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Encyclopedia > Frank J. Loesch

Frank J. Loesch (1853-1944) was an American law enforcement official, reformer and a founder of the Chicago Crime Commission which attempted to combat the widespead corruption and organized crime related violence during Prohibition. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Prohibition is any of several periods during which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...

As a member of the Chicago Crime Commission, Loesch would serve five terms as the crime commission chairman spending much of his career fighting organized crime in the city, particularly against the romantic image of the gangster commonly portrayed by the media of the times. Loesch believed that changing the public's attitute towards oganized crime figues such as Dion O'Bannion and Al Capone was a crucial part in effective law enforcement, and was later creditied for coining the term "public enemy" later used by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. Dean OBanion (also Dion OBanion) (8 July 1892 - 10 November 1924) was an Irish-American mobster who was the main rival of Johnny Torrio and Al Capone during the brutal Chicago bootlegging wars of the 1920s. ... Capone redirects here. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a seminal hip hop group from Long Island, New York known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... Hoover in 1961 John Edgar Hoover KBE (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was the founder of the FBI in its present form and its director from May 10, 1924 until his death in 1972. ...

However, Loesch reportedly held considerable influence amoung Chicago's unerworld and was apparently able to warn Capone and other Italian mobsters against further gang warfare, especially following the violence surrounding the 1928 Republican "pineapple primary". Loesch was also responsible for the arrests of many of cities Irish-American gangsters and bootleggers. Pineapple Primary was the name given to a Republican primary election held in Chicago on April 10, 1928 in which more than 60 bombs were thrown and politicians were killed. ...


Further reading

  • Kobler, John. Capone: The Life and Times of Al Capone. New York: Da Capo Press, 2003. ISBN 0-30681-285-1


  • Nash, Jay Robert. Encyclopedia of World Crime Vol. III (K-R). Wilmette, Illinois: CrimeBooks Inc., 1990. ISBN 0-923582-00-2
  • Nash, Jay Robert. World Encyclopedia of Organized Crime. New York: Da Capo Press, 1992. ISBN 0-306-80535-9
  • Sifakis, Carl. The Mafia Encyclopedia. New York: Da Capo Press, 2005. ISBN 0-8160-5694-3



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