Wasmuth Portfolio, were published in 1910 and 1911 in two editions, creating the first major exposure of Wright's work in Europe. The later Bauhaus movement's founders claimed to have been inspired by these books. The Wasmuth portfolio (named after the German publisher), was one of Frank Lloyd Wrights first published works. ... For information about British gothic rock band, see Bauhaus (band). ...


Wright remained in Europe for one year (though Mamah Cheney returned to the United States a few times) and set up home in Fiesole, Italy. During this time, Edwin Cheney granted her a divorce, though Kitty still refused to grant one to her husband. After Wright's return to the United States in late 1910, Wright persuaded his mother to purchase land for him in Spring Green, Wisconsin. The land, purchased on April 10, 1911, was adjacent to land held by his mother's family, the Lloyd-Joneses. Wright began to build himself a new home, which he called Taliesin, by May of 1911. Fiesole is a town and comune (township) of Firenze province in the Italian region of Tuscany, 43°49N 11°18E, on a famously scenic height 346 m (1140 ft) above Florence, 8 km (5 mi) NE of that city. ... Spring Green is a village located in Sauk County, Wisconsin. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin was the summer home of American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright. ...


More personal turmoil

On August 15, 1914, while Wright was in Chicago completing a large project (Midway Gardens), Julian Carlton, a male servant whom he had hired several months earlier, set fire to the living quarters of Taliesin and murdered seven people with an axe as the fire burned. The dead included Mamah; her two children, John and Martha; a gardener; a draftsman; a workman; and the workman’s son. Two people survived the mayhem, one of whom helped to put out the fire that almost completely consumed the residential wing of the house. This article is about the day of the year. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1922, Wright's first wife granted him a divorce, and the architect was required to wait for one year until he married his then-partner, Maude "Miriam" Noel. In 1923, Wright's mother, Anna (Lloyd Jones) Wright, died. Wright wed Miriam Noel in November 1923, but her addiction to morphine led to the failure of the marriage in less than one year. In 1924, after the separation, but while still married, Wright met Olga (Olgivanna) Lazovich Hinzenburg, at a Petrograd Ballet performance in Chicago. They moved in together at Taliesin in 1925, followed soon after by Olgivanna's pregnancy with their daughter, Iovanna (born December 2, 1925). This article is about the drug. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On April 22, 1925, another fire destroyed the living quarters of Taliesin. This appears to have been the result of a faulty electrical system.[7] Wright rebuilt the living quarters again, naming the home "Taliesin III". is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1926, Olga's ex-husband, Vlademar Hinzenburg, sought custody of his daughter, Svetlana. In Minnetonka, Minnesota, Wright and Olgivanna were accused of violating the Mann Act and arrested in October 1926 (the charges were later dropped). Location in Hennepin County Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Hennepin County Founded 1850s Incorporated 1956  - Mayor Jan Callison Area    - City  28. ... The United States White-Slave Traffic Act of 1910 prohibited so-called white slavery. ...


Wright and Miriam Noel's divorce was finalized in 1927, and once again, Wright was required to wait for one year until marrying again. Wright and Olgivanna married in 1928.


Notable projects after the Prairie Period

Fallingwater, Bear Run, Pennsylvania (1939)
Fallingwater, Bear Run, Pennsylvania (1939)

During the turbulent 1920s, Wright designed Graycliff, one of his most innovative residences of the period, and a precursor to Fallingwater. The Graycliff estate was constructed from 1926 to 1929 for Isabelle and Darwin Martin on a bluff overlooking Lake Erie, just south of Buffalo, New York. Wright designed a complex of three buildings and extensive grounds and incorporates cantilevered balconies and terraces, "ribbons" of windows, and a transparent "screen" of windows allowing views of the lake through the Isabelle R. Martin House, Graycliff's largest building. Constructed of limestone from the beach below, warm ochre-colored stucco and striking red-stained roofs, Graycliff's light-filled buildings were designed in Wright's "organic" style. Wright's designs for Graycliff's grounds incorporate water features that echo the lake beyond: a pond, a fountain, sunken gardens and stone walls in a "waterfall" pattern that surround the property. On the summer solstice, Graycliff is aligned with the setting sun on Lake Erie, as Wright intended. Image File history File linksMetadata FallingwaterWright. ... Image File history File linksMetadata FallingwaterWright. ... This article is about the house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... The Graycliff estate was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) and was built between 1926 and 1929. ...


One of Wright's most famous private residences was constructed from 1935 to 1939—Fallingwater—for Mr. and Mrs. Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr., at Bear Run, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh. It was designed according to Wright's desire to place the occupants close to the natural surroundings, with a stream and waterfall running under part of the building. The construction is a series of cantilevered balconies and terraces, using limestone for all verticals and concrete for the horizontals. The house cost $155,000, including the architect's fee of $8,000. Kaufmann's own engineers argued that the design was not sound. They were overruled by Wright, but the contractor secretly added extra steel to the horizontal concrete elements. In 1994, Robert Silman and Associates examined the building and developed a plan to restore the structure. In the late 1990s, steel supports were added under the lowest cantilever until a detailed structural analysis could be done. In March 2002, post-tensioning of the lowest terrace was completed. This article is about the house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Edgar J. Kaufmann, (1885-1955), was a prominent businessman and a philanthropist who owned the best-known department store in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the twentieth century. ... Nature reserve in Pensylvania on which Fallling Water is located ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... This article is about the construction material. ... This article or section should be merged with Prestressed concrete Post-tensioned concrete is the descriptive term for a method of reinforcing concrete by applying compression to poured concrete after the curing process (in situ). ...


It was also in the 1930s that Wright first designed Usonian houses. Intended to be highly practical houses for middle-class clients, the designs were based on a simple, yet elegant geometry. He would later use similar elementary forms in his First Unitarian Meeting House built in Madison, Wisconsin, between 1946 and 1951.[8] Usonia is a term used by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright to refer to his vision for the landscape of the United States, including the planning of cities and the architecture of buildings. ... First Unitarian Society of Madison (FUS) is a Unitarian Universalist congregation in Shorewood Hills, a suburb of of Madison, Wisconsin, USA, . Its meeting house was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ...


Wright is responsible for a series of extremely original concepts of suburban development united under the term Broadacre City. He proposed the idea in his book The Disappearing City in 1932, and unveiled a 12 foot square model of this community of the future, showing it in several venues in the following years. He went on developing the idea until his death. Broadacre City was an urban or suburban development concept proposed by Frank Lloyd Wright late in his life. ...

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, New York (1959)
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, New York (1959)

His Usonian homes set a new style for suburban design that was a feature of countless developers. Many features of modern American homes date back to Wright; open plans, slab-on-grade foundations, and simplified construction techniques that allowed more mechanization or at least efficiency in building. Image File history File linksMetadata Guggenheim_museum_exterior. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Guggenheim_museum_exterior. ... The front of the Guggenheim Museum from 5th Avenue This article refers to the Guggenheim Museum in the upper east side of Manhattan (New York). ...


The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City is a building that occupied Wright for 16 years (1943–1959)[9] and is probably his most recognized masterpiece. The building rises as a warm beige spiral from its site on Fifth Avenue; its interior is similar to the inside of a seashell. Its unique central geometry was meant to allow visitors to experience Guggenheim's collection of nonobjective geometric paintings with ease by taking an elevator to the top level and then viewing artworks by walking down the slowly descending, central spiral ramp, which features a floor embedded with circular shapes and triangular light fixtures to complement the geometric nature of the structure. Unfortunately, when the museum was completed, a number of important details of Wright's design were ignored, including his desire for the interior to be painted off-white. Furthermore, the Museum currently designs exhibits to be viewed by walking up the curved walkway rather than walking down from the top level. The front of the Guggenheim Museum from 5th Avenue This article refers to the Guggenheim Museum in the upper east side of Manhattan (New York). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Street sign at Fifth Avenue and East 57th street Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in New York City. ... Guggenheim can be a reference to any of a number of members or interests of the Meyer Guggenheim family, including: Meyer Guggenheim, or his descendants: Guggenheim family; The Guggenheim Museums; foundations such as the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (see also Guggenheim Fellowship), and the Harry...

Wright's Price Tower in Bartlesville, Oklahoma
Wright's Price Tower in Bartlesville, Oklahoma

The Price Tower is a nineteen story, 221 foot high tower in Bartlesville, Oklahoma that was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. It is the only realized skyscraper by Wright, and is one of only two vertically-oriented Wright structures extant (the other is the S.C. Johnson Wax Research Tower in Racine, Wisconsin). The Price Tower was commissioned by Harold C. Price of the H. C. Price Company, a local oil pipeline and chemical firm. It opened to the public in February 1956. On March 29, 2007, Price Tower was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of the Interior, one of only twenty such properties in the state of Oklahoma. [10] Image File history File links Price_tower. ... Image File history File links Price_tower. ... Bartlesville is a city in Osage and Washington counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. ... Price Tower, Bartlesville Oklahoma The Price Tower is a skyscraper designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in Bartlesville, Oklahoma . ... Bartlesville is a city in Osage and Washington counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Exterior, viewed towards the east, of the Johnson Wax Headquarters building Johnson Wax Headquarters (1936-1939), the world headquarters and administration building of the SC Johnson Wax Company in Racine, Wisconsin was designed by American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, for the companys president, Herbert F. Hib Johnson. ... Racine is the name of several communities in the United States of America: Racine, Wisconsin, the largest Racine Racine, Minnesota Racine, Missouri Racine, Ohio Racine, West Virginia Racine County, Wisconsin Jean Racine was a 17th century French dramatist. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Other projects

Wright designed over 400 built structures[11] of which about 300 survive as of 2005. Four have been lost to forces of nature: the waterfront house for W. L. Fuller in Pass Christian, Mississippi, destroyed by Hurricane Camille in August 1969; the Louis Sullivan Bungalow, and the James Charnley Bungalow of Ocean Springs, Mississippi, destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005; and the Arinobu Fukuhara House (1918) in Hakone, Japan, destroyed in the Great Kantō Earthquake of 1923. The Ennis House in California has also been damaged by earthquake and rain-induced ground movement. In January, 2006, the Wynant House in Gary, Indiana was destroyed by fire.[12] 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pass Christian (pronounce [1]) is a city in Harrison County, Mississippi, United States, along the Gulf of Mexico. ... Lowest pressure 905 mbar (hPa; 26. ... The Louis Sullivan Bungalow was a vacation home for noted architect Louis Sullivan on the Gulf Coast in Ocean Springs, Mississippi. ... Location of city of Ocean Springs, Mississippi (right) on the Gulf of Mexico Ocean Springs is a city in Jackson County, Mississippi, about 2 miles east of Biloxi. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... Mount Fuji from Mt. ... A view of the destruction in Yokohama. ... Ennis House The Ennis House is a building located in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. ... Gary redirects here. ...

Imperial Hotel, Tokyo (1923)
Imperial Hotel, Tokyo (1923)

In addition, other buildings were intentionally demolished during and after Wright's lifetime, such as: Midway Gardens (1913, Chicago, Illinois) and the Larkin Administration Building (1903, Buffalo, New York) were destroyed in 1929 and 1950 respectively; the Francis Apartments and Francisco Terrace Apartments (both located in Chicago and designed in 1895) were destroyed in 1971 and 1974, respectively; the Geneva Inn (1911) in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin was destroyed in 1970; and the Banff National Park Pavilion (1911) in Alberta, Canada was destroyed in 1939. The Imperial Hotel, in Tokyo (1913) survived the Great Kantō earthquake but was demolished in 1968 due to urban developmental pressures.[13] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Larkin Administration Building in 1906 The Larkin Administration Building was designed in 1904 by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Larkin Soap Company of Buffalo, New York, at 680 Seneca Street. ... Location of Lake Geneva, Wisconsin Road sign For the lake in Wisconsin, see Geneva Lake. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... Facade and pool of Imperial Hotel in the Museum Meiji-Mura Tokyos Imperial Hotel was the best-known of Frank Lloyd Wrights buildings in Japan. ...


One of his projects, Monona Terrace, originally designed in 1937 as municipal offices for Madison, Wisconsin, was completed in 1997 on the original site, using a variation of Wright's final design for the exterior with the interior design altered by its new purpose as a convention center. The "as-built" design was carried out by Wright's apprentice Tony Puttnam. Monona Terrace was accompanied by controversy throughout the sixty years between the original design and the completion of the structure.[14] Monona Terrace Monona Terrace (view from the lake) Frank Lloyd Wright inspired the design of Monona Terrace, a community and convention center on the shores of Lake Monona in Madison, Wisconsin. ...


A lesser known project that never came to fruition was Wright's plan for Emerald Bay, Lake Tahoe.[15] Few Tahoe locals are even aware of the iconic American architect's plan for their natural treasure. This article is about the lake in California/Nevada. ...


Wright also built several houses in the Los Angeles area, currently open to the public are the Hollyhock House (Aline Barnsdall Residence) in Hollywood and the shops at Anderton Court in Beverly Hills. the Hollyhock House The Aline Barnsdall Hollyhock House is a building in East Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, which was originally designed by Frank Lloyd Wright as a residence for oil heiress Aline Barnsdall, built in 1919-1921. ...


Following the Hollyhock House, Wright used an innovative building process in 1923 and 1924, which he called the textile block system where buildings were constructed with precast concrete blocks with a patterned, squarish exterior surface: The Alice Millard House (Pasadena), the John Storer House (West Hollywood), the Samuel Freeman House (Hollywood) and the Ennis House in the Griffith Park area of Los Angeles. During the past two decades the Ennis House has become popular as an exotic, nearby shooting location to Hollywood TV and movie makers. He also designed a fifth textile block house for Aline Barnsdall, the Community Playhouse ("Little Dipper"), which was never constructed. Frank Lloyd Wright's son, Lloyd Wright, supervised construction for the Storer, Freeman and Ennis House. Ennis House The Ennis House is a building located in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. ... Frank Lloyd Wright, Jr. ...


Most of these houses are private residences and closed to the public because of renovation, including the Sturgis House (Brentwood) and the Arch Oboler Gatehouse & Studio (Malibu).


Oak Park, Illinois, a Chicago suburb, has the largest collection of Wright houses, as well as Wright's home and studio, which are open for public tours. Tours of certain homes occur during the year. The Unity Temple is located on Lake Street in Oak Park. The Cheney House, Edwin and Mamah Cheney's residence, has been a bed and breakfast for many years. Beside the home's beauty, it contains a stunning in-law suite on the lower level. Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ... Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ...


Florida Southern College, located in Lakeland, Florida, constructed 12 (out of 18 planned) Frank Lloyd Wright buildings between 1941 and 1958 as part of the Child of the Sun project. Florida Southern College is a private college located in Lakeland, Florida. ... A view of Lakelands business district, early 1920s Lakeland is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States, located approximately midway between Tampa and Orlando along Interstate 4. ... Child of the Sun is the title for a group of buildings designed for the campus of the Florida Southern College in Lakeland, Florida by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright from 1941 through 1958. ...


Gordon House is Wright's last Usonian design which was completed in 1963. It is open for public access at the Oregon Garden. Oregon Gardens main pond. ...


Wright's last design and first European project?

In late 2007 a design signed off by Wright shortly before his death in 1959 – possibly his last completed design – was realised in the Republic of Ireland. Wright scholar and devotee Marc Coleman worked closely with the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation, dealing with E. Thomas Casey, the last surviving architect who trained under Wright. Working with the Foundation, Coleman selected an unbuilt design which was originally commissioned for Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Wieland and due to be built in Maryland, USA. However, the Wielands subsequently had financial problems and the design was shelved. The Foundation looked through their archive of 380 unbuilt designs and selected 4 for Coleman which were the closest fit for his site. In the end he chose the Wieland house, largely due to the fact that the topography of his site is virtually identical to that which the building was originally designed for. The completed house,[16] only the fourth country in which a Wright design has been realised, is attracting broad interest from the international architectural community. Casey visited the site in county Wicklow, but sadly died before construction began. Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N...


Community Planning

Frank Lloyd Wright was interested in site and community planning throughout his career. His commissions and theories on urban design began as early as 1900 and continued until his death. He has 41 commissions that are of a scale that can be considered community planning or urban design.[17] His thoughts on suburban design started in 1901 with an article in Ladies Home Journal. The article was designed to showcase “New Series of Model Suburban Houses Which Can Be Built as Moderate Cost” Not only did Wright submit a home design he went further and proposed the Quadruple Block Plan as a proposed subdivision layout.[18] This design strayed from traditional suburban lot layouts and set houses on small square blocks of four equal sized lots surrounded on all sides by roads. The houses were set toward the center of the block so that each maximized the yard space and included private space in the center. This also allowed for far more interesting views from each house. This design would have eliminated the straight rows of houses on parallel streets with boring views of the front of each house. His first commission using the Quadruple Block Plan was for Charles E. Roberts in 1903, and he continued to push his concept in many of his large scale designs through the end of his career.[19] The more ambitious designs of entire communities were exemplified by his entry into the City Club of Chicago Land Development Competition in 1913. The contest was for the development of a suburban quarter section. This design expanded on the Quadruple Block Plan and included several social levels. The design shows the placement of the upscale homes in the most desirable areas and the blue collar homes and apartments separated by parks and common spaces. The design also included all the amenities of a small city: schools, museums, markets, etc.[20] This view of decentralization was later reinforced by theoretical Broadacre City design. The philosophy behind his community planning was decentralization. The new development must be away from the cities. In this decentralized America, all services and facilities could coexist “factories side by side with farm and home.”[21] Notable Community Planning Designs Broadacre City was an urban or suburban development concept proposed by Frank Lloyd Wright late in his life. ...


1901 – Quadruple Block Plan – “Ladies Home Journal” February 1901, April 1901
1903 – Charles R. Roberts – 24 homes – Oak Park, IL
1909 – Bitter Root Town Plan – Town site development for new town in the Bitterroot Valley, MT
1913 – Chicago Land Development competition – Suburban Chicago quarter section
1934–1959 – Broadacre City – Theoretical decentralized city plan – exhibits of large scale model
1938 – Suntop Homes – low cost housing alternative to suburban development
1941 – Cloverleaf Housing Project – commission from Federal Works Agency Division of Defense Housing – multifamily layout State nickname: Treasure State Other U.S. States Capital Helena Largest city Billings Governor Brian Schweitzer Official languages English Area 381,156 km² (4th)  - Land 377,295 km²  - Water 3,862 km² (1%) Population (2000)  - Population 902,194 (44th)  - Density 2. ... Broadacre City was an urban or suburban development concept proposed by Frank Lloyd Wright late in his life. ...


Death and legacy

Turmoil followed Wright even many years after his death on April 9, 1959. His third wife Olgivanna continued to run the Fellowship after Wright's death, until her own death in Scottsdale, Arizona in 1985. In 1985, following the death of Olgivanna, it was learned that her dying wish had been that Wright, her daughter by a first marriage and herself all be cremated and relocated to Scottsdale, Arizona. During the nearly 30-year period before Olgivanna's death, Wright's body had lain interred in the Lloyd-Jones cemetery, next to the Unity Chapel, near Taliesin, Wright's later-life home in Spring Green, Wisconsin. (The Unity Chapel, designed by Joseph Silsbee, should not be confused with the much larger and vastly more famous Unity Temple, designed by Wright and located in Oak Park, IL. Wright was the draughtsman for the design of the Unity Chapel.) Olgivanna's plan to exhume her late-husband and cremate him, her daughter and herself called for a memorial garden, already in the works, to be finished and prepared for their remains. Despite the fact that the garden had yet to be finished, his remains were prepared and sent to Scottsdale where they waited in storage for an unidentified amount of time before being interred in the memorial area. Today, anyone who visits the small cemetery south of Spring Green, Wisconsin and a long stone's throw from Taliesin to look upon a gravestone marked with Wright's name will be visiting an empty grave.[22] is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... Spring Green is a village located in Sauk County, Wisconsin. ...


Personal style and concepts

Wright practiced what is known as organic architecture, an architecture that evolves naturally out of the context, most importantly for him the relationship between the site and the building and the needs of the client. Houses in wooded regions, for instance, made heavy use of wood, desert houses had rambling floor plans and heavy use of stone, and houses in rocky areas such as Los Angeles were built mainly of cinder block. Wright's creations took his concern with organic architecture down to the smallest details. From his largest commercial commissions to the relatively modest Usonian houses, Wright conceived virtually every detail of both the external design and the internal fixtures, including furniture, carpets, windows, doors, tables and chairs, light fittings and decorative elements. He was one of the first architects to design and supply custom-made, purpose-built furniture and fittings that functioned as integrated parts of the whole design, and he often returned to earlier commissions to redesign internal fittings. His Prairie houses use themed, coordinated design elements (often based on plant forms) that are repeated in windows, carpets and other fittings. He made innovative use of new building materials such as precast concrete blocks, glass bricks and zinc cames (instead of the traditional lead) for his leadlight windows, and he famously used Pyrex glass tubing as a major element in the Johnson Wax Headquarters. Wright was also one of the first architects to design and install custom-made electric light fittings, including some of the very first electric floor lamps, and his very early use of the then-novel spherical glass lampshade (a design previously not possible due to the physical restrictions of gas lighting). Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world through design approaches so sympathetic and well integrated with its site that buildings, furnishings, and surroundings become part of a unified, interrelated composition. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... A stack of rectangular cinder blocks A cinder block (also mistakenly called a concrete block), breeze block, or Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU), is a rectangular block or brick used in construction. ... A precast concrete walled house in construction Precast concrete is an ancient type of construction material made with concrete cast in a reusable mold or form and cured in a controlled environment, then transported to the construction site and lifted into place. ... A came is a divider bar used between small pieces of glass to make a larger glazing panel, sometimes referred to as leaded glass. ... // For the programming language, see Pyrex (programming language). ... Johnson Wax Headquarters (1936-1939), the world headquarters and administration building of the SC Johnson Wax Company in Racine, Wisconsin was designed by American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, for the companys president, Herbert F. Hib Johnson. ...

Wright-designed window in Robie House, Chicago (1906)
Wright-designed window in Robie House, Chicago (1906)

As Wright's career progressed, so as well did the mechanization of the glass industry. Wright fully embraced glass in his designs and found that it fit well into his philosophy of organic architecture. Glass allowed for interaction and viewing of the outdoors while still protecting from the elements. In 1928, Wright wrote an essay on glass in which he compared it to the mirrors of nature: lakes, rivers and ponds. One of Wright's earliest uses of glass in his works was to string panes of glass along whole walls in an attempt to create light screens to join together solid walls. By utilizing this large amount of glass, Wright sought to achieve a balance between the lightness and airiness of the glass and the solid, hard walls. Arguably, Wright's most well-known art glass is that of the Prairie style. The simple geometric shapes that yield to very ornate and intricate windows represent some of the most integral ornamentation of his career.[23] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (859x673, 117 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (859x673, 117 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frank Lloyd Wright Robie House ... The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world through design approaches so sympathetic and well integrated with its site that buildings, furnishings, and surroundings become part of a unified, interrelated composition. ...


Often, Wright designed not only the buildings, but the furniture as well. Some of the built-in furniture remains, while other restorations have included replacement pieces created using his plans. For the UK band, see Furniture (band). ...


Wright responded to the transformation of domestic life that occurred at the turn of the twentieth century, when servants became a less prominent or completely absent feature of most American households, by developing homes with progressively more open plans. This allowed the woman of the house to work in her 'workspace', as he often called the kitchen, yet keep track of and be available for the children and/or guests in the dining room. Much of modern architecture, including the early work of Mies van der Rohe, can be traced back to Wright's innovative work. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies) (March 27, 1886 - August 17, 1969) was an architect and designer. ...


Wright also designed some of his own clothing. His fashion sense was unique and he usually wore expensive suits, flowing neckties, and capes. He drove a custom yellow raceabout in the Prairie years, a red Cord convertible in the 1930s, a famously customized 1940 Lincoln for many years, each of which earned him many speeding tickets. A 1929 Cord L-29 Phaeton on display at the 2005 United States Grand Prix Cord L-29. ...


Colleagues and influences

Wright would rarely credit any influences on his designs, but most architects, historians and scholars agree he had five major influences:
1. Louis Sullivan, whom he considered to be his 'Lieber Meister' (dear master),
2. Nature, particularly shapes/forms and colors/patterns of plant life,
3. Music (his favorite composer was Ludwig van Beethoven),
4. Japan (as in art, prints, buildings),
5. Froebel Gifts[citation needed] Louis Henri Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... The Froebel Gifts are a range of educational materials designed by Friedrich Froebel. ...


He also routinely claimed his employees' work as his own design[citation needed] but, as with any architect, Wright worked in a collaborative process and drew his ideas from the work of others. In his earlier days, Wright worked with some of the top architects of the Chicago School, including Sullivan. In his Prairie School days, Wright's office was populated by many talented architects including Marion Mahony Griffin and Walter Burley Griffin. Chicago architecture is famous throughout the world and one style is referred to as the Chicago School. ... It has been suggested that Prairie Houses be merged into this article or section. ... Watercolour from the Canberra Design Artists Studio (Section). ... Walter Burley Griffin and his wife Marion Mahony Griffin, in Sydney in 1930 Walter Burley Griffin (November 24, 1876 - February 11, 1937) was an American architect and landscape architect best known for his role in designing Canberra, Australias capital city. ...


Rudolf Schindler worked for Wright on the Imperial hotel. His own work is often credited as influencing Wright's Usonian houses. Schindler's friend Richard Neutra also worked briefly for Wright and became an internationally successful architect. Lovell Beach House, Los Angeles California Rudolf Michael Schindler (1887–1953) was an Austrian-American architect who worked in Los Angeles during the mid-20th century. ... Kaufmann House, Palm Springs, California. ...


Later in the Taliesin days, Wright employed many architects and artists who later become notable, such as John Lautner, E. Fay Jones, Henry Klumb and Paolo Soleri in architecture and Santiago Martinez Delgado in the arts. As a young man, actor Anthony Quinn applied to study with Wright at Taliesin. However, Wright suggested that he first take voice lessons to help overcome a speech impediment. Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin was the summer home of American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright. ... John Lautner (16 July 1911 – 24 October 1994), influential American architect whose work in Southern California combines progressive engineering with humane design and dramatic space-age flair. ... Jones Thorncrown Chapel E. Fay Jones, (born 31 January 1921, died 31 August 2004) was a noted American architect and designer. ... Henry Klumb Architect. ... Paolo Soleri (June 21, 1919, Turin, Italy) is an Italian-American visionary architect with a life-long commitment to research and experimentation in design and town planning. ... Master Santiago Martinez Delgado. ... For other people named Anthony Quinn see Anthony Quinn (disambiguation) Anthony Quinn (April 21, 1915 – June 3, 2001) was a two-time Academy Award-winning Mexican/American actor, as well as a painter and writer. ...


Bruce Goff never worked for Wright but maintained correspondence with him. Their works can be seen to parallel each other. Bruce Alonzo Goff (June 8, 1904 – August 4, 1982) was an American architect. ...


Recognition

1966 U.S. postage stamp honoring Frank Lloyd Wright
1966 U.S. postage stamp honoring Frank Lloyd Wright

Later in his life and well after his death in 1959, Wright received much honorary recognition for his lifetime achievements. He received Gold Medal awards from The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1941 and the American Institute of Architects(AIA) in 1949. He also received honorary degrees from several universities (including his "alma mater", the University of Wisconsin) and several nations named him as an honorary board member to their national academies of art and/or architecture. In 2000, Fallingwater was named "The Building of the 20th century" in an unscientific "Top-Ten" poll taken by members attending the AIA annual convention in Philadelphia. On that list, Wright was listed along with many of the U.S.A.'s other greatest architects including Eero Saarinen, I.M. Pei, Louis Kahn, Phillip Johnson and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and he was the only architect who had more than one building on the list. The other three buildings were the Guggenheim Museum, the Frederick C. Robie House and the Johnson Wax Building. Image File history File links FrankLloydWright1966USstamp. ... Image File history File links FrankLloydWright1966USstamp. ... The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects in the United Kingdom. ... The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional organization for architects in the United States. ... This article is about the house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Saarinens Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the rivers edge. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (貝聿銘 pinyin Bèi Yùmíng) is a Chinese American architect born in Suzhou, China on April 26, 1917. ... Salk Institute, La Jolla, California Louis Isadore Kahn (February 20, 1901/1902 – March 17, 1974) was a world-renowned architect who practiced in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Phillip, Philip, or Phil Johnson may refer to: Philip C. Johnson, Noted American architect. ... Ludwig Mies van der Rohe born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German architect. ... The front of the Guggenheim Museum from 5th Avenue This article refers to the Guggenheim Museum in the upper east side of Manhattan (New York). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Robie House The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... Exterior, viewed towards the east, of the Johnson Wax Headquarters building Johnson Wax Headquarters (1936-1939), the world headquarters and administration building of the SC Johnson Wax Company in Racine, Wisconsin was designed by American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, for the companys president, Herbert F. Hib Johnson. ...


In 1992 The Madison Opera in Madison, Wisconsin commissioned and premiered the opera Shining Brow, by composer Daron Hagen and librettist Paul Muldoon based on events early in Wright's life. The work has since received numerous revivals. In 2000, Work Song: Three Views of Frank Lloyd Wright, a play based on the relationship between the personal and working aspects of Wright's life, debuted at the Milwaukee Repertory Theater. History and Achievements Madison Opera was born in 1961 as a child of the Madison Symphony Orchestra. ... For other uses, see Madison (disambiguation). ... Shining Brow is an English language opera by Daron Hagen, first performed by the Madison Opera in Madison, Wisconsin, April 21, 1992. ... Daron Aric Hagen Daron Aric Hagen (born November 4, 1961, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is an American composer of contemporary classical music and opera. ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... Paul Muldoon (b. ...


On June 8 2005, a Google Doodle was displayed on Google's homepage, celebrating his birthday.


Wright-designed houses available for rent

Perhaps one of the most unique ways that Wright is recognized today is the fact that several properties [1] designed by him are actually available to house overnight guests who, more than simply touring his houses, want to "live" in one, albeit for a night or two. Some of the homes include the Louis Penfield House in Ohio, the Haynes House in Indiana, the Schwartz House in Wisconsin, the Duncan House in Pennsylvania and the Seth Peterson Cottage in Wisconsin.


Family

Frank Lloyd Wright was married three times and fathered seven children: four sons and three daughters. He also adopted Svetlana Wright Peters, the daughter of his third wife, Olgivanna Lloyd Wright.


One of Wright's sons, Frank Lloyd Wright Jr., known as Lloyd Wright, was also a notable architect in Los Angeles. Lloyd Wright's son (and Wright's grandson), Eric Lloyd Wright, is currently an architect in Malibu, California where he has a practice of mostly residences, but also civic and commercial buildings. Frank Lloyd Wright, Jr. ... Eric Lloyd Wright is an architect and founder of Wright Way Organic Resource Center [1] in Malibu, CA. During Erics early years in architecture, he was an apprentice to his grandfather, Frank Lloyd Wright and his father, Lloyd Wright. ... Location of Malibu in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1991-03-28 [2] Government  - Mayor Jeff Jennings [1] Area  - Total 100. ...


Another son and architect, John Lloyd Wright, invented Lincoln Logs in 1918, and practiced extensively in the San Diego area. John's daughter, Elizabeth Ingraham, is an architect in Colorado. She is the mother of Christine, an interior designer in Connecticut, and Catherine, an architecture professor at the Pratt Institute.[24] John Lloyd Wright (1892 - 1972) was a U.S. architect and toy inventor. ... A farm made from Lincoln Logs. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Pratt Institute is a specialized, private college in New York City with campuses in Manhattan and Brooklyn, as well as in Utica, New York. ...


The Oscar-winning actress Anne Baxter was another granddaughter. Anne was the daughter of Catherine Baxter, from Wright's first marriage. Anne's daughter, Melissa Galt, currently lives and works in Atlanta as an interior designer.[24] For the fictional soap opera character, see Anne Baxter (Neighbours). ...


A great-grandson of Wright, S. Lloyd Natof, currently lives and works in Chicago as a master woodworker who specializes in the design and creation of custom wood furniture.[25]


Selected works

Taliesin West Panorama from the "bow" looking at the "ship"
Taliesin West Panorama from the "bow" looking at the "ship"

This is a list of houses, structures, and other works by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 790 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (808 × 613 pixel, file size: 523 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 790 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (808 × 613 pixel, file size: 523 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Westcott House is a Frank Lloyd Wright designed Prairie Style house in Springfield, Ohio. ... Springfield is the county seat of Clark County in the State of Ohio. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ... The Winslow House is a building designed by famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright. ... River Forest is a suburban village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... The Ward W. Willits House is a building designed by famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Incorporated City in 1869. ... The Dana-Thomas House (built 1902-04) is an expression of architect Frank Lloyd Wrights Prairie Style. ... : Home of President Abraham Lincoln United States Illinois Sangamon 60. ... The Larkin Administration Building in 1906 The Larkin Administration Building was designed in 1904 by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Larkin Soap Company of Buffalo, New York, at 680 Seneca Street. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie First Settled 1789 Founded 1801 Incorporated (City) 1832 Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... Darwin D. Martin House, Buffalo, New York Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), perhaps the most famous architect of the United States, designed the Darwin D. Martin House Complex built between 1903 and 1905 and located at 125 Jewett Parkway in Buffalo, New York. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie First Settled 1789 Founded 1801 Incorporated (City) 1832 Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... In 1905, after the original Unity Church burned down, the Unitarian congregation of Oak Park, Illinois turned to architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design them a new structure. ... Downtown (Oak Park Avenue) Ernest Hemingway Museum Oak Park, Illinois Lake Theater and shops along Lake Street. ... The Westcott House is a Frank Lloyd Wright designed Prairie Style house in Springfield, Ohio. ... // Look up Springfield in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Download high resolution version (1007x661, 769 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1007x661, 769 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Frederick C. Robie House or simply the Robie House is a Registered Historic Place in the city of Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Taliesins drafting studio (left) and living quarters (right) as seen from the crown of its hill. ... Spring Green is a village located in Sauk County, Wisconsin. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Facade and pool of Imperial Hotel in the Museum Meiji-Mura Tokyos Imperial Hotel was the best-known of Frank Lloyd Wrights buildings in Japan. ... Tokyo (東京; Tōkyō, lit. ... Meiji Mura in Inuyama preserves the main lobby of the old Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Imperial Hotel Meiji Mura (or Meiji Village) is an open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, near Nagoya in Aichi prefecture, Japan. ... Nagoya Castle in June of 2004. ... the Hollyhock House The Aline Barnsdall Hollyhock House is a building in East Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, which was originally designed by Frank Lloyd Wright as a residence for oil heiress Aline Barnsdall, built in 1919-1921. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Ennis House The Ennis House is a building located in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (864x229, 151 KB) Summary Panoramic view of FLWs western paradice. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (864x229, 151 KB) Summary Panoramic view of FLWs western paradice. ... Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ... The Graycliff estate was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) and was built between 1926 and 1929. ... See Buffalo for other places with this name. ... This article is about the house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Nature reserve in Pensylvania on which Fallling Water is located ... Johnson Wax Headquarters (1936-1939), the world headquarters and administration building of the SC Johnson Wax Company in Racine, Wisconsin was designed by American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, for the companys president, Herbert F. Hib Johnson. ... Racine is a city in Racine County, Wisconsin, United States, located beside Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Root River. ... Wingspread is a house designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright for Herbert Fisk Johnson and built in 1938-39 near Racine, Wisconsin. ... Wind Point is a village located in Racine County, Wisconsin. ... Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... Usonia is a term used by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright to refer to his vision for the landscape of the United States, including the planning of cities and the architecture of buildings. ... Florida Southern College is a private college located in Lakeland, Florida. ... First Unitarian Society of Madison (FUS) is a Unitarian Universalist congregation in Shorewood Hills, a suburb of of Madison, Wisconsin, USA, . Its meeting house was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Shorewood Hills is a village located in Dane County, Wisconsin. ... Herman T. Mossberg Residence is a house designed by famous American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. ... This article is about the city in Indiana, US. For other uses of the name South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ... Thomas Keys Residence. ... Coordinates: , Country State County Olmsted Founded 1854 Government  - Mayor Ardell Brede Area  - Total 39. ... The Louis Penfield House is a house built by Frank Lloyd Wright, located in Willoughby Hills, Ohio. ... Willoughby Hills is a city located in Lake County, Ohio. ... Price Tower, Bartlesville Oklahoma The Price Tower is a skyscraper designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in Bartlesville, Oklahoma . ... Bartlesville is a city in Osage and Washington counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. ... Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church in Milwaukee, Wisconsin was designed by famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1956, and completed in 1961. ... Village of Wauwatosa along the banks of the Menomonee River Wauwatosa is a city in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. ... Marin County Civic Center, the only public building designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, is located in San Rafael, California. ... San Rafael (IPA: ; originally IPA: ), is the county seat of Marin County, California, United States. ... Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction drama film written and directed by Andrew Niccol, starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman and Jude Law with supporting roles played by Loren Dean, Gore Vidal and Alan Arkin. ... THX 1138 was George Lucas first full length movie. ... Chauncey Village area of West Lafayette West Lafayette (IPA: ) is a city in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States, 65 miles (105km) northwest of Indianapolis. ... Kentuck Knob, also known as the Hagan House, is a National Register of Historic Places site designed by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright in rural Stewart Township near the village of Chalk Hill, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, 50 miles southeast of Pittsburgh. ... Ohiopyle is a borough in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... In 1956, Frank Lloyd Wright proposed a mile-high (1,609 metres/5,280 feet) structure known as either Mile High Illinois, Illinois Sky-City, or simply The Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... An Auditorium designed by the world-famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ...

References

Works Cited in Article

  1. ^ Brewster, Mike. "Frank Lloyd Wright: America's Architect", Business Week, The McGraw-Hill Companies, 2004-07-28. Retrieved on 2008-01-22. 
  2. ^ An Autobiography, by Frank Lloyd Wright, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, New York City, 1943, p. 51
  3. ^ Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography, by Meryle Secrest, University of Chicago Press, 1992, p.72
  4. ^ Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography, by Meryle Secrest, p. 82
  5. ^ My Father: Frank Lloyd Wright, by John Lloyd Wright; 1992; page 35
  6. ^ Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography, by Meryle Secrest, Alfred A. Knopf, 1993, p. 202
  7. ^ Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography, by Meryle Secrest, p. 315–317
  8. ^ First Unitarian Society - About the Meeting House
  9. ^ Guggenheim Museum - History
  10. ^ National Park Service - National Historic Landmarks Designated, 13 April 2007
  11. ^ The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: A Complete Catalog, by William Allin Storrer, University of Chicago Press, 1992 (third edition)
  12. ^ Preservation Online: Today's News Archives: Fire Guts Rare FLW House in Indiana
  13. ^ Berstein, Fred A. "Near Nagoya, Architecture From When the East Looked West," New York Times. April 2, 2006.
  14. ^ Monona Terrace Convention Center, history web page
  15. ^ Frank Lloyd Wright Emerald Bay, Lake Tahoe
  16. ^ Right On - Late 1950s Frank Lloyd Wright design realised in Wicklow
  17. ^ Wrightscapes: Frank Lloyd Wright's Landscape Designs, Charles E. and Berdeana Aguar, McGraw-Hill, 2002, p.344
  18. ^ Wrightscapes:Frank Lloyd Wright's Landscape Designs, Charles E. and Berdeana Aguar, McGraw-Hill, 2002, p.51–54
  19. ^ Wrightscapes:Frank Lloyd Wright's Landscape Designs, Charles E. and Berdeana Aguar, McGraw-Hill, 2002, p.56
  20. ^ "Undoing the City: Frank Lloyd Wright's Planned Communities," American Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 4 (Oct., 1972), p. 544
  21. ^ "Undoing the City: Frank Lloyd Wright's Planned Communities," American Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 4 (Oct., 1972), p. 542
  22. ^ Frank Lloyd Wright: A Biography, Meryle Secrest, University of Chicago Press, 1992.
  23. ^ Frank Lloyd Wright's Glass Designs, Carla Lind, Pomegranate Artbooks/Archetype Press, 1995.
  24. ^ a b Mann, Leslie. "Reflecting pools: Descendants follow in Frank Lloyd Wright's footsteps", Chicago Tribune, 2008-02-01. Retrieved on 2008-03-28. 
  25. ^ "The Short List", Chicago Magazine, November 2006. Retrieved on 2008-03-10. 

Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Selected books and articles on Wright’s philosophy

  • An Autobiography, by Frank Lloyd Wright (1943, Duell, Sloan and Pearce / 2005, Pomegranate; ISBN 0-7649-3243-8)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright, by Robert McCarter (1991, Princeton Architectural Press; ISBN 1878271261)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright’s Usonian Homes: Designs for Moderate Cost One-Family Homes, by John Sergeant (1984, Watson-Guptill; ISBN 0823071782)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright’s Usonian Homes (Wright at a Glance Series), by Carla Lind (1994, Pomegranate Communications; ISBN 1566409985)
  • "In the Cause of Architecture," Architectural Record, March, 1908, by Frank Lloyd Wright. Published in Frank Lloyd Wright: Collected Writings, vol. 1 (1992, Rizzoli; ISBN 0-8478-1546-3)
  • Natural House, The, by Frank Lloyd Wright (1954, Horizon Press; ISBN 0517020785)
  • Taliesin Reflections: My Years Before, During, and After Living with Frank Lloyd Wright, by Earl Nisbet (2006, Meridian Press; ISBN 0-9778951-0-6)
  • Truth Against the World: Frank Lloyd Wright Speaks for an Organic Architecture, ed. by Patrick Meehan (1987, Wiley; ISBN 0471845094)
  • Understanding Frank Lloyd Wright's Architecture, by Donald Hoffman (1995, Dover Publications; ISBN 048628364X)
  • Usonia : Frank Lloyd Wright's Design for America, Alvin Rosenbaum (1993, Preservation Press; ISBN 0891332014)

Biographies of Wright

  • Frank Lloyd Wright: Architecture, man in possession of his earth, by Iovanna Lloyd Wright (1962, Doubleday; OCLC 31514669)
  • Many Masks, by Brendan Gill (1987, Putnam; ISBN 0399132325)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright, by Ada Louise Huxtable (2004, Lipper/Viking; ISBN 0670033421)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: a Biography, by Meryle Secrest (1992, Knopf; ISBN 0394564367)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: His Life and Architecture, by Robert Twombly (1979, Wiley; ISBN 0471034002)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: by Vaccaro, Tony, (2002, Kultur-unterm-Schirm)
  • The Fellowship: The Untold Story of Frank Lloyd Wright and the Taliesin Fellowship, by Roger Friedland and Harold Zellman (2006, Regan Books; ISBN 0060393882)

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ...

Selected survey books on Wright’s work

  • Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, The, by Neil Levine (1996, Princeton University Press; ISBN 0691033714)
  • Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright: A Complete Catalog, The, by William Allin Storrer (2007 updated 3rd. ed., University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0-226-77620-4)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: America’s Master Architect, by Kathryn Smith (1998, Abbeville Press; ISBN 0789202875)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: Architect, by the Museum of Modern Art (1994, ISBN 087070642X)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright Companion, The, by William Allin Storrer (2006 Rev. Ed., University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0-226-77621-2)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: Masterworks, by Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer (1993, Rizzoli; ISBN 0847817156)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: Building for Democracy, by Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer (2004, Taschen; ISBN 3-8228-2757-6)
  • Wrightscapes: Frank Lloyd Wright’s Landscape Designs, by Charles and Berdeana Aguar (2003, McGraw-Hill; ISBN 007140953X)
  • Wright Space: Pattern and Meaning in Frank Lloyd Wright's Houses by Grant Hildebrand (1991, University of Washington Press; ISBN 0295970057)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright Field Guide, by Thomas A. Heinz (1999, Academy Editions; ISBN 0-8101-2244-8)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright's Glass Designs, by Carla Lind (1995, Pomegranate; ISBN 0876544685)

Selected books about specific Wright projects

  • Fallingwater Rising: Frank Lloyd Wright, E. J. Kaufmann, and America's Most Extraordinary House, by Franklin Toker (2003, Knopf; ISBN 1400040264)

See also

The Wasmuth portfolio (named after the German publisher), was one of Frank Lloyd Wrights first published works. ... Richard W. Bock (1865-1949) was a American sculptor and associate of Frank Lloyd Wright. ... This tomb on Appian Way in Rome features extensive Roman brickwork. ... Jaroslav Joseph Polivka (Jaroslav Josef Polívka) 20 April 1886 Prague – 9 February 1960 Berkeley, Czech structural engineer who collaborated with Frank Lloyd Wright between 1946 and 1959. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy is an organization devoted to the historic preservation of buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, as well as to the study of Wrights seven-decade career. ... The Frank Lloyd Wright/Prairie School of Architecture Historic District is a residential neighborhood in the Cook County, Illinois village of Oak Park, United States. ... This is a list of houses, structures, and other works by Frank Lloyd Wright. ... Alphabetical list of Frank Lloyd Wright works by location, covering 4 countries and 36 states in America. ... Broadacre City was an urban or suburban development concept proposed by Frank Lloyd Wright late in his life. ...

Cultural References

  • The architect hero Howard Roark of Ayn Rand's novel The Fountainhead is thought[who?] to be based on Wright, although both Rand and Wright denied this.[citation needed]
  • Simon and Garfunkel honored the architect in their song So Long, Frank Lloyd Wright on their album Bridge over Troubled Water.[citation needed]
  • In The Venture Bros cartoon series, the home of Phantom Limb was inspired by a house designed by Wright.[citation needed]
  • In The Rise of Endymion, the conclusion of Dan Simmons's much acclaimed Hyperion Cantos, the character of Aenea spends several years as an architect apprentice of a cybrid Mr Wright in Taliesin West on Old Earth.[citation needed]
  • On The Simpsons, Apu sings Who Needs The Kwik-E-Mart and in the song he claims that Marge's hair is designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.[citation needed] Also, on the episode where Bart loses his tree house, Homer mentions Frank Lloyd Wright when discussing blue prints on the new tree house.[citation needed]
  • In the Gilmore Girls episode "Let the Games Begin", Lorelai Gilmore narrates the story of Julian Carlton's murder spree at Taliesin to her parents.[citation needed] (There was also a reference to Howard Roark in the previous episode.[citation needed])
  • The design of the Vandamm House in the Hitchcock film North by Northwest is consciously based on Wright's architecture.[1]
  • The Ennis-Brown House was featured in the movie Bladerunner.[citation needed]
  • The Marin County Civic Center was featured in the movie Gattaca.[citation needed]

The Fountainhead is a 1943 novel by Ayn Rand (ISBN 0452283760). ... Ayn Rand (IPA: , February 2 [O.S. January 20] 1905 – March 6, 1982), born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum (Russian: ), was a Russian-born American novelist and philosopher. ... For the film, see The Fountainhead (film). ... The duo of Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel are US-American popular musicians known collectively as Simon and Garfunkel. ... Bridge Over Troubled Water is an album by Simon and Garfunkel released on January 26, 1970. ... The Venture Bros. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Hyperion The Hyperion Cantos is a tetralogy of novels by Dan Simmons. ... Dan Simmons (born April 4, 1948 in Peoria, Illinois) is an American author most widely known for his Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel Hyperion and its sequel The Fall of Hyperion. ... Hyperion The Hyperion Cantos form a tetralogy of science fiction novels by Dan Simmons. ... Aenea is the main character in Dan Simmonss novel Endymion and The Rise of Endymion. ... Cybrids, or CYtoplasmic hyBRIDs, are eukaryotic cell lines produced by the fusion of rho-zero cells and mitochondria from another donor. ... Architect Frank Lloyd Wrights winter home in Scottsdale, Arizona from 1937 until his death in 1959. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... APU may refer to: Anglia Polytechnic University, now known as Anglia Ruskin University. ... An exterior of a fictitious typical Kwik-E-Mart store. ... Marge is a female name, often a shortened form of Margaret. ... This article is about the Greek poet Homer and the works attributed to him. ... Gilmore Girls is a long-running, Emmy Award winning, and Golden Globe nominated American television drama/comedy created by Amy Sherman-Palladino and starring Lauren Graham and Alexis Bledel. ... Lorelai Victoria Gilmore (born 1968) is a fictional character on the television series Gilmore Girls, played by Lauren Graham. ... Taliesin or Taliessin (c. ... The Fountainhead is a 1943 novel by Ayn Rand (ISBN 0452283760). ... North by Northwest (1959) is a comic thriller by Alfred Hitchcock produced at MGM. It was premiered in the San Sebastian International Film Festival. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction drama film written and directed by Andrew Niccol, starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman and Jude Law with supporting roles played by Loren Dean, Gore Vidal and Alan Arkin. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Frank Lloyd Wright - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4181 words)
Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent and influential architects of the first half of the 20th century.
Frank Lloyd Wright was born in the agricultural town of Richland Center, Wisconsin, U.S., on June 8, 1867, just two years after the end of the American Civil War.
Wright was also one of the first architects to design and install custom-made electric light fittings, including some of the very first electric floor lamps, and his very early use of the then-novel spherical glass lampshade (a design previously not possible due to the physical restrictions of gas lighting).
Frank Lloyd Wright - definition of Frank Lloyd Wright in Encyclopedia (1179 words)
Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867–April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century.
Wright practiced what is known as organic architecture, an architecture that evolves naturally out of the context, most importantly for him the relationship between the site and the building.
Wright died on April 9, 1959, having designed an enormous number of significant projects including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City, a building which occupied him for 16 years (1943–1959) and is probably his most recognized masterpiece.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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