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Encyclopedia > Frank Costello
Francesco Castiglia
Mugshot of Frank Costello
Born January 26, 1891
Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy
Died February 18, 1973
Manhattan, New York, USA

Frank Costello, born Francesco Castiglia, or Castilla (January 26, 1891 - February 18, 1973) was an American gangster who rose to the top of America's underworld, controlled a vast gambling empire across the United States and had political influence like no other La Cosa Nostra boss. Nicknamed the "Prime Minister of the Underworld" he became one of the most powerful and influential Mafia bosses in American history, eventually leading a criminal organization dubbed by law enforcement as the "Rolls Royce of organized crime", the Luciano crime family which came to be known as the Genovese crime family. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Cassano allo Ionio is a town in province of Cosenza of Calabria, Italy, known in Roman times as Cassanum. ... View in Calabria. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, New York, USA, coterminous with New York County. ... NY redirects here. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Lucky Luciano, creator of what we know today as La Cosa Nostra. ... The Mafia (also known as Cosa Nostra), is a criminal secret society which first developed in the mid-19th century in Sicily. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ...

Contents

Early years

Frank Costello was born Francesco Castiglia in Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy in 1891. In 1895, at age 4, he boarded a ship to the United States with his mother and brother Edward. The family was eager to join their father who had immigrated to the United States several years earlier. Living in New York's East Harlem, Francesco's older brother Eddie introduced him to gang activities. By age 13, Francesco had become a member of a local gang and started using the name of Frankie. He continued to commit petty crimes, and went to jail for assault and robbery in 1908 and 1912. In 1915, at age 24, Frank again went to jail, 10 months for carrying a concealed weapon. Just before his 1915 prison sentence, Frank Castiglia married Lauretta Giegerman, a Jewish girl who was the sister of a close friend. After his release from prison, young Frank decided to stay out of prison and use his brains to get by in the underworld. Forgoing the use of violence as a road to success and wealth, Frank did not see the inside of a jail cell for the next 37 years. Cassano allo Ionio is a town in province of Cosenza of Calabria, Italy, known in Roman times as Cassanum. ... View in Calabria. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... A misdemeanor, or misdemeanour, in many common law legal systems, is a lesser criminal act. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Crime as a Business

After his release from prison in 1916, Frank Castiglia began working with Ciro "The Artichoke King" Terranova, a powerful East Harlem mafioso . Terranova was the underboss of the Morello crime family of Manhattan and the leader of the 107th Street gang. Frank became the member of a gang that controlled gambling, extortion, loansharking, robbery and narcotics in Manhattan and the Bronx. His associates included well known mafiosi such as Michael "Trigger Mike" Coppola, Joseph "Joe the Baker" Catania Jr. and Stefano "Steve" LaSalle. Frank became known for his smarts and toughness, always rising to the occasion when handed a job to do. Ciro Terranova Ciro The Artichoke King Terranova (1889-February 20, 1938 was a New York City gangster, born in the town of Corleone, Sicily. ... The Morello Crime Family was one of the earliest crime families to be established in the United States. ... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... Michael Trigger Mike Coppola (1904/1910-October 1, 1966) was a New York mobster who was ran the Harlem numbers game, narcotics operations and a one time acting leader of the Luciano crime family during the late 1930s until the early 1960s. ...


While working for the Terranova gang, Castiglia met and then teamed up with Charles "Lucky" Luciano then known as Salvatore Lucania, the Sicilian leader of Manhattan's Lower East Side gang. The two Italians hit it off immediately. Together with other young Italians such as Vito Genovese and Gaetano "Tommy" Lucchese, and Jewish associates Meyer Lansky and Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, the gang became involved in robbery, theft, extortion, gambling and narcotics. The Lucania-Castiglia-Lansky alliance prospered and with the passage of Prohibition in 1919, the gang went into bootlegging. Charles Luciano (11 November 1896_ 26 January 1962), better known as Lucky Luciano, was a legendary mobster with a long criminal history. ... Categories: Manhattan neighborhoods | Stub ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Gaetano Tommy Lucchese (December 1, 1899 - July 13, 1967) was the boss of the Lucchese crime family, one of the five Mafia families ruling the New York underground. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...


The success of the young Italians let them branch out and make business deals with the leading Jewish and Irish criminals of the era, including Arnold "The Brain" Rothstein, Arthur "Dutch Schultz" Flegenheimer, Owney "The Killer" Madden and William "Big Bill" Dwyer. Rothstein became a mentor to Castiglia, Luciano, Lansky and Seigel while they conducted bootlegging business with Bronx beer baron Schultz. In 1922, Castiglia, Luciano, and their closest Italian associates joined the Sicilian mafia crime family led by Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria a top Italian underworld boss. By 1924, Frank Castiglia had become a close associate of Hell's Kitchen's Irish crime bosses Dwyer and Madden. Frank became deeply involved in their rumrunning operations, known as "The Combine,". This move motivated Castiglia to change his last name to the more Irish sounding "Costello". Arnold Rothstein Arnold Rothstein (January 17, 1882 - November 4, 1928) was a New York businessman and gambler, chiefly famous for his role as a kingpin of organized crime. ... Dutch Schultz, byname of Arthur Flegenheimer (6 August 1902 - 24 October 1935), was a New York City-area gangster of the 1920s and 30s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The name William Dwyer can refer to Bil Dwyer, American comedian Bill Dwyer the US gangster and he is my friends dad ha and he is as dumb as a door nob hehehe*Bill Dwyer the English hippie activist William Dwyer the American mathematician Category: ... REDIRCT:Joe Masseria ... View from between 47th and 48th street on Ninth Avenue looking north toward Time Warner Center and Hearst Tower Hells Kitchen, also known as Clinton and Midtown West, is a neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City that includes roughly the area between 34th Street and 57th Street, from...


In 1926, Combine boss Bill Dwyer was convicted of bribing a Coast Guard official and was sentenced to two years in jail. After Dwyer was imprisoned, Costello took over the Combine's operations with Owney Madden. This caused friction between Madden and top Dwyer lieutenant, Charles "Vannie" Higgins. Higgins, referred to as Brooklyn's "Last Irish Crime Boss," believed he should be running the Combine, not Costello. Thus, the "Manhattan Beer Wars" began between Higgins on one side, and Costello, Madden, and Schultz on the other. At this particular time, Schultz was also having problems with gangsters Jack "Legs" Diamond and Vincent "Mad Dog" Coll. With Higgins' help, these two hoodlums had begun to rival Schultz and his partners. Eventually, the Costello-Madden-Schultz alliance was destroyed by New York's underworld. A coast guard is a national organization responsible for various services at sea. ... Vannie Higgins (1897-June 18, 1932) was one of the most prominent bootleggers during the Prohibition era. ... Jack Legs Diamond Jack Legs Diamond (1897-December 18, 1931), also known as Gentleman Jack, was the alias of Jack Moran, an Irish-American gangster based out of New York City. ... Vincent Coll, a. ... // In the study of mythology and religion, the underworld is a generic term approximately equivalent to the lay term afterlife, referring to any place to which newly dead souls go. ...


In spite of losing the gang war, Frank continued to be a very influential gangster throughout the 1920's. Frank kept close associates Luciano, Lansky and Seigel involved in most of his gambling rackets, which included punch cards, slot machines, bookmaking and floating casinos. Frank eventually became known as the "Prime Minister of the Underworld" for his cultivation of associations and business relationships with New York's criminals, politicians, businessmen, judges, and police officials. As he followed the "Big Three" ideology of mixing crime, business and politics, Costello's underworld influence grew. His fellow gangsters considered Frank to be an important link between the Mafia and the politicians of Tammany Hall, New York's Democratic Party organization. This relationship gave Costello and his associates, including Luciano, the opportunity to buy the favors of politicians, judges, district attorneys, cops, city officials and whoever else they needed to bribe in order to freely run their criminal operations. The Mafia (also known as Cosa Nostra), is a criminal secret society which first developed in the mid-19th century in Sicily. ... Tammany Hall was the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in controlling New York City politics from the 1790s to the 1960s. ...


In 1927, Costello, Luciano, and former Chicago gangster John "Johnny the Fox" Torrio organized a group of top East Coast rumrunners into a large bootlegging operation. This gang was able to pool their Canadian and European liquor sources, maximize profits, minimize overhead, and gain a leg over their competition. It was known as the "Big Seven Group", the first concrete move in organizing the American underworld into a national crime syndicate. In May, 1929 Costello, Luciano, Torrio, Lansky, and Atlantic City / South Jersey crime boss, Enoch "Nucky" Johnson hosted a crime convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey. This convention included the members of the "Big Seven Group" and the top crime leaders from across the nation. This was the first true underworld meeting and the biggest step in forming a National Crime Syndicate that would control criminal operations, dictate policy, enforce rules, and have maintain authority in the national underworld. Joe Masseria and Salvatore Maranzano were not invited because their Old World ideology and philosophy ran counter to the convention's goals. Johnny The Fox Torrio (February 1882 - April 16, 1957) was an Italian-American mobster famous for building a criminal empire in Chicago during the 1920s that would later be inherited by his protege, Al Capone. ... Rum Runner may refer to: Rum-running, the practice of illegally smuggling alcoholic beverages to avoid taxes or prohibitions Rum Runner nightclub in Birmingham, England This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Alternate meanings: See Atlantic City (disambiguation) Atlantic City is a city located in USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 40,517. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Enoch L. Nucky Johnson (c. ... The National Crime Syndicate was the name given by the press to a supposed loosely-organized organized crime syndicate, set up in the 1930s, by Charles Lucky Luciano and based in New York City. ... Salvatore Maranzano (1868-1931) Salvatore Maranzano (1868-September 10, 1931) was an organized crime figure from the town of Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, and an early Mafia boss in the United States. ...


The Castellammarese War

By 1928, Costello and Luciano were considered to be two young, ambitious, and powerful gangsters on the rise. However, an internal conflict in the Italian underworld would sidetrack Costello and associates. Costello's and Luciano's immediate superior, Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria was coming into conflict with Salvatore Maranzano, a recent arrival from Palermo, Sicily who was born in Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily. When Maranzano arrived in New York in 1925, his access to money and manpower let him quickly set up rumrunning, bootlegging, extortion and gambling operations that directly competed with Masseria, Costello's boss. On October 10, 1928, Joe Masseria eliminated his top rival for the coveted "boss of bosses" title, Brooklyn boss, Salvatore "Tata" D'Aquila. However, Masseria still had to deal with the powerful and influential Maranzano and his Castellammarese Clan. REDIRCT:Joe Masseria ... Salvatore Maranzano (1868-1931) Salvatore Maranzano (1868-September 10, 1931) was an organized crime figure from the town of Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, and an early Mafia boss in the United States. ... For other uses, see Palermo (disambiguation). ... View from a hillside to the port, the castle and the town Castellammare del Golfo is a town in the Trapani Province of Sicily. ... JohnRDaily 03:34, 10 February 2006 (UTC) Category: ... The Castellammarese War is the name given to a bloody internal power struggle between two factions of Italian-American mafia figures that took place in 1930 and 1931. ...


Joe Masseria became an underworld dictator, requiring absolute loyalty and obedience from the other four New York families. In 1930, Masseria demanded a $10,000 tribute from the leader of Maranzano's crime family and got it. The Castellammarese Clan leader, Nicola "Cola" Schiro fled New York in fear, leaving Maranzano as the new leader. By 1931, a series of killings in Detroit, Chicago and New York involving Castellammarese clan members and associates caused Maranzano and his family to declare war against Joe Masseria and his allies. These allies Costello and his associates, Luciano, Vito Genovese and Joe Adonis. Another Masseria ally was the large Mineo crime family (formerly D'Aquila), whose members included Costello associates Albert "The Mad Hatter" Anastasia, Carlo Gambino, and Francesco "Frank" Scalise. The Castellammarese clan included Joseph "Joe Bananas" Bonanno and Stefano Magaddino, the Profaci crime family which included Joseph Profaci and Joseph Magliocco, along with former Masseria allies the Riena family, which included Gaetano "Tom" Riena, Gaetano "Tommy" Gagliano and Gaetano "Tommy" Lucchese The Five Families are the major crime families of the Italian-American Mafia based in New York City which have dominated traditional organized crime in New York. ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Mugshot of Joe Adonis. ... Albert Anastasia (born Umberto Anastasio) (September 26, 1902–October 25, 1957), also known as the Mad Hatter and Lord High Executioner, was a Mafia boss chiefly remembered for running the contract-killing syndicate known as Murder, Inc. ... Carlo Gambino (August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who was boss of the Gambino crime family. ... Francesco Frank Scalice, a. ... FBI Mugshot of former Bonanno crime family boss Joseph Bonanno taken in 1964. ... Stefano Magaddino (October 10, 1891 – July 19, 1974) was an American mafia boss in the Buffalo, New York area. ... Joe Profaci (1896 - 1962) was a New York Mafia boss who was the head of the Columbo Family for over three decades. ... Joseph Magliocco (c. ... Gaetano Tom Reina (1889-February 26, 1930) was an Italian-American mobster and capo to Joe Masseria. ... Tommy Gagliano Gaetano Tommy Gagliano was the head of the Lucchese crime family between 1931 and 1953. ... Gaetano Tommy Lucchese (December 1, 1899 - July 13, 1967) was the boss of the Lucchese crime family, one of the five Mafia families ruling the New York underground. ...


The Castellammarese war raged on between the Masseria and Maranzano factions for almost two years. This internal war devastated ng the Prohibition era operations and street rackets that the five New York families controlled with the Irish and Jewish crime groups. The Castellammarese war cut into gang profits and in some cases completely destroyed the underworld rackets of crime family members. Gang members started realizing that if the war did not stop soon, the Italian crime families could be left on the fringe of New York's criminal underworld while the Jewish and Irish crime bosses became dominant. The war and the Old World crime bosses, Masseria and Maranzano, were counter productive to the aspirations of the Atlantic City delegates, Costello, Luciano and their group of "Young Turks".


Costello, Luciano, Vito Genovese, Anastasia, Adonis, Lucchese, Lansky, and Seigel decided to end the Castellammarese War and form a National Syndicate. On April 15, 1931, Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria was gunned down at Scarpato's restaurant in Coney Island by Luciano associates and gunmen, Albert Anastasia, Vito Genovese, Joe Adonis and Bugsy Seigel. Salvatore Maranzano served as boss of bosses until September 10, 1931, when he was killed in his 9th floor Helmsley Building office in Manhattan by Jewish gunmen posing as IRS agents. Hired by Lansky and Luciano, the shooters allegedly included Schultz gang lieutenant, Abraham "Bo" Weinberg and Murder Inc. gunman, Samuel "Red" Levine. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... REDIRCT:Joe Masseria ... Salvatore Maranzano (1868-1931) Salvatore Maranzano (1868-September 10, 1931) was an organized crime figure from the town of Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, and an early Mafia boss in the United States. ... Abraham Bo Weinberg (1897 - September 9, 1935?) was a Russian-born New York mobster and chief lieutenant of Dutch Schultz. ... Samuel Red Levine (b. ...


Years as Consigliere

In 1931, after the killings of mafia bosses Joe Masseria and Salvatore Maranzano, Charles "Lucky" Luciano became the leader of the new Luciano crime family, with Vito Genovese as underboss and Frank Costello as Capo. Costello quickly became one of the biggest earners for the Luciano family and began to carve his own niche in the underworld. Costello controlled the slot machine and bookmaking operations for the Luciano crime family with associates Philip "Dandy Phil" Kastel and Frank Erickson. Costello placed approximately 25,000 slot machines in the bars, restaurants, cafes, drug stores, gas stations, and bus stops throughout New York. However,in 1934, Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia confiscated thousands of Costello's slot machines, loaded them on a barge, and dumped them into the river. Costello's next move was to accept Louisiana governor, Huey Long's proposal to put slot machines throughout Louisiana for 10% of the take. Frank Costello placed Kastel as the overseer of the Louisiana slot operation. Kastel had the assistance of New Orleans mafioso Carlos "Little Man" Marcello, who knew every place in New Orleans that could take one of Costello's "one-arm bandits". Frank Costello brought in millions of dollars in profit from slot machines and bookmaking to the Luciano Family. In fact, Costello and Frank Erickson, the overseer of Costello's bookmaking operations, are credited with starting the layoff and odds systems used by bookies and gamblers all across North America. Salvatore Maranzano (1868-1931) Salvatore Maranzano (1868-September 10, 1931) was an organized crime figure from the town of Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, and an early Mafia boss in the United States. ... Charles Luciano (11 November 1896_ 26 January 1962), better known as Lucky Luciano, was a legendary mobster with a long criminal history. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Phillip Dandy Phil Kastel (April 2, 1893-August 16, 1962) was a New York gambler, swindler associatated with Arnold Rothstein and later Frank Costello. ... Fiorello Henry LaGuardia (December 11, 1882–September 20, 1947) was the Mayor of New York from 1934 to 1945. ... Huey Pierce Long, Jr. ... Carlos Marcello (born Calogero Minacore Tunis 6 February 1910 – Metairie 3 March 1993) was born to Sicilian parents in Tunis. ... Slot machines in the Trump Taj Mahal A slot machine (American English), fruit machine (British English), or poker machine (Australian English) is a certain type of casino game. ...


In 1936, Luciano was convicted of running a prostitution ring and sent to Dannemora prison, known as "Siberia" in Upstate New York for 30 to 50 years. Luciano attempted to rule the crime family from prison with the help of Costello and Lansky, but it was difficult to do far away from the streets of New York. Luciano finally named underboss, Vito Genovese as the acting boss of the Luciano family. However, Genovese was himself indicted for murder in 1937 and had to flee to his hometown of Naples, Italy. Genovese ingratiated himself with Benito Mussolini and the Fascists by donating $250,000 to them from a cash hoard of $750,000 carried in a suitcase. Luciano then appointed Frank Costello acting boss. 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dannemora is a town located in Clinton County, New York. ... It has been suggested that Western Siberia be merged into this article or section. ... The areas highlighted in YELLOW and GREEN are those which are considered to be a bona fide part of Upstate New York from the perspective of New York City. ... A crime family is a term used to describe a unit of an organized crime syndicate, often operating within a specific geographic territory. ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. ...


Boss

The departure of Vito Genovese to Italy left Frank Costello in firm control of the Luciano crime family. With the help of his top capos, Joe Adonis, Anthony "Little Augie Pisano" Carfano and Michael "Trigger Mike" Coppola the crime family ran smoothly and undeterred. Costello's rule was very profitable, with rackets going from coast to coast; (slots in New Orleans with Carlos Marcello, gambling in Florida with Meyer Lansky, illegal race wires with Bugsy Siegel in L.A., and national bookmaking with Frank Erikson. Costello also enjoyed more political strength than any other mobster in the US. Costello was a popular and well-liked boss; he equitably shared the profits from family operations and did not demand a large cut of his underlings criminal earnings. Costello was making millions a year from his rackets and legitimate investments, which included real estate and stocks; he did not need to be greedy. Costello also expanded his bust size the family's operations to include casinos in Las Vegas and Cuba. However, Costello always stayed clear of drug trafficking; he believed that the mafia did not need narcotics to make money. This aversion to selling drugs was not shared by his associate Vito Genovese, a known drug dealer throughout his criminal career. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Anthony Carfano (c. ... Michael Trigger Mike Coppola (1904/1910-October 1, 1966) was a New York mobster who was ran the Harlem numbers game, narcotics operations and a one time acting leader of the Luciano crime family during the late 1930s until the early 1960s. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Carlos Marcello (born Calogero Minacore Tunis 6 February 1910 – Metairie 3 March 1993) was born to Sicilian parents in Tunis. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... Mobster is a slang term for a person who participates in organized crime, which is known as belonging to the Mob. In western stories and movies, cowboys as mobsters are known as outlaws. ... Casinos can refer to: the plural of Casino Casinos, Valencia, a municipality in Spain Category: ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ...

Costello testifying before the Kefauver Committee.
Costello testifying before the Kefauver Committee.

During World War II, Lucky Luciano, while still in prison, allegedly helped the US military protect the New York waterfront from sabotage through his control of the docks. Luciano is also said to have helped the Allied invasion of Sicily by contacting Sicilian mafia boss, Calogero "Don Calo" Vizzini and procurring his help. For assisting the war effort, Luciano's prison sentence was commuted (it was said to be a frame up) and he was deported to Italy in 1946. Frank Costello then became undisputed boss of the Luciano crime family. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 787 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2733 × 2082 pixel, file size: 697 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Note: high resolution version not linked from Library of Congress record page (as of 13 Oct 2006), but was found at http://memory. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 787 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2733 × 2082 pixel, file size: 697 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Note: high resolution version not linked from Library of Congress record page (as of 13 Oct 2006), but was found at http://memory. ... Image:Calogero Vizzini. ... Deportation is the expelling of someone from a country. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


In the same year, former Luciano crime family Underboss, Vito Genovese was arrested in Naples, Italy for running a black market network that sold American army surplus. The Italians deported Genovese to the United States, where he finally went on for trial for the murder of Ferdinand "The Shadow" Boccia in 1937. Frank Costello allegedly helped Vito Genovese beat this rap by poisoning Peter LaTempa, the murder witness, while he was in protective custody. The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Ferdinand The Shadow Boccia (March 18, 1900 - May 11, 1937) was an Italian-American mobster and gambling racketeer who was killed by Vito Genovese. ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Peter LaTempa (1904-January 15, 1945) was a New York mobster and associate of the Genovese crime family, who later agreed to become a government witness against Vito Genovese. ...


Despite this help from Costello, Vito Genovese continued to harbor feelings towards Costello that dated back to 1937. Genovese believed that he was he rightful heir to the Luciano crime family empire and not Costello, who had led the crime family with Luciano's support for the past decade. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ...


Genovese and Kefauver

After returning to the US and beating a murder charge, Vito Genovese began a campaign to regain the family leadership from Frank Costello. Genovese started building loyalty among crime family soldiers by lending them money or by doing them favors that they someday would have to reciprocate. The resentment Vito Genovese felt for Costello was multiplied by the fact that Genovese was no longer a top boss in the family; he was just a "capo" (caporegime), a street boss in charge of a crew (decine) of soldiers. However, Genovese was treated as a "don" by the capos and street soldiers who committed most of the violent crimes (i.e. murder, robbery, etc.). In contrast, Frank Costello controlled the support of the capos and soldiers who ran the white collar crime rackets (i.e. gambling, loansharking, construction, etc.) and the family's many legitimate investments. Costello's position as a Commission member and his popularity as a top boss kept him safe from any assassination attempt or power move by Vito Genovese. Genovese needed more support from the Luciano crime family and other Commission members. Vito Genovese was also dissuaded from a direct attack on Costello by the strength of Luciano crime family Underboss, Guarino "Willie Moore" Moretti, a Costello cousin and staunch ally who commanded a small army of soldiers in New Jersey. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... A caporegime (sometimes shortened to capo) is a term used in the Mafia for a high ranking member of a crime family who heads a crew (or group) of soldiers. ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Willie Moretti (1894-October 4, 1951) was the cousin and Underboss to Frank Costello Willie Moretti, the supposed Mafia boss of New Jersey, was the muscle behind the Genovese family founders Frank Costello, Lucky Luciano and Meyer Lansky. ...


From May 1950 - May 1951, the US Senate conducted a large scale investigation of organized crime, commonly known as the Kefauver Hearings. The entire country was held in awe by the parade of over 600 gangsters, pimps, bookies, politicians and shady lawyers testifying before congress while being show cased on America's newest fascination, television. The hearings were called by a Special Committee of the United States Senate chaired by Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, who had been appointed to investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce." This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... The issue of Time Magazine in which Kefauvers victory in the New Hampshire primary was reported. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ...


By this time, Frank Costello had become a powerful and respected underworld figure; however, Costello stilled craved the respectability of high society. Costello allegedly consulted a psychiatrist on achieving this goal, but ultimately failed to gain legitimate respectability. During the Kefauver hearings, Frank Costello became the star attraction, being billed as America's #1 gangster and the defacto leader of Tammany Hall. As the underworld grapevine put it, "Nobody in New York city can be made a judge without Costello's consent." See De facto for the Latin expression DeFacto DeFacto were a dub reggae side project of Cedric Bixler Zavala, and Omar Rodriguez-Lopez of At The Drive-In, keyboardist Isaiah Ikey Owens, and soundman Jeremy Michael Ward. ... Tammany Hall was the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in controlling New York City politics from the 1790s to the 1960s. ...


Costello agreed to testify at the hearings and not take the Fifth Amendment,in contrast to all the previous underworld figures to take the stand. The Special Committee and the TV networks had agreed not to broadcast Frank Costello's face, only his hands. During the questioning, Costello nervously refused to answer certain questions and skirted around others. When asked by the committee, "What have you done for your country Mr. Costello?", his reply was, "Paid my tax!" Costello eventually walked out of the hearings. The Fifth Amendment may refer to the: Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution - part of the Bill of Rights. ...


Costello found the 1950's to be very trying, as the high visibility he received during the Kefauver Hearings brought additional law enforcement and media scrutiny. However, Costello's greatest troubles began with the assassination of Willie Moretti, his right hand man. This mental condition had prompted Moretti to reveal some some embarrassing details at the Kefauver hearings. As a result, the Commission ordered Moretti's elimination, which happened October 4th, 1951 in a New Jersey restaurant. In addition to Moretti's death, Costello was convicted on contempt of Senate charges in August 1952 for the hearings walkout and went to to jail for 18 months. Released after 14 months, Costello was charged with tax evasion in 1954 and sentenced to five years imprisonment. Costello served 11 months of this sentence before it was overturned on appeal. In 1956, Costello was again convicted and sent to prison. In early 1957, he was again released on appeal. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Assassination attempt

Vito Genovese finally made his move on the embattled Frank Costello. It started in 1956 when Joe Adonis, a powerful Costello ally, chose voluntary deportation to Italy instead of a long prison sentence. Adonis' departure had left Costello weakened, but Genovese still had to neutralize one more powerful Costello ally, Albert Anastasia. Anastasia, the Brooklyn waterfront boss, had taken over the second largest family in the US after the disappearance of boss Vincenzo "Vincent" Mangano and the murder of brother Philip Mangano on April 14, 1951. With the addition of Albert Anastasia to the Commission in 1951, the so-called "Liberal faction", which included Costello, began to get stronger. In 1953, another Liberal ally, former boss Tommy Lucchese, was added to the Commission. As a result, the "Conservative faction" that controlled the Commission from 1936-53, was now rivaled by the Liberal Costello-Anastasia-Luchese alliance. However, Genovese converted this reversal into an opportunity of conflict by approaching Lucchese and Underboss and Carlo Gambino about switching sides. The potential reward in eliminating Costello and Anastasia was control of the Luciano and Anastasia crime families by Genovese and Gambino. Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mugshot of Joe Adonis. ... Vincent Mangano (1888-1951) was the head of what would become known as the Gambino crime family from 1931 to 1951. ... Carlo Gambino (August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who was boss of the Gambino crime family. ...


Vito Genovese had patiently waited 10 years after his deportation from Italy to make his final move against Frank Costello and time had finally arrived. On May 2, 1957, soon after after Costello's release from prison, an attempt was made on his life. As Costello was walking to the elevator in the lobby of his Manhattan apartment building, he was shot in the head by Genovese driver and protege, Vincente "The Chin" Gigante. Before making the shot, Gigante called out "This is for you Frank!". On hearing this, Costello turned his head and the bullet entered the right side of his scalp, traveled around his head, and stopped over his left ear. Gigante fled the scene thinking the fallen Costello was dead. However, Gigante's unintentional warning had saved Costello and left him with only a scalp wound. After the abortive hit, Gigante went on the lam and lost a great deal of weight from his 6'2, 300 pound frame to conceal his identity. However, Gigante finally turned himself in to face mob trial, hoping that Costello would adhere to the mafia code of secrecy, "Omerta". Gigante was eventually acquitted. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Vincent the Chin Gigs Gigante (March 29, 1928– December 19, 2005) was an Italian-American Mafioso who headed the Genovese crime family for years, at times while in prison. ...


Vito Genovese now ordered all the Luciano crime family members loyal to him to show their support by attending an meeting at his New Jersey mansion. All the family's capos showed up except Costello loyalist Anthony Carfano (who was murdered for this insult on September 25, 1959). Even though the attempt on Costello's life had failed, Vito Genovese went on to appoint himself boss of the Luciano crime family. He then called for a national Commission meeting to discuss mafia affairs in New York and other important issues. The Luciano crime family , the most powerful, influential and wealthy crime family in America, was now officially renamed the Genovese crime family. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... The Genovese Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ...

Image:Francstellolookingflash.jpg
Caption

After recovering from the assassination attempt, Frank Costello and Vito Genovese made peace before the 1957 Apalachin meeting. Costello abdicated as family boss in favor of Genovese. In return. Genovese let Costello keep all of his gambling operations in Louisiana and Florida and his legitimate business interests. Officially, Costello was demoted to the rank of soldier within the crime family, but he was never looked at as less than a top level boss in the criminal organization he helped build, "La Cosa Nostra" or "This Thing of Ours." Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Charles Lucky Luciano, creator of what we know today as La Cosa Nostra. ...


At this time, Vito Genovese was leary of the murderous Albert Anastasia, who was still furious over the Costello assassination attempt. Vito Genovese called upon Lucchese crime family Boss, Tommy Lucchese and his close ally, Anastasia crime family Underboss, Carlo Gambino to eliminate Anastasia. Anastasia's death would give Genovese majority control of the New York mafia and Gambino the status of boss and Commission member. On October 25, 1957, Albert Anastasia, New York mafia Boss and the former chieftain of Murder, Inc. was shot and killed in the barber shop of the Park Sheraton Hotel. The gunmen allegedly were the Gallo brothers, members of the Profaci crime family working under orders from Carlo Gambino. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Albert Anastasia (born Umberto Anastasio) (September 26, 1902–October 25, 1957), also known as the Mad Hatter and Lord High Executioner, was a Mafia boss chiefly remembered for running the contract-killing syndicate known as Murder, Inc. ... Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... The Lucchese crime family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... Carlo Gambino (August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who was boss of the Gambino crime family. ... The Colombo crime family is one of the Five Families considered the most important in the American Mafia. ... Carlo Gambino (August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who was boss of the Gambino crime family. ...


After the Anastasia murder, Vito Genovese and Carlo Gambino took control of their crime families and began to recover from the publicity and law enforcement scrutiny from the ill-fated Apalachin Meeting. However, peace for Genovese was short-lived. A new conspiracy was reportedly hatched by Costello, Luciano, Carlo Gambino and Meyer Lansky to avenge the Costello's hit and and to eliminate Genovese. The resulting power structure would make Gambino the new boss of bosses, just as Luciano had once predicted. Vito Genovese (November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969) was a mafioso who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family and mentor to many future mob bosses including Vincent Gigante, Nephew Michael Genovese and Carlo Gambino. ... Carlo Gambino (August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who was boss of the Gambino crime family. ... The Apalachin Meeting was a historic summit of the American mafia and attended by roughly 100 mafia crime bosses from the United States, Canada and Italy. ... Carlo Gambino (August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who was boss of the Gambino crime family. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1959, the conspirators arranged the framing of Genovese, Vincent Gigante, and future Bonanno Family boss, Carmine Galante on a drug charge. Vito Genovese was convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison where he died in 1969. Carmine Galante received 20 years in 1962, was paroled in 1974, and assassinated in 1979. Carmine Galante aka Lilo, Cigar (February 21, 1910 – July 12, 1979) was the boss of the Bonanno crime family, a New York City Mafia crime organization from 1974 to 1979. ...


Retirement

During his retirement, Frank Costello was known as "The Prime Minister of the Underworld". He still retained power and influence in New York's mafia and remained busy throughout final years. La Cosa Nostra bosses and old associates such as Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese still paid visits to Costello at the Waldorf Astoria penthouse seeking advice on important mafia affairs. In 1973, at the age of 82, Frank Costello died of a heart attack at a Manhattan hospital. This article is about the hotel. ... Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, New York, USA, coterminous with New York County. ...


As a testament to Frank Costello's fame and influence, Carmine Galante ordered the bombing of Frank Costello's burial site soon after his release from prison in 1974. By blasting the bronze doors off Costello's mausoleum, Gigante announced his return to the New York mafia scene and finally achieved revenge on his old nemesis. Carmine Galante aka Lilo, Cigar (February 21, 1910 – July 12, 1979) was the boss of the Bonanno crime family, a New York City Mafia crime organization from 1974 to 1979. ...


In popular culture

  • Costello has been portrayed in several movies including James Andronica in Gangster Wars (1981), Carmine Caridi in Bugsy (1991), Costas Mandylor in Mobsters (1991) and by Kirk Baltz in the television movie Kingfish: A Story of Huey P. Long (1995).
  • The character of Vito Corleone in The Godfather is supposedly based on Frank Costello and featured similar mannerisms (including a raspy voice) and political connections, as well as many events from his real life. (Like Costello, Don Corleone voices disapproval of the drug traffic, which he labels a "dirty business".) Marlon Brando apparently used tapes from the Kefauver hearings as the basis for his accent.
  • Jack Nicholson plays a character with the same name in the 2006 film The Departed, although the character is fictional and unrelated to the real Costello (for example, Nicholson's character was an Irish mob boss in Boston while the original Frank Costello was an Italian mob boss from New York, the character Jack Nicholson plays is based on South Boston rackets chieftain James J. Bulger).
  • Frank Costello is the godfather to ABC reporter and FBI Assistant Director for the Office of Public Affairs John Miller, whose father and Costello were close friends.
  • Despite the common spelling of their public names, Frank Costello was no relation to actor Lou Costello, whose birth surname was Cristillo.

Cast Michael Nouri . ... Carmine Caridi (born January 23, 1934 in New York City) is an American television and film actor. ... Bugsy is a 1991 film which tells the story of mobster Bugsy Siegel. ... Costas Mandylor (born on 3 September 1965 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia) is an Australian actor of Greek descent. ... Mobsters is a 1991 crime drama detailing the creation of the National Crime Syndicate. ... Kirk Baltz is an actor who has starred in film and on television. ... Vito Corleone (December 7, 1891 – June 25, 1955), born Vito Andolini, aka The Godfather or The Don, is a fictional character in Mario Puzos novel The Godfather, as well as Francis Ford Coppolas trilogy of films based on it. ... The Godfather is an epic 1972 crime film based on the novel of the same name by Mario Puzo and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, with screenplay by Puzo and Coppola. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), better known as Jack Nicholson or The Jack is an iconic, three-time Academy Award and seven time Golden Globe winning American method actor known for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... The Departed is an Academy Award-winning 2006 film directed by Martin Scorsese and starring an ensemble cast. ... John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), better known as Jack Nicholson or The Jack is an iconic, three-time Academy Award and seven time Golden Globe winning American method actor known for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... James J. Whitey Bulger, Jr. ... A godparent, in many denominations of Christianity, is someone who sponsors a childs baptism. ... John Miller at the FBI John Miller is the Assistant Director of Public Affairs for the FBI. Miller is a former ABC News reporter and anchor. ... Lou Costello, born Louis Francis Cristillo, March 6, 1906 - March 3, 1959), was an American actor and comedian best known as half of the comedy team of Abbott and Costello, with Bud Abbott. ...

Reference

  • Brennan, Bill. The Frank Costello Story. Derby, CT: Monarch Books Inc., 1962.
  • Katz, Leonard. Uncle Frank: The Biography of Frank Costello. New York: Drake Publishers Inc., 1973.
  • Wolf, George. Frank Costello: Prime Minister of the Underworld. New York: William Morrow & Company Inc., 1974.

External links

Preceded by
Lucky Luciano
Genovese Crime Family Boss
1946-1957
Succeeded by
Vito Genovese

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frank Costello - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1094 words)
Costello was born Francesco Castiglia in Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy, and in 1895 he boarded a ship to the United States alongside his mother and sister.
Costello was considered by his fellow gangsters as an important link between the Mafia and politicians, judges, and the police, and he earned the respect of many of his gangmates, including Luciano, as a man who could pay off anyone.
An attempt was made on Costello's life soon after his release, when, one night, he was walking to the elevator in order to go up to his house, and was shot in the head by hitman Vincente "The Chin" Gigante, who supposedly warned him by shouting "Frank, this is for you!" before taking his shot.
GANGSTERS INCORPORATED - FRANK COSTELLO (1209 words)
Costello was part of Lucky Luciano's crew as a youngster and would rise alongside his friend to become one of the most powerfull Mafia bosses the U.S. had ever seen.
Costello was born on January 20, 1891, in Calabria province, Italy.
Costello hired a new lawyer and in April 1957, Costello was released on parole and $25,000 bail pending the outcome of the Court of Appeals decision.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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