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Encyclopedia > Francophonie
Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie
Flag of La Francophonie
Motto
"Égalité, Complémentarité, Solidarité"
Location of La Francophonie
Members and participants of La Francophonie. In addition to countries, Belgian and Canadian subdivisional memberships are also represented.
Headquarters Paris, France
Official languages French
Membership 53 member states
2 associate members
13 observers
Leaders
 -  Executive Secretary Abdou Diouf
Establishment 1970

La Francophonie is an international organisation of French-speaking countries and governments, and also, in French, to the community of French-speaking people [1]. Formally known as the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) or the International Organization of La Francophonie[2], the organisation comprises fifty-five member states and governments and thirteen observers. The prerequisite for admission is not the degree of French usage in the member countries, but a prevalent presence of French culture and French language in the member country's identity, usually stemming from France's interaction with other nations in its history. Few of the member states are majority French-speaking aside from France and its overseas possessions, and sub-national members. French functions in several other member states as a common language while having little current presence in the other members, being that the links are mainly historical and cultural. Image File history File links Flag_of_La_Francophonie. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1357x628, 50 KB)Updated by E Pluribus Anthony to include the new 2006 members (Cyprus, Ghana, Mozambique, Serbia, Ukraine) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Abdou Diouf (Wolof: ) (born September 7, 1935) was the second president of Senegal, serving from 1981 to 2000. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Masterpiece painting by Eugène Delacroix called Liberty Leading the People portrays the July Revolution using the stylistic views of Romanticism. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ...


French geographer Onésime Reclus, brother of Élisée Reclus, coined the word Francophonie in 1880 to refer to the community of people and countries using the French language. In addition to referring to the international organisation, Francophonie may also be used to reference the worldwide community of those people whose native language or second language is French (i.e., the French Sprachraum). Francophonie was then coined a second time by Léopold Sédar Senghor, founder of the Négritude movement, in the review Esprit in 1962, who assimilated it to Humanism [3][4]. Élisée Reclus (March 15, 1830 - July 4, 1905) was a French geographer and anarchist. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Léopold Sédar Senghor (October 9, 1906 – December 20, 2001) was a Senegalese poet and politician who served as the first president of Senegal (1960–1980). ... Négritude is a literary and political movement developed in the 1930s by a group that included the future Senegalese President Léopold Sédar Senghor, Martinican poet Aimé Césaire, and Léon Damas. ... Esprit is a French literary magazine. ... See also the specific life stance known as Humanism For the Renaissance liberal arts movement, see Renaissance humanism Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities...


The modern Francophonie was created in 1970 . Its motto is égalité, complémentarité, solidarité (equality, complementarity, and solidarity), alluding to France's motto. Started as a small club of Northern French-speaking countries, it has since evolved into an important international organisation whose numerous branches cooperate with the organisation's member states in the fields of culture, science, economy, justice, and peace. For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Liberté, égalité, fraternité, French for Liberty, equality, fraternity (brotherhood), [1] is the motto of the French Republic, and is a typical example of a tripartite motto. ...

Contents

Structure

The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie has an observer status at the UN General Assembly. United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. ...

  • 20 Mar 1970: Agency for Cultural and Technical Co-operation (ACCT) (Agence de coopération culturelle et technique)
  • 4 Dec 1995: Intergovernmental Agency of the Francophonie (Agence intergouvernementale de la Francophonie)
  • Dec 1998: International Organisation of the Francophonie (OIF) (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie)

Executive Secretariat (Secretaries-general)

Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Arabic: بطرس بطرس غالي Coptic: BOYTPOC BOYTPOC ΓΑΛΗ) (born November 14, 1922) is an Egyptian diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1992 to December 1996. ... Abdou Diouf (Wolof: ) (born September 7, 1935) was the second president of Senegal, serving from 1981 to 2000. ...

Summits

Summits of the Francophonie are held every two years, at which time the leaders of the member states have an opportunity to meet and develop strategies and goals for the organisation.


Past Summits:

Future summit: This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Cotonou is the economic capital of Benin, as well as its largest city. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Goblins rule Ouagadougou is run by goblins who come out at night and the people you see walking around in the town are actually goblins in robotic suits that make them look like people. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km²  (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

Ministerial conferences

Permanent council

The Permanent Council of the Francophonie consists of Ambassadors of the member countries, and, like the ministers' conferences, its main task is to plan future summits and also to supervise the implementation of summit decisions on a day-to-day basis. For other uses, see Ambassador (disambiguation). ...


Intergovernmental agency

The Intergovernmental Agency of the Francophonie is the main operator of the cultural, scientific, technical, economic and legal cooperation programs decided at the Summits. The Agency's headquarters are in Paris and it has three regional branches in Libreville, Gabon; Lomé, Togo; and Hanoi, Vietnam. Libreville (population 578,156 January 1, 2005) is the capital and largest city of Gabon. ... Lomé, estimated population 700,000 (1998), is the capital of Togo. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ...


Missions

The Charte de la Francophonie defines the role and missions of the organisation. The current charter was adopted in Antananarivo, on November 23, 2005. The last summit held in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso on 26-27 November 2004 saw the adoption of a strategic framework for the period 2004-2014. Nickname: Location of Antananarivo (red dot) in Madagascar Country Founded 1625 Population (1,403,449 (2001 census))  - Total 1,403,449 Antananarivo (pronounced or ) is the capital of Madagascar. ... Goblins rule Ouagadougou is run by goblins who come out at night and the people you see walking around in the town are actually goblins in robotic suits that make them look like people. ...


French language, cultural and linguistic diversity

The primary mission of the organisation is the promotion of the French language as an international language and the promotion of worldwide cultural and linguistic diversity in the era of economic globalisation. In this regard, countries that are members of the Francophonie have contributed largely to the adoption by the UNESCO of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (October 20, 2005). UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


Peace, democracy and human rights

Similar to organisations such as the Commonwealth of Nations, the Francophonie have in its stated aims the promotion of democracy and human rights. Following the November 3rd 2000 Déclaration de Bamako [5], the Francophonie has given itself the financial means to attain a number of set objectives in that regard. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon since 1 April 2000 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


In recent years, some participating governments, notably the government of Quebec and Canada, pushed for the adoption of a Charter in order for the organisation to sanction member States that are known to have poor records when it comes to the protection of human rights and the practice of democracy. Such a measure was debated at least twice but was never approved.


Members

The official list of members is available at the Francophonie website.

Country Status Year joined Language Notes
Flag of Albania Albania member 1999 Albanian official language approximately 30% of young Albanians choose French as their first foreign language[6]
Flag of Andorra Andorra member 2004 Catalan official language president of France is co-prince of Andorra
Flag of Belgium Belgium member 1970 officially trilingual, French included French is the native language of about 37% of the population (the language of the plurality of Belgium is Dutch, spoken by about 59% of the population). [7]. Belgium's French community is also a member separately.
* Flag of Wallonia French Community of Belgium member 1980 French official language a community of Belgium
Flag of Benin Benin member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria member 1993 Bulgarian official language French is spoken by 9% as additional language
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of Burundi Burundi member 1970 French official language former Belgian colony
Flag of Cambodia Cambodia member 1993 Khmer official language former French colony
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon member 1991 officially bilingual, French included over 90% of country was a former French colony
Flag of Canada Canada member 1970 Officially bilingual, French included the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick are participating governments; much of Quebec, Ontario and the Maritimes formed part of former French Colonies (as part of New France).
* Flag of New Brunswick New Brunswick participating government 1977 officially bilingual, French included province of Canada; former French colony Acadia, New France.
* Flag of Quebec Quebec participating government 1971 French official language province of Canada; former French colony Canada, New France.
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde member 1996 Portuguese official language Former Portuguese colony with many neighboring French-speaking countries.
Flag of the Central African Republic Central African Republic member 1973 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
Flag of Chad Chad member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of the Comoros Comoros member 1977 officially trilingual, French included former French colony
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo member 1977 French official language former Belgian colony
Flag of the Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo member 1981 French official language former French colony
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti member 1977 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
Flag of Dominica Dominica member 1979 English official language former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used
Flag of Egypt Egypt member 1983 Arabic official language former French colony (first empire), historical Francophone elite
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea member 1989 officially trilingual, French included Former Spanish colony surrounded by French-speaking countries.
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia member 2001 Slavic official language
Flag of France France member 1970 French official language
Flag of Gabon Gabon member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of Greece Greece member 2004 Greek official language French is understood and spoken by 8% of the population
Flag of Guinea Guinea member 1981 French official language former French colony
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau member 1979 Portuguese | official language country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Portuguese colony
Flag of Haiti Haiti member 1970 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
Flag of Laos Laos member 1991 Lao official language former French colony
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon member 1973 Arabic, French official languages Under a French mandate from 1920-1943, French language used in schools and universities, and is understood by majority of the population.
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg member 1970 Officially trilingual, French included
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar member 1970-1977
1989
officially trilingual, French included former French colony
Flag of Mali Mali member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania member 1980 Arabic official language former French colony, French is an administrative language
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius member 1970 English official language former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used
Flag of Moldova Moldova member 1996 Romanian official language
Flag of Monaco Monaco member 1970 French official language former French protectorate
Flag of Morocco Morocco member 1981 Arabic official language former French protectorate, French is commonly used
Flag of Niger Niger member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of Romania Romania member 1993 Romanian official language French is understood and spoken by 24% of the population [3]
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda member 1970 officially trilingual, French included former Belgian colony
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia member 1981 English official language Former French and British colony. Antillean Creole a French-based creole language is spoken by 90% of the population.
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe member 1999 Portuguese official language Former Portuguese colony, neighboring French-speaking countries.
Flag of Senegal Senegal member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of the Seychelles Seychelles member 1976 officially trilingual, French included former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland member 1996 Officially quadrilingual, French included French is the native language of about 20% of all Swiss.
Flag of Togo Togo member 1970 French official language former French colony
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia member 1970 Arabic official language former French colony, French is commonly used
Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu member 1979 officially trilingual former French and British condominium
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam member 1970 Vietnamese official language former French colony
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus associate member 2006 Greek and Turkish official languages French is understood and spoken by 12% of the population [citation needed], historical ties through the Lusignan rule in the Middle Ages (Kingdom of Cyprus).
Flag of Ghana Ghana associate member 2006 English official language country surrounded by French-speaking countries

Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia, and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... This is a list of Co-Princes of Andorra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wallonia. ... The French Community area of Belgium The French Community of Belgium (French: , Dutch: , German: ) is one of the three official communities in Belgium along with the Flemish Community and the German speaking Community. ... Map of Belgium, its four language areasthree regions ; two of the latter have provinces . Belgium is a federal state comprising three communities, three regions, and four language areas. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Benin. ... For the French colonial postage stamps, see French Colonies. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burundi. ... Map of the Belgian colonial empire The Belgian colonial empire was the set of colonies of Belgium, lasting from 1901 to 1962. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cameroon. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Bilingual (English/French) stop sign on Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... This article is about the Canadian region. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Brunswick. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Flag History  - Established 1604  - English conquest 1713 Acadia (1754) Acadia (in the French language lAcadie) was the name given to a colonial territory in northeastern North America that included parts of eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and modern-day New England, stretching as far south as Philadelphia. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... Image File history File links Flag_of_Quebec. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Flag Map of New France around 1750. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chad. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cote_d'Ivoire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence on June 27, 1977. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dominica. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea. ... The Spanish Empire was one of the first truly global empires. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... This article is about the Slavic language. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gabon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau. ... Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... For other uses, see Haiti (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Laos. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Mandates in the Middle east and Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... The linguistic situation in Luxembourg is characterized by the practice and the recognition of three official languages: French, German and Luxembourgish. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Madagascar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritius. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Monaco. ... The early history of Monaco is primarily concerned with the protective and strategic value of the Rock of Monaco, the areas chief geological landmark, which served first as a shelter for ancient peoples and later as a fortress. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... The Capsian culture brought Morocco into the Neolithic about 8000 BC, at a time when the Maghreb was less arid than it is today. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niger. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rwanda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Lucia. ... Saint Lucias first known inhabitants were Arawaks, believed to have come from northern South America around 200-400 A.D. Numerous archaeological sites on the island have produced specimens of the Arawaks well-developed pottery. ... Antillean Creole is a French-lexified creole language spoken primarily in the Lesser Antilles. ... A French creole, more properly French-based creole language, is a creole language with substantial influence from the French language. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Seychelles. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Switzerland sits at the crossroads of several major European cultures, which have heavily influenced the countrys languages and cultural practices. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Togo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In international law, a condominium is a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... The Lusignan family originated in Poitou in western France, and in the late 12th century came to rule the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Cyprus. ... The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Roman Catholic Crusader kingdom on the island of Cyprus in the late Middle Ages. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ...

Observers

Country Year joined Language Notes
Flag of Armenia Armenia 2004 Armenian official language Armenian culture closely tied to France via the Franco-Armenian dynasty of the Kingdom of Cilicia during the Middle Ages. See also: Franco-Armenian relations
Flag of Austria Austria 2004 German official language French is spoken by 10% as additional language
Flag of Croatia Croatia 2004 Croatian official language French is understood and spoken by 4% of the population
Flag of the Czech Republic Czech Republic 1999 Czech official language French is understood and spoken by 2% of the population
Flag of Georgia (country) Georgia 2004 Georgian official language
Flag of Hungary Hungary 2004 Hungarian official language French is understood and spoken by 2% of the population
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania 1999 Lithuanian official language French is understood and spoken by 1% of the population
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique 2006 Portuguese official language former Portuguese colony
Flag of Poland Poland 1996 Polish official language French is understood and spoken by 3% of the population
Flag of Serbia Serbia 2006 Serbian official language French is taught in 1/3 of schools.
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia 2002 Slovak official language French is spoken by 2% as additional language
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia 1999 Slovenian official language French is spoken by 4% as additional language
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine 2006 Ukrainian official language

Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Franco-Armenian relations have existed since the French and the Armenians established contact in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia and are close to this day. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ...

Notes

  1. ^ FRANCOPHONIE 18/03/2006, Radio France International
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Radio France International, February 16, 2006
  4. ^ [http://www.rfi.fr/Fichiers/MFI/CultureSociete/1703.asp La France à l’heure de la francophonie culturelle « Saisir du français pour l’imprégner de sa singularité ! »], Radio France International
  5. ^ http://www.droitshumains.org/Francophonie/Bama_declar.htm
  6. ^ http://www.ambafrance-us.org/news/statmnts/2004/barnier_albania090704.asp
  7. ^ Ginsburgh, Victor, Université Catholique de Louvain; Weber, Shlomo, Professor Economy and Director of the Center for Economic Studies of the Southern Methodist University, Dallas, USA, and having a seat in the expert panel of the IMF [2] (June 2006). "La dynamique des langues en Belgique" (in French) (pdf 0.7 MB). Regards économiques, Publication préparée par les économistes de l'Université Catholique de Louvain (Numéro 42). Retrieved on 2007-05-07. “Les enquêtes montrent que la Flandre est bien plus multilingue, ce qui est sans doute un fait bien connu, mais la différence est considérable : alors que 59 % et 53 % des Flamands connaissent le français ou l'anglais respectivement, seulement 19 % et 17 % des Wallons connaissent le néerlandais ou l'anglais. ... 95 pour cent des Bruxellois déclarent parler le français, alors que ce pourcentage tombe à 59 pour cent pour le néerlandais. Quant à l’anglais, il est connu par une proportion importante de la population à Bruxelles (41 pour cent). ... Le syndrome d’H (...) frappe la Wallonie, où à peine 19 et 17 pour cent de la population parlent respectivement le néerlandais et l’anglais.” 

... ... ... Victor Alexandre Ginsburgh is a Belgian economist of Austrian origin, born in Rwanda in 1939. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholic University of Leuven (french-speaking). ... Dallas Hall at Dedman College at SMU The Laura Lee Blanton Hall during a rare snow storm Southern Methodist University (commonly SMU) is a nationally recognized, private, coeducational university in University Park, Texas (an enclave of Dallas). ... The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholic University of Leuven (french-speaking). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... -1... The Agence de coopération culturelle et technique (ACCT, French for Agency of cultural and technical cooperation) is an organisation that is part of La Francophonie. ... The Minister responsible for La Francophonie is a member of the Canadian Cabinet who handles relations with the Francophonie, an international community of francophone nations. ... The flag of the Francophonie Games The Jeux de la Francophonie (Francophone Games) are a combination artistic and sports events for French speaking nations, held every four years since 1989, partly as a counterweight to the Commonwealth Games. ... Francophone Africa. ... Map showing European claimants to the African continent in 1913. ... There is a general consensus among mainstream anthropologists that humans first emerged in Africa about two million years ago. ... French immersion is a form of bilingual education in which a child who does not speak French as his or her first language receives instruction in school in French. ... Headquarters Lisbon, Portugal Official language Portuguese Membership 8 (plus 2 observers) Leaders  -  Executive Secretariat Luís de Matos Monteiro da Fonseca Establishment 1996 Website http://www. ... Headquarters Paris, France Official languages Catalan, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese and Romanian Membership 37 (plus 3 observers) Leaders  -  General Secretariat Bernardino Osio Establishment 15 May 1954 Website http://www. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon since 1 April 2000 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... French language spread in the United States. ... Modern Canada-France relations have been marked by high levels of military and economic cooperation, but also by periods of diplomatic discord, primarily over the status of Quebec. ... Franco-ontarians (French: Franco-ontarien) are francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
La Francophonie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (714 words)
La Francophonie (formally l'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie; in English, "the International Organization of French-speaking Communities"[1]), a French-language term coined in 1880 by French geographer Onésime Reclus, brother of Elisée Reclus, to designate the community of people and countries using French, is an international organization of French-speaking countries and governments.
The Permanent Council of the Francophonie consists of Ambassadors of the member countries, and, like the ministers conferences, its main task is to plan future summits and also to supervise the implementation of summit decisions on a day-to-day basis.
In this regard, countries that are members of La Francophonie have contributed largely to the adoption by the UNESCO of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (October 20, 2005).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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