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Encyclopedia > Francisco Vásquez de Coronado

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (ca. 1510 - September 22, 1554) was a Spanish conquistador, who in 1540-1542 visited New Mexico and other parts of the southwest of what is now the United States. Events Conquest of Pskov by Grand Prince Vasili III of Muscovy. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years). ... Events February 12 - After claiming the throne of England the previous year, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason alongside her husband. ... Conquistador (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas under Spanish rule between the 15th and 17th centuries. ... Events January 6 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves, his fourth Queen consort. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... State nickname: Land of Enchantment Other U.S. States Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Governor Bill Richardson Official languages English and Spanish Area 315,194 km² (5th)  - Land 314,590 km²  - Water 607 km² (0. ...

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

He was born in Salamanca, Spain. Francisco Vásquez de Coronado This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Francisco Vásquez de Coronado This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... For other places named Salamanca, see Salamanca (disambiguation). ...


Coronado was governor of New Galicia (contemporary Sinaloa and Nayarit, Mexico). As such he had already sent out Friar Marcos de Niza on a voyage to the north, to New Mexico. When Marcos returned he told about a wealthy, golden city, called Cibola. Of course this raised Coronado's interest, and he decided to try to get that gold. He set out in 1540, joined by a large expedition of 340 Spanish, 300 Indian allies, and 1000 slaves, both native Americans and Africans. Nueva Galicia (New Galicia) was a region of New Spain. ... Sinaloa is the name of a city, a municipality and a state in Mexico. ... Other Mexican States Capital Tepic Other major cities Acaponeta Area 26,979 km² Ranked 23rd Population (2000 census) 919,740 Ranked 28th Governor (1999-2005) Antonio Echevarría Domínguez (PRD/PAN) Federal Deputies (3) PRI = 3 Federal Senators PRI = 2 PAN = 1 ISO 3166-2 Postal abbr. ... State nickname: Land of Enchantment Other U.S. States Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Governor Bill Richardson Official languages English and Spanish Area 315,194 km² (5th)  - Land 314,590 km²  - Water 607 km² (0. ... For the real places of this name, see Cibola, Arizona and Cibola County, New Mexico. ... General Name, Symbol, Number Gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 (IB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19. ...


He followed the coast of the Sea of Cortez northward to the Sonora, then traveled upstream the Sonora, and crossed the Gila to Cibola, in the west of present-day New Mexico. There he was met by disappointment. Cibola was nothing like the great golden city fray Marcos had described, it was just a simple pueblo of the Zuni Indians. Marcos was sent back to Mexico in disgrace. The Gulf of California (highlighted) The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez or Sea of Cortés; locally known in the Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or, much less frequently, Golfo de California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula... This article is about the Mexican state of Sonora. ... For the town in Colorado, see Pueblo, Colorado Pueblos are traditional Native American communities of the Southwest. ... The Zuni or Ashiwi are a Native American tribe, one of the Pueblo peoples, who live in the Pueblo of Zuni on the Zuni River, a tributary of the Little Colorado River, in western New Mexico. ...


Coronado conquered Cibola, and explored the other six Zuni pueblos. He also sent out various expeditions. Melchior Diaz was sent out to the mouth of the Colorado(?), to meet Hernando de Alarcón who would be shipping supplies for Coronado. Pedro de Tovar was sent northwest, and heard of a great river further west (the Colorado). Garcia Lopez de Cardenas was sent out to find this river, and found himself being the first European to see the magnificent Grand Canyon. Hernando de Alvarado was sent east, and found villages around the Rio Grande. Coronado set up his winter quarters in one of them, Tiguex (present-day Bernalillo near Albuquerque, New Mexico). During his wintering he suffered from fierce attacks by the Indians. Melchior Díaz was an early Spanish explorer of Western North America. ... Hernando Ruiz de Alarcón, a Spanish navigator of the 16th century, noted for having led an early expedition to the peninsula of Baja California, meant to be coordinated with Francisco Vasquéz de Coronados overland expedition, and for penetrating the lower Colorado River, perhaps as far as the... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ... The son of Alonso de Cárdenas y doña Elvira de Figueroa and Maria García Osorio, Garcia Lopez de Cardenas was the comendador de Caravaca. ... Grand Cañon at the foot of the Toroweap - looking east, by William Henry Holmes The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona. ... This article is about the river that empties into the Gulf of Mexico. ... Bernalillo is a town located in Sandoval County, New Mexico. ... The Rio Grande flowing past Albuquerque Image of Albuquerque, New Mexico taken by NASA Albuquerque is the largest city in the state of New Mexico, U.S.A.. It is the county seat of Bernalillo County, and is situated in the central part of the state, straddling the Rio Grande...


He met an Indian, which he called the Turk, who told him about Quivira, a rich country in the northwest. He decided to look for Quivira, taking the Turk as his guide. He traversed the Llano Estacado and what is now the Texas Panhandle, and marched on further north. However, the Turk was found lying about the route, or at least Coronado thought he did so, and was executed. Other guides led him further to Quivira, and he reached a village near present-day Lindsborg, Kansas. But his disappointment was repeated: The Quivira Indians (later known as Wichita) were no rich people at all, the village consisted mostly of thatched huts, and not even small amounts of gold could be found. Coronado returned to Tiguex, where his main force had remained behind. Here he spent another winter. Llano Estacado is a region in the southwestern United States that encompasses parts of northeastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas. ... The Texas Panhandle is the region of the US state of Texas which includes the northernmost 26 counties in the state. ... Lindsborg is a city located in McPherson County, Kansas. ... The Wichita are a tribe of Native Americans, indigenous inhabitants of North America, who speak Wichita, a Caddoan language. ...


In 1542 he went back to Mexico through roughly the same route he had come. Only 100 of his men came back with him. Although the expedition was a complete failure, he remained governor of New Galicia until 1544, then retired to Mexico City, where he died in 1554. Events April 11 - Battle of Ceresole - French forces under the Comte dEnghien defeat Imperial forces under the Marques Del Vasto near Turin. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ...


Men from his expedition were the first Europeans to see the Grand Canyon. Grand Cañon at the foot of the Toroweap - looking east, by William Henry Holmes The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona. ...


Further reading

  • Pedro de Castañeda, translated with an extensive introduction by George Parker Winship, modern introduction, Donald C. Cutter, The Journey of Coronado, Fulcrum Publishing (http://www.fulcrum-books.com/html/about_us.html), 1990, hardcover, 233 pages, ISBN 1-55591-066-1
  • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/CoronadoF.html)

 
 

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