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Encyclopedia > Frank Hawks
Frank Hawks (1897-1938) circa 1930
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Frank Hawks (1897-1938) circa 1930
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From left to right are: Frank Hawks (1897-1938) and Robert Buck (1914- ) at the Trenton, New Jersey Air Meet circa 1930
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Newark Advocate, Newark, Ohio, August 14, 1930
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Frank Hawks (1897-1938) piloting the Travel Air Mystery Ship, NR-1313; and Bill Stout of the Stout Metal Aircraft Company
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Frank Hawks (1897-1938) in 1932 next to NR12265, with the Texaco Sky Chief logo
Frank Hawks cartoon
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Frank Hawks cartoon

Frank Monroe Hawks ( March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). There are 278 days remaining. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Pertinax was assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sold the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus. 845 - Paris is sacked by Viking raiders... March 28, Events January 1 - Brooklyn, New York merges with New York City. January 4 - A British force is ambushed by Chief Ologbosheri, son-in-law of the Oba of Benin. This leads to a Punitive Expedition against Benin. February 2 - Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, is destroyed by fire. February 18... 1897 - August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. Events 1300-1899 1305 - William Wallace was executed. 1328 - Battle of Kassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers 1566 - Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands 1614... August 23, 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-May January 3 - The March of Dimes is established by Franklin Delano Roosevelt. January 11 - Frances Moulton is the first woman to become president of a US national bank. January 20 - Wedding of King... 1938) was a Lieutenant Commander in World War I and a record holding aviator who was killed in an air crash.

Contents

Amelia Mary Earhart

Trenton Air Meet circa 1930
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Trenton Air Meet circa 1930

On December 28, 1920 he took a 10-year-old Amelia Earhart Amelia Earhart ( July 24, 1897 - c. July 2, 1937) was a famous American aviator, known for breaking new ground for female pilots, and remembered for her mysterious disappearance during a flight over the Pacific Ocean. Flying career Born in Atchison, Kansas, Amelia Mary Earhart Amelia loved to play... Amelia Earhart on her first airplane ride at a state fair.


Crash

Time magazine on April 18, 1932 wrote:

Stocky, grinning Capt. Frank Monroe Hawks, famed publicity flyer, holder of nearly all informal city-to-city speed records in the U. S. and Europe, was not grinning one day last week when attendants at the Worcester, Mass, airport pulled him from beneath his crashed Travel Air "mystery plane" Texaco 13. Day before he had hopped from Detroit (in 3 hr. 5 min.). lectured the Worcester Boy Scouts on the necessity of developing foolproof planes, but had delayed his departure until the next morning because of a soggy field. An escort plane had nosed up when it landed just ahead of Capt. Hawks. After attempting to take off from a short dirt road which cut diagonally across the airport, he headed his low-wing monoplane down the field, less than 700 ft. in length. Oozy ground sucked at the wheels, kept him from attaining the 70 m. p. h. required to zoom off. Toward the end of the runway, going about 50 m. p. h., the ship bounced off a low mound, cut through heavy undergrowth, somersaulted over a stone wall. Hawks cut the motor in time, saved himself from cremation. Capt. Hawks's nose and jaw were fractured, his face badly battered, several of his big, white teeth knocked out. He lay unconscious in the hospital for hours. Said Harvard Medical School's famed plastic surgeon, Dr. Veraztad Hovannes Kazanjian: "I do not think his speech will be affected. The operation for restoring his face should leave scarcely a scar." Capt. Hawks's good friend Will Rogers wired: "Sure glad nothing broke but your jaw. That will keep you still for a while. If I broke my jaw, I could still wire gags. What's the matter with you anyhow; are you getting . . . brittle?"

East West nonstop record

On June 02, 1933, Hawks set the west to east nonstop record flying his Northrop Gamma, flying from Los Angeles to Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn, New York in 13 hours, 26 minutes, and 15 seconds. He had an average speed of 181 mph.


Death

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Lima News, Lima, Ohio, August 24, 1938

He died in 1938 flying a Gwinn Aircar which crashed in East Aurora, Erie County, New York. Time magazine reported on September 05, 1938:

Last week, Frank Hawks shuttled to East Aurora, N. Y. to show off his polliwog to a prospect, Sportsman J. Hazard Campbell. He landed neatly on the polo field in a nearby estate at about 5 p.m., climbed out, chatted awhile with Prospect Campbell and a cluster of friends. Presently he and Campbell took off smartly, cleared a fence, went atilt between two tall trees, and passed from sight. Then there was a rending crash, a smear of flame, silence. Half a mile the fearful group raced from the polo field. From the crackling wreck they pulled Frank Hawks; from beneath a burning wing, Prospect Campbell—both fatally hurt. The ship that could not stub its toe aground had tripped on overhead telephone wires.

Additional images

Additional images


Airplane

  • Northrop Gamma, NR1313
  • Northrop Gamma, NR12265
  • Gwinn Aircar (1938)

Air speed record holders

  • Charles Lindbergh with the Spirit of St. Louis. Charles Augustus Lindbergh ( February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974) was a pioneering United States aviator famous for piloting the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. Early life Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of... Charles Lindbergh
  • Frank Hawks
  • Howard Robard Hughes (December 24, 1905–April 5, 1976) was at times a pilot, a movie producer, a playboy, an eccentric, a recluse, and one of the wealthiest persons in the world. Howard Hughes standing in front of a Boeing Army Pursuit Plane, Inglewood, California, 1940s. Youth and Hollywood... Howard Hughes

Timeline

  • 1897 Birth
  • 1917 Participated in WWI
  • 1920 Takes Amelia Earhart Amelia Earhart ( July 24, 1897 - c. July 2, 1937) was a famous American aviator, known for breaking new ground for female pilots, and remembered for her mysterious disappearance during a flight over the Pacific Ocean. Flying career Born in Atchison, Kansas, Amelia Mary Earhart Amelia loved to play... Amelia Earhart on her first airplane ride at a state fair on December 28th
  • 1923 Performed in-flight refueling
  • 1929 Transcontinental speed record of 18 hours and 21 minutes
  • 1930 Transcontinental flight being towed in a glider
  • 1930 Travelair Mystery Ship
  • 1933 West to east nonstop record set
  • 1938 Death in crash

See also

Coverage in Time magazine

  • Time August 18, 1930, "Flights and Flyers"
  • Time April 18, 1932, "Over Goes Hawks"
  • Time December 14, 1931, "Speed"
  • Time September 11, 1933, "International Races"
  • Time June 11, 1934, "Model Record"
  • Time December 14, 1931, "Speed"
  • Time August 18, 1930, "Flights and Flyers"
  • Time April 07, 1930, "Shrewd Hawks"
  • Time February 18, 1929, "Hawks and Grubb"
  • Time July 27, 1931, "For Drinking"
  • Time August 13, 1934, "Dusk to Dawn"
  • Time September 05, 1938, "Hawks End"

Coverage in selected periodicals

  • New York Times, New York, July 19, 1931, "Frank Hawks, Takes the Continent in His Stride"
  • Lima News, Lima, Ohio, August 24, 1938, "Obituary"
  • New York Times, New York, August 24, 1938, "Frank Hawk dies as plane falls"

External link

  • Ace Pilots: Frank Hawks (http://www.acepilots.com/wwi/pio_hawks.html)
  • Frank and Glider (http://www.torreypinesgulls.org/Hawks.htm)
  • Corbis Photo Archive (http://www.corbis.com)
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Frank Hawks (1378 words)
Frank Hawks had recently become interested in gliding when he saw a Franklin glider, "9491," perform at the Detroit Glider Carnival in 1929.
The Gamma 2A was purchased by Texaco on December 6, 1932 and was put at the disposal of Frank Hawks for record-breaking and advertising purposes.
Hawks was killed in 1938 flying a Gwinn Aircar that many aviation experts considered a far safer aircraft than those that he normally flew.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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